Freedom: A History of US.
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Webisode 14: Let Freedom Ring
Introduction Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3 Segment 4 Segment 5 Segment 6 Segment 7

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Bay of Pigs Cartoon
Segment 5
Kennedy and Khruschev Cuba and the Cold War

The new president soon learns that the CIA (the Central Intelligence Agency) has been secretly training refugees from Cuba as warriors and is planning an invasion of that island. Cuba has had decades of problems. For years, a corrupt government fostered crime and ignored poverty. Then Fidel Castro See It Now - Fidel Castrotook charge and brought reforms. But he is a dictator and there is no freedom in Cuba. The CIA believes that with its help the Cuban people will rise up and overthrow their Communist leader. President Kennedy agrees to go ahead with the plan.

But the invasion, at a place called the Bay of Pigs, is a fiasco Check The Source - The Bay of Pigs. The invaders are captured; the Cuban people don't rise up; America—and Kennedy—look foolish Check The Source - John F. Kennedy Writes to Nikita KhrushchevSee It Now - Bay of Pigs Cartoon. The President takes the blame. He says, Hear It Now - JFK "This administration intends to be candid about its errors. For as a wise man once said, 'an error doesn't become a mistake until you refuse to correct it Check The Source - Nikita Khrushchev Responds to John F. Kennedy'."

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Did You Know?
President Kennedy's closest advisor during the Cuba missile crisis was his Attorney General, who was also his brother—Bobby Kennedy.

Did you know that Freedom is adapted from the award-winning Oxford University Press multi-volume book series, A History of US by Joy Hakim?

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