METROFOCUS: SEPMTEBER 6, 2019

Get the hard facts from City Comptroller Scott Stringer on the increase in arrests and deportations by Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents (ICE) here in New York City, leaving families and entire communities on edge. Manhattan nightlife: a playground for some, a piggy-bank for owners. But for residents, the perception differs. Paul Dano takes us inside the latest revival of Sam Shepard’s classic “True West,” an iconic tale of sibling rivalry.

Aired on March 5 & September 6, 2019.

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METROFOCUS' -- THE DEMOGRAPHICS OF THE TENSION.

A SOBERING NEW REPORT FINDS A SHARP INCREASE IN ARRESTS IN DEPORTATIONS OF IMMIGRATION BY ICE AGENTS HERE IN NEW YORK CITY.

LEADING FAMILIES AND ENTIRE COMMUNITIES ON EDGE.

WE HAVE THE DETAILS.

> THE DE BLASIO BUDGET.

AFTER IT RELEASE, CITY COMPTROLLER HERE WITH ANALYSIS AND STRONG ADVICE FOR THE MAYOR.

> PARTY AND SPEND.

MANHATTAN HAS ALWAYS BEEN A PLACE WHERE ANYONE CAN PLAY AFTER DARK, BUT WHAT ARE ITS BUSINESSES AND RESIDENTS GETTING IN RETURN?

WE'LL ILLUMINATE YOU ON THE PROS AND CONS OF THE ISSUE.

> AN AMERICAN CLASSIC ABOUT TWO BICKERING BROTHERS IS BACK ON BROADWAY.

ACTORS ETHAN HAWK AND PAUL DANO BRING SIBLING RIVALRY BACK IN THE TRUE WEST.

DANO IS HERE WITH THE DETAILS.

THOSE STORIES AND MORE AS 'METROFOCUS' STARTS RIGHT NOW.

THIS IS 'METROFOCUS' WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN, JACK FORD, AND JENNA FLANAGAN.

'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND MERRILL TISH,.

GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

I'M JENNA FLANAGAN.

A NEW REPORT BY THE COMPTROLLER'S OFFICE, DEPORTATIONS HAVING SURGED BY 150% CITYWIDE SINCE 2016.

THE STAGGERING STATISTIC SHOWS NEW YORK CITY IS NO LONGER THE SANCTUARY IT ONCE CLAIMED TO BE, BUT INSTEAD, A TARGET FOR IMMIGRANTS.

NOW COMPTROLLER SCOTT STRINGER STEPPING IN AND CALLING ON IMMIGRATION VADVOCATES AND LAWMAKERS TO PROTECT UNDOCUMENTED IMMIGRANTS AND HOW TO DO THAT.

WELCOME TO THE SHOW, MR.

STRINGER.

GOOD TO BE BACK.

ABSOLUTELY.

LET'S TALK ABOUT THIS REPORT THAT YOU, YOUR OFFICE HAS RELEASED.

WHAT HAVE YOU SEEN ABOUT THE INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF DEPORTATIONS FROM PEOPLE IN THE CITY?

WELL, FIRST OF ALL, WE ARE A SANCTUARY CITY.

THAT'S HOW WE WERE ALL BORN AND RAISED HERE TO BELIEVE THAT NO MATTER WHERE OUR PARENTS OR GRANDPARENTS CAME FROM OR WHEN THEY CAME HERE, ONCE THEY GOT HERE, THEY WERE PART OF THE FUTURE OF THIS CITY.

AND TO SEE THIS PRESIDENT NOW GOING AFTER AND TARGETING IMMIGRANTS IN NEW YORK CITY, THE SANCTUARY CITY, IS REALLY INCREDIBLY PROBLEMATIC AND FRIGHTENING.

WE DID A REPORT THAT SHOWED THERE'S AN INCREASE OF DEPORTATIONS UP TO 150% SINCE 2017.

WE NOW SEE THAT THERE'S AN 88% INCREASE IN ARRESTS OF IMMIGRANTS.

THAT'S NOT THE ASPIRATIONAL CITY WE WANT AND WE HAVE TO COME TOGETHER AS A CITY AND USE EVERY TOOL AT OUR DISPOSAL TO MAKE SURE THAT WE PROTECT THE IMMIGRANTS WHO COME TO OUR CITY AND MAKE SUCH AN INCREDIBLE ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION, BUT THIS REPORT, I THINK, IS SOMETHING THAT PEOPLE SHOULD LOOK AT.

WHEN YOU SEE WHAT HAPPENS WHEN AN ENTIRE CITY IS TARGETED BY THE WHITE HOUSE.

THAT'S ACTUALLY REALLY INTERESTING, BECAUSE A LOT OF PEOPLE MIGHT PUSH BACK AND SAY, WELL, YOU KNOW, THERE WERE A RECORD NUMBER OF DEPORTATIONS UNDER THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION.

I MEAN, A SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF PEOPLE WERE BEING DEPORTED FROM THE COUNTRY, SO WHAT'S MAKING THIS DIFFERENT?

YOU REALLY LOOK AT WHAT'S GOING ON, YOU SEE THAT THERE'S A 265% INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF IMMIGRANTS WHO ARE JUST BEING TAKEN OFF THE STREETS.

THEY DIDN'T COMMIT A CRIME.

THEY DON'T HAVE A CRIMINAL RECORD.

JUST TARGETED BECAUSE THEY HAPPEN TO BE IMMIGRANTS AND THAT GOES AGAINST WHAT A SANCTUARY CITY IS BECAUSE WHEN PEOPLE COME HERE, WE DON'T TARGET PEOPLE.

WE DON'T SEPARATE PARENTS FROM CHILDREN.

WE DON'T DO THAT STUFF.

WE LET PEOPLE LIVE AND LET LIVE AND THEN WE BUILD OUR ECONOMY AROUND THE STRONG IMMIGRANT CITY THIS IS.

I LIKE TO REMIND PEOPLE WHO GET CONFUSED ABOUT THIS SOMETIMES THAT IMMIGRANTS MAKE A TREMENDOUS ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION TO NEW YORK CITY.

THEY EARN $100 BILLION IN INCOME EVERY YEAR.

THEY PAY BILLIONS OF DOLLARS IN TAXES.

THEY'RE NOW IN MEDIA AND CULTURE AND BUSINESS AND THIS CITY COULD NOT THRIVE WITHOUT OUR IMMIGRANTS.

CONSIDERING THE FACT THAT NEW YORK WAS SUPPOSED TO BE A SANCTUARY CITY, WAS, AT LEAST, ACCORDING TO THIS REPORT, PART OF THE WAY THAT WAS SUPPOSED TO WORK IS THAT THE NYPD WAS NOT GOING TO BE WORKING WITH ORGANIZATIONS LIKE ICE, ET CETERA, TO AID IN THESE DEPORTATIONS.

HOW HAS THIS ACCELERATED SO FAST IF THE NYPD IS BEING HANDS OFF?

WE HAVE TO CONTINUE TO MONITOR THIS.

THE REPORT DID NOT ADDRESS THE NYPD, IN THIS PARTICULAR REPORT.

WE HAVE TRADITIONALLY HAD A HANDS OFF POLICY WHICH I THINK IS VERY IMPORTANT AND CRITICAL TO REMAIN OR CONTINUE, HOPE TO BE A SANCTUARY CITY, BUT I THINK THE NUMBERS HERE SHOW THAT WE HAVE TO DO MORE, BE MORE VIGILANT.

ONE OF THE THINGS WE CAN PASS IS AN INITIATIVE SPONSORED BY 100 ORGANIZATIONS I'VE BEEN SPEARHEADING WHICH IS TO DEFER OR WIPE OUT THE AMOUNT OF MONEY IT COSTS TO BECOME A CITIZEN.

WE ESTIMATE THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS HAVE TO BE SPENT AND IF YOU'RE MAKING VERY LITTLE MONEY, WHAT'S THE CHOICE?

YOU DELAY CITIZENSHIP BECAUSE YOU WANT TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR CHILDREN OR MAKE THAT EXTRA RENT PAYMENT.

I SUGGEST WE REMOVE THE FINANCIAL BARRIER TO BECOMING A CITIZEN AND GO A LONG WAY TO THOSE BECOMING CITIZENS AND DRIVE ICE AWAY BECAUSE WE HAVE A GREAT PATH TO CITIZENSHIP.

NEW YORK IS SUCH A MULTICULTURAL CITY AND YET, SO MUCH ABOUT THE IMMIGRATION DEBATE FOCUSED ON, OR AT LEAST THE PRESIDENT'S FOCUS HAS BEEN TOWARDS LATINOS WHO MIGHT BE CROSSING OVER THE BORDER UNDOCUMENTED, ET CETERA.

WHAT WAS YOUR REPORT ABLE TO FIND ABOUT THE KINDS OR THE ETHNICITIES OF THE IMMIGRANTS ACTUALLY BEING TARGETED AND DEPORTED?

IT'S MUCH VARIED.

ONE THING ABOUT ICE, THEY DON'T DISCRIMINATE.

THEY GO AFTER EVERYBODY.

WE SAW 20% OF THE DEPORTATIONS ARE IN THE ASIAN COMMUNITY AND THAT WAS VERY SURPRISING BECAUSE YOU ONLY THINK ABOUT THE LATINO COMMUNITY BUT PEOPLE FROM ALL DIFFERENT COUNTRIES ARE BEING TARGETED.

THIS IS NOT JUST ONE GROUP OF PEOPLE, BUT IT'S A CAMPAIGN AGAINST IMMIGRANTS IN GENERAL AND I WANT TO SAY THE STATISTIC THAT'S JUST FRIGHTENING IS THE ONE THAT SAYS 265% OF THE DEPORTATIONS ARE PEOPLE WHO JUST WALKED DOWN THE STREET, OR THEY WENT TO A COURT APPEARANCE, OR THEY TOOK A CHILD TO SCHOOL.

THEY'RE DOING THE RIGHT THING, LIVING THEIR LIVES AND CONTRIBUTING TO SOCIETY, AND THEN TO BE PICKED OFF THE STREET IN THE DEAD OF NIGHT OR EARLY IN THE MORNING.

IT'S JUST NOT THE AMERICA THAT WE BELIEVE IT SHOULD BE.

LET ME TURN, EVEN THOUGH THIS REPORT IS ABOUT IMMIGRATION, THE CITY BUDGET, THAT'S SOMETHING YOU WEIGHED IN ON AND THE WAY SPENDING SHOULD BE HANDLED GOING FORWARD WITH THE CITY AND I JUST WANTED YOU TO EXPAND ON THAT IN THE CITY.

THE CITY BUDGET PROPOSED BY THE MAYOR IS $92.2 BILLION.

WE TAKE A LOOK AT THAT BUDGET THROUGH THE LENS OF HOW WE CAN IMPROVE THE LIVES OF NEW YORKERS AND A LOT OF GOOD INITIATIVES WITHIN THAT BUDGET BUT ONE OF THE LESSONS WE'VE LEARNED DURING HARD FISCAL TIMES IS WHEN WE HAVE BUDGET CUTS, THEY END UP TARGETING THE MOST VULNERABLE PEOPLE IN THE CITY.

THE PEOPLE HANGING BY A THREAD.

PEOPLE WHO ARE STRUGGLING.

NEW YORK AND THOSE SOCIAL PROGRAMS TEND TO BE THE FIRST TO GO.

I WANT TO MAKE SURE THAT NEVER HAPPENS IN TOUGH BUDGET TIMES AND THE BEST WAY TO PREVENT THAT IS BY HAVING A ROBUST SAVINGS PLAN.

I APPLAUD THE MAYOR FOR LISTENING TO WHAT OUR OFFICE HAS BEEN SAYING FOR FIVE YEARS, BY NOW, LOOKING AT AGENCIES, FINDING IF THERE'S EFFICIENCIES TO SAVE US MONEY.

THAT MONEY GETS PUT AWAY FOR A RAINY DAY.

SO IF WE HAVE A HURRICANE OR A TERRORIST ATTACK OR SOME UNFORESEEN CIRCUMSTANCE WHICH DEPLETES OUR RESOURCES, WE'LL BE ABLE TO HOLD THE FOUNDATION OF OUR CITY TOGETHER.

WE HAVE TO DO MORE SAVINGS AND WE'VE HAD NINE YEARS OF RECORD SURPLUS, WE SHOULD NOT BE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE SAVINGS PLAN.

WE SHOULD BE AT THE TOP.

I ALSO WANTED TO ASK YOU ABOUT THRIVE NYC.

THIS WAS A PROGRAM OR INITIATIVE THAT STARTED WITH WHAT SEEMS LIKE THE BEST OF INTENTIONS BUT DOESN'T SEEM TO BE HOW THINGS ARE SHAKING OUT.

IS THAT FAIR TO SAY?

I THINK THRIVE IS AN IMPORTANT MENTAL HEALTH INITIATIVE THAT CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE FOR THE CITY AND I APPLAUD THE MAYOR AND THE FIRST LADY.

IT'S SOMETHING WE HAVE TO CONTINUE TO FOCUS ON.

PEOPLE LANGUISHING IN HOMELESS SHELTERS ARE PEOPLE WHO SUFFER MENTAL ILLNESS AND WE HAVE TO ADDRESS IT.

HOW WE'RE ADDRESSING IT, SPENDING $850 MILLION EXAMINING IT AND EXAMINE THE BOOKS, MONEY IS SPENT IN THE WAY IT SHOULD BE AND MEASURE RESULTS.

THAT'S MY JOB.

EVERYONE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION, THRIVE, HOMELESS SHELTERS, BECAUSE THAT'S MY JOB.

I HAVE TO HOLD THE MAYOR AND HIS ADMINISTRATION ACCOUNTABLE.

WHEN I FOCUS I FIND THEY DO A BETTER JOB.

WHEN I FOCUS ON ISSUES OF FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY, IT MAKES OUR GOVERNMENT STRONG AND I'LL CONTINUE TO DO THAT.

I THINK FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY IN GOVERNMENT IS A GREAT PLATFORM TO RUN FOR MAYOR ON.

IS THAT SOMETHING?

HOW ABOUT THIS?

IT'S A GREAT WAY TO HONOR THE COMMITMENT I MADE TO PEOPLE IN THE CITY, THAT I WOULD BE AN AGGRESSIVE COMPTROLLER, TAKE ON THE TOUGH FIGHTS.

NOT BE AFRAID OF TOUGH CORPORATIONS OR MAYORAL CONTROL OR THE MAYORAL GOVERNMENT AND I'VE BEEN AN INDEPENDENT STEWARD OF OUR FINANCIALS AND TAKE PEOPLE ON BECAUSE I REPRESENT PEOPLE IN THE CITY STRUGGLING TO GET BY AND THE ROLE I CONTINUE TO PLAY.

DO YOU BELIEVE THAT WILL HELP YOU STAND OUT IN FUTURE MAYORAL RACE?

THAT SEEMS TO BE FAR AWAY BUT AS I CONSIDER THAT POSSIBLE RUN, THE BEST WAY I CAN SHOW PEOPLE IN THE CITY THAT I LOVE NEW YORK IS BY DOING THE JOB I'VE BEEN ELECTED TO DO AND WHAT COMES DOWN THE ROAD COMES DOWN THE ROAD.

ALL RIGHT, WELL, WE LOOK FORWARD TO FOLLOWING WHAT COMES DOWN THE ROAD.

THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US.

THANK YOU.

> NEW YORK CITY IS KNOWN FOR ITS NIGHTLIFE BUT FEELINGS ABOUT ITS BARS, CLUBS AND RESTAURANTS CAN CHANGE DEPENDING WHETHER YOU'RE LOOKING TO PARTY OR LOOKING TO GET SOME SHUT EYE.

THE NEW YORK OFFICE OF NIGHTLIFE'S FIRST EVER ECONOMIC IMPACT STUDY SHOWS GROWTH IN THE SECTOR.

BUT NOT EVERYONE THINKS THAT'S NECESSARILY A GOOD THING.

HERE'S THE STORY.

WANT TO GO OUT IN MANHATTAN?

13,000 OPTIONS.

THAT'S ACCORDING TO THE FIRST ECONOMIC IMPACT STUDY PUT OUT IN LATE JANUARY BY MAYOR DE BLASIO'S NEW YORK OFFICE OF NIGHTLIFE.

A DIVISION OF THE OFFICE OF MEDIA AND ENTERTAINMENT.

THE AGENCY WAS ESTABLISHED IN 2017 FOLLOWING IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF OTHER MAJOR CITIES LIKE LONDON, AMSTERDAM AND PARIS TO HELP STREAMLINE REGULATIONS AND BALANCE THE NEEDS OF NIGHTLIFE BUSINESSES WITH THOSE OF THE COMMUNITIES THAT HOUSE THEM.

ARIELLE, A FORMER NIGHTCLUB OWNER, THE OFFICE OF NIGHTLIFE'S SENIOR EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR.

THE OFFICE AS WE LIKE TO DESCRIBE IT AND WHAT ITS RESPONSIBILITIES ARE IS TO BE A CENTRAL POINT OF CONTACT FOR THE NIGHTLIFE INDUSTRY, ITS EMPLOYEES, ITS PATRONS, ITS RESIDENTS, WITH THE CITY, TO ENSURE AND SUPPORT THAT IT'S GOING TO BE VITAL AND EFFICIENT AND SAFE AND FAIR FOR EVERYBODY.

THE AGENCY DEFINES NIGHTLIFE IN THE CITY AS PATRONAGE OF FOOD SERVICE, BARS, THE ARTS, VENUES AND SPORTS AND RECREATION LOCATION BETWEEN THE HOURS OF 6:00 P.M. AND 6:00 A.M.

CONSULTANTS LOOKED AT NOT JUST THE DIRECT ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THIS PATRONAGE BUT THE INDIRECT LIKE MONEY PAID TO RESTAURANT FOOD SUPPLIERS OR TAXIS HIRED TO DRIVE PEOPLE FROM POINT 'A' TO POINT 'B'.

PEOPLE GO OUT TO SPEND MONEY IN THE ECONOMY, THERE'S A RIPPLE EFFECT.

NIGHTLIFE SUPPORTS 300,000 JOBS, $13 BILLION IN WAGES AND $35 BILLION IN ECONOMIC OUTPUT.

ONE OF THE THING IT SPEAKS TO, NIGHTLIFE IS PART OF THE FABRIC OF NEW YORK CITY'S ECONOMY.

RAFAEL MADE NEW YORK CITY'S NIGHTLIFE ECONOMY A FOCAL POINT OF HIS WORK.

HE HELPED CREATE THE OFFICE OF NIGHTLIFE AND HE INTRODUCED LEGISLATION THAT ULTIMATELY HELPED REPEAL THE CITY'S 91-YEAR-OLD CABARET LAW THAT PREVENTED DANCING IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT OFFICIALLY LICENSED AS CABARETS.

HE SAYS THERE ARE STILL A NUMBER OF REGULATIONS HE PLANS TO STREAMLINE THAT CURRENTLY HINDERS SMALL BUSINESSES FROM SUCCEEDING AND THE NIGHTLIFE STUDY REFLECTS THAT IN ITS FINDINGS.

THERE'S ABOUT TEN DIFFERENT AGENCIES AND ESTABLISHMENTS WE INTERACT WITH ON A DAILY BASIS FROM THE MOMENT THEY OPEN DOORS THROUGHOUT THE LIFETIME OF THE BUSINESS.

INCLUDING NYPD, FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUILDINGS DEPARTMENT, HEALTH DEPARTMENT, NOT TO MENTION THE STATE LIQUOR AUTHORITY.

THAT'S WHAT REALLY GETS MURKY, RIGHT?

WHO TO TALK TO DEAL WITH THIS ISSUE, IT JUST BECOMES BURDENSOME TO THE BUSINESS OWNER.

ACCORDING TO THE CITY'S NIGHTLIFE ECONOMIC IMPACT STUDY, REGULATORY RED TAPE IS A MAJOR CONCERN FOR BUSINESS OWNERS AND OPERATORS, BUT IT ISN'T THE ONLY ONE.

RISING COMMERCIAL RENTS ARE CITED AS THE NUMBER ONE CHALLENGE OWNERS AND OPERATORS FACE.

POTENTIAL CUSTOMERS CHOOSING TO SAVE THEIR DRINK MONEY TO STAY HOME, NETFLIX AND CHILL IS ANOTHER OBSTACLE AND NEARLY HALF OF NIGHTLIFE BUSINESS OWNERS AND OPERATORS POINT TO THE COMMUNITY BOARD PROCESS AS A ROAD BLOCK.

THOUGH NOT EVERYONE SEES THE COMMUNITY BOARDS THAT WAY.

THEY'VE BEEN IGNORED.

WITHIN ANY DIRECTION OF WHERE I'M STANDING.

TALKING ABOUT LIQUOR LICENSES.

BOYD IS A FOUNDER AND STEERING COMMITTEE MEMBER OF NEIGHBORHOODS UNITED, AN ADVOCACY GROUP FOCUSED ON PROTECTING QUALITY OF LIFE IN NEW YORK CITY NEIGHBORHOODS.

SHE LIVES IN AN AREA SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS HOUSE SQUARE, A STRETCH OF BLOCKS FROM HOUSE TO DLANSI TO CLINTON.

WHAT DOES THIS AREA LOOK LIKE ON ANY GIVEN SATURDAY NIGHT?

CARS LINED UP FROM HOUSES ON TO DELANCY TO ALLEN ALL THE WAY TO CLINTON AND EVERY DIRECTION, ALL YOU HAVE IS CHAOS OF CARS.

POLICE CARS, ON SOME OF THE CORNERS.

AND THEN YOU HAVE CROWDS OF PEOPLE CAR HOPPING, BAR HOPPING FROM AREA TO AREA AND PACKS OF SCREAMING PEOPLE THAT LITERALLY ARE UNDERNEATH YOUR WINDOW.

BY 4:00 E EVERYONE OUT, IT'S JUST MADNESS.

ELLEN ALSO LIVES IN THE AREA AND OWNS A VINTAGE CLOTHING BU T TIQUE HERE.

I'M A SINGLE MOTHER, RAISING A DAUGHTER.

AS A RESIDENT AND BUSINESS OWNER, IT'S LIKE DESTROYED OUR NEIGHBORHOOD.

THERE'S VOMIT IN THE DOORWAY.

YOU KNOW, SCREAMING NOISE, MY APARTMENT, IT'S ONE FLIGHT UP FACING THE STREET.

IT'S HORRIBLE.

IT'S LIKE THEY'RE IN OUR APARTMENT BUT I CAN'T MOVE BECAUSE I HAVE A BARELY AFFORDABLE AND RENT STABILIZED APARTMENT.

SHE'S NOT AGAINST NIGHTLIFE BUT SATURATION OF LIQUOR LICENSES IN CLUSTERS.

CITES STUDIES FROM THE CDC AND PACIFIC RESEARCH FOR EVALUATION AND OTHERS, UPTICK IN ANTI-SOCIAL BEHAVIOR LIKE PUBLIC DRUNKENNESS AND CRIME WITH AREAS OF HIGH SATURATION OF LIQUOR.

ENFORCING A LAW ON THE BOOKS, THE 500 FOOT LAW.

ESSENTIALLY, IF THERE'S THREE BARS OR RESTAURANTS WITHIN 500 FEET OF EACH OTHER, A FOURTH CANNOT BE LICENSED WITHOUT A CLEAR DEMONSTRATION OF PUBLIC INTEREST.

MEANING THE COMMUNITY HAS TO SAY, WE WANT THIS.

YOU HAVE TO CONSIDER CERTAIN THINGS LIKE THE IMPACT TO A COMMUNITY ON LIKE NOISE, TRAFFIC, AND ALL THESE THINGS BUT SOMEHOW, ALL THE FACTORS SOMEHOW GOT ELIMINATED IN THE PROCESS.

MANY BUSINESSES SEEKING A LIQUOR LICENSE HAVE BEEN ABLE TO WORK AROUND THE 500 FOOT LAW BY CITING ECONOMIC IMPACT OF A NEW BUSINESS IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD AS A PUBLIC BENEFIT.

THIS IS WHAT'S GOING ON BY DESIGN IN THE BRONX RIGHT NOW AND IN QUEENS.

SO ALL IS HAPPENING IN COMMUNITIES OF COLOR MOSTLY AND WORKING CLASS.

THEY'RE BEING BULLDOZED BY THE TOTAL ABSENCE OF PROTECTIONS BEING IGNORED.

THE NIGHTLIFE IMPACT STUDY DOESN'T TELL THE FULL STORY.

SHE SAID NIGHTLIFE CLUSTERS LIKE THE ONE IN HER NEIGHBORHOOD ARE INORGANIC AND HYPERGENTRIFICATION.

COMMUNITY MEMBERS PRICED OUT BY $20 DRINKS AND HIKE UP RENTS IN HOPES OF BETTER INCOME.

WHAT WE'VE LOST IS OUR COMMUNITY, OUR NEIGHBORHOODS.

THE OFFICE OF NIGHTLIFE'S RESEARCH DOES NOT SUPPORT THE IDEA OF CLUSTER SITES OR MORE NIGHTLIFE ESTABLISHMENTS IN COMMUNITIES OF COLOR.

COUNCIL MEMBER SAYS THEY'RE MOST INTERESTED IN BEING GOOD NEIGHBORS.

THEY SAY IT'S INCUMBENT ON THE COMMUNITY BOARDS, ELECTED OFFICIALS, THE STATE LIQUOR AUTHORITY AND OTHERS TO LISTEN TO THE COMMUNITY WHEN ISSUES ARISE.

I THINK UP UNTIL NOW, THE WAY THAT NIGHTLIFE HAS INTERACTED WITH COMMUNITY AS WELL AS CITY AGENCIES HAVE BEEN MORE REACTIVE, THE GOAL OF THE OFFICE OF NIGHTLIFE IS TO BE MORE PROACTIVE AND TO UTILIZE THE RESOURCES THAT WE HAVE WITH DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION, SANITATION, NYPD, TO BE ABLE TO REALLY STREAMLINE AND MAKE SURE THEY'RE WORKING IN CONCERT WITH EACH OTHER TO MITIGATE.

THEY INTRODUCED LAST YEAR, HE EXPLAINS VIA AN E-MAIL STATEMENT THAT THIS LEGISLATION WOULD REQUIRE NEW RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS NEAR NIGHTLIFE VENUES AND NEW NIGHTLIFE VENUES NEAR RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS TO INSTALL SOUNDPROOFING SO THEY CAN CO-EXIST PEACEFULLY.

ULTIMATELY, BOTH NEIGHBORHOODS UNITED AND THE OFFICE OF NIGHTLIFE SAY THEY'RE TRYING TO PROTECT NEW YORK CITY'S CULTURE WITH THEIR EFFORTS BUT WHAT'S CLEAR IS THAT IN A PLACE SO BUSTLING WITH ACTIVITY, IT'S THOUGHT TO NEVER SLEEP, WHAT'S CONSIDERED THE CITY'S CULTURE IS SUBJECTIVE.

> OPPOSITES ATTACK.

SAM SHEPHERD'S TRUE WEST, PULITZER PRIZE NOMINATED PLAY ABOUT TWO BROTHERS WHO MAY HAVE MORE IN COMMON THAN THEY THINK.

HOLED UP IN THEIR MOTHER'S HOUSE, PREPPY SCREEN WRITER AUSTIN WRESTLE WITH A LOT OF ISSUES BUT MOSTLY WITH EACH OTHER.

ETHAN HAWK AND PAUL DANO STAR IN THE ROUND ABOUT THEATER COMPANY SAM SHEPHERD'S CLASSIC.

FIRST SINCE THE PLAYWRIGHT'S DEATH IN 2017.

TO TELL YOU THE TRUTH, I THINK HE LIKED ME A LOT.

HE FELT I WAS SOMEBODY HE COULD CONFIDE IN.

WHAT YOU DO?

YOU BEAT HIM UP OR SOMETHING?

I'VE ABOUT HAD IT WITH THE INSULTS.

YOU THINK YOU'RE THE ONLY ONE IN THE BRAIN DEPARTMENT.

YOU THINK YOU'RE THE ONLY ONE WHO COULD COOK THINGS UP.

OTHER PEOPLE GOT IDEAS TOO, YOU KNOW.

MUST HAVE DONE SOMETHING, THREATENED HIM.

WHAT DID YOU DO, LEE?

I CONVINCED HIM.

JOINING US NOW IS PAUL DANO.

PAUL?

IT'S AN HONOR TO HAVE YOU HERE.

HOW DID YOU BECOME PART OF THIS PRODUCTION?

I GOT A TEXT FROM ETHAN HAWK ONE DAY.

ETHAN AND I HAVE BEEN FRIENDS FOR A WHILE.

HE'S DIRECTED ME AND I PLAYED YOUNG ETHAN ONCE IN A FILM MANY YEARS AGO AND HE SAID, I KNOW ETHAN REALLY WELL AND KNOW HE'S A HUGE SHEPHERD AND WORKED WITH SHEPHERD, AS AN ACTOR AND DIRECTOR, BLAH BLAH BLAH, AND TEXTED ME SOMETHING ELUSIVE BUT SOMETHING ABOUT HOW THERE'S SOMETHING WE COULD DO TOGETHER AND I KNEW IT WAS TRUE WEST.

AND I DON'T KNOW THE PLAY WELL, BUT I JUST KNEW, I WAS LIKE, OH, ETHAN'S GOING TO SAY WE SHOULD DO TRUE WEST.

AND SURE ENOUGH, THAT'S WHAT IT WAS.

I GUESS SAM SHEPHERD HAD ASKED JAMES McDONALD, AN ENGLISH DIRECTOR, WHO WORKED WITH AS AN ACTOR, SO JAMES DIRECTED SAM AS AN ACTOR, SAM LOVED HIM.

I THINK SAM WAS A TOUGH COOKIE PROBABLY.

I DIDN'T KNOW HIM.

I GET THE SENSE OF IT.

THE FACT HE WANTED JAMES AND THEN JAMES I THINK APPROACHED ETHAN AND THEY WERE CHATTING AND ETHAN SAID, WHO DO YOU WANT TO PLAY AUSTIN AND HE SAID THIS GUY PAUL AND ETHAN SAID, I KNOW HIM.

AND HE TEXTED ME AND I WAS TREPIDACIOUS.

WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO BRING TO IT?

WHY WOULD YOU, PAUL, DO IT?

I READ MANY TIMES AND SAID, OKAY, I SEE WHO I AM IN THIS AND IT'S A GREAT CHANNELLENGE.

I LOVE ETHAN.

LET'S GIVE IT A GO.

PREVIOUS PRODUCTIONS, MEMORABLE PRODUCTIONS.

THE 2000 PRODUCTION WITH JOHN C.

REILLY AND PHILLIP SEYMOUR HOFFMANN.

MADE IT MORE MEMORABLE THAT THESE ACTORS ALTERNATED ROLES.

THAT'S HARD TO IMAGINE IN YOUR PRODUCTION BECAUSE UNLIKE MOST MAJOR PRODUCTIONS, YOURS FOLLOWS A DESCRIPTION OF SAM SHEPHERD THAT HAS THE BROTHERS 10 YEARS DIFFERENCE IN AGE.

ETHAN AND I FELT LIKE, WE COULD BE BROTHERS AND WHAT IS THIS PLAY LIKE IF THEY ARE BROTHERS?

YOU KNOW, NOT THAT THEY'RE THE SAME PERSON, WHICH IS ONE INTERPRETATION.

BUT NOT WHAT REALLY SAM WANTED FOR THIS PRODUCTION.

AND SO THAT'S REALLY WHAT WE TRIED TO DIG INTO IN REHEARSAL WAS THE HISTORY OF OUR FAMILY.

I MEAN, THAT'S WHAT THE PLAY IS LARGELY ABOUT.

HE TALKS ABOUT THIS SORT OF COMPANION THAT WE ALL CARRY AROUND WITH US THAT YOU DON'T KNOW THAT PERSON IS FOR YOU OR AGAINST YOU.

AND THEY ALREADY DO THE SWITCH.

YOU DON'T NECESSARILY HAVE TO LITERALLY SWITCH.

I THINK ONE WAY TO LOOK AT THAT FOR ME IS THAT SAM SPENT A LOT OF HIS LIFE TRYING NOT TO BE HIS DAD.

TALKS ABOUT THAT QUITE CLEARLY.

THESE CHARACTERS ARE BOTH RESPONDING IN DIFFERENT WAYS TO THEIR CHILDHOOD.

AND THEIR OWN DAD, KIND OF MODELLED ON SAM SHEPHERD.

ALCOHOLIC.

YES, ALCOHOLIC, PROBABLY VIOLENT.

AND AUSTIN, YOU HAVE TO SHUT DOWN PARTS OF YOURSELF OFTEN WHEN YOU'RE YOUNG TO SURVIVE.

SO AUSTIN WANTS TO NOT BE HIS DAD AND CLOSES OFF THE PARTS OF HIMSELF THAT ARE LIKE THAT BUT THEN EVENTUALLY, THEY'RE STILL THERE.

THAT TRANSFORMATION KIND OF HAPPENS, NOT RIGHT AWAY.

IT'S GRADUAL.

IS THAT DIFFICULT, THAT TRANSFORMATION DIFFICULT TO PULL OFF?

THE PLAY IS REALLY HARD.

AS I SAID, PEOPLE SAY TO US AFTER THE SHOW, LOOKS LIKE YOU'RE HAVING THE TIME OF YOUR LIFE.

SO WE'RE LIKE, YEAH.

BUT THE PLAY IS SOMEWHAT ABUSIVE.

HILARIOUS, WILDLY ENTERTAINING AS WELL.

YOU'RE EITHER RECEIVING OR GIVING AND THAT'S A LOT OF ENERGY.

AND YOU'RE ON THE STAGE EVERY MINUTE OF THE PLAY.

BOTH OF YOU GUYS ARE.

IN THE INTERVIEW, YOUR DIRECTOR, JAMES McDONALD SAID SAM SHEPHERD LIKE THE MENTOR, WERE PLAYWRIGHTS THAT DEMANDED THAT ACTORS BE INCREDIBLY BRAVE AND EMOTIONALLY FREE IN THEIR PERFORMANCE.

AND HE ASKED THAT THERE BE NO SAFETY BUT FOR THE ACTORS.

IS THAT HOW YOU FEEL UP THERE?

WE'RE TRYING, YEAH.

THAT'S WHAT WE'RE HOPING FOR EVERY NIGHT.

WE'RE HOPING TO GET TO THAT SPACE WHERE THE IMPULSE OF WHAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN NEXT COMES.

TO SAY IT'S INTENSE IS AN UNDERSTATEMENT.

HOW DO YOU DO IT?

HOW DO YOU DO THAT EIGHT TIMES A WEEK?

THE PLAY IS SCARY.

BOTH ETHAN AND I, WE STILL FEEL, DONE 50 PLUS SHOWS NOW.

BUT WE STILL FEEL THAT THING, YOU KNOW, IN OUR CHEST, IN OUR STOMACH GOING, OH MY GOD, OKAY, WHAT TIME IS 3:30?

TONIGHT, I HAVE TO DO THAT AGAIN.

BUT ALSO BEAUTIFUL.

ONCE YOU'RE OUT THERE, IT'S BEAUTIFUL.

LEADING UP TO IT, YOU HAVE TO CONSERVE YOUR ENERGY AND CONSERVE WHO YOU ARE.

THE PLAY TAKES A LOT OUT OF YOU PSYCHICALLY AND TO HAVE A LIFE, IT'S CRAZY BUT BEAUTIFUL.

I'M SORRY WE'RE OUT OF TIME BUT THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US TODAY.

A GREAT PERFORMANCE AND GREAT TALKING TO YOU.

THANK YOU.

THE ROUND ABOUT THEATER COMPANY'S PRODUCTION PLAYING AT THE AMERICAN AIRLINES THEATER.

> 'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY --

CORPORATE FUNDING FOR 'METROFOCUS' PROVIDED BY MUTUAL FUND OF AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY AND BY PSE&G.

SERVING CUSTOMERS, INVESTING IN THE FUTURE.

©2021 WNET. All Rights Reserved. 825 Eighth Avenue, New York, NY 10019

WNET is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Tax ID: 26-2810489