METROFOCUS: OCTOBER 16, 2019

One of music’s strongest voices is also a leading advocate in the war against breast cancer. Sheryl Crow will join us to share her personal story of survival. Deep in the heart of Brooklyn, Native American art and storytelling is thriving. We’re sitting down with the man whose work is keeping the tradition alive. Sidney Blumenthal, advisor to former President Bill Clinton will give us a history lesson on Abraham Lincoln and weigh in on the current political climate in Washington D.C.

Aired on October 16, 2019.

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METRO FOCUS,' SHERYL CROW, ONE OF ROCK 'N' ROLL'S STRONGEST VOICES IS ALSO LEADING ADVOCATE IN THE WAR AGAINST BREAST CANCER.

SHE'S HERE TO SHARE HER PERSONAL BATTLE AGAINST THE DISEASE AND HER STORY OF SURVIVAL.

THEN WE TAKE YOU DEEP INTO THE HEART OF BROOKLYN WHERE THE SOUL OF NATIVE-AMERICAN ART AND STORY TELLING THRIVES.

PLUS, PRESIDENTS AND POLITICAL CRISIS.

BIOGRAPHER AND FORMER CLINTON ADVISER DELIVERS A HISTORY LESS ON SON LINCOLN WHILE WEIGHING IN IT ON THE CURRENT TOXIC CLIMATE IN WASHINGTON.

THOSE STORIES AND MORE AS 'METRO FOCUS' STARTS RIGHT NOW.

THIS IS 'METRO FOCUS.'

GOOD EVENING.

WELCOME TO 'METRO FOCUS.'

OCTOBER IS BREAST CANCER AWARENESS MONTH.

AND HERE'S A FANTASTIC STATISTIC.

DID YOU KNOW THAT IF BREAST CANCER IS CAUGHT EARLY, THE FIVE YEAR SURVIVAL RATE IS ALMOST 100%. BUN OF THE SURVIVORS IS GRAMMY AWARD WINNING MUSICIAN SHERYL CROW W NO SIGNIFICANT RISK FACTORS, SHE WAS DIAGNOSED AT JUST 44 YEARS OLD.

CHERYL JOINS US NOW FROM NASHVILLE ALONG WITH OB/GYN AND WOMEN'S HEALTH EXPERT JESSICA SHEPARD.

GOOD MORNING.

SO, CHERYL, I WANT TO START WITH YOU AND ASK, GIVEN THAT YOU HAD NO TRADITIONAL RED FLAGS IN REGARDS TO BREAST CANCER, WHAT WAS THAT LIKE WHEN YOU FIRST GOT THE DIAGNOSIS CONFIRMED?

OH, MY GOODNESS.

I WAS IN SHOCK.

YOU KNOW, I THINK FOR SOMEONE WHO IS VERY HEALTHY.

AND TO TAKE CARE OF THEMSELVES, HAS NO FAMILY HISTORY AND WAS DILIGENT ABOUT GETTING MAMMOGRAPHY EXAMS, IT WAS JUST A VERY EYE OPENING EXPERIENCE AND EVERYTHING NORMAL CAME TO A SCREECHING HALT.

I AM NOW 13 YEARS OUT.

I HAVE ENJOYED THE DUBIOUS HONOR OF BEING KIND OF THE POSTER CHILD FOR EARLY DETECTION.

AND I CELEBRATE THAT AND EMBRACE THAT.

BECAUSE MY STORY IS THE STORY OF CURE.

AND UNTIL THERE IS A CURE FOR BREAST CANCER, EARLY DETECTION IS OUR GREATEST WEAPON.

SO I LIKE TO UTILIZE MY PROFILE REALLY TO TALK TO THE WOMEN WHO FOLLOW ME, WHO HAVE BEEN FANS FOR YEARS AND THEY'RE NOW MOTHER ANDS DAUGHTERS AND GRANDMOTHERS AND REALLY ENCOURAGE THEM TO ADVOCATE FOR THEIR OWN HEALTH AND BE DILIGENT AT THE AGE OF 40 OF GETTING THEIR YEARLY MAMMOGRAM.

DR. SHEPARD, I WANT TO TURN TO YOU NOW AND ASK, BECAUSE THERE'S ALSO A TROUBLING STATISTIC THAT GOES ALONG WITH BREAST CANCER AWARENESS.

THAT IS WOMEN OF COLOR ARE MORE LIKELY TO DIE, NOT MORE LIKELY TO GET BUT TO DIE FROM THE DISEASE.

WHY IS THAT?

YEAH.

THE SO THERE IS MULTIPLE REASONS WHY THAT CAN HAPPEN.

I'M GLAD YOU BROUGHT THAT UP.

FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN, ACTUALLY WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE STATISTIC OF BREAST CANCER, THERE ARE MORE CAUCASIAN WOMEN DIAGNOSED.

BUT WHEN YOU LOOK AT TRIPLE NEGATIVE CANCER, THERE ARE MORE BLACK WOMEN DIAGNOSED WITH TRIPLE NEGATIVE CANCER WHICH, ONE, IS HARDER TO TREAT.

BUT WHAT GOES INTO THAT IS THAT WHEN WE LOOK AT THE STATISTICS FOR AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN, THEY ARE USUALLY DIAGNOSED LATER ON.

AND SO, YOU KNOW, SHERYL CROW WAS TALKING ABOUT EARLY DETECTION.

THAT TRANSCENDS IN THE AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMMUNITY BECAUSE EARLY DETECTION IS KEY BECAUSE MOST TIMES THEY'LL BE DIAGNOSED LATER ON.

AND WITH TRIPLE WILL NEGATIVE CANCER WHICH IS HARDER TO TREAT.

AND SO I HOPE THAT MESSAGE RESONATES TODAY FOR ANYONE WHO IS LISTENING.

NOW, OF COURSE, SO MANY WOMEN ARE TAUGHT TO DO SELF-BREAST EXAMS IN THE SHOWER, ET CETERA.

BUT THIS IS GOING A STEP FURTHER IN MAKING SURE YOU GET THAT MAMMOGRAM.

WHAT IS THE FIRST STEP, SEF SPECIFICALLY FOR WOMEN WHO DON'T HAVE THE FINANCIAL RESOURCES TO HAVE THAT SPECIALTY DOCTOR OR TO BE ABLE TO GO.

WHAT ARE THE FIRST STEPS THEY SHOULD BE TAKING?

WHEN WE LOOK AT MEDICAID AND MEDICARE, ANNUAL WELL WOMAN VISITS AT 40, A MAMMOGRAM FALLS INTO THAT BREAST CANCER SCREENING AND SHOULD BE COVERED BY THOSE TYPES OF INSURANCES.

FOR WOMEN WHO DON'T HAVE INSURANCE COVERAGE, THERE ARE A LOT OF ORGANIZATIONS THAT DEVOTE THEIR RESOURCES TO GETTING MAMMOGRAMS TO WOMEN WHO DO NOT HAVE ACCESS TO THAT WHETHER THAT BE THROUGH HOSPITAL PROXIMITY OR AN INSURANCE ISSUE.

SO I DO FEEL THAT WE HAVE -- WE HAVE A LONG WAY TO GO.

BUT WE DO HAVE RESOURCES FOR WOMEN THAT DO NOT HAVE ACCESS TO CARE OR DON'T HAVE INSURANCE.

I WANT TO TURN BACK TO SHERYL CROW AND ASK, YOU SPOKE A LITTLE BIT EARLIER ABOUT HAVING, YOU KNOW, LEAD AGING A VERY HEALTHY LIFE.

THERE ARE ANY STEPS YOU'RE TAKING TO BE CANCER FREE?

WHAT YOU PUT IN YOUR BODY IS REALLY IMPORTANT.

YOU HAVE TO EAT HEALTHY.

IT IS REALLY IMPORTANT TO EXERCISE.

WE KNOW THE BODY CELLULARLY FUNCTIONS AT A HIGHER LEVEL IF WE'RE EXERCISING AT LEAST 30 MINUTES A DAY.

ONE OF THE THINGS THAT WAS INTERESTING ABOUT MY DIAGNOSIS IS THAT 13 YEARS AGO WE DIDN'T HAVE A TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS WE HAVE NOW.

I WAS BASICALLY RELEGATED TO THE 2-D TECHNOLOGY.

AND WAS TOLD TO COME BACK IN SIX MONTHS.

BUT RATHER THAN WAITING THE SIX MONTHS, MY DOCTOR SAID LET'S NOT WAIT SIX MONTHS.

WILL SOMETHING COULD HAPPEN IN SIX MONTHS.

IT COULD -- IF IT IS SOMETHING.

SO ONE OF THE GREAT THINGS THAT WE ARE ABLE TO ENJOY TODAY IS THE ADVANCEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY WITH THIS 3-D TECHNOLOGY WHERE WE'RE ABLE TO SEE INDENTS WHICH IS WHAT I HAVE, THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN DENSITY IN THE BREAST AND SOMETHING THAT MIGHT TURN OUT TO BE INVASIVE CANCER.

SO DR. SHEPARD AND I ARE REALLY ENCOURAGING WOMEN TO NOT ONLY BE DILIGENT ABOUT GETTING THEIR MAMMOGRAM BUT ASK YOUR DOCTOR OR GO TO GENIUS 3-D NEAR ME ON LINE AND LOOK AT THE WEBSITE AND FIND OUT WHERE THE CLOSEST GENIUS 3-D EXAM IS.

WE'RE SEEING FAR LESS FALSE POSITIVES AND A BETTER RATE OF EARLY DETECTION WITH 3-D THAN WE DID WITH 2-D.

ALL RIGHT, LADIES.

SOUNDS LIKE WE'RE RUNNING OUT OF TIME HERE.

I WANT TO ASK ONE VERY QUICK QUESTION.

IF YOU BOTH HAD A GIRLFRIEND THAT GOT A POSITIVE TEST RESULT BACK, WHAT YOU WOULD TELL HER?

I WOULD TELL HER I APPLAUD HER FOR GETTING THE TESTING SHE NEEDS TO HAVE THE DIAGNOSIS.

NOW WE CAN MOVE FORWARD AND FIND TREATMENT FOR HER.

WHEN YOU'RE DIAGNOSED, YOU'RE ENTIRE COMMUNITY IS DIAGNOSED.

THOSE PEOPLE AROUND YOU THAT LOVE YOU WHETHER THEY'RE YOUR FRIENDS, CHILDREN, PARENTS, YOUR SIGNIFICANT OTHER, TO TRY TO JUST KEEP THINGS AS NORMAL AS POSSIBLE WHILE YOU'RE GOING THROUGH TREATMENT.

HONOR YOURSELF.

PUT YOURSELF FIRST.

GIVE VOICE TO IT IS YOU NEED OR DON'T NEED.

AND TO JUST KEEP YOUR EYES OPEN AND SEE HOW AT THE END OF IT HOW YOUR LIFE IS ENHANCED.

DON'T MISS THE BIG LESSONS.

WISE WORDS.

LADIES, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US.

THANK YOU.

THANK YOU.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE GENIUS EXAM AND WHERE YOU CAN FIND A FACILITY IN YOUR COMMUNITY, YOU CAN VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT METROFOCUS.ORG.

WHETHER SCULPTING OR BEADING OR PAINTING, JEFFREY GIBSON IS A MASTER OF COLOR TELLING THE STORY OF HIS NATIVE-AMERICAN HERITAGE THROUGH ART.

WE JOIN GIBSON IN THE STUDIO WHERE HE SHARED THE STORY OF HOW HE FIRST BECAME AN ARTIST.

TAKE A LOOK.

GROWING UP AS A FOREIGNER IS SOMETHING THAT I THINK ABOUT A LOT NOW.

YOU KNOW, WHEN YOU'RE A FOREIGNER, YOU DON'T ENTIRELY UNDERSTAND WHAT YOU'RE LOOKING AT OR HEARING ALL THE TIME.

SO YOU HAVE THIS KIND OF SUBJECTIVE COMPREHENSION OF THE WORLD AROUND YOU THAT IS AN ESTIMATED GUESS.

I THINK ABOUT THAT A LOT IN TERMS OF HOW I USE MATERIALS.

BECAUSE I USE A LOT OF MATERIALS THAT I THINK MANY PEOPLE MAY NOT KNOW THE CONTEXT THAT I'M DRAWING THEM FROM OR WHAT THE CULTURE IS OR THE HISTORY IS.

SO MY MOTHER'S FAMILY LIVES IN OKLAHOMA.

MY FATHER'S FAMILY LIVES IN MISSISSIPPI.

AND THOSE CULTURES ARE DIFFERENT.

WHEN I GO THERE, IT'S TO VISIT MY FAMILY.

I NEVER WANTED TO OBSERVE MY FAMILIARLY.

YOU WANT TO BE A PARTICIPATE IN YOUR FAMILY.

SO WE DON'T LOOK AT EACH OTHER AND THINK THAT IS NATIVE-AMERICAN.

THEN I BEGAN THINKING, WHAT WAS IT ABOUT THE QUILTS THAT GRANDMA MADE OR WHAT WAS IT ABOUT THE JEWELRY SHE WORE OR THE DRESSES SHE MADE?

WHAT DID THE SONG MEAN THAT SHE SANG?

AND THERE WAS A CULTURE.

OTHERWISE, IT'S JUST IN HARNTLY FAMILIAR.

IT STARTED FROM PLACES I WANTED TO TAKE PART IN ALL OF THESE THINGS.

I WANT TO KNOW HOW TO BE.

AND THEN THAT STARTS OFF PATTERN.

IT STARTS WITH COLOR CHOICES.

IT STARTS WITH BEADS AND WANT TO FOUND OBJECT WORK.

OFFICER TH OVER THE COURSE OF TIME, THEY'RE MESHED TOGETHER.

I'M INTERESTED IN EXPLORING THE TRANSFORMTIVE NATURE OF MATERIALS AND HOW THE LANGUAGE CAN SHIFT FROM A BEADED TRY ANGLE TO A PAINTED TRIANGLE TO A WOVEN TRIANGLE.

AND WHAT THOSE THREE DIFFERENT VERSIONS OF THE TRIANGLE MEAN.

THERE IS THIS PERIOD OF CLUB MUSIC THAT WAS A TRANSITION IN AN LOG MUSIC AND DIGITAL.

AND THAT WAS REALLY IMPRESSION.

AND PICKING SOMETHING FROM THE CONTEXT AND STICKING IT INTO ANOTHER ONE.

AND IN THE STUDIO, MASHING UP REMIX.

I THINK IT'S IMPORTANT TO APE BE TRANSPARENT ABOUT THE PROCESS.

IF IT WAS JUST ME.

AND THEY THOUGHT OF THAT AND THE DECORATIVE EMBELLISHMENT.

AND IN THIS ENVIRONMENT, OUR EQUALIZED.

IF YOU LOOK AT GARMENTS, THEY'RE SO LOUD.

WITH THAT AS MY INSPIRATION IN MANY WAYS, THERE WAS NO LIMIT TO THE COMBINATIONS OF COLORS.

IT'S MORE THINKING ABOUT WHAT THE COLOR DOES IN COMBINATION WITH EACH OTHER.

IT'S REALLY POP OR ELECTRIC OR REFLECTIVE.

OR OPTIC.

I HAVE APRIL ATTRACTION BETWEEN THE IDEA OF MINIMALISM AND HOW MINIMALISM LEADS TO MAX LULL DENSITY.

I USED TO THINK THAT MINIMALISM IS ABOUT MAINTAINING THIS QUIET SILENT PLACE, LIKE, THIS VOID UNFILLED WITH THINGS.

AND NOW I REALIZE THAT THE REMOVAL OF THE INFORMATION IS IN AN EFFORT TO ACTUALLY BE ABLE TO SEE HOW MUCH IS PRESENT IN A VERY SMALL SPACE OR IN A VERY LIMITED PALETTE.

THE IDEA IS IDEA IS TO SLOW DOWN THE COLOR RED.

AND UNDERSTAND HOW MUCH SHADES OF RED THERE.

AND THEN, OF COURSE, IT OPENS RIGHT BACK UP UP TO AND INCLUDING EVERY SINGLE COLOR.

MY TRAINING IS AS ENTIRELY OBJECT BASED ATTRACTION.

AND AT SOME POINT.

AND THE CONTENT THAT I OBSTRUCTION.

I STARTED TO PUT IT DIRECTLY ON.

MOST OF TITLES COME FROM THE APPROPRIATED LYRICS.

AND THEN IT HIT.

THERE WAS SOMETHING ABOUT THESE WORDS DESCRIBE.

AND BECOME A PART OF THE WORK COMMUNITY.

AND THEY QUESTION HOW DOES THIS RELATE TO WHO YOU ARE.

AND HOW DOES THIS RELATE TO YOU.

AS A NATIVE-AMERICAN PERSON, AS A GAY PERSON AND REPRESENTATIVE OF THAT EXPERIENCE.

I SAY NO, IT'S NOT.

AND COMPOUND MORE FOR PEOPLE TO LOOK FOR.

AND AT SOME POINT I DECIDED TO OWN NATIVE-AMERICAN AND THE WORD GAY AND NOT GIVE AWAY WHO I AM.

BUT I WAS FINE.

AND THIS IS MY EXPERIENCE.

I ACKNOWLEDGE THAT VERY, VERY LAYERED COMPLICATED PEOPLE.

AND OUR CONTEMPORARY HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY.

TO EXPLORE THAT OR TO SHARE THAT WITH EACH OTHER.

THE YEARS LEADING UP TO THE CIVIL WAR.

THEY COMPROMISE AND THE FREE STATERS AND KANSAS AND BEYOND HAD BEGUN RIPPING AT THE VERY FABRIC OF THE NATION.

AND THEY TL ARE CIRCUMSTANCES AND THEY COMPARE TO PRECIVIL WAR AMERICA.

AND ABRAHAM LINCOLN ALL OF THE POWERS.

AND THE NEW BOOK IS A FASCINATING AND TIMELY EXAMINATION OF THE EVENTS THAT LED TO THE CRISIS AND OF THE MAN THAT WOULD EMERGE FROM THE POLITICAL WILDERNESS TO SAVE THE UNION.

AND PRESIDENT BILL AND HILLARY CLINTON AND SIDNEY, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US AGAIN TO TALK ABOUT YOUR BOOK.

THANK YOU.

SO SIDNEY, THE HEART OF THE NEW VOLUME ROUGHLY COVERS THE FOUR YEARS BETWEEN THE MOMENT WHEN LINCOLN RE-ENTERED POLITICAL LIFE AND IS ELECTED.

AND THE UNITED STATES.

AND BASICALLY, 200 AND THE CONTEXT WITHIN WHICH LINCOLN WAS FORCED TO ACT.

AND SUMMARIZE THE KEY EVENTS.

THIS IS A STORY OF A GREATEST CRISIS OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY.

AND IT'S WHERE WE ARE TODAY.

AND LINCOLN IS IN AN OBSCURE LAWYER.

HE IS WRITING A OLD HORSES OR BUCK BOARDS OR RAILROADS FROM COUNTY YOU COULD COURTHOUSE AND COUNTY COURTHOUSE IN CENTRAL ILLINOIS PRESSING CASES AS A LAWYER.

AND THE PARTIES ARE FALLING APART AGAINST THE PARTY IS SPLIT OVER THE EXTENSION OVER THE EXTENSION OF SLAVERY.

IT'S OVER THE ISSUE.

HE WAS A FORCE OF NATURE AND A MASS F MASTER DEMAGOGUE HAS SPONSOR THE THE KANSAS NEBRASKA ACT.

HE WANTS SOMETHING.

AND THEY CAN CARRY AND THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY.

AND HE WANTS THAT AND HE PROPOSES THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT.

HE OPENS THE TERRITORIES OF THE GREAT PLAINS TO WHOEVER IS GOING TO BE SLAVERY FREE.

AND THEY'RE IN IT FOR SLAVERY.

AND THEY COME IN FOR FREEDOM AND FREE LABOR.

AND THEY KILL EACH OTHER.

AND ARMIES AND OUR OPPOSED TO EACH OTHER IN THE PLAINS.

AND HE BEGINS TRYING TO FIND HIS FOOTING.

AND CHARLES SUNNER AND THE FLOOR OF THE STATE AND THE CROSS SLAVERY FORCES.

AND THE TOWN OF LAWRENCE.

AND CONGRESSMAN PRESTON BROOKS IS VIRTUALLY ASSIGNED BY THE POWERS THAT BE.

AND CONGRESS AND POWER.

AND HE WALKS INTO THE SENATE AND CAVES.

AND MOST OF THE FLOOR OF THE SENATE.

SUMNER IS ALMOST KILLED.

HE IS VIRTUALLY REMOVED FROM POLITICS.

THIS INSPIRES SOMEBODY AT THE SAME TIME JOHN BROWN.

AND THEY KILL THE SENATORS IN KANSAS AND WITHIN TEN DAYS OF THESE EVENTS.

ILLINOIS REPUBLICAN PARTY THE VEHICLE THAT WITHIN WILL CARRY HIM TO THE PRESIDENT BALT.

AND YOUR BOOK IS ONE OF THE BEST POLITICAL BIOGRAPHIES OF STEPHEN DOUGLAS AS WELL ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

HE HAS A HUGE IMPACT.

NEGATIVE IMPACT ON THE AMBITION.

IN 1958, LINCOLN DECIDES TO CHALLENGE THE SENATE SEAT.

AND THE FAMOUS LINCOLN DOUGLAS DEBATES.

WHAT EXACTLY WERE THE CONTENDING POSITIONS?

. .

LIVINGON WAS COMPLETELY OPPOSED TO THE EXTENSION OF SLAVERY AND I BELIEVE THAT SLAVERY WAS AS HE SAID DOZENS OF TIMES IN MANY SPEECHES IN EACH SPEECH WRONG, WRONG, WRONG AND WRONG.

IF SLAVERY IS WRONG, NOTHING IS WRONG SAID LINCOLN.

THEY BELIEVE THE POLICY OF WHAT LINCOLN SAID DON'T CARE, INDIFFERENCE.

DOUGLAS SAID HE DIDN'T CARE WHETHER THE TERRITORIES WERE FREE OR SLAVE.

IT WAS UP TO THE SETTLERS.

AND THEY FACED OFF THE FAMOUS DEBATES.

AND HOUSE DIVIDED SPEECH.

HE SAID THE COUNTRY WILL BECOME.

IT WILL BE ONE THING OR THE OTHER.

THEY BELIEVE THE PEOPLE WOULD PUT SLAVERY AS THEY SAID IN THE COURSE OF ULTIMATE EXTINCTION.

DOUGLAS SAID THAT THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE WAS MADE ONLY FOR WHITE MEN AND THAT IT EXCLUDED.

IN STATING ALL MEN ARE CREATED QUAUG INCLUDED NEGROES AND THAT THEY HAD NATURAL RIGHTS.

THEY FACED OFF IN SEVEN DEBATES.

AND THE DISTRICTS HAVE BEEN JE JERRY MANDERED BY DOUGLAS.

AND LINCOLN LOST EVEN THOUGH HE WON THE POPULAR VOTE.

I DON'T KNOW IF THAT IS POPULAR NOW.

ONE OF THE LESSONS FOR US.

LINCOLN ALWAYS WORND AGAINST THIS UNION.

HE WARNED AGAINST A HOUSE DIVIDED.

AND HE SAID THAT OF THOSE WHO WERE SEEKING THIS UNION WERE THE SOURCE OF TROUBLE.

AND THEY'RE SEEKING AND ALL EVENTS.

AND AT THE ENDst SPEECH HE SAID RIGHT MAKES MIKE.

AND HE SAYS THAT ANY ATTEMPT TO IMPEACH HIM WILL CAUSE A CIVIL WAR.

AND THE DECISIVE YEAR IN WHICH THEY MOVE HIM AND HE WAS A RESPONSIBLE FIGURE.

AND IT IS UNPRECEDENTED SITUATION.

THE DEMOCRACY FACES A THREAT TO OUR CONSTITUTION AND OUR VARIED DEMOCRACY.

LINCOLN ROSE TO THE OCCASION.

HE UNDERSTOOD THE CRISIS.

AND HE WAS PREPARED TO LEAD THE COUNTRY.

AND FOCUSED AND DETERMINED PERSON.

AND FOR ALL OF THE ISSUES THAT WE'RE FACING.

AND HE HAD A DEEP AND PROFOUND.

UNDERSTANDING OF THE CONSTITUTION AND THE HISTORY OF THE COUNTRY WAS AND WHERE THE POLITICS WERE TENDING.

AND IN THE BOOK AFTER LINCOLN GIVES HIS COOPER UNION SPEECH THIS IS THE GREATEST THING SINCE ST. PAUL.

AND HE WAS A GREAT LEADER.

AND THAT MAKES ONE WANT TO BE A BETTER HUMAN BEING.

I WONDER WHAT EFFECT IT'S HAD ON YOU SPENDING ALL AND THIS GREAT AMERICAN.

LINCOLN HAS GREAT COMPANY.

I SPENT YEARS WRITING THIS SERIES OF BOOKS.

AND I CAN'T IMAGINE AND SPEND TIME WITH.

AND HE HAS A GREAT SENSE OF HUMOR.

AND HE HAS A DEEPLY INCISIVE MIND.

HE GREW UP IN THE DEEPEST POVERTY.

AND UNDERSTANDING OF AND ISOLATION, SLOWLY STUDYING.

AND HE BECAME AN EXTRAORDINARILY AND IF THE COOPER UNION SPEECH.

AND NOTABLE IN THE DAY.

AND FROM THE FAR WEST, ILLINOIS, HE APPEARED IN A RUMBLED SUIT.

HIS HAIR WAS TASSLED.

HE SPOKE IN A THIN FOIS.

VOICE.

THEY'RE LIKE WHO IS THIS PERSON?

THEN THEY WERE STUNNED BY HIS ARGUMENTS, HIS WORDS, HIS PHRASES, THE WAY IN WHICH HE WROTE AND SPOKE.

AND AT THE END, AS YOU SAID, ONE OF THE JOURNALISTS SAID HE'S THE GREATEST MAN SINCE ST. PAUL.

HE WAS ALSO A LAWYER WHO FRAMED EVERY ARGUMENT IN ORDER TO WIN THE CASE.

HE KNEW WHAT JURIES WERE.

THE HE KNEW WHO ORDINARY PEOPLE WERE.

HE KNEW THE ARTS OF PERSUASION.

LINCOLN WAS A PRACTICAL POLITICIAN HIS WHOLE LIFE.

AND TO THE MARROW OF HIS BONE, BUT HE IS SOMEBODY THAT SAW THAT IN THE SFERVICE OF THE NATION.

THE COUNTRY HAS EVER FACED WITH LESSONS FOR US ALL TODAY.

THANK YOU FOR TALKING TO US TODAY.

IT'S A WONDERFUL BOOK.

I HOPE OUR VIEWERS GO OUT AND BUY IT AND READ IT.

THANK YOU, RAFAEL.

'METRO FOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY --

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

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