METROFOCUS: SEPTEMBER 9, 2019

As Newark deals with lead in their water, Frontline digs for answers regarding the water crisis in Flint, Michigan. Their findings, beyond disturbing. Subway graffiti is back in a big way and so are train delays and commuter concerns.  A major milestone for one of our city’s oldest and most important institutions. Find out how the New York Foundling is still helping children 150 years after it was founded. We’ve got a list of some of the “100 Things to Do in NYC Before You Die.” Have a pen and paper ready!

Aired on September 9, 2019. 

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METROFOCUS,' FRONTLINE DIGS DEEP IN ITS QUEST FOR ANSWERS REGARDING MICHIGAN'S DEADLY WATER.

THE DISTURBING DETAILS AHEAD.

> CALL IT BLIGHT OR CALL IT ART, SUBWAY GRAFFITI IS BACK, AND IN A BIG WAY, AS ARE TRAIN DELAYS AND COMMUTER CONCERNS.

WE HAVE GOT THE STORY.

> MAJOR ANNIVERSARY FOR ONE OF OUR CITY'S MOST IMPORTANT INSTITUTIONS.

FOUND OUT HOW THE NEW YORK FOUNDLING IS BEING FETED.

> AND WHAT'S ON YOUR BUCKET LIST?

GET A PEN AND PAPER HANDY AS WE RUN DOWN SOME OF THE 100 THINGS YOU MUST DO IN NEW YORK CITY BEFORE YOU DIE.

THOSE STORIES AND MORE AS 'METROFOCUS' STARTS RIGHT NOW.

THIS IS 'METROFOCUS' WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN, JACK FORD, AND JENNA FLANAGAN.

'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND MERRYL TISCH, SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III, THE SYLVIA A. AND SIMON B. POYTA PROGRAMING ENDOWMENT TO FIGHT ANTI-SEMITISM.

BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ, ROSALIND P. WALTER, BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG, AND BY -- CORPORATE FUNDING BY METRO FOCUS WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

I'M JACK FORD.

IT'S BEEN CALLED ONE OF THE BIGGEST ENVIRONMENTAL CRISES TO HIT A MAJOR AMERICAN CITY IN YEARS, AND NEW YORK'S WATER PROBLEM ISN'T GOING AWAY ANY TIME SOON.

LEAD CONTINUES TO LEECH FROM AGING PIPES INTO THE CITY'S DRINKING WATER, A DANGEROUS SITUATION THAT'S LEFT RESIDENTS FURIOUS AND QUESTIONING WHETHER NEGLIGENCE HAS PUT LIVES AT RISK.

MANY HAVE BEEN FORCED TO RELY ON BOTTLED WATER AS OFFICIALS TRY TO REPLACE AROUND 18,000 LEAD SERVICE LINES.

NEW YORK'S PROBLEMS ARE OF COURSE REMINISCENT OF ANOTHER CITY THAT FOUND ITSELF IN THE NATIONAL SPOTLIGHT FOR ALL OF THE WRONG RESIDENTS.

LEAD IN THE WATER ALSO SICKEND RESIDENTS IN FLINT, MICHIGAN, BUT THERE WAS ANOTHER PROBLEM ONE LURKING IN THE PIPES ONE THAT CONTINUES TO CLAIM LIVES EVEN LATER.

THE FRONTLINE DOCUMENTARY TITLED 'FLINT'S DEADLY WATER' EXCLUSIVELY REVEALS THE UNREPORTED TOLL OF THE CITY'S WATER CRISIS AND GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS' FAILURE TO STOP IT.

TAKE A LOOK.

THE EXPOSURE OF THOUSANDS OF CHILDREN TO LEAD-TAINTED WATER WOULD BECOME A NATIONAL OUTRAGE.

WATER HAS BEEN POISONED WITH LEAD FOR MONTHS.

I THINK ABOUT THIS EVERY SINGLE DAY, AND I STILL TRY TO FIGURE OUT WHAT I COULD HAVE SEEN OR DONE OR ASKED, YOU KNOW, DIFFERENTLY.

FEARLY A THOUSAND HOMES STILL HAVE DANGEROUS LEVELS OF LEAD IN THE WATER.

BUT I JUST DIDN'T EVER IMAGINE THAT THERE WOULD BE A FAILURE AT EVERY LEVEL OF GOVERNMENT WITH SOMETHING AS BASIC AS THE SAFETY OF DRINKING WATER.

AND OVERSHADOWED BY THE LEAD POISONING WAS ANOTHER PROBLEM WITH THE WATER.

MOST PEOPLE OUTSIDE OF FLINT LOOK AT THE LEAD ISSUE AS THE MAIN ISSUE.

BUT THE KILLER HAS BEEN LEGIONNAIRES, AND PEOPLE DON'T KNOW THAT.

TWO MORE DEATHS HAVE BEEN LINKED TO THE LEGIONNAIRE'S DISEASE OUTBREAK --

THAT WAS THE ONE I THINK THEY TRIED TO HIDE THE MOST.

THAT'S THE ONE I STILL DON'T THINK THAT THEY WANT PEOPLE OUTSIDE OF FLINT TO KNOW.

AND FOR MORE ON FRONTLINE'S INVESTIGATION, WE'RE PLEASED TO BE JOINED NOW BY THE DOCUMENTARY'S DIRECTOR AND WRITER, ABBIE ELLIS.

NICE TO HAVE YOU HERE WITH US.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

I'LL GET INTO THE DETAILS IN A MOMENT, BUT WHAT WAS IT THAT DREW YOU TO THIS STORY?

I DID A FILM IN 2016 ABOUT THE LEAD CRISIS IN FLINT, AND WHILE WE WERE THERE DOING -- WE DID A 30-MINUTE FILM AT THAT TIME ABOUT JUST LEAD POISONING AND FLINT'S KIDS.

AND WHILE WE WERE THERE, IT BECAME VERY CLEAR THAT RESIDENTS WERE SUFFERING FROM OTHER AILMENTS, THAT THERE WAS MUCH MORE TO THE STORY, AND THAT WE NEEDED TO LOOK INTO IT.

I'M ALSO FROM MICHIGAN ORIGINALLY.

AND SO, YOU KNOW, I KEPT VISITING FLINT, IT BECAME APPARENT THAT PEOPLE IN FLINT ARE STILL VERY MUCH IN A CRISIS, AND PEOPLE OUTSIDE OF FLINT, EVEN IN THE STATE OF MICHIGAN, ARE VERY MUCH UNAWARE OF WHAT'S GOING ON AND THE SCOPE OF WHAT HAPPENED.

ONE OF THE HEADLINES HERE, IT'S NOT JUST LEAD THAT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT HERE, BUT LEGIONNAIRE'S DISEASE.

YEAH.

TALK ABOUT THAT AND HOW THAT HAS BECOME INTERWOVEN WITH THIS CRISIS.

SO WHEN THEY SWITCHED THE WATER SUPPLY, THERE WAS AN OUTBREAK OF LEGIONNAIRE'S DISEASE.

CASES STARTED POPPING UP IMMEDIATELY AFTER THE SWITCH IN THE SUMMERTIME.

AND FOR THOSE PEOPLE WHO DON'T KNOW, LEGIONNAIRE'S DISEASE IS A BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA.

YOU TYPICALLY SEE IT IN THE SUMMER TIME.

AND YOU GET IT FROM INHALING WATER DROPLETS FROM LIKE A HOT STEAMY SHOWER.

WE HAD AN EPISODE HERE IN THE BRONX.

THE MAJOR EPISODE PEOPLE REMEMBER IN PHILADELPHIA YEARS AGO WHERE THE NAME COMES FROM.

SO IN FLINT, THE OUTBREAK OF LEGIONNAIRES WENT UNANNOUNCED FOR ABOUT 18 MONTHS.

SO ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHEN THERE IS AN OUTBREAK IS THE MEDICAL COMMUNITY IS ALERTED AND THE PUBLIC IS ALERTED TO THE OUTBREAK, BECAUSE OTHERWISE IF THE MEDICAL COMMUNITY DOESN'T KNOW, YOU MIGHT SHOW UP TO THE HOSPITAL WITH SYMPTOMS OF PNEUMONIA, AND THEY WON'T RUN THE TESTS NECESSARY TO DIAGNOSIS YOU FOR LEGIONNAIRES.

THEREFORE THEY'LL TREAT YOU WITH JUST A TYPICAL PNEUMONIA ANTIBIOTIC, AND IT DOESN'T WORK.

IT'S NOT THE SAME TREATMENT.

AND YOU'LL GET MUCH SICKER AND YOU CAN DIE.

SO THERE WAS NO ACKNOWLEDGMENT OF THIS OUTBREAK FOR ABOUT 18 MONTHS.

AND BECAUSE OF THAT FACT, WE DECIDED TO TASK OURSELVES WITH UNDERSTANDING THE TRUE SCOPE.

SO THEY SAY WHEN THERE IS AN OUTBREAK AND NOBODY KNOWS ABOUT IT, YOU SHOULD LOOK AT PNEUMONIA DEATHS BECAUSE IT'S POSSIBLE THAT PEOPLE WENT TO THE HOSPITAL AND GOT DIAGNOSED WITH PNEUMONIA.

THE NUMBERS CAN BE DRAMATICALLY DIFFERENT FROM WHAT THE PUBLIC THOUGHT THEY WERE.

YES.

WE OFTEN TALK ABOUT WITH THIS CASE NEGLIGENCE, BUT DID YOU ALSO FIND IN TERMS OF CONDUCT BY OFFICIALS HERE THAT THERE WAS MORE THAN NEGLIGENCE, THAT THERE WAS AN INTENTIONAL CONDUCT, PERHAPS EVEN CRIMINAL CONDUCT?

SO IT'S HARD TO SAY.

WHAT WE FOUND IS THAT A VARIETY OF PEOPLE AT A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT AGENCIES, WHETHER IT'S THE COUNTY, THE STATE AND EVEN THE CDC WERE AWARE OF WHAT WAS GOING ON, KNEW THE APPROPRIATE STEPS THAT NEEDED TO BE TAKEN, AND JUST DIDN'T TAKE THOSE STEPS TO EITHER MITIGATE OR TOP THE OUTBREAK.

AND THAT'S VERY CURIOUS.

AND IN MICHIGAN, THAT ULTIMATELY FALLS ON THE STATE HEALTH DEPARTMENT.

YOU KNOW, IT WAS 18 MONTHS BEFORE THE CITY OF FLINT WAS MADE AWARE OF THIS OUTBREAK.

AND SO THEY'VE SINCE CHARGED THE DIRECTOR OF -- FORMER DIRECTOR OF THE HEALTH DEPARTMENT AND THE FORMER CHIEF MEDICAL EXECUTIVE WITH INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER AND NEGLIGENCE I THINK IS INCLUDED IN THAT.

SO, YOU KNOW, YOU COULD MAKE THE ARGUMENT, CERTAINLY.

RIGHT.

HOW WOULD YOU CHARACTERIZE HOW FLINT HAS PROGRESSED, IF YOU WILL, FROM THE TIME THAT THIS FIRST BECAME REVEALED LITERALLY UP TO THE PRESENT?

YOU KNOW, I THINK THAT IN FLINT, THE STORY JUST KEEPS GETTING WORSE.

WHEN YOU HAVE A PUBLIC HEALTH CRISIS THAT GOES UNANNOUNCED, UNDETECTED FOR SO LONG, YOU DON'T REALLY UNDERSTAND THE SCOPE OF THE HEALTH IMPLICATIONS UNTIL YEARS LATER.

AND SO I THINK PEOPLE IN FLINT ARE STILL FIGURING OUT WHETHER OR NOT THIS AILMENT THAT THEY'VE BEEN SUFFERING FROM SINCE 2014 IS A RESULT OF THE WATER CONTAMINATION.

YOU KNOW, PEOPLE WHO SURVIVED LEGIONNAIRE'S DISEASE, WE FOUND 20 HAVE SINCE DIED IN THE MONTHS, IN THE YEARS TO FOLLOW.

AND SO PEOPLE IN FLINT ARE STILL VERY MUCH DEALING WITH THE CRISIS, AS IF IT HAPPENED YESTERDAY WHILE ALSO TRYING, HOPING, STRIVING TO MOVE ON.

BUT I THINK, YOU KNOW, IN FLINT, THERE IS ANOTHER CHAPTER AND THERE IS ANOTHER CHAPTER WHEN YOU THINK YOU'VE HEARD THE WHOLE STORY, SOMETHING ELSE POPS UP.

WELL, I HAVE TO TELL YOU, IT'S A MARVELOUS DOCUMENTARY.

IT'S WHAT DOCUMENTARY FILMMAKING SHOULD BE IN TERMS OF STORYTELLING AND FOCUSING ON SIGNIFICANT ISSUES.

SO MARVELOUS WORK.

THANK YOU.

BY YOU, OUR FRIENDS AT FRONTLINE, AND IT'S SOMETHING THAT PEOPLE SHOULD BE WATCHING.

SO THANKS FOR SPENDING SOME TIME WITH US AND TALKING WITH US.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

AND A REMINDER FOR YOU FOLKS ON HOW TO WATCH THE DOCUMENTARY, 'FLINT'S DEADLY WATER,' MAKE SURE YOU SAIDHEAD TO OUR WEBSITE.

> GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

I'M JENNA FLANAGAN.

SUBWAY GRAFFITI MAKING A COMEBACK.

ACCORDING TO A NEW REPORT BY THE NEW LOCAL INDEPENDENT PUBLICATION 'THE CITY' THE MTA HAS SPENT MORE ON GRAFFITI CLEANUPS LAST YEAR THAN THE LAST TWO.

HOW DO WE AVOID GOING BACK TO THE BAD OLD DAYS OF VANDALS?

HERE IS JOSE MARTINEZ, SENIOR REPORTER AT THE CITY.

JOSE, WELCOME TO THE PROGRAM.

THANK YOU FOR HAVING ME.

I APPRECIATE THE INVITE.

FIRST, LET'S START OFF WITH HOW MUCH MORE THE CITY HAS BEEN SPENDING ON CLEANING UP THESE TRAINS.

WELL, THE MTA IN 2018 SPENT MORE THAN $600,000.

THAT IS A 364% INCREASE FROM JUST TWO YEARS EARLIER.

NOW THE FIGURES HAVE TRENDED DOWN IN 2019.

THAT'S AN EFFORT ON CUTTING BACK ON SOME OF THIS.

BURY THAT'S AN ALARMING JUMP.

AND A LOT OF IT IS DRIVEN REALLY BY THE TAGGERS WANTING TO GET THEIR WORK SEEN ON SOCIAL MEDIA.

FIRST OF ALL, WHY IT IS NECESSARY TO KEEP THE GRAFFITI OFF THE TRAINS?

BECAUSE A LOT OF PEOPLE WILL SAY THIS IS AN ART FORM.

THESE ARE ARTISTS.

THIS IS PART OF THE FABRIC AND THE ESSENCE OF NEW YORK.

WELL, IT'S SOMEWHAT OF A RETURN TO THE BAD OLD DAYS, IF YOU WILL.

AND IT'S ASSOCIATED BY THE MTA AND THE TRANSIT BUREAU OF THE NYPD OF BEING LINKED WITH THOSE DAYS WHEN SERVICE WAS SO POOR, WHEN CRIME WAS HIGH IN THE SUBWAY, WHEN RIDERSHIP WAS WAY DOWN BECAUSE PEOPLE DIDN'T WANT TO GO IN A SYSTEM THAT WASN'T AS INVITING AS ONE THAT IS SOMEWHAT CLEANER.

SO FOR THAT REASON.

AND THEN THERE ARE COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH WIPING THOSE TRAINS CLEAN.

SO IT'S SOMETHING THAT THE MTA JUST DOESN'T WANT TO ENCOURAGE, BUT THAT THE TAGGERS, THOSE THAT THE NYPD WOULD CALL VANDALS WANT TO GET OUT.

IT'S DIFFERENT FROM BACK IN THE '70s AND '80s WHERE A TRAIN WOULD ROLL ACROSS AN ELEVATED LINE AND IT WOULD BE SEEN BY PEOPLE, AND THEN IT WENT OUT THE UNDERGROUND MOVEMENT ACROSS THE WORLD TO NOW JUST ON SOCIAL MEDIA.

THAT'S THE WAY TO GET THEIR WORK OUT THERE.

BUT IT'S QUITE UNPOPULAR WITH THE MTA.

THIS IS ACTUALLY THE FAULT OF SOCIAL MEDIA THAT WE'RE SEEING THIS GRAFFITI COME BACK?

LIKE SO MANY.

MAKE SURE WE'RE BLAMING THE RIGHT ENTITY.

THERE.

ARE A LOT OF FEEDS ON INSTAGRAM WHERE YOU WILL SEE THE WORK OF TAGGERS.

AND I SPOKE WITH SOME VETERAN GRAFFITI FOLKS, AND THEY SAY THIS IS OBVIOUSLY NOT THE WORK OF PEOPLE FROM NEW YORK.

IT'S NOT THE LOOK THAT IS NATIVE TO THE CITY.

IT'S VERY DIFFERENT, AND THEY SAY THEY WANT NOTHING TO DO WITH IT NOW, BUT THAT IT'S DRAWING PEOPLE FROM SPAIN.

IT'S DRAWING PEOPLE FROM AUSTRALIA.

AND SO WHAT THE NYPD AND WHAT MTA SECURITY DO IS TRY AND KEEP AN EYE ON THE YARDS AND ON THE LAYUP AREAS WHERE THESE TRAINS GET HIT.

BUT IT'S VERY DIFFICULT.

IT'S A HUGE SYSTEM.

IT'S HARD TO PATROL EVERY INCH.

AND A LOT OF TIMES TRAINS ARE STORED UNDERGROUND AND THEY'RE RIPE FOR THE PICKING FOR THESE FOLKS.

THE CITY HAS EMBRACED GRAFFITI AS AN ART FORM IN SOME RESPECTS, IS THAT CORRECT?

WELL, YOU NEED LOOK NO FURTHER THAN THE ONE TRAIN PASSAGEWAY AT NINTH STREET.

THAT WAS A DARK, DECREPIT PASSAGEWAY AND QUITE FRANKLY PRETTY FRIGHTENING TO WALK THROUGH THERE.

SO A COUPLE OF YEARS AGO, THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION COMMISSIONED A BUNCH OF ARTISTS TO DO GRAFFITI IN THAT PASSAGEWAY.

NOW IT'S BEEN A COUPLE OF YEARS, SO SOME OF IT HAS BEEN DONE OVER AND MESSED WITH, BUT IT CERTAINLY DID MAKE IT MORE INVITING.

A LOT OF THE OLD-TIME GRAFFITI FOLKS, THEY'VE BECOME LEGITIMATE ARTISTS.

LOOK AT TATS CREW OUT OF THE BRONX.

THEY'VE MADE BIG MONEY GOING COMMERCIAL.

THERE ARE OTHER I CITED IN THAT ARTICLE WHO HAVE GONE ON TO BECOME ARTISTS IN THEIR OWN RIGHT, TAKING IT FROM THE SUBWAY OUT OF THE SUBWAY AND INTO A MONEY MAKING VENTURE.

SO AGAIN, WHY IS IT SO NECESSARY TO CLEAN THESE TRAINS?

PEOPLE HAVE VERY FEW OPTIONS WHEN IT COMES TO GETTING AROUND THE CITY.

THEY'RE GOING TO RIDE THE SUBWAYS.

SURE.

WHAT YOU DON'T WANT TO ENCOUNTER IS A DELAY BECAUSE A TRAIN IS TAKEN OUT OF SERVICE AND IT AFFECTS THE RIDING PUBLIC.

MANY PEOPLE WOULD SAY KEEP IT GOING, LET THE TRAINS GO THROUGH THAT ARE TAGGED, BUT THAT'S NOT SOMETHING THE MTA WANTS.

THAT'S NOT SOMETHING THE NYPD WANTS.

YOU HAVE TO CONSIDER THE HUNDREDS OF MILLIONS OF DOLLARS THAT THE CITY SPENT BACK IN THE 1970s AND '80s TO FINALLY PURGE THE SYSTEM OF GRAFFITI BY 1989.

THAT'S AN ANNIVERSARY THAT'S CELEBRATED AT THE MTA.

AND THE FIGURES THAT WENT UP 2016 TO 2018.

AGAIN, 364% INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF GRAFFITI INCIDENTS.

THAT'S SOMETHING THEY DO NOT WANT TO CELEBRATE.

I DID NOT KNOW THAT 1989 YEAR WAS THE PIVOTAL YEAR FOR THE MTA.

IT WAS.

THE C TRAIN HIT THE LAST STOP, WENT TO THE SHOWERS AND THAT WAS IT FOR GRAFFITI IN THE SYSTEM.

OF COURSE, WE'RE ALREADY HEARING THAT THE MTA IS PROPOSING ANOTHER FARE HIKE, ET CETERA.

THIS SOMETHING THAT OUR FARE DOLLARS ARE GOING TO BE PAYING FOR?

WHAT IF PEOPLE ARE SAYING I DON'T REALLY CARE.

I DON'T SEE WHAT THE BIG DEAL.

WHY DO I HAVE TO KEEP SHELLING OUT MORE MONEY FOR SOMETHING THAT SOME OF THE PUBLIC MIGHT CONSIDER FRIVOLOUS.

I SHOULD POINT OUT THAT SOME OF THESE PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN ARRESTED, THESE VANDALS, HAVE BEEN FORCED TO PAY RESTITUTION AS PART OF THEIR PUNISHMENT.

SO THAT'S SOMETHING TO KEEP IN MIND.

BUT IT IS NOT CHEAP TO CLEAN A SUBWAY CAR THAT IS A COST TO THE MTA.

THEY OBVIOUSLY WANT TO KEEP THAT DOWN.

AND TO HAVE IT GO UP, AS IT DID IN 2018 FROM TWO YEARS EARLIER, IT'S GOT TO BE AN ALARMING FIGURE.

SO WHEN IT COMES TO THE REPORT THAT AT LEAST YOU WERE ABLE TO DO AND ALL THE INFORMATION YOU WERE ABLE TO GET ABOUT THE CLEANING OF THE TRAINS AND THE MAINTAINING OF THEM, WHAT IS SOMETHING THAT AT LEAST STOOD OUT MOST TO YOU ABOUT THE AMOUNT OF TIME AND MONEY THAT WAS BEING INVESTIGATED IN THIS?

WELL, IT'S STRIKING.

THAT INCREASE IS STRIKING BECAUSE AS I SAID, IN 1989, THE MTA HAS THIS ANNIVERSARY WHICH HAS BEEN CELEBRATED AS THE LAST TIME THAT CARS ROLLED THROUGH THE SYSTEM, TRAINS TAGGED IN GRAFFITI.

NOW IT'S AN UNDERGROUND THING AGAIN.

BUT ON SOCIAL MEDIA, IT'S NOT.

AND PEOPLE TAKE PICTURES, AND IT GETS OUT THERE.

SO THAT'S HOW IT CAME TO MY ATTENTION.

AND THEN WHEN I HEARD THOSE FIGURES, THEY JUMPED OUT AT ME.

LET'S BE FAIR HERE.

IT'S NOT THE 1970s.

IT'S NOT THE 1980s.

BUT IT'S NOT MONEY THAT THE MTA NEEDS TO BE SPENDING AT THIS POINT WHEN THERE ARE SO MANY OTHER CONCERNS IN TERMS OF SERVICE.

CERTAINLY NOT.

WELL, NOW THAT WE'VE GOT THE NEW HUDSON YARDS OPEN AND THAT BEAUTIFUL ARTISTIC STAIRCASE, SO MANY OTHER THINGS TO POST ON SOCIAL MEDIA WOULD BE MY POINT, OTHER THAN JUST YOUR TAG ON A TRAIN.

WE'LL SEE IF THIS CURBS ANY OF THE BEHAVIOR.

JOSE, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING ME ON THE PROGRAM.

MY PLEASURE.

THANK YOU.

> NEW YORK CITY, AS YOU KNOW, IS ONE OF THE GREATEST ECONOMIC HUBS IN THE WORLD, A PLACE WHERE A HANDSHAKE ON WALL STREET CAN MAKE OR BREAK BILLION DEALS.

BUT AT THE CORE OF THE BIG APPLE ARE STORIES OF TREMENDOUS CHARITY AND HUMAN KINDNESS.

ONE OF OUR CITY'S MOST VENERABLE IS THE NEW YORK FOUNDLING.

FOUNDED BACK IN 1869 AS A HOME FOR ABANDONED CHILDREN, THE FOUNDLING IS ONE OF THE OLDEST AND LARGEST CHILD WELFARE ORGANIZATIONS IN THE COUNTRY, OFFERING AN EXPANSE OF AN ARRAY OF SERVICES FOR UNDERSERVED CHILDREN, FAMILIES AND ADULTS, AND THEY'VE BEEN MAKING A DIFFERENCE FOR AN ASTOUNDING 150 YEARS.

JOINING US WITH DETAILS ABOUT THE FOUNDLING'S PAST, ITS PRESENT AND FUTURE IS ITS PRESIDENT AND CEO, BILL BACCALINI.

ELABORATE A LITTLE BIT ON THE HISTORY, IF YOU WILL, HOW IT WAS ESTABLISHED AND WHAT THE ORIGINAL PURPOSE WAS.

SO BACK IN OCTOBER OF 1869, 150 YEARS AGO THIS YEAR, SISTER MARY IRENE, OUR FOUNDRESS PUT A LITTLE CRADLE OUT ON THE FRONT STEPS.

AND BY 1894, 25 YEARS, OVER 27,000 INFANTS HAD BEEN IN THE FOUNDLING'S CARE.

AND NEW YORK CITY WAS A TOUGH -- ROUGH AND TUMBLE PLACE BACK IN THE LATE 1800s.

AND OUT OF IT CAME, YOU KNOW, SOME SOCIAL ENGINEERING PROJECTS THAT TODAY WE MIGHT LOOK A LITTLE BIT ASKANCE AT.

BUT THE FACT OF THE MATTER IS PEOPLE HAD THE BEST OF INTENTIONS, AND PROST THE MOST WELL-KNOWN IS THE ORPHAN TRAINS.

IT BEGAN AS A REFUGE FOR INFANTS.

SOME PLACE WHERE HERE, GIVE THEM TO US AND WE'LL MAKE SURE THEY'RE CARED FOR.

BUT AS I MENTION BRIEFLY IN THE INTRO, IT NOW, AS YOU SAID, EXPANSIVE.

ALL SORTS OF DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF FOLKS BEING HELPED.

GIVE ME A SENSE OF THAT.

THE SISTERS HAD AN UNBELIEVABLE ABILITY TO RESPOND AND ANTICIPATE THE NEEDS OF THE DAY IN NEW YORK.

SO IF YOU TRACK NEW YORK CITY'S HISTORY, THE FOUNDLING'S HISTORY COINCIDES TREMENDOUSLY.

AND THE SISTERS WERE NEVER -- NEVER FOLKS TO BE STUCK IN THE OLD WAYS OF DOING THINGS.

THEY WANTED TO REMAIN RESPONSIVE.

SO IN JUST -- WE THINK ABOUT IT AS A SHORT 150 YEARS, WE'VE GROWN INTO SO MANY AREAS.

WE ALWAYS WANT TO STAY RESPONSIVE TO THE NEEDS OF THE FOLKS IN THE CITY.

SO TODAY I WOULD LIKE TO HIGHLIGHT PROBABLY THE PLACE WHERE WE'VE DOUBLED DOWN ON AS IN EDUCATION.

FROM OUR STILL -- AND I SAY STILL, AND SADLY I SAY STILL, WE OPERATE THE ONLY CHARTER SCHOOL IN THE COUNTRY EXCLUSIVELY FOR KIDS IN THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM IN THE SOUTH BRONX.

FROM THAT, WE LOOK AT AND THIS NUMBER IS GOING TO TEAR YOUR HEART OUT.

ONLY 20% OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE WHO AGE OUT OF FOSTER CARE TODAY IN NEW YORK CITY HAVE A HIGH SCHOOL DEGREE.

THAT'S FRIGHTENING.

AND ONLY 3% WILL EVER GRADUATE FROM COLLEGE.

WHAT DOES THEIR FUTURE LOOK LIKE WHEN YOU THROW THIS ON TOP OF THAT?

IF YOU'VE AGED OUT OF FOSTER CARE, THE LIKELIHOOD THAT YOU HAVE ANY SOURCE OF FAMILY SUPPORT IS VERY, VERY LITTLE.

AND SO LEER KIDS EXPECTED TO MAKE DECISIONS THAT ARE GOING TO BE WITH THEM FOR THE REST OF THEIR LIFE WITHOUT ANY SORT OF EDUCATION.

SO WE HAVE SAID ENOUGH'S ENOUGH.

THIS IS NOT ABOUT THE KIDS.

IT'S ABOUT THE ADULTS.

THE ADULTS HAVE TO DO THE RESPONSIBLE THING.

REMEMBER, NO YOUNGSTER RAISE HIS HAND AND SAYS OH, CAN I COME INTO FOSTER CARE?

THE CITY REMOVES THEM FROM THEIR HOMES.

WE FEEL LIKE THE CITY HAS AN OBLIGATION BEYOND KEEPING THEM SAFE, TO EDUCATE THEM.

NOT TO JUST SAY WE'LL HOUSE YOU FOR A WHILE AND THEN YOU'RE YOUR HONOR OWN.

THAT'S IT.

NO.

WE HAVE AN OBLIGATION TO EDUCATE.

AND THE FOUNDLING TAKES THIS VERY, VERY SERIOUSLY.

WE HAVE A HIGH SCHOOL AND MIDDLE SCHOOL TUTORING PROGRAM THAT WE'VE RAISED OUR HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION RATES TO 90%.

THERE IS NO SUBSTITUTE, AND EVERY STUDY SHOWS IT.

THE GREATEST ENGINE FOR STABILITY AND FOUNDATION IS A GOOD EDUCATION.

YOU HAD A REUNION WEEKEND AS PART OF THE 150th CELEBRATION.

I SAW WHERE YOU SAID IT WAS ONE OF THE MOST EMOTIONAL AND HUMBLING EVENTS YOU HAD EVER PARTICIPATED IN.

TELL ME WHY IT WAS SO MEANINGFUL.

OH, GOSH, JACK.

IT'S EMOTIONAL EVEN TO THINK BACK ON THE WEEKEND, STARTING WITH A MASS AT ST. PATRICK'S ON THURSDAY AFTERNOON THAT THE CARDINAL CELEBRATED TO A RECEPTION LATER ON.

BUT THEN THE NEXT DAY AT OUR CONFERENCE WHERE FOLKS WHO HAD FAMILY TIES TO THE FOUNDLING WERE THERE.

AND THERE WAS WOMAN, I WOULD PUT HER IN HER 70s.

I HOPE SHE IS NOT WATCHING.

I WOULD PUT HER IN HER 70s.

SHE ACTUALLY HAD WITH HER THE LITTLE SHOES AND SOCKS THAT HER MOM WORE WHEN HER MOM WAS PUT ON THE ORPHAN TRAIN IN THE LATE 1880s, AND OUT ULTIMATELY TO SETTLE IN, IN HER CASE, MINNESOTA.

I MEAN, IT WAS SO EMOTIONALLY CHARGED.

THE STORIES OF THE DESCENDANTS OF THE ORPHAN TRAINS WHO WANTED TO UNDERSTAND A LITTLE BIT MORE ABOUT WHERE THEIR MOM OR DAD OR GRANDMA, GRANDPA GOT THEIR BEGINNINGS.

BOY, TO TALK TO THESE PEOPLE WAS JUST, AGAIN, HUMBLING AND VERY, VERY EMOTIONAL.

REAL QUICKLY BEFORE I LOSE YOU, I'M SURE FOLKS ARE WATCHING THIS AND LISTENING TO THE CONVERSATION AND SAY BOY, I'D LOVE TO HELP.

WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP THE FOUNDLING?

OH, BOY.

GIVE US A CALL.

WE HAVE OPPORTUNITIES TO VOLUNTEER.

WE HAVE OPPORTUNITIES TO JUST COME VISIT OUR PROGRAM, TALK TO OUR KIDS.

YOU'LL OPEN YOUR HEARTS.

YOU'LL SOON BE OPENING YOUR HOMES, AND MAKE FOR A BETTER TOMORROW FOR SO MANY OF OUR YOUNG PEOPLE.

WELL, IT'S BEEN 150 YEARS OF LIFE-ALTERING WORK.

JUST MARVELOUS WORK FOR EVERYBODY INVOLVED.

BILL, THANKS FOR COMING IN.

ALWAYS GOOD THE SEE YOU, AND WE'LL TALK AGAIN DOWN THE ROAD.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON HOW YOU CAN SUPPORT THE NEW YORK FOUNDLING, MAKE SURE YOU VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT METROFOCUS.ORG.

> SHEER THOUGHT FOR YOU.

100 THINGS TO DO IN NEW YORK CITY BEFORE YOU DIE.

NOW, IF YOU THOUGHT YOU'D SEEN ALL THAT THE BIG APPLE HAS TO OFFER, YOU CAN GUESS AGAIN.

THIS POPULAR MUST-HAVE TRAVEL GUIDE OFFERS SOME OF THINGS EVEN JADED NEW YORKERS DIDN'T KNOW EXISTED, AND SHOULD MAKE SURE TO TRY IN AN EFFORT TO SCRATCH EACH OFF OF THEIR OWN BUCKET LIST.

HERE WITH SOME OF THE 100 THINGS TO DO IN NEW YORK CITY BEFORE YOU DIE IS AUTHOR EVELYN KANTOR.

EVELYN, NICE TO HAVE YOU HERE.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

LET'S START OFF WITH THE BOOK ITSELF, AND WHO IT'S ENDED FOR.

EVERYONE.

IS THIS JUST TOURISTS?

IT'S FOR NEW YORKERS WHO THINK THEY KNOW EVERYTHING ABOUT NEW YORK.

AND SOMEHOW NEW YORKERS THINK THEY KNOW EVERYTHING ABOUT EVERYTHING.

ALSO TOURISTS WHO THINK THEY KNOW EVERYTHING, AND FOR EVERYBODY IN BETWEEN.

I'VE LIVED HERE ALL MY LIFE, AND I'M STILL DISCOVERING PLACES ABOUT MY HOMETOWN.

HOW DID YOU MANAGE?

TALK ABOUT A TOUR.

HOW DID YOU MANAGE TO LIMIT IT TO 100 THINGS?

IT WASN'T EASY.

I ALREADY HAVE A LIST OF 50 THINGS FOR THE NEXT BOOK.

IT HAS TO BE A BALANCE.

IT CAN'T ALL BE MANHATTAN, WHICH WOULD BE TOURIST CENTRIC, AND IT CAN'T BE ALL IMPOSSIBLE TO GET TO BACK END OF THE OUTER WHAT -- WHAT ARE CALLED THE OUTER BOROUGHS.

ALTHOUGH THERE ARE WONDERFUL THINGS TO SEE IN BROOKLYN, QUEENSES MANHATTAN AND THE BRONX.

LOOK FOR THINGS TO DO.

START OFF WITH FOOD.

WHAT ARE SOME OF THE THINGS YOU WOULD SAY TO PEOPLE THEY SHOULD FOCUS ON IF THEY HAVE A LIMITED PERIOD OF TIME?

NEW YORK CITY IS IDENTIFIED I THINK WITH JEWISH DELIS, CHINATOWN, WITH ITALIAN FOOD, LITTLE ITALY.

SO THOSE WOULD BE THE THINGS.

I LIKE TO SUGGEST TAKING THE NUMBER 7 TRAIN, WHICH IS PROBABLY THE MOST INTERNATIONAL SUBWAY IN THE WORLD BECAUSE IT STOP IS A DIFFERENT COMMUNITY.

SO THE GREEK COMMUNITY IS FOCUSED AROUND ASTORIA.

THE ELMHURST STOP IS A DIFFERENT COMMUNITY.

SO YOU COULD SPEND TEN WEEKENDS, TEN SATURDAYS, OR TEN SUNDAYS GOING TO ONE STOP EACH WEEKEND AND EXPLORING IT FOR THE RESTAURANTS THAT ARE THERE.

AND THEY'RE ALL FAMILY-OWNED RESTAURANTS.

THEY'RE ALL SMALL RESTAURANTS.

HOW ABOUT IN YOUR SPORTS AND ENTERTAINMENT CATEGORY?

LET'S TALK ABOUT THAT.

THERE IS THE SECONDARY TEAMS, THE BROOKLYN CYCLONES AND THE STATEN ISLAND YANKEES WHO ARE CALLED THE BABY BOMBER.

THE MINOR LEAGUE BASEBALL.

MINOR LEAGUE BASEBALL.

AND YOU CAN GET TICKETS FOR 10 OR $15, AND YOU'RE SITTING UP CLOSE, AS THE SAYING GOES, UP CLOSE AND COMFORTABLE WITH THE PLAYERS.

AND IT'S A WONDERFUL FAMILY EXPERIENCE.

EVEN THE FOOD ISN'T AS COSTLY AS IT IS IN YANKEE STADIUM OR MET STADIUM.

ONE OF THE THINGS I THINK PEOPLE HAVE AS A PERCEPTION OF NEW YORK CITY THAT IT'S INCREDIBLY COSTLY, BUT YOU LOOK AT SOME THINGS IN YOUR BOOK THAT BASICALLY SAY TO PEOPLE, LOOK, YOU CAN DO THIS.

TALK A LITTLE BIT ABOUT THAT.

THERE ARE FREE MUSEUMS IN NEW YORK CITY.

IF YOU'RE A NEW YORK CITY RESIDENT, YOU CAN GET TO THE MET, THE METROPOLITAN MUSEUM OF ART FOR FREE.

IF YOU'RE NOT FROM NEW YORK CITY, YOU HAVE TO PAY AN ADMISSION FEE.

BUT THERE ARE A BUNCH OF FREE MUSICIANS.

MY FAVORITE IS THE ROSE MUSEUM WHICH PART OF CARNEGIE HALL.

IT'S FREE.

AND THE FASHION INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, WHICH WE KNOW IF IT WHICH IS THE HARVARD AND YALE OF THE FASHION INDUSTRY HAS A FREE MUSEUM.

THE EXHIBITS ROTATE.

IT MIGHT BE A COLOR.

THEY JUST FINISHED ONE ON THE COLOR PINK.

I KNOW THAT YOU HAD PREVIOUSLY TAKEN A LOOK AT SOME CALM AND PEACEFUL PLACES IN NEW YORK.

GIVE ME A SENSE OF SOME OF THOSE.

ALL OF THE PARKS.

EVERY ONE OF THE PARKS HAS HIKING TRAILS.

YOU CAN BE PART OF THE SCENE IN CENTRAL PARK WHERE THERE ARE CONCERTS AND EVENTS, BUT THERE ARE HIKING TRAILS IN CENTRAL PARK WHERE YOU'RE LITERALLY LOST.

YOU HAVE LOST THE SENSE OF BEING IN A BIG CITY.

THE ICE SKATING RINK IN CENTRAL PARK IS NOT AS CROWDED AS THE ONE IN ROCKEFELLER CENTER.

AND IF YOU GO TO THE ICE SKATING RINK IN THE NORTHERN END OF CENTRAL PARK, IT'S EVEN MORE QUIET.

IT'S CALLED 100 THINGS TO DO IN NEW YORK CITY BEFORE YOU DIE.

EVELYN KANTOR, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR SPENDING TIME.

AND THERE IS MORE ON MY WEBSITE, NYC ON THE CHEAP.COM.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, EVELYN MENTIONED THE WEBSITE AND YOU CAN VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT METROFOCUS.ORG.

'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND MERRYL TISCH, SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III, THE SYLVIA A. AND SIMON B. POYTA PROGRAMING ENDOWMENT TO FIGHT ANTI-SEMITISM.

BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ, ROSALIND P. WALTER, BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG,

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