The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow A Century of Segregation
Jim Crow Stories
A National Struggle
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Jim Crow Stories
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NAACP banner, Paul Robeson, and Klansman in hood The Jim Crow era inspired passionate opposition to -- and support of -- the status quo. Below are 10 organizations that played prominent roles during a challenging period.

List of Organizations

Brotherhood of Sleeping
Car Porters
Document icon
An important labor union.

Communist Party Photo icon
An advocate for racial equality.

Democratic Party Photo icon
The party of "white supremacy."

Ku Klux Klan Photo icon
It quickly became a terrorist group.

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Photo icon Document icon
An interracial organization.

National Association of Colored Women (NACW) Photo icon Document icon
Their motto: "Lifting as We Climb."

National Negro Business League Photo icon Document icon
It attracted the black economic elite.

Populist Party Photo icon
It attracted white and black workers.

Republican Party Photo icon Document icon
The Party of Lincoln.

National Urban League Photo icon Document icon
A resource for migrants.

Stephen A. Douglas
President Andrew Jackson's inauguration

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