METROFOCUS: SEPTEMBER 5, 2019

Fed up with after-hours emails from your boss? One lawmaker feels your pain. He’s fighting not only for your “right to disconnect,” but to also punish bosses who don’t comply. Tonight, we take a look at the longest-serving Jewish Supreme Court Justice. Find out why Ruth Bader Ginsburg is the notorious “RBG.” We take you behind the scenes of the American Classical Orchestra, a New York institution devoted to preserving and performing the traditions of 17th, 18th and 19th century music. We have a conversation with the new Evan Hansen, Long Island’s very own Andrew Barth Feldman. The young actor shares his remarkable story of landing one of Broadway’s biggest roles.

Aired on September 5, 2019. 

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METROFOCUS,' DOES YOUR BOSS OFTEN E-MAIL YOU AFTER WORK?

IF SO, YOU'RE NOT ALONE.

BUT IF ONE CITY COUNCIL MEMBER HAS HIS WAY, A NEW LAW WILL MAKE THOSE MESSAGES AND INTERFERING WITH YOUR PERSONAL TIME ILLEGAL AND EXPENSIVE.

THE DETAILS IN A MOMENT.

> SHE'S THE UNAFFECTED CULTURAL PHENOMENON, THE NOTORIOUS RBG.

FILM MAKERS WITH UNPRECEDENTED ACCESS DOCUMENT HER RISE TO THE NATION'S HIGHEST COURT.

THE SPECIAL PREVIEW JUST AHEAD.

> THEN A BEHIND THE SCENES LOOK AT A NEW YORK INSTITUTION WHERE MUSICIANS USE INSTRUMENTS OF YESTERDAY TO MAKE BEAUTIFUL MUSIC TODAY.

PLUS A CONVERSATION WITH A NEW EVAN HANSON, LONG ISLAND'S OWN.

THE YOUNG ACTOR SHARES HIS REMARKABLE STORY OF THE CHANCE ENCOUNTER THAT LANDED HIM ONE OF BROADWAY'S BIGGEST ROLES.

THOSE STORIES AND MORE AS 'METROFOCUS' STARTS RIGHT NOW.

THIS IS 'METROFOCUS' WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN, JACK FORD, AND JENNA FLANAGAN.

'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND MERRYL TISCH, SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III, THE SYLVIA A. AND SIMON B. POYTA PROGRAMING ENDOWMENT TO FIGHT ANTI-SEMITISM.

BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ, ROSALIND P. WALTER, BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG, AND BY --

> GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

THANK GOD IT'S FRIDAY.

THAT'S WHAT MANY OF US SAY AT THE END O. WEEK.

WHAT HAPPENS IF WE GET E-MAILS AND TEXTS FROM SAID BOSS WHEN WE ARE OFF OF WORK?

ARE WE REQUIRED TO ANSWER?

IF WE DON'T CAN WE BE PENALIZED OR FIRED?

NOW A NEW YORK CITY CITY COUNCIL MEMBER IS HOPING FOR A BILL TO REQUIRE EMPLOYEES TO TEXT OUTSIDE OF REGULAR WORK HOURS AND EMPLOYEEERS WHO DEMAND A RESPONSE COULD FACE A FINE.

GOOD IDEA OR THE ULTIMATE IN GOVERNMENT MEDDLING?

JOINING US NOW FOR ANSWERS IS THE CITY COUNCIL MEMBER WHO INTRODUCED THE RIGHT TO DISCONNECT BILL.

THANKS FOR JOINING US.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

HOW EXACTLY WOULD YOUR BILL WORK?

WHAT THE BILL WOULD DO IS SIMPLY GIVE THE RIGHTS TO AN EMPLOYEE TO DISCONNECT FROM WORK AFTER THEY LEAVE THE WORK PLACE, AFTER THE USUAL WORK HOURS.

SO IF A BOSS REACHES OUT TO YOU, YOU'LL HAVE THE RIGHT TO SAY AT THAT MOMENT I DON'T WANT TO RESPOND.

I HAVE THINGS TO DO AND YOU DRAW A LINE BETWEEN YOUR WORK LIFE AND PERSONAL LIFE WITHOUT FEAR THAT IF YOU GO TO WORK THE NEXT DAY YOUR BOSS WILL RETALIATE AGAINST YOU.

HOW WILL THIS LAW BE ENFORCED?

IT'S LIKE ANY OTHER LAW THE CITY PUTS IN PLACE.

THERE IS A 301 SYSTEM.

IF YOU CALL 311 AND FEEL YOUR RIGHTS ARE BEING VIOLATED IT WILL CONNECT YOU AND THE DEPARTMENT WILL INVESTIGATE YOUR CLAIM, INVESTIGATE THE EMPLOYER AND COME TO A CONCLUSION WHETHER OR NOT YOU HAVE A VALID CLAIM AGAINST THE COMPANY.

AND THEN IF FOUND GUILTY, THE EMPLOYER WILL HAVE TO PAY $250 TO THE EMPLOYEE AND $500 TO THE CITY.

SO ULTIMATELY OR AT THE OUTSET, IT DEPENDS ON THE EMPLOYEE.

HOW DOES THE LAW PREVENT AN EMPLOYER FROM RETALIATING?

YOU KNOW IT WOULD BE TWO MONTHS LATER LIKE YOU ARE NOT DOING YOUR WORK RIGHT OR LATE TWICE.

HOW DO YOU PROTECT THE EMPLOYEE?

THAT'S A VERY INTERESTING QUESTION AND CONVERSATIONS TO BE HAD.

AGAIN, THIS IS ABOUT THE INSTANCE OF EMPLOYEE IS NOT FEELING THE PRESSURE OF ALWAYS HAVING TO BE ON THE CLOCK.

THERE ARE LABOR RULES, LABOR RIGHTS THAT WERE PUT IN PLACE TO PROTECT WORKERS FROM ABUSE AND EXPLOITATION.

I THINK THE DIGITAL ERA HAS BLURRED THE LINES.

SO WHICH BUSINESSES ARE SUBJECT TO THE LAW AND WHICH BUSINESSES ARE EXEMPT?

RIGHT NOW THIS BILL CURRENTLY COVERS MOSTLY ALL BUSINESSES, BUT THERE ARE EXCEPTIONS IN THE BILL THAT MAKES SURE ANY EMPLOYEE REQUIRED TO WORK 24 HOURS IS NOT COVERED IN THIS BILL.

IF THERE ARE EMERGENCIES THAT THE EMPLOYER HAS TO REACH OUT THOSE HAVE THE RIGHT TO ANSWER THAT CALL.

AS I UNDERSTAND THERE ARE JOBS WHERE YOU NEED YOUR EMPLOYER TO BE AVAILABLE.

THIS IS ABOUT DOING AWAY WITH THE NONEMERGENCY CORRESPONDENCES.

THE LEGISLATION SPECIFICALLY EXCLUDES GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.

WHY?

ASIDE FROM FIRST RESPONDERS AND TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC SAFETY PERSONNEL, I DON'T SEE A LOT OF GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS OPEN ON THE WEEKENDS.

THERE IS A SEPARATE BILL FOCUSSED ON PUBLIC EMPLOYEES.

MY BILL COVERS PRIVATE AND COMPANIES THAT HAVE TEN EMPLOYEES OR MORE.

SO THERE IS CONVERSATION ABOUT THE PUBLIC SIDE.

SO THAT ARGUMENT IS A SEPARATE ARGUMENT.

I THINK IT IS ALSO A NECESSARY ONE.

THERE ARE A LOT WHO FEEL THE PRESSURE FROM LIKE THE OFFICIAL BOSSES AND --

I SAW THIS AND I SAID SOMEBODY IS GOING TO SAY IF YOU ARE GOING TO FORCE IT ON THE PRIVATE.

WHAT ABOUT A SMALL BUSINESS PERSON WHO IS TRYING TO MAKE IT?

HE OR SHE IS ON THE EDGE.

SHE DOESN'T TELL HER EMPLOYEES TO COME IN ON THE WEEKENDS.

IT'S NOT AN EMERGENCY BUT IN ORDER FOR HER TO GET THE WORK DONE ON THE WEEKENDS, SHE HAS TO CALL THE EMPLOYEES.

WHAT HAPPENS TO HER?

THIS DOESN'T COVER STARTUPS AND SMALL MOM AND POP SHOPS.

THE FRIENDS ALL HAVE THIS RELATIONSHIP IN PLACE.

IT DOES COVER 50 EMPLOYEES OR MORE.

I'M SURE THEY CAME TO THAT CONCLUSION FOR FAIR REASONS.

I THINK IT IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW THAT ANY EMPLOYER WHO DECIDES TO CONTINUE WORKING CAN CONTINUE WORKING.

THIS DOESN'T MEAN THAT HE DOESN'T HAVE THE RIGHT TO RESPOND TO YOU.

I BELIEVE IF YOU HAVE A HEALTHY WORK ENVIRONMENT, YOU HAVE THOSE EMPLOYEES WHO ENJOY THEIR JOB WILL CONTINUE RESPONDING.

THANK YOU FOR JOINING US.

THANK YOU FOR HAVING ME.

> UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT JUSTICE RUTH BADER GINSBERG OR THE NOTORIOUS RBG AS THE INTERNET WORLD HAS COME TO CALL HER HAS RECENTLY BECOME AN UNEXPECTED POP CULTURE ICON OF SORTS.

A NEW DOCUMENTARY FOLLOWS THE UNIQUE PERSONAL JOURNEY OF THIS QUIET WARRIOR'S RISE TO THE NATION'S HIGHEST COURT.

I ASK NO FAVOR FOR MY SEX.

ALL I ASK OF OUR BRETHREN IS THAT THEY TAKE THEIR FEET OFF OUR NECKS.

♪♪

WE WELCOME JUSTICE RUTH BADER GINSBERG.

SHE'S BECOME SUCH AN ICON.

EVERYONE WANTS TO TAKE A PICTURE WITH ME.

NOTORIOUS RBG.

THE CLOSEST THING TO A SUPERHERO I KNOW.

RUTH BADER GINSBERG CHANGED THE WAY THE WORLD IS FOR AMERICAN WOMEN.

HERE TO TELL US MORE ABOUT THE FILM, BETSY WEST.

WELCOME.

NICE TO HAVE YOU HERE.

GREAT TO BE HERE.

IT WAS FABULOUS.

I EXPECTED IT TO BE GOOD BECAUSE I KNOW THE QUALITY OF YOUR WORK.

IT EXCEEDED MY EXPECTATIONS.

KNOWING HOW INTERESTING SHE WAS, WERE YOU CERTAIN THAT YOU COULD GET AN INTERESTING --

WE WERE PRETTY SURE AS YOU MENTIONED, SHE HAS BECOME NOTORIOUS RBG.

YEARS BACK BEFORE HER INTERNET FAME.

WE KNEW THERE WAS SO MUCH MORE TO HER STORY.

THE FACT THAT SHE IS REALLY THE LEGAL ARCHITECT OF THE WOMEN'S MOVEMENT AND AN AMAZING ROMANCE.

WE THOUGHT THIS COULD MAKE A GREAT DOCUMENTARY IF WE CAN GET HER COOPERATION IT COULD BE A GREAT DOCUMENTARY.

LET'S TRY AND DO IT.

HOW DID YOU FIND YOU WERE ABLE TO GET THE ACCESS THAT YOU NEEDED TO DO THIS?

AND WAS IT A HARD SELL?

IT WAS A LONG, SLOW SELL.

LET'S PUT IT THAT WAY.

WHEN WE FIRST APPROACHED JUSTICE GINSBERG WITH THIS IDEA IN EARLY 2015 SAYING WE WANTED TO TELL YOUR LIFE STORY AS A DOCUMENTARY, SHE WROTE BACK TO US AND SAID NOT YET.

DID YOU GET THE KIND OF ACCESS THAT YOU HAD HOPED TO GET?

WE DID.

HOW AND WHY HAS SHE BECOME THIS ENORMOUS ICON, THIS CULTURAL ICON AMONGST -- I'M ASTONISHED HOW MANY YOUNG PEOPLE HAVE LATCHED ON TO HER.

WHY?

ABSOLUTELY.

IT'S AN UNUSUAL COUNTER PART FROM OUR USUAL KARDASHIAN SAY INTERNET ICON.

NO DISRESPECT TO THE KARDASHIANS, BUT THEY HAVEN'T EXACTLY HAD THE ACHIEVEMENTS IN CHANGING THE WAY WE VIEW THE CONSTITUTION I WOULD SAY OF RUTH BADER GINSBURG.

WE THINK IN PART THE YOUNG PEOPLE KIND OF LIKE THE JUXTAPOSITION OF THIS TINY LITTLE SOFT SPOKEN INTELLECTUAL 85-YEAR-OLD GRANDMA TO THE KIND OF THING THAT HAPPENS ON THE INTERNET.

THEY PUT THE CROWNS ON HER HEAD, TOTE BAGS, T SHIRTS, TATTOOS.

A NUMBER OF PEOPLE HAVE RBG TATTOOS.

THERE IS SOMETHING MORE SERIOUS BEHIND IT, AS WELL.

DID IT SHED ANY LIGHT FOR YOU ON THE NOTION OF JUSTICE, THE CONCEPT OF JUSTICE, THE WAY SHE APPROACHES THE CONCEPT OF JUSTICE AND THE ROLE OF A JUSTICE IN THE SYSTEM?

YEAH, I MEAN, I AM NOT A LAWYER.

I THINK WORKING ON THIS FILM GAVE ME A GREATER RESPECT FOR THE ROLE OF THE JUDICIARY ESPECIALLY AT A TIME WHEN OUR INSTITUTIONS HAVE BEEN UNDER FIRE.

AND TO SEE THE IMPACT THAT JUSTICE GINSBERG'S WORK HAS HAD ON WOMEN ESPECIALLY.

WHERE DID YOU GET TO THAT THAT SURPRISED YOU THE MOST FROM THIS?

I THINK I WAS SURPRISED BY THE DEPTH OF JUSTICE GINSBURG'S ROMANCE LOVE STORY.

WE KNEW SHE HAD A LONG AND HAPPY MARRIAGE, BUT THE ROLE THAT HE PLAYED IN HER LIFE IN BOTH HER PERSONAL HAPPINESS AND PROFESSIONAL ACCOMPLISHMENTS AS A SUPPORTIVE HUSBAND, THAT TO ME WAS EXTRAORDINARY.

YOU KNOW, HE WAS SO PROUD OF HER FROM THE MOMENT THEY MET AT CONEL THAT SHE WAS SO BRILLIANT.

HERE SHE IS A BEAUTIFUL WOMAN.

YOU SEE HOW BEAUTIFUL SHE WAS.

MARTY LOVED HER BECAUSE SHE HAD A BRAIN.

AND THAT WENT ON THROUGHOUT THEIR CAREER.

HE WAS A VERY OUTGOING GUY.

HE WOUND UP LOBBYING FOR HER TO BE ON THE SUPREME COURT, APPARENTLY VERY SUCCESSFULLY.

AND THAT'S A VERY SURPRISING AND MOVING STORY.

SO YOUR JOURNEY, WHAT YOU FOUND ANY DIFFERENT FROM BETSY?

I CERTAINLY AGREE WITH WHAT BETSY SAID.

YOU KNOW, WE SET OUT TO MAKE A FILM ABOUT SOMETHING PRETTY SERIOUS.

AT THE HEART OF IT IS CONSTITUTIONAL LAW AND CONCEPTIONS OF CONSTITUTION.

I THINK MAYBE WHAT SURPRISED ME WAS HOW FUN AND FUNNY THE STORY TURNED OUT TO BE.

JUSTICE GINSBERG, ALTHOUGH SHE IS KNOWN AS RESERVED, HAS A SHARP ZINGERY KIND OF WHIP.

THIS IS AN EXAMPLE OF THE BEST OF FILM MAKING, I THINK, THE BEST THAT IT CAN SHOW US, ENTERTAINING, ENGAGING, INFORMATIVE AND IMPRESSIVE IN A LOT OF WAYS.

CONGRATULATIONS.

I THINK PEOPLE ARE GOING TO LOVE THIS.

THANK YOU SO MUCH.

ALWAYS GOOD TO SEE YOU.

> THE TONY AWARD WINNING MUSICAL TELLS THE STORY OF A SOCIALLY ANXIOUS AND CONFUSED 17-YEAR-OLD HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT, EMOTIONALLY TITLE ROLE HAS PREVIOUSLY BEEN PLAYED BY ACTORS IN THEIR 20s INCLUDING BEN PLAT WHO WON A TONY.

NOW A LOCAL NEW YORKER IS STARRING AS EVAN HANSON.

ANDREW MADE HIS BROADWAY DEBUT LAST JANUARY.

AS THE 'NEW YORK TIMES' SAID, IF THERE IS A WORLD IN WHICH THEATER KIDS RULE, HE SEEMS TO LIVE THERE.

THIS TEENAGER IS RIGHT PLACE RIGHT TIME STORY IS ONE FOR THE BOOKS.

WE'RE DELIGHT TODAY HAVE HIM HERE WITH US TODAY TO TALK ABOUT HOW HE GOT THAT ROLE.

IT'S SO NICE TO HAVE YOU WITH US.

SO NICE TO BE HERE.

I WANT TO START OFF BY CONGRATULATING YOU.

MY WIFE AND I HAVE SEEN THE SHOW WHEN IT FIRST OPENED.

IT WAS WONDERFUL.

I HAVE SEEN HOW YOU HAVE TAKEN THAT ROLE AND VERY MUCH MADE IT YOUR OWN.

I WANT TO TALK ABOUT HOW YOU GOT THERE.

YOU SAW THE SHOW EARLY ON YOURSELF.

I DID.

I SAW IT I THINK TWO WEEKS AFTER IT HAD OPENED.

WHEN YOU SAW IT -- YOU ARE SOMEBODY WHO HAS BEEN INVOLVED IN THEATER FROM A VERY YOUNG AGE.

YES.

ABSOLUTELY.

AS SOMEBODY WHO HAS BEEN SO EMERSED IN THEATER, BUT NOT YET PROFESSIONAL THEATER ON BROADWAY, WHAT DID YOU THINK ABOUT THE SHOW?

BEN PLAT'S PERFORMANCE WAS SO REAL.

AND I WAS REALLY TAKEN ABACK BY SOMETHING THAT A PERFORMANCE CAN DO THAT MUCH.

THE STORY OF EVAN'S JOURNEY AND HOW THE STAKES WERE SO HIGH BUT SO REAL AND THE ANXIETY OF BEING A TEENAGER WAS SO REAL.

I WAS AT A LOSS FOR WORDS.

YOU RELATE SO MUCH TO EVAN BECAUSE THE BOOK IS SO RELATABLE.

ALSO, THAT'S JUST HOW LIFE IS AS A TEENAGER, YOU REALLY FEEL FOR HIM AND FEEL THE WEIGHT OF THE STORY ON YOUR SHOULDERS.

SO THE WAY THIS HAPPENS I THINK IS FASCINATING.

YOU HAVE BEEN INVOLVED IN THEATER.

YOU WERE A NATIONAL AWARD WINNER, NATIONAL MUSICAL THEATER.

I LIKE TAXIS, TRAINS, BROOKLYN WHEN IT RAINS.

HOW DID THAT THEN LEAD TO THE AUDITION?

I MEAN, IT WAS A DIRECT ROUTE.

THE CASTING DIRECTOR WAS ONE OF THE JUDGES AT THE AWARDS WHICH IS SUCH AN INCREDIBLE OPPORTUNITY IN THE FIRST PLACE.

AND THE AWARDS THIS PAST YEAR WERE SPONSORED BY THE SHOW.

WHEN YOU SAW AND HE CAME TO TALK TO US AND THE LEAD PRODUCER AS WELL AS SOME OF THE TEAM WERE IN THE AUDIENCE THAT NIGHT.

ACCORDING TO HER SIDE OF THE STORY, SHE LOOKED AND SAID I THINK THAT'S OUR NEXT EVAN.

I GOT AN E-MAIL.

TARA CAME UP TO ME THAT NIGHT AND WAS LIKE LET'S MEET AND TALK.

BEFORE THAT I GOT AN E-MAIL ASKING TO COME AUDITION.

WHAT DID YOU THINK OF THAT?

WHEN YOU OPEN THE E-MAIL AND YOU FIRST SEE WOULD YOU COME AUDITION FOR THE LEAD WHAT DID YOU THINK?

IT'S MY FAVORITE SHOW.

IT HAS ALWAYS BEEN MY FAVORITE SHOW SINCE IT OPENED.

BUT IN THAT SAME VEIN, A LOT OF OTHER PAST A NOMINEES WHO WERE RETURNING NOMINEES HAD SAID I GOT AN E-MAIL TO AUDITION AND NOTHING CAME OF IT AND IT WAS A COOL OPPORTUNITY.

IT'S AN AUDITION FOR A MAJOR ROLE.

I THINK I KNEW THAT I WAS RIGHT FOR THE ROLE.

I THINK I REALLY CONNECT TO EVAN ON A REALLY, REALLY PERSONAL LEVEL SKPMPT IT JUST SEEMED LIKE SOMETHING THAT WAS REALLY IN MY WHEELHOUSE.

A WONDERFUL OPPORTUNITY TO GET MY FOOT IN THE DOOR.

IF NOTHING ELSE, YOU CAN SAY I AUDITIONED FOR THE ROLE.

EXACTLY.

YOU THEN AUDITIONED AND YOU GOT THE ROLE.

TELL ME ABOUT YOUR FIRST PERFORMANCE.

YOU KNOW, I WAS COASTING OFF ADRENALINE, PURE ADRENALINE.

I DON'T EVEN REMEMBER IT THAT WELL.

WHAT I EXPECTED WAS THAT I WOULD BE SO PUMPED WITH ADRENALINE THAT I WOULD FORGET EVERYTHING.

I REMEMBERED EVERYTHING SO WELL AND IT WAS SO IN MY HEAD.

THE CLARITY THAT SOMETIMES ADRENALINE GIVES YOU.

BECAUSE I DUMPED SO MUCH ADRENALINE, FOR THE REST OF THE WEEK MY BODY WAS TRYING TO PLAY CATCH UP.

THE REST OF THAT WEEK WAS REALLY HARD.

THAT FIRST NIGHT, THE AUDIENCE WAS SO ENERGETIC T. WAS LIKE 500 PEOPLE THAT I KNEW THAT HAD BOUGHT TICKETS TO COME THAT FIRST NIGHT.

THEY WERE SO ENERGETIC AND RESPONSIVE AND WHAT EVERYONE TOLD ME BECAUSE THE SHOW IS SO PAUFRL IS AT THE BEGINNING THEY WERE LIKE HE'S DOING IT.

A FEW MINUTES INTO THE SHOW THEY LET THE STORY TAKE ITS COURSE.

♪♪

YOU'RE THE FIRST ACTUAL TEENAGER TO PLAY HIM ON STAGE DOES THAT PROVIDE YOU WITH -- I DON'T WANT TO SAY AN ADVANTAGE, BUT PERHAPS AN INSIGHT OR MORE EASILY ACCESSIBLE INSIGHT TO THE ROLE?

ABSOLUTELY.

AND I THINK ESPECIALLY BECAUSE SOCIAL MEDIA IS THE BACK DROP OF THE SHOW.

I'M A TEENAGER IN THE SAME ERA.

AND THAT'S NOT SOMETHING THAT CAN BE SAID ABOUT THE OTHERS THAT THEY GREW UP WITH SOCIAL MEDIA AS SUCH AN IMPORTANT AND CONSTANT PART OF OUR LIVES.

IT'S ALWAYS LIKE A BLINKING LIGHT IN OUR BRAIN.

I THINK THAT HELPS A LOT.

ALSO, I'M SO USED TO DOING COMMUNITY THEATER AND YOUTH THEATER AND PLAYING SOMEBODY OLDER THAN ME AND AN ADULT BECAUSE THAT'S THE OPPORTUNITY THAT'S GIVEN.

SO TO -- IF I EVER NEED TO DROP INTO IT, I IMAGINE THAT I'M IN A SCHOOL HALLWAY AND THESE ARE MY PEERS EVEN IF THE PEOPLE I'M WORKING WITH ARE A LITTLE BIT OLDER, THEY LOOK VERY YOUNG.

AS I SAID IN THE VERY BEGINNING, YOU HAVE DONE A MARVELOUS JOB OF MAKING THIS ROLE AN ICONIC ROLE AND MAKING IT YOUR OWN.

AND I SUSPECT WE LOOK AT THE JOURNEY IN NURSERY SCHOOL WHERE YOU HAD TO HIDE BEHIND EVERYBODY ELSE TO WHERE YOU ARE NOW, I THINK YOU ARE DOING PRETTY WELL.

THIS IS GOING TO BE THE FIRST STOP ON A LONG JOURNEY FOR YOU.

CONGRATULATIONS TO YOU.

IT'S JUST A FABULOUS JOB THAT YOU'RE DOING THERE.

YOU'RE BOTH ENTERTAINING PEOPLE AND MAKING A LOT OF PEOPLE THINK.

THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR HAVING ME.

LOOK FORWARD TO SEEING YOU AGAIN.

YOU CAN SEE ANDREW STARRING IN DEAR EVAN HANSON AT THE MUSIC BOX THEATER.

FOR MORE INFORMATION PLEASE LOG ON TO METROFOCUS.ORG.

> I'M MATTIE ORTON FROM 'METROFOCUS.'

WHILE CLASSICAL MUSIC COMPOSITIONS HAVE BEEN PRESERVED FOR OUR LISTENING PLEASURE, IT'S RARE TO HEAR PIECES PLAYED AS THEY WOULD HAVE BEEN OVER A CENTURY AGO BECAUSE INSTRUMENTS HAVE EVOLVED QUITE A BUILT IN THAT TIME.

ONE NEW YORK CITY ORCHESTRA IS PUTTING A BIT OF THE PAST IN ITS PERFORMANCES WITH ANTIQUE INSTRUMENTS AND TECHNIQUES.

CHECK THEM OUT.

♪♪

HE WROTE IT FOR THE INSTRUMENTS OF THE TIME, WOODEN FLUTES, VALVELESS FRENCH HORNS.

AND AT A CONCERT BY THE AMERICAN CLASSICAL ORCHESTRA BASED OUT OF NEW YORK CITY, THOSE ARE THE INSTRUMENTS ON WHICH THE AUDIENCES OF TODAY WILL HEAR THE PIECE PERFORMED.

IT WAS FOUNDED OVER 30 YEARS AGO.

THE GROUP FOCUSES ON MUSIC FROM THE 1770s TO THE 1830s.

THINK BEETHOVEN AND MOZART.

THE AMERICAN CLASSICAL ORCHESTRA IS ONE OF SEVERAL MUSICAL GROUPS LIKE IT.

DEDICATED TO PRESENTING PERIOD MUSIC AS IT WAS ORIGINALLY INTENDED TO BE PLAYED CENTURIES AGO.

A WHILE BACK, I MEAN, A GOOD 50 YEARS AGO OR MORE ESPECIALLY IN EUROPE, PEOPLE REALIZED IF THE FLUTE WAS MADE OF WOOD, IF THE OBO HAD FEWER KEYS, IF IT WAS A DIFFERENT INSTRUMENT WITH THE SAME NAME, YOU KNOW, BACK WHEN MOZART WAS WRITING, WHAT ARE THOSE DIFFERENCES AND HOW WOULD THEY WORK IF WE PUT THEM TOGETHER?

CRAWFORD SAYS WHEN THE MOVEMENT FIRST TOOK OFF, CURIOUS MUSICIANS TURNED TO INSTRUMENT MAKERS WHO CREATED EXACT COPIES OF CLASSICAL INSTRUMENTS BEING HOUSED IN MUSEUMS.

THAT MEANT MUSICAL GROUPS WERE ABLE TO GET THEIR FIRST TASTE OF AUTHENTIC CLASSICAL MUSIC.

I KNOW MANY OTHER MUSICIANS, WE WERE JUST ASTONISHED AT THE TEXTURE.

THE TEXTURE CHANGED PROFOUNDLY.

♪♪

THIS IS A HUGE THING FOR A MUSICIAN, BECAUSE THE NATURAL BLEND OF PERIOD INSTRUMENTS IS FOR ME AND MANY OTHERS THE GREATEST ASSET OF ALL.

THAT BLEND ON CLASSICAL INSTRUMENTS TO WHICH CRAWFORD REFERS CAN BE CHALLENGING TO GET ON MODERN INSTRUMENTS WHICH ARE CREATED TO BE LOUD SKPR BRIGHTER SOUNDING.

AS THEY EVOLVED OVER THE LAST FEW CENTURIES, STRING INSTRUMENTS WERE REINFORCED INSIDE TO ALLOW MUSICIANS TO PLAY LOUDER.

WOODEN FLUTES GAVE WAY TO METAL ONES PARTIALLY WITH THE SAME PURPOSE.

WHEN CRAWFORD STARTED HIS ORCHESTRA, MUSICIANS WERE INTERESTED IN THE PRECURSORS TO THEIR INSTRUMENTS, BUT MANY DID NOT KNOW HOW TO PLAY THEM.

♪♪ PRINCIPLE OBOIST PICKED UP THE BAROQUE OBO.

WE ALL THOUGHT HOW WILL WE EVER BE ABLE TO DO THIS?

IT WAS A CHALLENGE.

THE MODERN OBO HAS ABOUT 20 KEYS.

THE BAROQUE OBO HAS THREE.

AT THIS REHEARSAL HE IS PLAYING ON HIS CLASSICAL ONE.

IT'S MORE EVOLVED THAN HIS BAROQUE OBO.

YOU CAN SEE A FEW KEYS WERE ADDED, NOT A LOT, BUT A FEW.

THE BINGEST CHANGES WERE ACTUALLY INTERNAL IN THE QUESTION OF THE BORE.

SO THIS BECAME A NARROWER BORE, SOME KEYS WERE ADDED.

IT BECOMES MORE APPROPRIATE FOR MOZART OR BEETHOVEN WHERE HE LIKES THE HIGHER REGISTER OF THE OBO.

HE SAYS IT TOOK YEARS FOR HIM TO MASTER HIS PERIOD OBOES, NOW HE PLAYS THEM BETTER THAN A MODERN ONE.

HE DECIDED TO SELL HIS MODERN OBO ALL TOGETHER.

RJ KELLY IS SIMILARLY ENCHANTED WITH HIS 19th CENTURY PRECURSOR TO THE FRENCH HORN MADE IN PARIS AND BOUGHT ON EBAY.

HE PREFERS TO PLAY PIECES OF THE PERIOD ON THIS INSTRUMENT BECAUSE HE FEELS THERE IS NUANCE IN THE MUSIC THAT'S LOST ON A MODERN ONE.

WHEN YOU SEE A MODERN FRENCH HORN, IT DOESN'T DO MUCH NOW.

IT'S A LEGERACY OF THE TECHNIQUE BECAUSE FOR EVERYONE OF THOSE OPEN NOTES, IF I CLOSE MY HAND A BIT I GET A SECOND NOTE WITH A SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT SOUND.

WHEN YOU KNOW WHAT THE COMPOSER'S INTENT IS, IT CHANGES THE COLOR AND DYNAMIC, CONTENT, MAY ALTER THE ARTICULATION.

ALL OF THESE THINGS INFORM YOUR INTERPRETATION AND I LIKE TO THINK IT GIVES US A BETTER IDEA WHAT THE COMPOSER HAD IN MIND.

WHETHER THAT'S THE DIRECTION TO GO IN OR NOT IS A SEPARATE ISSUE.

AN INCREASING NUMBER OF MUSICIANS AND MUSIC LOVERS DO WANT TO GO IN THAT DIRECTION.

HE THINKS THE INTEREST IN PERIOD MUSIC PLAYED ON PERIOD INSTRUMENTS COMES FROM A BELIEF IN THE LITERATURE, THE MUSIC AS WRITTEN.

AND A REALIZATION THAT THE EXPERIENCE IS ENGAGING FOR AUDIENCES AND MUSICIANS ALIKE.

THE DEPTH OF THE PLAYERS AND THE PERIOD INSTRUMENT MOVEMENT IS NOW PERMANENT.

AND IT'S WONDERFUL.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE AMERICAN CLASSICAL ORCHESTRA, VISIT METROFOCUS.ORG.

'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND MERRYL TISCH, SUE AND EDGAR WACHENHEIM III, THE SYLVIA A. AND SIMON B. POYTA PROGRAMING ENDOWMENT TO FIGHT ANTI-SEMITISM.

BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ, ROSALIND P. WALTER, BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG, AND BY -- CORPORATE FUNDING FOR 'METROFOCUS' WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA,

©2021 WNET. All Rights Reserved. 825 Eighth Avenue, New York, NY 10019

WNET is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Tax ID: 26-2810489