GENERAL JIM CROW HISTORY
The History of Jim Crow
This site for educators explores the segregation of African Americans from the 1870s through the 1950s.
African American World
Peruse this detailed, comprehensive Web site on African Americans to learn more about their historic struggles from the civil rights movement to the Jim Crow era.
Behind The Veil: Documenting African American Life in the Jim Crow Era
Housed at the Center for Documentary Studies at Duke University, this research effort attempts to correct historical inaccuracies of African American experiences during the period of legal segregation through the voices of those who lived it.
Virtual Jim Crow Museum of Racist Memorabilia
Visit the museum that houses a 4,000-piece collection of racist artifacts that Dr. David Pilgrim, professor of Sociology at Ferris State University, created to educate people about race relations in the United States.
African American Holocaust
See a compilation of lynching photographs by Milford F. Plaines.
Encyclopedia Britannica's Guide to Black History
The Encyclopedia Britannica's Guide to Black History examines five centuries of black heritage from the slave revolts of early America through the successes of the Civil Rights Movement.
National Parks Service: Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site: Jim Crow Laws
Explore a sampling of Jim Crow laws in various states.
Find out what Jim Crow was and how it was applied to the lives of African-American citizens on this Web page.
Freedmen's Bureau Online
Visit this comprehensive site to see recorded abuses and violent crimes perpetrated against the Freedmen.
Jump Jim Crow, Or What Difference Did Emancipation Make
This Web site features a gamut of information relating to the era of Jim Crow, from the Freedmen's Bureau to stories of daily life.
Ohio State University's Web site explores the subjects of sharecropping, lynching, race, and voting restrictions.
Will the Circle Be Unbroken?
WILL THE CIRCLE BE UNBROKEN? is a 13-hour radio documentary series chronicling the history of the Civil Rights Movement in five Southern communities. Its Web site includes a special listener's guide, program summaries, and sample audio excerpts from several episodes.
NPR: Looking Back: 'Brown v. Board of Education'
Fifty years after the landmark Supreme Court decision that mandated the desegregation of American schools, National Public Radio presents a special series of reports that examine its legacy as well as that of school busing.
Jessie Daniel Ames
"Southern Women and Lynching"
Ames explains the aims of the Association of Southern Women for the Prevention of Lynching in this essay.
Listen to the music of Sidney Bechet through PBS's JAZZ Website.
Charlotte Hawkins Brown
Charlotte Hawkins Brown Museum
Find out more about Charlotte Hawkins Brown and the school she founded, the Palmer Memorial Institute.
W.E.B. Du Bois
Frontline: The Two Nations of Black America
Delve deeper on the debate between W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington.
Learn more about blackface minstrel shows and the music of Stephen Foster.
American Experience: Marcus Garvey
Hear Marcus Garvey speak about his organization, the Universal Negro Improvement Association, and his arrest in 1925. Read personal accounts from people who were members of Garvey's organization.
Ulysses S. Grant
Find out about the events that shaped Grant's presidency -- including the rise of the Klu Klux Klan and the passage of the Fifteenth Amendment.
Listen to Fisk University's Jubilee Singers, who popularized African-American spirituals.
A. Philip Randolph
A. Phillip Randolph: For Jobs and Freedom
A timeline and biography provides information on the labor leader.
Benjamin "Pap" Singleton
New Perspectives on the West
Singleton and "Exodusters" are discussed in this PBS Website.
Learn how Harry Truman desegregated the military and read his address to the NAACP in 1947.
Booker T. Washington
American Visionaries: Booker T. Washington
This online exhibit by the National Park Service chronicles Washington's life from slavery to his efforts in building Tuskegee University. Don't miss the photo gallery, which includes pictures of Washington, his friends, and family as well as pictures of his personal belongings.
Madam C.J. Walker
Moneywise with Kelvin Boston
Walker's contributions to African-American entrepreneurship are explored in this essay.
Ida B. Wells
The Black Press: Soldiers Without Swords
Learn more about Ida B. Wells and other men and women who shaped the history of the black press.
Examine President Woodrow Wilson's race relations records.
Richard Wright: Black Boy
Learn more about Richard Wright through a photo gallery, timeline, and biography.
FRONTLINE: "A Class Divided"
A documentary about schoolteacher Jane Elliott's groundbreaking lesson to show her all-white, third-grade students the nature and impact of racial discrimination, first broadcast on FRONTLINE in 1985. Watch the entire program online, read an interview with Jane Elliott, and learn about the film's impact on the companion Web site.
Atlanta 1906: A Race Riot
Featuring profiles, an interactive map, an animated timeline, and more, this Web site draws on archival photos and materials to provide an in-depth look at the causes of the 1906 riot, which erupted as Atlanta was proclaiming itself the gateway to the new, racially progressive South.
Learn more about Black writers, intellectuals, and organizations from 1900 through 1940.
Colorado College: The Harlem Renaissance
Get more information on authors and artists during the Harlem Renaissance on this Web site.
FATAL FLOOD is the story of the 1927 flood in the Mississippi Delta and its effect on the area's African-American population.
IndependentLens: STRANGE FRUIT
The companion Web site to the film that explores the history and legacy of the searing protest song against lynching, "Strange Fruit," written by Abel Meeropol, a Jewish schoolteacher from the Bronx, and made famous by singer Billie Holiday.
The New York Public Library / Schomburg Center For Research In Black Culture
Explore one of the world's most extensive collections of African American culture.
The Scottsboro Boys Case
Read more on the history Scottsboro Boys case and the film that chronicled the struggles of nine innocent African-American young men.
The Scottsboro Boys: University Of Missouri-Kansas City School Of Law
From the University Of Missouri-Kansas City School Of Law, read detailed information on the trials of nine innocent young men accused of raping two white women in a case that made a mockery of the criminal justice system.
Web site that explores the institution of slavery.
The Supreme Court of the United States
Find out about the institution of the Supreme Court of the United States, its traditions, and procedures on this Web site.
The Supreme Court Historical Society
Browse this site to learn more about the preservation of the history of the Supreme Court.
University Of Illinois Press: The Booker T. Washington Papers
This Web site accesses thousands of pages, comprising the printed papers of Booker T. Washington and providing users with a full spectrum of his work.