METROFOCUS: SEPTEMBER 9, 2019

September 10, 2019 at 5:30 am

As Newark deals with lead in their water, Frontline digs for answers regarding the water crisis in Flint, Michigan. Their findings, beyond disturbing. Subway graffiti is back in a big way and so are train delays and commuter concerns.  A major milestone for one of our city’s oldest and most important institutions. Find out how the New York Foundling is still helping children 150 years after it was founded. We’ve got a list of some of the “100 Things to Do in NYC Before You Die.” Have a pen and paper ready!

Aired on September 9, 2019. 

Transcript Print

>>> TONIGHT ON "METROFOCUS,"
FRONTLINE DIGS DEEP IN ITS QUEST
FOR ANSWERS REGARDING MICHIGAN'S
DEADLY WATER.
THE DISTURBING DETAILS AHEAD.
>>> CALL IT BLIGHT OR CALL IT
ART, SUBWAY GRAFFITI IS BACK,
AND IN A BIG WAY, AS ARE TRAIN
DELAYS AND COMMUTER CONCERNS.
WE HAVE GOT THE STORY.
>>> MAJOR ANNIVERSARY FOR ONE OF
OUR CITY'S MOST IMPORTANT
INSTITUTIONS.
FOUND OUT HOW THE NEW YORK
FOUNDLING IS BEING FETED.
>>> AND WHAT'S ON YOUR BUCKET
LIST?
GET A PEN AND PAPER HANDY AS WE
RUN DOWN SOME OF THE 100 THINGS
YOU MUST DO IN NEW YORK CITY
BEFORE YOU DIE.
THOSE STORIES AND MORE AS
"METROFOCUS" STARTS RIGHT NOW.
>> THIS IS "METROFOCUS" WITH
RAFAEL PI ROMAN, JACK FORD, AND
JENNA FLANAGAN.
"METROFOCUS" IS MADE POSSIBLE BY
JAMES AND MERRYL TISCH,
SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III,
THE SYLVIA A. AND SIMON B. POYTA
PROGRAMING ENDOWMENT TO FIGHT
ANTI-SEMITISM.
BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ,
ROSALIND P. WALTER,
BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG,
AND BY --
CORPORATE FUNDING BY METRO FOCUS
WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL AMERICA,
YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.
>> GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO
"METROFOCUS."
I'M JACK FORD.
IT'S BEEN CALLED ONE OF THE
BIGGEST ENVIRONMENTAL CRISES TO
HIT A MAJOR AMERICAN CITY IN
YEARS, AND NEW YORK'S WATER
PROBLEM ISN'T GOING AWAY ANY
TIME SOON.
LEAD CONTINUES TO LEECH FROM
AGING PIPES INTO THE CITY'S
DRINKING WATER, A DANGEROUS
SITUATION THAT'S LEFT RESIDENTS
FURIOUS AND QUESTIONING WHETHER
NEGLIGENCE HAS PUT LIVES AT
RISK.
MANY HAVE BEEN FORCED TO RELY ON
BOTTLED WATER AS OFFICIALS TRY
TO REPLACE AROUND 18,000 LEAD
SERVICE LINES.
NEW YORK'S PROBLEMS ARE OF
COURSE REMINISCENT OF ANOTHER
CITY THAT FOUND ITSELF IN THE
NATIONAL SPOTLIGHT FOR ALL OF
THE WRONG RESIDENTS.
LEAD IN THE WATER ALSO SICKEND
RESIDENTS IN FLINT, MICHIGAN,
BUT THERE WAS ANOTHER PROBLEM
ONE LURKING IN THE PIPES ONE
THAT CONTINUES TO CLAIM LIVES
EVEN LATER.
THE FRONTLINE DOCUMENTARY TITLED
"FLINT'S DEADLY WATER"
EXCLUSIVELY REVEALS THE
UNREPORTED TOLL OF THE CITY'S
WATER CRISIS AND GOVERNMENT
OFFICIALS' FAILURE TO STOP IT.
TAKE A LOOK.
>> THE EXPOSURE OF THOUSANDS OF
CHILDREN TO LEAD-TAINTED WATER
WOULD BECOME A NATIONAL OUTRAGE.
>> WATER HAS BEEN POISONED WITH
LEAD FOR MONTHS.
>> I THINK ABOUT THIS EVERY
SINGLE DAY, AND I STILL TRY TO
FIGURE OUT WHAT I COULD HAVE
SEEN OR DONE OR ASKED, YOU KNOW,
DIFFERENTLY.
>> FEARLY A THOUSAND HOMES STILL
HAVE DANGEROUS LEVELS OF LEAD IN
THE WATER.
>> BUT I JUST DIDN'T EVER
IMAGINE THAT THERE WOULD BE A
FAILURE AT EVERY LEVEL OF
GOVERNMENT WITH SOMETHING AS
BASIC AS THE SAFETY OF DRINKING
WATER.
>> AND OVERSHADOWED BY THE LEAD
POISONING WAS ANOTHER PROBLEM
WITH THE WATER.
>> MOST PEOPLE OUTSIDE OF FLINT
LOOK AT THE LEAD ISSUE AS THE
MAIN ISSUE.
BUT THE KILLER HAS BEEN
LEGIONNAIRES, AND PEOPLE DON'T
KNOW THAT.
>> TWO MORE DEATHS HAVE BEEN
LINKED TO THE LEGIONNAIRE'S
DISEASE OUTBREAK --
>> THAT WAS THE ONE I THINK THEY
TRIED TO HIDE THE MOST.
THAT'S THE ONE I STILL DON'T
THINK THAT THEY WANT PEOPLE
OUTSIDE OF FLINT TO KNOW.
>> AND FOR MORE ON FRONTLINE'S
INVESTIGATION, WE'RE PLEASED TO
BE JOINED NOW BY THE
DOCUMENTARY'S DIRECTOR AND
WRITER, ABBIE ELLIS.
NICE TO HAVE YOU HERE WITH US.
>> THANKS FOR HAVING ME.
>> I'LL GET INTO THE DETAILS IN
A MOMENT, BUT WHAT WAS IT THAT
DREW YOU TO THIS STORY?
>> I DID A FILM IN 2016 ABOUT
THE LEAD CRISIS IN FLINT, AND
WHILE WE WERE THERE DOING -- WE
DID A 30-MINUTE FILM AT THAT
TIME ABOUT JUST LEAD POISONING
AND FLINT'S KIDS.
AND WHILE WE WERE THERE, IT
BECAME VERY CLEAR THAT RESIDENTS
WERE SUFFERING FROM OTHER
AILMENTS, THAT THERE WAS MUCH
MORE TO THE STORY, AND THAT WE
NEEDED TO LOOK INTO IT.
I'M ALSO FROM MICHIGAN
ORIGINALLY.
AND SO, YOU KNOW, I KEPT
VISITING FLINT, IT BECAME
APPARENT THAT PEOPLE IN FLINT
ARE STILL VERY MUCH IN A CRISIS,
AND PEOPLE OUTSIDE OF FLINT,
EVEN IN THE STATE OF MICHIGAN,
ARE VERY MUCH UNAWARE OF WHAT'S
GOING ON AND THE SCOPE OF WHAT
HAPPENED.
>> ONE OF THE HEADLINES HERE,
IT'S NOT JUST LEAD THAT WE'RE
TALKING ABOUT HERE, BUT
LEGIONNAIRE'S DISEASE.
>> YEAH.
>> TALK ABOUT THAT AND HOW THAT
HAS BECOME INTERWOVEN WITH THIS
CRISIS.
>> SO WHEN THEY SWITCHED THE
WATER SUPPLY, THERE WAS AN
OUTBREAK OF LEGIONNAIRE'S
DISEASE.
CASES STARTED POPPING UP
IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE SWITCH IN
THE SUMMERTIME.
AND FOR THOSE PEOPLE WHO DON'T
KNOW, LEGIONNAIRE'S DISEASE IS A
BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA.
YOU TYPICALLY SEE IT IN THE
SUMMER TIME.
AND YOU GET IT FROM INHALING
WATER DROPLETS FROM LIKE A HOT
STEAMY SHOWER.
>> WE HAD AN EPISODE HERE IN THE
BRONX.
THE MAJOR EPISODE PEOPLE
REMEMBER IN PHILADELPHIA YEARS
AGO WHERE THE NAME COMES FROM.
>> SO IN FLINT, THE OUTBREAK OF
LEGIONNAIRES WENT UNANNOUNCED
FOR ABOUT 18 MONTHS.
SO ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT
ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHEN THERE
IS AN OUTBREAK IS THE MEDICAL
COMMUNITY IS ALERTED AND THE
PUBLIC IS ALERTED TO THE
OUTBREAK, BECAUSE OTHERWISE IF
THE MEDICAL COMMUNITY DOESN'T
KNOW, YOU MIGHT SHOW UP TO THE
HOSPITAL WITH SYMPTOMS OF
PNEUMONIA, AND THEY WON'T RUN
THE TESTS NECESSARY TO DIAGNOSIS
YOU FOR LEGIONNAIRES.
THEREFORE THEY'LL TREAT YOU WITH
JUST A TYPICAL PNEUMONIA
ANTIBIOTIC, AND IT DOESN'T WORK.
IT'S NOT THE SAME TREATMENT.
AND YOU'LL GET MUCH SICKER AND
YOU CAN DIE.
SO THERE WAS NO ACKNOWLEDGMENT
OF THIS OUTBREAK FOR ABOUT 18
MONTHS.
AND BECAUSE OF THAT FACT, WE
DECIDED TO TASK OURSELVES WITH
UNDERSTANDING THE TRUE SCOPE.
SO THEY SAY WHEN THERE IS AN
OUTBREAK AND NOBODY KNOWS ABOUT
IT, YOU SHOULD LOOK AT PNEUMONIA
DEATHS BECAUSE IT'S POSSIBLE
THAT PEOPLE WENT TO THE HOSPITAL
AND GOT DIAGNOSED WITH
PNEUMONIA.
>> THE NUMBERS CAN BE
DRAMATICALLY DIFFERENT FROM WHAT
THE PUBLIC THOUGHT THEY WERE.
>> YES.
>> WE OFTEN TALK ABOUT WITH THIS
CASE NEGLIGENCE, BUT DID YOU
ALSO FIND IN TERMS OF CONDUCT BY
OFFICIALS HERE THAT THERE WAS
MORE THAN NEGLIGENCE, THAT THERE
WAS AN INTENTIONAL CONDUCT,
PERHAPS EVEN CRIMINAL CONDUCT?
>> SO IT'S HARD TO SAY.
WHAT WE FOUND IS THAT A VARIETY
OF PEOPLE AT A NUMBER OF
DIFFERENT AGENCIES, WHETHER IT'S
THE COUNTY, THE STATE AND EVEN
THE CDC WERE AWARE OF WHAT WAS
GOING ON, KNEW THE APPROPRIATE
STEPS THAT NEEDED TO BE TAKEN,
AND JUST DIDN'T TAKE THOSE STEPS
TO EITHER MITIGATE OR TOP THE
OUTBREAK.
AND THAT'S VERY CURIOUS.
AND IN MICHIGAN, THAT ULTIMATELY
FALLS ON THE STATE HEALTH
DEPARTMENT.
YOU KNOW, IT WAS 18 MONTHS
BEFORE THE CITY OF FLINT WAS
MADE AWARE OF THIS OUTBREAK.
AND SO THEY'VE SINCE CHARGED THE
DIRECTOR OF -- FORMER DIRECTOR
OF THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT AND THE
FORMER CHIEF MEDICAL EXECUTIVE
WITH INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER
AND NEGLIGENCE I THINK IS
INCLUDED IN THAT.
SO, YOU KNOW, YOU COULD MAKE THE
ARGUMENT, CERTAINLY.
>> RIGHT.
HOW WOULD YOU CHARACTERIZE HOW
FLINT HAS PROGRESSED, IF YOU
WILL, FROM THE TIME THAT THIS
FIRST BECAME REVEALED LITERALLY
UP TO THE PRESENT?
>> YOU KNOW, I THINK THAT IN
FLINT, THE STORY JUST KEEPS
GETTING WORSE.
WHEN YOU HAVE A PUBLIC HEALTH
CRISIS THAT GOES UNANNOUNCED,
UNDETECTED FOR SO LONG, YOU
DON'T REALLY UNDERSTAND THE
SCOPE OF THE HEALTH IMPLICATIONS
UNTIL YEARS LATER.
AND SO I THINK PEOPLE IN FLINT
ARE STILL FIGURING OUT WHETHER
OR NOT THIS AILMENT THAT THEY'VE
BEEN SUFFERING FROM SINCE 2014
IS A RESULT OF THE WATER
CONTAMINATION.
YOU KNOW, PEOPLE WHO SURVIVED
LEGIONNAIRE'S DISEASE, WE FOUND
20 HAVE SINCE DIED IN THE
MONTHS, IN THE YEARS TO FOLLOW.
AND SO PEOPLE IN FLINT ARE STILL
VERY MUCH DEALING WITH THE
CRISIS, AS IF IT HAPPENED
YESTERDAY WHILE ALSO TRYING,
HOPING, STRIVING TO MOVE ON.
BUT I THINK, YOU KNOW, IN FLINT,
THERE IS ANOTHER CHAPTER AND
THERE IS ANOTHER CHAPTER WHEN
YOU THINK YOU'VE HEARD THE WHOLE
STORY, SOMETHING ELSE POPS UP.
>> WELL, I HAVE TO TELL YOU,
IT'S A MARVELOUS DOCUMENTARY.
IT'S WHAT DOCUMENTARY FILMMAKING
SHOULD BE IN TERMS OF
STORYTELLING AND FOCUSING ON
SIGNIFICANT ISSUES.
SO MARVELOUS WORK.
>> THANK YOU.
>> BY YOU, OUR FRIENDS AT
FRONTLINE, AND IT'S SOMETHING
THAT PEOPLE SHOULD BE WATCHING.
SO THANKS FOR SPENDING SOME TIME
WITH US AND TALKING WITH US.
>> THANKS FOR HAVING ME.
>> AND A REMINDER FOR YOU FOLKS
ON HOW TO WATCH THE DOCUMENTARY,
"FLINT'S DEADLY WATER," MAKE
SURE YOU SAIDHEAD TO OUR
WEBSITE.
>>> GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO
"METROFOCUS."
I'M JENNA FLANAGAN.
SUBWAY GRAFFITI MAKING A
COMEBACK.
ACCORDING TO A NEW REPORT BY THE
NEW LOCAL INDEPENDENT
PUBLICATION "THE CITY" THE MTA
HAS SPENT MORE ON GRAFFITI
CLEANUPS LAST YEAR THAN THE LAST
TWO.
HOW DO WE AVOID GOING BACK TO
THE BAD OLD DAYS OF VANDALS?
HERE IS JOSE MARTINEZ, SENIOR
REPORTER AT THE CITY.
JOSE, WELCOME TO THE PROGRAM.
>> THANK YOU FOR HAVING ME.
I APPRECIATE THE INVITE.
>> FIRST, LET'S START OFF WITH
HOW MUCH MORE THE CITY HAS BEEN
SPENDING ON CLEANING UP THESE
TRAINS.
>> WELL, THE MTA IN 2018 SPENT
MORE THAN $600,000.
THAT IS A 364% INCREASE FROM
JUST TWO YEARS EARLIER.
NOW THE FIGURES HAVE TRENDED
DOWN IN 2019.
THAT'S AN EFFORT ON CUTTING BACK
ON SOME OF THIS.
BURY THAT'S AN ALARMING JUMP.
AND A LOT OF IT IS DRIVEN REALLY
BY THE TAGGERS WANTING TO GET
THEIR WORK SEEN ON SOCIAL MEDIA.
>> FIRST OF ALL, WHY IT IS
NECESSARY TO KEEP THE GRAFFITI
OFF THE TRAINS?
BECAUSE A LOT OF PEOPLE WILL SAY
THIS IS AN ART FORM.
THESE ARE ARTISTS.
THIS IS PART OF THE FABRIC AND
THE ESSENCE OF NEW YORK.
>> WELL, IT'S SOMEWHAT OF A
RETURN TO THE BAD OLD DAYS, IF
YOU WILL.
AND IT'S ASSOCIATED BY THE MTA
AND THE TRANSIT BUREAU OF THE
NYPD OF BEING LINKED WITH THOSE
DAYS WHEN SERVICE WAS SO POOR,
WHEN CRIME WAS HIGH IN THE
SUBWAY, WHEN RIDERSHIP WAS WAY
DOWN BECAUSE PEOPLE DIDN'T WANT
TO GO IN A SYSTEM THAT WASN'T AS
INVITING AS ONE THAT IS SOMEWHAT
CLEANER.
SO FOR THAT REASON.
AND THEN THERE ARE COSTS
ASSOCIATED WITH WIPING THOSE
TRAINS CLEAN.
SO IT'S SOMETHING THAT THE MTA
JUST DOESN'T WANT TO ENCOURAGE,
BUT THAT THE TAGGERS, THOSE THAT
THE NYPD WOULD CALL VANDALS WANT
TO GET OUT.
IT'S DIFFERENT FROM BACK IN THE
'70s AND '80s WHERE A TRAIN
WOULD ROLL ACROSS AN ELEVATED
LINE AND IT WOULD BE SEEN BY
PEOPLE, AND THEN IT WENT OUT THE
UNDERGROUND MOVEMENT ACROSS THE
WORLD TO NOW JUST ON SOCIAL
MEDIA.
THAT'S THE WAY TO GET THEIR WORK
OUT THERE.
BUT IT'S QUITE UNPOPULAR WITH
THE MTA.
>> THIS IS ACTUALLY THE FAULT OF
SOCIAL MEDIA THAT WE'RE SEEING
THIS GRAFFITI COME BACK?
>> LIKE SO MANY.
>> MAKE SURE WE'RE BLAMING THE
RIGHT ENTITY.
THERE.
>> ARE A LOT OF FEEDS ON
INSTAGRAM WHERE YOU WILL SEE THE
WORK OF TAGGERS.
AND I SPOKE WITH SOME VETERAN
GRAFFITI FOLKS, AND THEY SAY
THIS IS OBVIOUSLY NOT THE WORK
OF PEOPLE FROM NEW YORK.
IT'S NOT THE LOOK THAT IS NATIVE
TO THE CITY.
IT'S VERY DIFFERENT, AND THEY
SAY THEY WANT NOTHING TO DO WITH
IT NOW, BUT THAT IT'S DRAWING
PEOPLE FROM SPAIN.
IT'S DRAWING PEOPLE FROM
AUSTRALIA.
AND SO WHAT THE NYPD AND WHAT
MTA SECURITY DO IS TRY AND KEEP
AN EYE ON THE YARDS AND ON THE
LAYUP AREAS WHERE THESE TRAINS
GET HIT.
BUT IT'S VERY DIFFICULT.
IT'S A HUGE SYSTEM.
IT'S HARD TO PATROL EVERY INCH.
AND A LOT OF TIMES TRAINS ARE
STORED UNDERGROUND AND THEY'RE
RIPE FOR THE PICKING FOR THESE
FOLKS.
>> THE CITY HAS EMBRACED
GRAFFITI AS AN ART FORM IN SOME
RESPECTS, IS THAT CORRECT?
>> WELL, YOU NEED LOOK NO
FURTHER THAN THE ONE TRAIN
PASSAGEWAY AT NINTH STREET.
THAT WAS A DARK, DECREPIT
PASSAGEWAY AND QUITE FRANKLY
PRETTY FRIGHTENING TO WALK
THROUGH THERE.
SO A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO, THE
DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
COMMISSIONED A BUNCH OF ARTISTS
TO DO GRAFFITI IN THAT
PASSAGEWAY.
NOW IT'S BEEN A COUPLE OF YEARS,
SO SOME OF IT HAS BEEN DONE OVER
AND MESSED WITH, BUT IT
CERTAINLY DID MAKE IT MORE
INVITING.
A LOT OF THE OLD-TIME GRAFFITI
FOLKS, THEY'VE BECOME LEGITIMATE
ARTISTS.
LOOK AT TATS CREW OUT OF THE
BRONX.
THEY'VE MADE BIG MONEY GOING
COMMERCIAL.
THERE ARE OTHER I CITED IN THAT
ARTICLE WHO HAVE GONE ON TO
BECOME ARTISTS IN THEIR OWN
RIGHT, TAKING IT FROM THE SUBWAY
OUT OF THE SUBWAY AND INTO A
MONEY MAKING VENTURE.
>> SO AGAIN, WHY IS IT SO
NECESSARY TO CLEAN THESE TRAINS?
PEOPLE HAVE VERY FEW OPTIONS
WHEN IT COMES TO GETTING AROUND
THE CITY.
THEY'RE GOING TO RIDE THE
SUBWAYS.
>> SURE.
WHAT YOU DON'T WANT TO ENCOUNTER
IS A DELAY BECAUSE A TRAIN IS
TAKEN OUT OF SERVICE AND IT
AFFECTS THE RIDING PUBLIC.
MANY PEOPLE WOULD SAY KEEP IT
GOING, LET THE TRAINS GO THROUGH
THAT ARE TAGGED, BUT THAT'S NOT
SOMETHING THE MTA WANTS.
THAT'S NOT SOMETHING THE NYPD
WANTS.
YOU HAVE TO CONSIDER THE
HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS
THAT THE CITY SPENT BACK IN THE
1970s AND '80s TO FINALLY PURGE
THE SYSTEM OF GRAFFITI BY 1989.
THAT'S AN ANNIVERSARY THAT'S
CELEBRATED AT THE MTA.
AND THE FIGURES THAT WENT UP
2016 TO 2018.
AGAIN, 364% INCREASE IN THE
NUMBER OF GRAFFITI INCIDENTS.
THAT'S SOMETHING THEY DO NOT
WANT TO CELEBRATE.
>> I DID NOT KNOW THAT 1989 YEAR
WAS THE PIVOTAL YEAR FOR THE
MTA.
>> IT WAS.
THE C TRAIN HIT THE LAST STOP,
WENT TO THE SHOWERS AND THAT WAS
IT FOR GRAFFITI IN THE SYSTEM.
>> OF COURSE, WE'RE ALREADY
HEARING THAT THE MTA IS
PROPOSING ANOTHER FARE HIKE, ET
CETERA.
THIS SOMETHING THAT OUR FARE
DOLLARS ARE GOING TO BE PAYING
FOR?
WHAT IF PEOPLE ARE SAYING I
DON'T REALLY CARE.
I DON'T SEE WHAT THE BIG DEAL.
WHY DO I HAVE TO KEEP SHELLING
OUT MORE MONEY FOR SOMETHING
THAT SOME OF THE PUBLIC MIGHT
CONSIDER FRIVOLOUS.
>> I SHOULD POINT OUT THAT SOME
OF THESE PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN
ARRESTED, THESE VANDALS, HAVE
BEEN FORCED TO PAY RESTITUTION
AS PART OF THEIR PUNISHMENT.
SO THAT'S SOMETHING TO KEEP IN
MIND.
BUT IT IS NOT CHEAP TO CLEAN A
SUBWAY CAR THAT IS A COST TO THE
MTA.
THEY OBVIOUSLY WANT TO KEEP THAT
DOWN.
AND TO HAVE IT GO UP, AS IT DID
IN 2018 FROM TWO YEARS EARLIER,
IT'S GOT TO BE AN ALARMING
FIGURE.
>> SO WHEN IT COMES TO THE
REPORT THAT AT LEAST YOU WERE
ABLE TO DO AND ALL THE
INFORMATION YOU WERE ABLE TO GET
ABOUT THE CLEANING OF THE TRAINS
AND THE MAINTAINING OF THEM,
WHAT IS SOMETHING THAT AT LEAST
STOOD OUT MOST TO YOU ABOUT THE
AMOUNT OF TIME AND MONEY THAT
WAS BEING INVESTIGATED IN THIS?
>> WELL, IT'S STRIKING.
THAT INCREASE IS STRIKING
BECAUSE AS I SAID, IN 1989, THE
MTA HAS THIS ANNIVERSARY WHICH
HAS BEEN CELEBRATED AS THE LAST
TIME THAT CARS ROLLED THROUGH
THE SYSTEM, TRAINS TAGGED IN
GRAFFITI.
NOW IT'S AN UNDERGROUND THING
AGAIN.
BUT ON SOCIAL MEDIA, IT'S NOT.
AND PEOPLE TAKE PICTURES, AND IT
GETS OUT THERE.
SO THAT'S HOW IT CAME TO MY
ATTENTION.
AND THEN WHEN I HEARD THOSE
FIGURES, THEY JUMPED OUT AT ME.
LET'S BE FAIR HERE.
IT'S NOT THE 1970s.
IT'S NOT THE 1980s.
BUT IT'S NOT MONEY THAT THE MTA
NEEDS TO BE SPENDING AT THIS
POINT WHEN THERE ARE SO MANY
OTHER CONCERNS IN TERMS OF
SERVICE.
>> CERTAINLY NOT.
WELL, NOW THAT WE'VE GOT THE NEW
HUDSON YARDS OPEN AND THAT
BEAUTIFUL ARTISTIC STAIRCASE, SO
MANY OTHER THINGS TO POST ON
SOCIAL MEDIA WOULD BE MY POINT,
OTHER THAN JUST YOUR TAG ON A
TRAIN.
WE'LL SEE IF THIS CURBS ANY OF
THE BEHAVIOR.
JOSE, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR
JOINING ME ON THE PROGRAM.
>> MY PLEASURE.
>> THANK YOU.
>>> NEW YORK CITY, AS YOU KNOW,
IS ONE OF THE GREATEST ECONOMIC
HUBS IN THE WORLD, A PLACE WHERE
A HANDSHAKE ON WALL STREET CAN
MAKE OR BREAK BILLION DEALS.
BUT AT THE CORE OF THE BIG APPLE
ARE STORIES OF TREMENDOUS
CHARITY AND HUMAN KINDNESS.
ONE OF OUR CITY'S MOST VENERABLE
IS THE NEW YORK FOUNDLING.
FOUNDED BACK IN 1869 AS A HOME
FOR ABANDONED CHILDREN, THE
FOUNDLING IS ONE OF THE OLDEST
AND LARGEST CHILD WELFARE
ORGANIZATIONS IN THE COUNTRY,
OFFERING AN EXPANSE OF AN ARRAY
OF SERVICES FOR UNDERSERVED
CHILDREN, FAMILIES AND ADULTS,
AND THEY'VE BEEN MAKING A
DIFFERENCE FOR AN ASTOUNDING 150
YEARS.
JOINING US WITH DETAILS ABOUT
THE FOUNDLING'S PAST, ITS
PRESENT AND FUTURE IS ITS
PRESIDENT AND CEO, BILL
BACCALINI.
ELABORATE A LITTLE BIT ON THE
HISTORY, IF YOU WILL, HOW IT WAS
ESTABLISHED AND WHAT THE
ORIGINAL PURPOSE WAS.
>> SO BACK IN OCTOBER OF 1869,
150 YEARS AGO THIS YEAR, SISTER
MARY IRENE, OUR FOUNDRESS PUT A
LITTLE CRADLE OUT ON THE FRONT
STEPS.
AND BY 1894, 25 YEARS, OVER
27,000 INFANTS HAD BEEN IN THE
FOUNDLING'S CARE.
AND NEW YORK CITY WAS A TOUGH --
ROUGH AND TUMBLE PLACE BACK IN
THE LATE 1800s.
AND OUT OF IT CAME, YOU KNOW,
SOME SOCIAL ENGINEERING PROJECTS
THAT TODAY WE MIGHT LOOK A
LITTLE BIT ASKANCE AT.
BUT THE FACT OF THE MATTER IS
PEOPLE HAD THE BEST OF
INTENTIONS, AND PROST THE MOST
WELL-KNOWN IS THE ORPHAN TRAINS.
>> IT BEGAN AS A REFUGE FOR
INFANTS.
SOME PLACE WHERE HERE, GIVE THEM
TO US AND WE'LL MAKE SURE
THEY'RE CARED FOR.
BUT AS I MENTION BRIEFLY IN THE
INTRO, IT NOW, AS YOU SAID,
EXPANSIVE.
ALL SORTS OF DIFFERENT
CATEGORIES OF FOLKS BEING
HELPED.
GIVE ME A SENSE OF THAT.
>> THE SISTERS HAD AN
UNBELIEVABLE ABILITY TO RESPOND
AND ANTICIPATE THE NEEDS OF THE
DAY IN NEW YORK.
SO IF YOU TRACK NEW YORK CITY'S
HISTORY, THE FOUNDLING'S HISTORY
COINCIDES TREMENDOUSLY.
AND THE SISTERS WERE NEVER --
NEVER FOLKS TO BE STUCK IN THE
OLD WAYS OF DOING THINGS.
THEY WANTED TO REMAIN
RESPONSIVE.
SO IN JUST -- WE THINK ABOUT IT
AS A SHORT 150 YEARS, WE'VE
GROWN INTO SO MANY AREAS.
WE ALWAYS WANT TO STAY
RESPONSIVE TO THE NEEDS OF THE
FOLKS IN THE CITY.
SO TODAY I WOULD LIKE TO
HIGHLIGHT PROBABLY THE PLACE
WHERE WE'VE DOUBLED DOWN ON AS
IN EDUCATION.
FROM OUR STILL -- AND I SAY
STILL, AND SADLY I SAY STILL, WE
OPERATE THE ONLY CHARTER SCHOOL
IN THE COUNTRY EXCLUSIVELY FOR
KIDS IN THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM
IN THE SOUTH BRONX.
FROM THAT, WE LOOK AT AND THIS
NUMBER IS GOING TO TEAR YOUR
HEART OUT.
ONLY 20% OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE WHO
AGE OUT OF FOSTER CARE TODAY IN
NEW YORK CITY HAVE A HIGH SCHOOL
DEGREE.
>> THAT'S FRIGHTENING.
>> AND ONLY 3% WILL EVER
GRADUATE FROM COLLEGE.
WHAT DOES THEIR FUTURE LOOK LIKE
WHEN YOU THROW THIS ON TOP OF
THAT?
IF YOU'VE AGED OUT OF FOSTER
CARE, THE LIKELIHOOD THAT YOU
HAVE ANY SOURCE OF FAMILY
SUPPORT IS VERY, VERY LITTLE.
AND SO LEER KIDS EXPECTED TO
MAKE DECISIONS THAT ARE GOING TO
BE WITH THEM FOR THE REST OF
THEIR LIFE WITHOUT ANY SORT OF
EDUCATION.
SO WE HAVE SAID ENOUGH'S ENOUGH.
THIS IS NOT ABOUT THE KIDS.
IT'S ABOUT THE ADULTS.
THE ADULTS HAVE TO DO THE
RESPONSIBLE THING.
REMEMBER, NO YOUNGSTER RAISE HIS
HAND AND SAYS OH, CAN I COME
INTO FOSTER CARE?
THE CITY REMOVES THEM FROM THEIR
HOMES.
WE FEEL LIKE THE CITY HAS AN
OBLIGATION BEYOND KEEPING THEM
SAFE, TO EDUCATE THEM.
>> NOT TO JUST SAY WE'LL HOUSE
YOU FOR A WHILE AND THEN YOU'RE
YOUR HONOR OWN.
>> THAT'S IT.
NO.
WE HAVE AN OBLIGATION TO
EDUCATE.
AND THE FOUNDLING TAKES THIS
VERY, VERY SERIOUSLY.
WE HAVE A HIGH SCHOOL AND MIDDLE
SCHOOL TUTORING PROGRAM THAT
WE'VE RAISED OUR HIGH SCHOOL
GRADUATION RATES TO 90%.
>> THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE, AND
EVERY STUDY SHOWS IT.
THE GREATEST ENGINE FOR
STABILITY AND FOUNDATION IS A
GOOD EDUCATION.
>> YOU HAD A REUNION WEEKEND AS
PART OF THE 150th CELEBRATION.
I SAW WHERE YOU SAID IT WAS ONE
OF THE MOST EMOTIONAL AND
HUMBLING EVENTS YOU HAD EVER
PARTICIPATED IN.
TELL ME WHY IT WAS SO
MEANINGFUL.
>> OH, GOSH, JACK.
IT'S EMOTIONAL EVEN TO THINK
BACK ON THE WEEKEND, STARTING
WITH A MASS AT ST. PATRICK'S ON
THURSDAY AFTERNOON THAT THE
CARDINAL CELEBRATED TO A
RECEPTION LATER ON.
BUT THEN THE NEXT DAY AT OUR
CONFERENCE WHERE FOLKS WHO HAD
FAMILY TIES TO THE FOUNDLING
WERE THERE.
AND THERE WAS WOMAN, I WOULD PUT
HER IN HER 70s.
I HOPE SHE IS NOT WATCHING.
I WOULD PUT HER IN HER 70s.
SHE ACTUALLY HAD WITH HER THE
LITTLE SHOES AND SOCKS THAT HER
MOM WORE WHEN HER MOM WAS PUT ON
THE ORPHAN TRAIN IN THE LATE
1880s, AND OUT ULTIMATELY TO
SETTLE IN, IN HER CASE,
MINNESOTA.
I MEAN, IT WAS SO EMOTIONALLY
CHARGED.
THE STORIES OF THE DESCENDANTS
OF THE ORPHAN TRAINS WHO WANTED
TO UNDERSTAND A LITTLE BIT MORE
ABOUT WHERE THEIR MOM OR DAD OR
GRANDMA, GRANDPA GOT THEIR
BEGINNINGS.
BOY, TO TALK TO THESE PEOPLE WAS
JUST, AGAIN, HUMBLING AND VERY,
VERY EMOTIONAL.
>> REAL QUICKLY BEFORE I LOSE
YOU, I'M SURE FOLKS ARE WATCHING
THIS AND LISTENING TO THE
CONVERSATION AND SAY BOY, I'D
LOVE TO HELP.
WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP THE
FOUNDLING?
>> OH, BOY.
GIVE US A CALL.
WE HAVE OPPORTUNITIES TO
VOLUNTEER.
WE HAVE OPPORTUNITIES TO JUST
COME VISIT OUR PROGRAM, TALK TO
OUR KIDS.
YOU'LL OPEN YOUR HEARTS.
YOU'LL SOON BE OPENING YOUR
HOMES, AND MAKE FOR A BETTER
TOMORROW FOR SO MANY OF OUR
YOUNG PEOPLE.
>> WELL, IT'S BEEN 150 YEARS OF
LIFE-ALTERING WORK.
JUST MARVELOUS WORK FOR
EVERYBODY INVOLVED.
BILL, THANKS FOR COMING IN.
ALWAYS GOOD THE SEE YOU, AND
WE'LL TALK AGAIN DOWN THE ROAD.
>> THANKS FOR HAVING ME.
>> FOR MORE INFORMATION ON HOW
YOU CAN SUPPORT THE NEW YORK
FOUNDLING, MAKE SURE YOU VISIT
OUR WEBSITE AT METROFOCUS.ORG.
>>> SHEER THOUGHT FOR YOU.
100 THINGS TO DO IN NEW YORK
CITY BEFORE YOU DIE.
NOW, IF YOU THOUGHT YOU'D SEEN
ALL THAT THE BIG APPLE HAS TO
OFFER, YOU CAN GUESS AGAIN.
THIS POPULAR MUST-HAVE TRAVEL
GUIDE OFFERS SOME OF THINGS EVEN
JADED NEW YORKERS DIDN'T KNOW
EXISTED, AND SHOULD MAKE SURE TO
TRY IN AN EFFORT TO SCRATCH EACH
OFF OF THEIR OWN BUCKET LIST.
HERE WITH SOME OF THE 100 THINGS
TO DO IN NEW YORK CITY BEFORE
YOU DIE IS AUTHOR EVELYN KANTOR.
EVELYN, NICE TO HAVE YOU HERE.
>> THANKS FOR HAVING ME.
>> LET'S START OFF WITH THE BOOK
ITSELF, AND WHO IT'S ENDED FOR.
>> EVERYONE.
>> IS THIS JUST TOURISTS?
>> IT'S FOR NEW YORKERS WHO
THINK THEY KNOW EVERYTHING ABOUT
NEW YORK.
>> AND SOMEHOW NEW YORKERS THINK
THEY KNOW EVERYTHING ABOUT
EVERYTHING.
>> ALSO TOURISTS WHO THINK THEY
KNOW EVERYTHING, AND FOR
EVERYBODY IN BETWEEN.
I'VE LIVED HERE ALL MY LIFE, AND
I'M STILL DISCOVERING PLACES
ABOUT MY HOMETOWN.
>> HOW DID YOU MANAGE?
TALK ABOUT A TOUR.
HOW DID YOU MANAGE TO LIMIT IT
TO 100 THINGS?
>> IT WASN'T EASY.
I ALREADY HAVE A LIST OF 50
THINGS FOR THE NEXT BOOK.
IT HAS TO BE A BALANCE.
IT CAN'T ALL BE MANHATTAN, WHICH
WOULD BE TOURIST CENTRIC, AND IT
CAN'T BE ALL IMPOSSIBLE TO GET
TO BACK END OF THE OUTER WHAT --
WHAT ARE CALLED THE OUTER
BOROUGHS.
ALTHOUGH THERE ARE WONDERFUL
THINGS TO SEE IN BROOKLYN,
QUEENSES MANHATTAN AND THE
BRONX.
LOOK FOR THINGS TO DO.
>> START OFF WITH FOOD.
WHAT ARE SOME OF THE THINGS YOU
WOULD SAY TO PEOPLE THEY SHOULD
FOCUS ON IF THEY HAVE A LIMITED
PERIOD OF TIME?
>> NEW YORK CITY IS IDENTIFIED I
THINK WITH JEWISH DELIS,
CHINATOWN, WITH ITALIAN FOOD,
LITTLE ITALY.
SO THOSE WOULD BE THE THINGS.
I LIKE TO SUGGEST TAKING THE
NUMBER 7 TRAIN, WHICH IS
PROBABLY THE MOST INTERNATIONAL
SUBWAY IN THE WORLD BECAUSE IT
STOP IS A DIFFERENT COMMUNITY.
SO THE GREEK COMMUNITY IS
FOCUSED AROUND ASTORIA.
THE ELMHURST STOP IS A DIFFERENT
COMMUNITY.
SO YOU COULD SPEND TEN WEEKENDS,
TEN SATURDAYS, OR TEN SUNDAYS
GOING TO ONE STOP EACH WEEKEND
AND EXPLORING IT FOR THE
RESTAURANTS THAT ARE THERE.
AND THEY'RE ALL FAMILY-OWNED
RESTAURANTS.
THEY'RE ALL SMALL RESTAURANTS.
>> HOW ABOUT IN YOUR SPORTS AND
ENTERTAINMENT CATEGORY?
LET'S TALK ABOUT THAT.
>> THERE IS THE SECONDARY TEAMS,
THE BROOKLYN CYCLONES AND THE
STATEN ISLAND YANKEES WHO ARE
CALLED THE BABY BOMBER.
>> THE MINOR LEAGUE BASEBALL.
>> MINOR LEAGUE BASEBALL.
AND YOU CAN GET TICKETS FOR 10
OR $15, AND YOU'RE SITTING UP
CLOSE, AS THE SAYING GOES, UP
CLOSE AND COMFORTABLE WITH THE
PLAYERS.
AND IT'S A WONDERFUL FAMILY
EXPERIENCE.
EVEN THE FOOD ISN'T AS COSTLY AS
IT IS IN YANKEE STADIUM OR MET
STADIUM.
>> ONE OF THE THINGS I THINK
PEOPLE HAVE AS A PERCEPTION OF
NEW YORK CITY THAT IT'S
INCREDIBLY COSTLY, BUT YOU LOOK
AT SOME THINGS IN YOUR BOOK THAT
BASICALLY SAY TO PEOPLE, LOOK,
YOU CAN DO THIS.
TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT THAT.
>> THERE ARE FREE MUSEUMS IN NEW
YORK CITY.
IF YOU'RE A NEW YORK CITY
RESIDENT, YOU CAN GET TO THE
MET, THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF
ART FOR FREE.
IF YOU'RE NOT FROM NEW YORK
CITY, YOU HAVE TO PAY AN
ADMISSION FEE.
BUT THERE ARE A BUNCH OF FREE
MUSICIANS.
MY FAVORITE IS THE ROSE MUSEUM
WHICH PART OF CARNEGIE HALL.
IT'S FREE.
AND THE FASHION INSTITUTE OF
TECHNOLOGY, WHICH WE KNOW IF IT
WHICH IS THE HARVARD AND YALE OF
THE FASHION INDUSTRY HAS A FREE
MUSEUM.
THE EXHIBITS ROTATE.
IT MIGHT BE A COLOR.
THEY JUST FINISHED ONE ON THE
COLOR PINK.
>> I KNOW THAT YOU HAD
PREVIOUSLY TAKEN A LOOK AT SOME
CALM AND PEACEFUL PLACES IN NEW
YORK.
GIVE ME A SENSE OF SOME OF
THOSE.
>> ALL OF THE PARKS.
EVERY ONE OF THE PARKS HAS
HIKING TRAILS.
YOU CAN BE PART OF THE SCENE IN
CENTRAL PARK WHERE THERE ARE
CONCERTS AND EVENTS, BUT THERE
ARE HIKING TRAILS IN CENTRAL
PARK WHERE YOU'RE LITERALLY
LOST.
YOU HAVE LOST THE SENSE OF BEING
IN A BIG CITY.
THE ICE SKATING RINK IN CENTRAL
PARK IS NOT AS CROWDED AS THE
ONE IN ROCKEFELLER CENTER.
AND IF YOU GO TO THE ICE SKATING
RINK IN THE NORTHERN END OF
CENTRAL PARK, IT'S EVEN MORE
QUIET.
>> IT'S CALLED 100 THINGS TO DO
IN NEW YORK CITY BEFORE YOU DIE.
EVELYN KANTOR, THANK YOU SO MUCH
FOR SPENDING TIME.
>> AND THERE IS MORE ON MY
WEBSITE, NYC ON THE CHEAP.COM.
>> FOR MORE INFORMATION, EVELYN
MENTIONED THE WEBSITE AND YOU
CAN VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT
METROFOCUS.ORG.
"METROFOCUS" IS MADE POSSIBLE BY
JAMES AND MERRYL TISCH,
SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III,
THE SYLVIA A. AND SIMON B. POYTA
PROGRAMING ENDOWMENT TO FIGHT
ANTI-SEMITISM.
BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ,
ROSALIND P. WALTER,
BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG,

Mutual of America PSEG

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

WNET

© WNET All Rights Reserved.

825 Eighth Avenue

New York, NY 10019