Freedom: A History of US.
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Webisode 13: Democracy and Struggles
Introduction Segment 1 Segment 2 Segment 3 Segment 4 Segment 5 Segment 6 Segment 7 Segment 8

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A Man was Lynched Yesterday
Segment 2
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America's economy was changed, and strengthened, by the war. Women, blacks, and others—who were not always treated according to America's creed of fairness—worked as hard as anyone else See It Now - Black Army Nurses. But there is a major problem: the army, navy, and air force are all segregated. Blacks and whites serve in separate units. Blacks get the worst jobs. That isn't fair.

In Mississippi, when some black soldiers return home after the war, they are dumped from trucks and then beaten. In Georgia, a black man is shot and killed because he has voted See It Now - "A Man was Lynched Yesterday". When President Truman hears of these outrages, he is horrified. He decides it is time to do something about giving civil rights to all citizens. Truman sends proposals to Congress to stop lynchings, to outlaw the poll tax that keeps some people (mostly blacks) from voting, and to end segregation in the armed forces Check The Source - Executive Order 9981. And he creates a commission on civil rights, calling their report "an American charter of human freedom." He says: Hear It Now - Harry Truman "We can't be leaders of the free world and draw a color line on opportunity.... We can't go before the world and try to maintain peace in the world when we, ourselves, at home discriminate against people on account of color or religion."

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Did You Know?
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored people (the NAACP) was established in 1910. The main founders were Ida Wells Barnett, W.E.B. DuBois, Dr. Henry Moskowitz, Mary White Ovington, Oswald Garrison Villard, and William English Walling.

Did you know that Freedom is adapted from the award-winning Oxford University Press multi-volume book series, A History of US by Joy Hakim?

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