RATS RUNNING RAMPANT IN NYC

As the city emerges out of the COVID pandemic, rat complaints have exploded – up 60% from pre-pandemic levels.  Some blame the proliferation of outdoor dining, which seem to provide a tempting feast for the city’s roaming rodents.  But is that really what’s going on, or is there more to the story?  Tonight, we hear from urban rat expert Michael Parsons, visiting research scholar at Fordham University who says his work has given him valuable insight into what makes city rats tick; freelance journalist T.M. Brown shares his investigation into a growing phenomenon: rats getting under the hood of New Yorkers’ cars and creating havoc.

 

Aired on August 15, 2022

TRANSCRIPT

> GOOD EVENING, AND WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

RATS IN PARKS, RATS IN RESTAURANTS, RATS IN BUILDINGS, RATS IN CARS.

THE RAT PROBLEM IN NEW YORK CITY MAY NOT BE NEW, BUT POST PANDEMIC, IT SEEMS TO HAVE GOTTEN MUCH, MUCH WORSE.

FOR EXAMPLE, IN THE FIRST FOUR MONTHS OF THIS YEAR, 311 RECEIVED 7,400 CALLS ABOUT RAT SIGHTINGS.

THAT'S A 60% JUMP COMPARED TO THE SAME PERIOD IN 2019 BEFORE THE PANDEMIC.

AND THE HIGHEST NUMBERS SINCE 2010, THE FIRST YEAR RECORDS BEGAN TO BE KEPT.

WHAT'S CAUSING THIS UNPLEASANT PHENOMENON?

ARE RATS MULTIPLYING IN NEW YORK CITY IN UNPRECEDENTED NUMBERS, OR IS THERE SOMETHING ELSE GOING ON THAT'S MAKE THEM FOR VISIBLE?

IS THERE ANYTHING THE CITY CAN DO TO SIGNIFICANTLY ADDRESS THE PROBLEM?

LATER IN THE PROGRAM WE'LL TALK TO THE CITY COUNCIL SANITATION COMMITTEE CHAIR SANDY NURSE, WHO, WITH THREE OF HER COLLEAGUES IS SPONSORING A SERIES OF BILLS TO ADDRESS THE LATEST RAT CRISIS.

BUT WE BEGIN WITH A DISCUSSION ABOUT THE EXTENT AND POSSIBLE SOURCES OF THE PROBLEM WITH TWO SPECIAL GUESTS.

MICHAEL PARSONS IS ONE OF THE COUNTRY'S LEADING RAT EXPERTS AND IS CURRENTLY A VISITING PROFESSOR AT FORDHAM.

AND TEDDY BROWN IS A FREELANCE JOURNALIST WHO WROTE A 'NEW YORK TIMES' STORY ON HOW RATS ARE INCREASINGLY TAKING REFUGE INSIDE NEW YORKERS' CARS, INCLUDING HIS OWN.

GENTLEMAN, WELCOME.

THANK YOU.

GREAT TO BE HERE, RAFAEL.

FIRST OF ALL, PROFESSOR PARSONS, HAS THERE BEEN A DRAMATIC INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF RATS IN NEW YORK SI, OR IS SOMETHING ELSE GOING ON?

WE KNOW THERE ARE SOCIAL FACTORS GOING ON, AS DURING THE PANDEMIC, PEOPLE BEGAN WORKING REMOTELY FROM HOME, SO PEOPLE ARE LEAVING THEIR VEHICLES, ONE OF THE VOCAL POINTS OF INTEREST RECENTLY.

THEY'RE LEAVING THEIR VEHICLES FOR LONGER PERIODS OF TIME WITHOUT DRIVING THEM, AND THE RATS ARE TAKING REFUGE, AND THEY'RE ALSO GETTING POTENTIAL FOOD SOURCES INSIDE THE ENGINE COMPARTMENT OF THOSE CARS.

THE WIRING HARNESSES ARE ATTRACTIVE.

SO THERE'S SOCIAL ISSUES AND MIGHT BE A MORE COMPLICATED ISSUE, AND THAT IS THE EXPANSION OF RAT POPULATIONS.

YEAH, I MEAN, I CAN GO IN AS MUCH DETAIL --

WE WILL IN A MOMENT GO INTO DETAIL ABOUT THE POSSIBLE REASONS.

THERE'S OTHERS THAT YOU HAVE WRITTEN ABOUT.

BUT JUST TO FOLLOW UP, HOW MANY RATS ARE THERE IN NEW YORK CITY?

I'VE READ FIGURES ANYWHERE FROM 250,000 TO 32 MILLION, WHICH IS NOT VERY HELPFUL.

DO WE REALLY KNOW?

WELL, YOU KNOW, RATS ARE SECRETIVE, CRYPTIC, HARD TO SPOT UNLESS THEY'RE THE AGREEGREGARI THE FEW ADVENTUROUS INDIVIDUALS OUT THERE.

SO NOBODY KNOWS.

BUT WE HAVE ESTIMATES THAT RANGE FROM 200,000 TO 32 MILLION.

RESEARCHERS TEND TO BE ON THE LOW SIDE.

WHAT WE SAY IS THEY'RE NOT EVENLY DISTRIBUTED.

THERE ARE SOME AREAS OF THE CITY WHERE THERE MIGHT BE, YOU KNOW, MAYBE .01 RATS PER INDIVIDUAL, AND THERE MAY BE OTHER INDIVIDUALS WHERE THERE'S ONE RAT PER PERSON.

ALL RIGHT.

SO, TEDDY, YOU DECIDED TO WRITE THIS PIECE FOR 'THE NEW YORK TIMES.'

I GUESS WHAT MOTIVATED YOU IS IT HAPPENED TO YOU, AND YOU WENT OUT TO TRY TO FINDOUS WHAT WAS GOING ON.

THAT'S RIGHT, IN MARCH WE DISCOVERED THERE WAS RAT ACTIVITY HAPPENING UNDER THE HOOD OF OUR CAR.

WE TOOK IT TO OUR MECHANIC.

HE SAID, TEDDY, YOU GOT TAKE A LOOK AT THEM AND PUT OUT THE GIFTS THAT RATS LEFT IN OUR CAR ENGINE.

I STARTED TALKING TO HIM AND HE SAID, MY MECHANICS I TALK TO ALL OVER THE CITY ARE SEEING MORE OF THIS.

IN DIFFERENT PLACE DIFFERENT REASONS BUT AT THE END OF THE DAY, THERE WAS JUST A LOT MORE RAT ACTIVITY HAPPENING.

I DECIDED TO SEE IF IT WAS ANECDOTAL OR NOT.

WE TALKED TO 20 MECHANICS.

20 SAID THERE HAS BEEN AN INCREASE IN RAT ACTIVITY, WHETHER IT'S CHEWING THROUGH WIRES, SOMETHING HAPPENING, SMELLS COMING FROM THE ENGINE, THAT SORT OF THING.

AND 10 OF THOSE 20 SAID THEY HAD SEEN DOUBLE THE RAT ACTIVITY.

I DECIDED THAT WAS ENOUGH TO GO IN FOR A STORY, AND HERE WE ARE.

IT'S GOT A LOT OF PLAY.

MY WIFE, BEFORE I SHE KNEW I WAS GOING TO DO THIS SEGMENT, SHE SAID, YOU GOT TO READ THIS.

TEDDY, STAYING WITH YOU, ALL THESE LARGE NUMBER OF CALLS TO 311, DO YOU THINK THAT'S AN INDICATION THAT NEW YORKERS WHO HAVE HAD MORE OR LESS A GRUDGING TOLERANCE OF THE RAT SITUATION IN NEW YORK CITY, ARE CHANGING FUNDAMENTALLY ABOUT RATS?

WELL, I THINK -- AND MIKE CAN SPEAK TO THIS IN MORE DETAIL.

EVERYTHING I KNOW FROM RATS IN NEW YORK HAS COME FROM MICHAEL PARSONS.

SOY WANT TO GIVE HIM CREDIT FOR HELPING WITH THIS.

IT'S CLEAR THERE SEEMS TO BE SOMETHING HAPPENING, AND I THINK HE WOULDN'T GO SO FAR AS A DEDICATED SCIENTIST TO SAY THERE IS DEFINITE PROOF THERE ARE MORE AT RAS ALL OVER THE CITY, BUT THERE SEEMS TO BE SOMETHING HAPPENING, WHETHER IT'S MORE BRAZEN ACTIVITY IN DAYLIGHT.

I SEE THEM RUSHING BETWEEN TRASH BAGS ON MY BLOCK IN BROOKLYN.

JUST SEE A LOT MORE OF THEM.

AND IT SEEMS LIGHT SOMETHING IS HAPPENING, BUT I'LL LET MICHAEL TAKE THE REINS OF WHAT EXACTLY IS GOING ON.

MICHAEL, YOU STARTED TALK ABOUT THE REASONS ELABORATE.

IN 2021, WE STARTED LOOKING AT THE PRE-PANDEMIC RAT CALLS, PUBLIC SERVICE CALLS 3RK 11, AND LOOKED AT THE FIRST SIX MONTHS OF PANDEMIC PERIOD AND ASKED, WHAT'S GOING ON WITH THE NUMBER OF CALLS?

BECAUSE WE'RE HEARING A LOT OF ANECDOTES THAT SOMETHING IS GOING ON.

ONE RAT IS DEVOURING ANOTHER RAT, OR MORE RATS ARE BEING SEEN ON THE STREET.

SO WE THOUGHT THERE WAS GOING TO BE A DRAMATIC INCREASE IN 311 CALLS.

WHAT WE FOUND WAS REALLY SURPRISING AND IRONIC, BECAUSE WE FOUND THERE HAVE A 30% DECREASE IN RAT CALLS TO 311.

SO, I HAD A COLLEAGUE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF RICHMOND, JONATHAN RICHARDSON, AND HE SAID, YOU KNOW WHAT?

LET'S DO -- USE SPATIAL ANALYSIS TOOLS AND IDENTIFY HOT SPOTS OF RAT ACTIVITY, RESTAURANTS, FOOD ESTABLISHMENTS, DELLIS AND FIND OUT IF THE CALLS ARE DECREASING IN THESE AREAS BECAUSE THEY'RE CLOSING DOWN.

WE LOOK AT THAT DATA AND FOUND WHILE THE OVERALL RAT CALLS ARE GOING DOWN 30%, INDICATING RATS ARE UNDER DURESS -- THEY'RE ON THE MOVE MORE, DEVOURING ONE ANOTHER -- AT THE SAME TIME IN THE AREAS AROUND RESTAURANTS THEY HAD GONE UP BY A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT.

AND SO, YOU KNOW, THEY'RE GOING UP IN THESE AREAS, NEAR RESTAURANTS.

THEY'RE GOING DOWN.

WHAT DOES IT TELL US?

TELLS US THE POPULATIONS ARE POTENTIALLY BEHAVING DIFFERENTLY AND ADAPTING TO THE SAME SOCIAL PRESSURES WE ALL ARE AND FINDING FOOD SOURCES, NEARBY NEIGHBORHOODS.

LET ME JUST ASK YOU, BECAUSE THIS IS THE FIRST THING THAT PEOPLE THINK IS THE NEW OUTDOOR DINING IS ONE OF THE BIGGEST REASONS WHY THIS IS HAPPENING.

IS IT, MICHAEL?

I THINK THAT'S A BIT OF A SCAPEGOAT.

THAT'S ONE SYMPTOM OF A LARGER ISSUE, AND THE ISSUE REALLY IS RATS ARE A REFLECTION OF US AS PEOPLE AND OUR HYGIENE.

WHEN YOU SINGLE OUT ONE ISSUE, WHETHER IT'S CONSTRUCTION OR WHETHER IT'S, YOU KNOW, OUTDOOR DINING OR WHETHER IT'S, YOU KNOW, SOMEONE IS NOT CLEANING UP THEIR RUBBISH ON THEIR PARTICULAR AREA, IT'S REALLY TAKEN FOCUS OFF THE BIG PICTURE.

TO ME IT'S SCAPEGOAT WHEN THERE ARE MORE SERIOUS ISSUES THAT NEED TO BE LOOK AT, AND THAT IS OUR HYGIENE.

NEW YORKERS CERTAINLY START TO BELIEVE THAT --. TEDDY, I RECENTLY RED AN ARTICLE ABOUT AN OUTDOOR DINER IN CHELSEA WHO LOOKED UP WHILE HAVING A DINNER AND SUDDENLY SAW A HAT ON THE EDGE OF HER TABLE.

UNDERSTANDABLY, SHE SAID, I THINK I'M OFF OUTDOOR DINING FOR NOW.

DO YOU THINK THIS RAT SITUATION WILL DAMPEN THE ENTHUSIASM THAT WE NEW YORKERS HAVE HAD FOR OUTDOOR DINING SINCE IT BEGAN AFTER THE LOCKDOWNS?

THAT'S A VERY GOOD QUESTION.

I THINK MICHAEL'S POINT ABOUT THIS BEING SYMPTOMATIC OF LARGER ISSUES IS SALIENT, BECAUSE SIT A SANITATION AND HYGIENE ISSUE.

THEY WERE ONE OF THE FEW CITIES THAT HAS PYRAMIDS OF BLACK GARBAGE BAGS ALL OVER THE PLACE.

THAT'S EASY PICKING.

IT'S FULL OF FOOD, FULL OF GOOD GREASY WHATEVER.

RATS ARE EAGER TO DIG IN.

THERE WAS AN ARTICLE IN 'THE TIMES' THAT CAME OUT THE SAME DAY AS MINE WHERE SHE TALKS ABOUT PILOT PROGRAM OF MORE COVERED GARBAGE SOLUTIONS YOU HAVE IN OTHER CITIES.

I LIVE IN THE BERLIN.

EVERY CORNER THERE ARE GIANT TANKED SIZED REPOSITORIES FOR GARBAGE, WHERE YOU THROW EVERYTHING OR RISK A MASSIVE FINE.

THAT KEEPS GARBAGE OFF THE STREETS, KEEPS PESTS AND RODENT POPULATIONS DOWN AND MAKING FOR A BETTER SOCIAL HYGIENE AT LARGE.

I THINK THAT'S A HUGE COMPONENT OF HOW TO CONTROL THESE POPULATIONS AND NOT HAVE RATS BE A CONSTANT SORT OF REALITY OF LIVING IN NEW YORK.

YEAH.

SO, MICHAEL, A RAT GETTING ON TOP OF A TABLE WHILE DINERS ARE STILL EATING MAY BE A RARE THING, BUT OBVIOUSLY FROM WHAT YOU'VE ALREADY SAID, BOTH OF YOU, THEY REALLY ARE GETTING BRAZEN.

ARE THEY ALSO GETTING MORE DANGEROUS TO HUMAN BEINGS?

AND ASIDE FROM THEIR BRAZENNESS, HOW DANGEROUS ARE ATRATS WITH RESPECT TO THE DISEASES WE CAN CONTRACT FROM THEM?

THEY CALL IT THE NORWAY RAT THE SEWER RAT FOR A REASON.

SO, YOU KNOW THAT RATS, THEY OBVIOUSLY -- THEY'RE BURROWING ANIMALS AND SPEND A LOT OF TIME UNDERSTOOD GROUND, INCLUDING IN THE SEWERS AND CAN MAKE THEIR WAY UP INTO HIGH RISE APARTMENTS BECAUSE THEY'RE AMAZING AT CLIMBING IN PIPES AND TAKING A GULP OF AIR AS THEY GO AROUND THE BENDS IN THE PIPES.

THE DIAMETER OF PIPES THEY CAN MOVE THROUGH AND TAKE A GULP OF AIR AND GO THROUGH THE NEXT STRAIGHTAWAY.

THEY CAN DO THAT ALL THE WAY UP.

SO THEY HAVE THE CAPACITY TO BRING PATHOGENS TO US.

HOW MANY, WE DON'T KNOW.

THERE WAS A STUDY IN 2018 THAT SAID RATS ARE CARRYING A NUMBER OF DOZENS OF PATHOGENS THAT HADN'T BEEN IDENTIFIED BY SCIENCE.

SO WE DON'T REALLY KNOW IF THEY'RE, YOU KNOW, INFECTIOUS OR NOT, BUT IT'S JUST GENERALLY A GOOD IDEA TO TAKE MEASURES TO TAKE CARE OF OURSELVES, TAKE CARE OF OUR RUBBISH SO WE DON'T BRING THAT RISKS INTO OUR HOMES.

BUT, YOU KNOW, THEY'RE GETTING MORE BRAZEN BECAUSE NOW THEY'RE CLOSER TO US, DEALING WITH US MORE AT ALL HOUR OF THE DAY.

DOES THAT MAKE THEM LESS AFRAID OF HUMAN BEINGS AND MORE DANGEROUS?

I THINK WHAT YOU'RE SEEING IS RATS AREN'T CHANGING THEIR BEHAVIORS, BUT POPULATIONS ARE CHANGING.

SO WHAT YOU HAVE ARE THE MAJORITY OF RATS AND SIGHT UNSEEN.

THEY'RE SHY, LIKE THE BURROW UNDERGROUND AND STAY AWAY FROM PEOPLE.

TEDDY SEEING OMEGA RATS.

THAT'S THE BEHAVIOR WE SAW DURING THE PANDEMIC THAT CAUSED OLD POPULATIONS TO MOVE TO NEW PLACES.

WHEN THE PANDEMIC ENDED AND RESTAURANTS REOPENED, THEY MOVED, SOME OF THEM, THE OMEGA RATS MOVED BACK INTO THE RESTAURANT AREAS AND NOW YOU HAVE POPULATIONS IN BOTH PLACES.

SO YOU COULD HAVE AN EXPANSION OF RAT POPULATIONS.

THE BEHAVIOR CHANGES ARE BY A FEW, THE ONES BEING EJECTED FROM THE COLONY.

SO IF YOU'RE TELLING ME MORE AND MORE OF THE BEHAVIOR, THAT'S TELL MEGA POPULATIONS ARE INCREASING.

MICHAEL, NOBODY KNOWS URBAN RATS BETTER THAN YOU.

PREPARING FOR THIS I READ -- YOU'RE ALWAYS MENTIONED.

TELL US ABOUT THESE ANIMALS.

ARE THEY SMART?

ARE THEY DUMB?

DO THEY HAVE A VISIBLE EMOTIONS LIKE DOGS AND CATS?

DO THEY ALWAYS LIVE IN PACKS?

WHAT'S THEIR STORY?

MOST I LEARNED IS FROM THE RAT CZAR, BOBBY.

BUT I'VE LEARNED A LITTLE BIT ON MY OWN, AND THAT'S FROM MICROCHIPPING RODENTS AND CATCHING THEM AND STUDYING THEM AS INDIVIDUALS.

BOBBY TAUGHT ME SO MUCH ABOUT RATS AND RODENTOLOGY.

I RETURNED THE FAVE AND MICROCHIPPED ANIMALS AND GOT TO KNOW THEM ONE BY ONE, AND THEY ARE A LITTLE BIT LIKE PETS IN THAT THESE ANIMALS HAVE REMARKABLE PERSONALITIES.

THEY'RE NOT LIKE LABORATORY ANIMALS.

THEY'RE LIKE DOGS.

SOME ARE SHY.

SOME ARE OUTGOING.

THEY'RE JUST LIKE DIFFERENT BREEDS OF DOGS.

A CHIHUAHUA TO A LABRADOR TO A PIT BULL.

IT'S A FASCINATING EXPERIENCE AND IT TAUGHT ME TO APPRECIATE THE SALIENT NATURE OF RATS.

YOU PROBABLY READ ABOUT RATS DRIVING ROBOT CAR IN THE LABORATORY.

IMAGINE JUST HOW MUCH SMARTER WILD RATS ARE.

SO, TEDDY, FOR THE SAKE OF TIME, I'M INTERRUPTING YOU, SORRY, MICHAEL.

AS YOU KNOW, TEDDY, I THINK MOST NEW YORKERS KNOW THIS IS NOT A NEW PROBLEM TO NEW YORK.

IN FACT 'THE NEW YORK TIMES' I READ HAD AN ARTICLE IN THE MID 1860s LAMENTING HOW NEW YORK HAD BECOME THE RAT CAPITAL OF THE WORLD OF THE UNION, AT LEAST.

BUT MUCH MORE RECENTLY, RATS HAVE BEEN A CONSISTENT PROBLEM IN THOSE UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES OF COLOR, MOSTLY IN NEW YORK CITY.

IT'S NEVER STOPPED BEING A PROBLEM THERE.

WHY HAVE OUR ELECTED LEADERS BEEN UNABLE TO DEAL WITH THE PROBLEMS THAT HAVE BEEN SO SERIOUS IN THOSE COMMUNITIES?

OR AM I WRONG?

HAVE THEY BEEN SUCCESSFUL AND WE DON'T KNOW ABOUT IT?

IT'S A GREAT QUESTION, GETS BACK TO MICHAEL'S CORE POINT OF RATS BEING SYMPTOMATIC OF LARGER SOCIAL PROBLEMS.

YOU CAN ASK THE SAME QUESTION ABOUT WHERE ELECTED LEADERS AREN'T TAKING CARE OF THOSE COMMUNITIES WRIT LARGE, AND GET TO WHY THE RAT PROBLEM IS THERE.

IT'S NOT A PROBLEM YOU SOLVE WITH POISONS OR ELIMINATION OR ANYTHING ELSE.

IT'S A SOECIAL PROBLEM.

BECAUSE THEY'RE BEING TAKEN CARE OF IN THE FIRST PLACE, YOU'RE GOING TO HAVE ISSUES WITH SOCIAL HYGIENE SYMPTOMS, ESPECIALLY WHEN IT COMES TO THINGS LIKE RODENTS.

REALLY STARTED WITH TAKING CARE OF THOSE COMMUNITIES IN THE FIRST PLACE AND DOING THAT WORK, AND THEN THOSE SORT OF SYMPTOMATIC ISSUES ARE GETTING SOLVED.

SO MICHAEL, BOTH OF YOU HAVE KIND OF TOUCHED ON THIS THROUGHOUT THE CONVERSATION, BUT AS I SAID IN THE INTRODUCTION, THE CITY COUNCIL IS NOW CONSIDERING FIVE PIECES OF LEGISLATION TO DEAL WITH THE RIGHT CRISIS.

WHAT SUGGESTIONS -- WHAT CONCRETE PROPOSALS WOULD YOU ADVISE A CITY COUNCIL TO CONSIDER THAT YOU THINK WOULD BE BETTER THAN OTHERS?

PREVENTION IS THE BEST CURE, AND BECAUSE OF THAT, I WOULD ALLOCATE FUNDS, NOT REACTIVELY BUT PROACTIVELY INTO TARGET AREAS TO PILOT DIFFERENT STUDIES WHERE WE CAN HAVE PEOPLE, INDIVIDUALS, WHO WILL BE RAT SENTINELS, IF YOU WILL.

THEY'LL GET TO THE CORE ISSUE, WHICH IS RUBBISH AND WASTE ON OUR STREETS.

AND THEY'LL BE COLLECTING WASTE, THEY'LL BE PICKING UP, FOR A WAGE, INSTEAD OF THROWING OUT MONEY, WHICH, AS BOBBY WOULD TELL YOU, THROWING STUFF AWAY, YOU'RE TRYING TO FIGHT PROBLEMS AFTER THEY'RE ALREADY SCONCED IN THE AREA.

SO WHY NOT DO SOMETHING PROACTIVE, TAKE MONEY, AND THAT REQUIRES PEOPLE, MAYBE ON A GRASSROOTS LEVEL WHO CAN MAYBE BE PAID WAGES.

MAYBE HOMELESS PEOPLE.

BUT YOU CAN ACTUALLY PAY PEOPLE TO -- YOU KNOW, THIS GARBAGE THAT'S BEEN SITTING OUT FROM 8:00 P.M. TILL 4:00 A.M. OR 5:00 A.M. WHEN IT'S PICKED UP, HOW ABOUT SOMEBODY PICK THAT UP AND PUT THAT IN AN ARE TANING SHED FOR A FEW HOURS?

I WOULD PAY TAX MONEY TO HAVE THAT ON MY BLOCK.

ALL THE PEOPLE AROUND THEM ARE GOING TO BENEFIT.

IF YOU BREAK THE BREEDING CYCLES, THEY'RE GOING TO DO LIKE THE PANDEMIC, THEY'RE GOING TO TURN ON EACH OTHER.

THEY'LL TAKE CARE OF THE PROBLEM FOR US IF WE CLEAN UP THE PLACE.

SO, TEDDY, YOU KNOW -- IN ABOUT 15, 20 SECONDS THAT WE HAVE LEFT.

YOU KNOW NEW YORK WELL, KNOW OUR HISTORY.

HOW OPTIMISTIC ARE YOU WE'LL DO THE RIGHT THING TO SOLVE THIS?

I WISH I COULD SAY I'M OPTIMIST, BUT I DON'T THINK THE RAT PROBLEM IS GOING AWAY ANY TOO MANY SOON.

WE'LL HAVE TO END THAT THERE.

THANK YOU SO MUCH.

IT'S BEEN A PLEASURE TALKING TO.

YOU THANKS, RAPHAEL.

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