METROFOCUS: SEPTEMBER 10, 2019

Rats like hanging out in Harlem, on the Upper West Side and Bedford-Stuyvesant. Hot summer nights drive their passion for reproducing. So, what’s being done to stop this vermin explosion? Each year more than six thousand veterans die by suicide. We have the details on a program that enlists vets to save each other from themselves when adjusting to life back home. A major milestone for one of our city’s oldest and most important institutions. Find out how the New York Foundling is still helping children 150 years after it was founded. We take a short ferry ride from the tip of Manhattan to the north shore of Staten Island where we visit the National Lighthouse Museum.

Aired on September 10, 2019. 

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS.

RATS AND THE CITY.

SOME OF NEW YORK'S WEALTHIEST NEIGHBORHOODS ARE BEING OVERRUN BY VERMIN.

WE LOOK AT THE PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS.

> WORLD SUICIDE PREVENTION DAY.

IN FOCUS, MEMBERS OF OUR ARMED FORCES AND THE SUICIDE SPIKE.

> PLUS, THE NEW LEADER OF NEW YORK'S REPUBLICAN PARTY, HE'LL TELL US HOW HE PLANS TO SUCCEED IN ONE OF THE BLUEST OF BLUE STATES AND B HONORING ALL BEACONS THAT WRING BRINK THOSE AT SEA SAFELY.

WE'LL TRAVEL TO THE LIGHTHOUSE MUSEUM.

THOSE STORIES AND MORE AT METROFOCUS STARTS RIGHT NOW.

> THIS IS METROFOCUS.

WITH RAFAEL P. RAMON, JACK FORD AND JENNA FLANNIGAN.

METROFOCUS IS IS MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND MERRILL TISCH.

SUE AND EDGAR III.

THE SYLVIA PROGRAM ENDOWMENT TO FIGHT ANTI-SEMITISM.

BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG AND BY --

RATS.

YOU SEE THEM SCURRYING ALONG SUBWAY TRACKS, FORAGING THROUGH TRASH AND LINKERING IN DANK CONDITIONS IN THE CITY.

BUT THE POPULATION THAT RANGES ANYWHERE BETWEEN 250,000 TO PERHAPS A MILLION, NEW YORKERS HAVE HAD ENOUGH.

SO WHAT'S THE ANSWER FO FIXING THE RAT PROBLEM?

HERE TO PROVIDE SOME ANSWERS, A MAN OFTEN REFERRED TO AS THE RAT CZAR AND EXPERT, ROBERT CORRIGAN.

NICE TO HAVE YOU WITH US.

THANK YOU.

NICE TO BE HERE.

I JUST PUT OUT A NUMBER THAT GOES FROM ANYWHERE AS LOW AS 250,000 TO PERHAPS MILLIONS.

DO WE KNOW?

DO WE HAVE ANY REAL HARD IDEA HOW MANY IRIARTES THERE ARE IN THE CITY?

YOU KNOW, WE DON'T.

IT WOULD BE VERY DIFFICULT TO EVEN GET IN ON THAT.

THE RATS INB HABIT ALL KINDS OF WHERE WE CAN'T COUNT.

SO IT'S VERY DIFFICULT.

THERE'S PROBABLY MILLIONS.

SOMEWHERE IN THE LOWER MILLIONS, BUT WE'RE NOT SURE.

WHEN WE SAY THAT THE RAT POPULATION IS GROWING, IS THAT AN ECK DOE TALL OR ARE WE ABLE TO REALLY IN SOME SCIENTIFIC WAY, CONFIRM THAT YES, INDEED, THE RAT POPULATION IS INCREASING?

I THINK GROWING.

I SAY THAT FROM A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES.

I MYSELF WAS AN EXTERMINATOR BACK IN THE '70s.

I DID A LOT OF WORK IN MANHATTAN.

I REMEMBER HOW MANY RAT JOBS I DID.

BUT THESE DAYS AS A SCIENTIST, I MEASURE RAT INCREASES BY SPEAKING WITH MANY PROFESSIONALS AROUND THE CITY.

I LOOK AT 311 DATA.

THE SIMPLIES THAT ARE PUCHLS PURCHASED FOR RAT CONTROL.

IF YOU ADD IT UP, THE RATS ARE IN FACT INCREASING, BUT THE INTERESTING THING IS THAT IN SOME NEIGHBORHOODS, THEY SEEM TO BE DOWN.

PROBABLY BECAUSE WE ARE GETTING A HANDLE ON IT LIKE THE BOROUGH IN MANHATTAN.

SO NOT ACROSS THE BOARD.

NO.

WHY DO YOU THINK THE INCREASES ARE TAKING PLACE?

WELL, YOU KNOW, IT'S DIFFICULT.

THERE'S A LOT OF FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE RAT POPULATIONS, BUT THE PRIMARY FACTOR IS RATS FOLLOW HUMANS.

SO WHERE HUMANS INCREASE AND HUMAN POPULATIONS INCREASE AND WITH OUR HUMANS COME OUR GARBAGE AND CLUTTER AROUND DEBRIS AND INFRASTRUCTURE REPAIRS.

SO THE RATS TAKE ADVANTAGE OF WHERE EVER PEOPLE INCREASE, MANY TIMES THEY'RE RIGHT BEHIND US.

WHY WOULD YOU THINK SOME NEIGHB NEIGHBORHOODS --

THE STUDY QUITE FRANKLY.

HOWEVER, I THINK THAT IF YOU LOOK AT THOSE AREAS THAT ARE SHOWING INCREASES B, THERE, TOO, I THINK YOU'LL SEE AN INCREASE IN DENSITY AND WITH THE PROBLEMS THAT COME WITH DENSITY, IT'S MORE DIFFICULT TO COLLECT TRASH IN A TIMELY MANNER.

AS MANY CLUTTER, AS MORE AND POPULATIONS PUT OUT THEIR TRASH PILES AND JUNK AND SO FORTH.

IS THERE A SOCIOECONOMIC LINK IN TERM OF NABLDS AND THE RISE AND FALL OF THE RAT POPULATION?

I THINK THERE IS AND THERE'S SOME GOOD POPULATION THAT SUGGEST RATS TEND TO BE ASSOCIATED IN MORE CASES WITH POVERTY STRICKEN AREAS, WHICH MAKES SENSE.

YOU KNOW IN POVERTY STRICKEN NEIGHBORHOODS, YOU'RE NOT GOING TO HAVE THE BEST BUILDINGS WITH THE BEST FOUNDATIONS AND ALL THE REPAIRS BEING DONE AND RATS NEED VERY SMALL HOLES TO GET INTO THE FOUNDATIONS THAT ARE WEARING OVER TIME.

THOSE MAY BE LESS EXPENSIVE PROPERTIES, SO O THERE'S MORE HARBORAGE.

TWO, THERE IS WHERE PEOPLE ARE SUBJECT TO POVERTY AND LOW SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS, THEY MAY NOT BE ABLE THE TO AFFORD THE SERVICES OF PROFESSIONAL EXTERMINATORS, SO THEY DON'T HAVE A REGULAR ROUTINE, PROFESSIONAL COMING BY AND HELPING TO KEEP THOSE NUMBERS IN CHECK.

SO THERE ARE A LOT OF FACTORS.

YES, THERE'S PROBABLY MORE RATS ASSOCIATED WITH POVERTY STRICKEN AREAS.

THE LAST AREA I WANT TO TOUCH ON WITH YOU IS WHAT CAN CAN WE DO?

THAT'S THE KEY QUESTION BECAUSE THAT'S THE MOST IMPORTANT QUESTION.

YOU KNOW, THE THING FOR EVERYONE TO KEEP IN MIND IS A RAT IS A RELATIVELY LARGE MAMMAL.

ONE TO THREE OUNCES OF FOOD EVERY SINGLE NIGHT SO IF THERE'S A LOT OF RATS ON SOMEONE'S BLOCK OR AROUND SOMEBODY'S PROPERTY, THE FIRST THING THEY SHOULD ASK, WHERE ARE THOSE RATS GETTING THEIR DAILY NUTRITION AND HOW AM I RESPONSIBLE?

PERHAPS AM I RESPONSIBLE?

IS THERE SOME OTHER FOOD SOURCE THAT I NEED TO CHECK?

WHERE THERE'S RATS, USUALLY FOOD AND WHAT CAN A RESIDENT DO IS ASK THAT QUESTION, WHERE ARE THEY GETTING FOOD AND CAN I DO SOMETHING TO HELP CORRECT THAT.

LAST QUESTION FOR YOU, HOW ABOUT -- WHAT CAN WE REALIST CLICK EXPECT THE CITY TO DO TO HELP COMBAT THIS.

WELL, FIRST THING TO KEEP IN MIND AS A CITY WITH A STAFF, THEY HAVE A TERRIFIC STAFF HERE IN PEST CONTROL SERVICES, BUT THIS IS MUCH BIGGER THAN ONE AGENCY.

MILLIONS O RATS SPREAD FROM EVERY SINGLE BOROUGH.

HOWEVER, THAT SAID, I THINK THE CITY'S BEEN MAKING PRETTY IMPRESSIVE MOVES FORWARD BECAUSE THEY'RE ALLOCATING MONEY TOWARDS SCIENCE.

FOR THE LAST, SIX, SEVEN YEAR, MONEY HAS BEEN COMING TO THE AGENCIES WHERE WE CAN STUDY DATA AND THE SCIENCE OF RATS.

WHY ARE THEY IN CERTAIN NEIGHBORHOODS, AND ONCE WE GET THE SCIENCE TO GET A FULLER PROFILE ON WHAT IS INVOLVED WITH THESE RATS, THEN WE CAN ADDRESS IT ARE WITH MORE EFFICIENT WAY, YOU KNOW BUT THE CITY HAS TO KEEP UP ITS CONSTANT SURVEILLANCE, GOING UP AND DOWN BLOCKS IN COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL AREAS.

I WANT TO THANK YOU FOR SOME REALLY GOOD INFORMATION AND GREAT ADVICE AS TO HOW WE CAN ALL PITCH IN TO HELP.

THANKS FOR SPENDING SOME TIME WITH US.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

THANK YOU.

> A SOMBER STATISTIC.

ACCORDING TO THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, EVERY DAY, ABOUT 20 VETERANS DIE BY SUICIDE.

A TRAGIC SITUATION.

HOWEVER, ONE ORGANIZATION IS TAKING A BIG STEP TO COMBAT THIS EPIDEMIC.

THE INDEPENDENT FUND IS STRIVING TO EMPOWER VETERANS TO OVERCOME PHYSICAL, MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL WOUNDS AS A RESULT OF THEIR TOURS OF DUTY.

BY TEAMING WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS, THE FUND HAS LAUNCHED OPERATION RESELL YENSY, A PROGRAM WITH PROMISE THAT THOSE WHO CAME HOME SUFFERING FROM PTSD AND MENTAL ILLNESS.

HERE WITH DETAILS ARE TWO SOLDIERS WHO HAVE F JUST COMPLETED THE PROGRAM.

VETERAN ARMY STAFF SERGEANT ALEX AND MAJOR ADAM ARMSTRONG.

BOTH PARATROOPERS WITH BRAVO COMPANY.

WELCOME TO THE PROGRAM.

THANK YOU FOR HAVING ME.

ABSOLUTELY.

FIRST, LET'S START OFF AND TALK ABOUT WHAT IS OPERATION RESILIENCY.

IT'S A JOINT VENTURE BETWEEN THE INDEPENDENT FUND AND THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

AND WHAT IT FOCUSES ON FOR CONTEXT AS WE CAME OUT FOR EXAMPLE DEPLOYED IN '09, '10 TO AFGHANISTAN WAS A PRETTY ROUGH TIME IN TERMS OF FIGHTING AND COMBAT CASUALTIES.

THEN THE UNITS WERE REDEPLOYED AND EVENTUALLY, EVERYBODY GOES DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS.

SOME GET OUT, SOME GO TO OTHER UNITS AND A SMALL AMOUNT STAY IN THAT UNIT.

THE PARATROOPERS DON'T HAVE A WHOLE LOT OF TIME TO REFLECT UPON WHAT EXPERIENCES THEY JUST HAD.

AND THE REASONS FOR WHY THEY HAD THEM.

THEY GO ON WITH THEIR LIVES.

THIS IS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY, WE THINK, POWERFUL THROUGH THE HUMAN CONNECTION, THE BOND THEY SHARE D BACK THEN A CHANCE TO REVISIT THAT.

REFLECT ON IT.

PERHAPS UNDERSTAND IT A LITTLE BIT BETTER THEN DEAL WITH OTHER THINGS THAT THEY'VE BEEN DOLING WITH IN THEIR LIVES FOR THE LAST NINE YEARS.

WELL ALEX, WHAT WAS YOUR EXPERIENCE LIKE.

THE FIRST DAY, IT WAS AMAZING TO WATCH THE GUYS HOW AT THE BEGINNING, THEY WERE RESERVED AND CLOSED.

THE MINUTE SOMEBODY BROKE THE ICE AND OPENED UP LIKE HEY, MAN, I'VE BEEN STRUGGLING.

KIND OF JUST OPENED THE DOOR AND EVERYBODY STARTED YOU KNOW, OPENING UP AND TALKING ABOUT HOW THEY HAVE BEEN STRUGGLING.

I THINK IT MADE THEM REALIZE YOU'RE NOT WEAK FOR ADMITTING YOU HAD SOME HARD TIMES.

AND THE OTHER PART I THINK IS VERY IMPORTANT IS AS A WOUNDED VETERAN WITH VISIBLE WOUNDS, WE ARE VERY FORTUNATE TO GET A LOT OF SUPPORT FROM THE COMMUNITY BUT THE GUYS COMING HOME WITHOUT VISIBLE WOUNDS, THEY GET OUT AND KIND OF LOSE THEIR IDENTITY, IF YOU WILL.

THEY DON'T GET THE THANK YOUS AND HUGS BECAUSE THEY CAN'T IDENTIFY THEM AND THEY WENT THROUGH JUST AS MUCH STUFF IF NOT SOME MORE STUFF.

SO IT'S REALLY AMAZING TO SEE AN ORGANIZATION THAT'S ALSO FOCUSING ON THE WOUNDED AS WELL AS THE NONVISIBLE WOUNDED.

AND IS THAT REALLY THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS ORGANIZATION'S EXPERIENCE, TO BREAK DOWN THOSE WALLS OF PERHAPS ISOLATION THAT PEOPLE MIGHT FEEL?

ABSOLUTELY CORRECT, MA'AM.

IT GETS DOWN SHARED VERSUS SAME EXPERIENCE.

THERE'S VETERANS ALL OVER THE COUNTRY.

HIGH CASUALTY RATES ARE NOT UNIQUE, BUT THE ONLY ONES, THE ONLY UNITS THESE GUYS YOU KNOW EXPERIENCE THIS ONE WITH WERE THE FOLKS THAT WERE IN THAT UNIT.

SO THAT IS THE UNIQUE PART OF THIS PROGRAM IS THAT IT BRINGS TOGETHER THAT COMPANY WHERE THEY FORM THOSE EXTREMELY STRONG BONDS IN COMBAT AND NOW MAYBE THAT ALLOWS THEM TO BE JUST A LITTLE BIT MORE VULNERABLE BECAUSE THE TRUST IS THERE.

THE HUMAN CONNECTION IS THERE FROM WHAT THEY'VE ALREADY SHARED.

SO THE TEAM GOT US THROUGH IN THE DEPLOYMENT.

NOW THE TEAM CAN HELP TO GET US THROUGH FOR THE REST OF OUR LIVES.

NOW THIS FEELS INCREDIBLY REVOLUTIONARY OF AN IDEA EVEN THOUGH IT NECESSARILY SHOULDN'T BE.

I'M KIND OF WONDERING IF THERE WAS ANY PREVIOUS PROGRAMS THAT WERE DRAWN ON TO CREATE SOMETHING LIKE THIS OR IS THIS BRAND-NEW?

WELL, I DON'T REALLY KNOW IF THOSE PROGRAMS EXISTED.

THIS ONE CAME ABOUT BECAUSE OUR GUYS WERE AT A FUNERAL FOR ONE OF THE TWO SUICIDES THAT HAVE HAPPENED SINCE.

AND WHEN THEY SAID HEY, WHEN'S THE NEXT TIME WE'LL SEE EACH OTHER, THERE WAS KIND OF A SOMBER MOMENT AN REALIZATION THAT THAT MIGHT BE THE NEXT FUNERAL.

SO SARAH, THE CEO OF THE INDY FUND, WAS AT THAT FUNERAL.

HER HUSBAND WAS AN AMPUTEE IN OUR COMPANY.

AND YOU KNOW THAT'S THE IDEA THAT THEN GREW UP TO BE PARTNERED WITH THE VA TO HAVE SUCH A MEANINGFUL EXPERIENCE FOR THOSE GUYS AND HOPEFULLY FOR MANY, MANY ORGANIZATIONS AFTER OURS.

ALEX, WHEN IT COMES TO AS YOU WERE SAYING, THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE VISIBLE WOUNDS AND PEOPLE WHO DON'T, WHAT IS IT THAT YOU FIND WAS ONE OF THE MORE HEALING EXPERIENCES OF BEING ABLE TO SHARE WITH PEOPLE WHO DIDN'T HAVE THE VISIBLE WOUNDS, BUT ABLE TO STILL CONNECT WITH THEM AND SAY I STILL UNDERSTAND WHAT YOU'RE GOING THROUGH EVEN THOUGH THE PUBLIC ISN'T OBVIOUSLY SEEING IT?

YOU KNOW LIKE I SAID, THE ONES WITH VISIBLE WOUNDS, WE'RE VERY LUCKY TO HAVE THE COMMUNITY, WHICH MAKES A HUGE DIFFERENCE IN THE HEALING.

BUT YOU STILL ICE LATE YOURSELF AND FACE YOUR INNER DEMONS.

SO FOR ME TO BE B ABLE TO OPEN UP TO MY BROTHERS THAT I SERVED WITH AND TELL THEM LOOK, MAN, I WAS IN A REALLY TOUGH SPOT AND I DIDN'T CALL YOU GUYS, SO WE NEED TO GET BETTER AT THAT.

THE THOUGHT WAS VERY REWARDING FOR ME.

BECAUSE A LOT OF GUYS, WE FOUND OUT THAT WERE IN SPECTACULAR SITUATIONS THAT ARE NOW SEEKING HELP FROM IT.

IS THIS THE KIND OF ORGANIZATION WHERE A LOT OF TIMES, PEOPLE SAY WHEN SOMEONE IS IN CRISIS THAT REALLY THE ONLY PERSON WHO CAN REALLY HELP THEM IS THEM.

IS THIS SOMETHING WHERE FAMILIES CAN REACH OUT AND SAY WE HAVE A RETURNING VETERAN AND THEY'RE STRUGGLING OR IS IT SOMETHING WHERE THAT VETERAN NEEDS TO TAKE THAT FIRST STEP AND SAY YOU KNOW, I WANT TO RECONNECT.

I NEED THIS CONNECTION AGAIN.

YES, MA'AM.

SO THE FOCUS OF THIS IS HAR HARNESSING THE POWER OF THE BOUND BOND OF THIS SMALL UNIT TO ASSIST THE INDIVIDUAL AND COLLECTIVE IN GETTING THROUGH AND COPING WITH THOSE TOUGH TIMES.

SO IF A UNIT WOULD LIKE TO BE A PART OF THIS, A WAY THAT THAT COULD HAPPEN IS BY THE COMMAND TEAM OR SOMEBODY FROM THE UNIT CONTACTING THE INDEPENDENT FUND THROUGH THE INDEPENDENT FUND.ORG OR VA TO SUBMIT A NOMINATION FOR THEIR SMALL UNIT.

THEN THAT WILL BE LOOKED AT AND BASED OFF THE QUALIFICATIONS THAT KIND OF STRESS THAT THEY HOPEFULLY WILL BE ABLE TO HAVE THE SAME OPPORTUNITY.

AND ALEX, JUST WONDERING FOR YOURSELF, IS THERE ANYTHING THAT YOU WOULD SAY I GUESS ON A POSITIVE NOTE THAT HAS D DEFINITELY CHANGED FOR YOU ONCE YOU'VE BEEN ABLE TO REESTABLISH THESE CONNECTIONS?

JUST SEEING ALL THOSE GUYS YOU KNOW, THEY SAID THE BEST THERAPY IS LAUGHING AND WE LAUGH SO MUCH OVER THE WEEKEND.

WE CRIED AT SOME POINTS FROM LAUGHING SO HARD.

SO I THINK EVERYBODY AGAIN REALIZING THAT THEY WEREN'T GOING THROUGH ALL THIS STUFF ALONE AND THEY WEREN'T WEAK FOR HAVING THEIR EMOTIONS THEY WERE GOING THROUGH.

SO YEAH, THE POSITIVE IS THAT EVERYBODY OPENED UP AND REALIZED IT'S OKAY.

TO NOT BE OKAY.

IS THIS SOMETHING THAT WOULD BE SERVING ALL BRANCHES OF THE MILITARY?

YES, ABSOLUTELY.

THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US.

THANK YOU FOR SHARING.

NOT ONLY YOUR EXPERIENCE WITH US, BUT DEFINITELY WITHIN YOUR UNIT AND MAKING SURE OTHER UNITS HAVE THE ABILITY TO RECONNECT WITH EACH OTHER.

FOR MORE INFORMATION ON OPERATION RESILIENCY, VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT METROFOCUS.ORG.

> I'M MATT RYAN, MANAGING EDITOR AND HOST OF NEW YORK NOW.

THE 2018 BLUE WAVE HIT REPUBLICANS HARD.

THE PARTY HERE IN NEW YORK WAS SWEPT ON THE STATEWIDE TICKET ONCE AGAIN.

THEY SUFFERED SOME SURPRISING DEFEATS IN RED CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS AND LOST BADLY IN SENATE RACES GIVING DEMOCRATS TOTAL CONTROL IN ALBANY.

A LONG TIME PARTY CHAIR WAS FORCED TO STEP ASIDE WHEN WESTERN NEW YORK'S NICK LANGWORTHY SECURED ENOUGH VOTES TO TAKE OVER THE POSITION.

THE LONG TIME HEAD OF THE EERIE COUNTY GOP HAS A LOT OF WORK TO DO AS HE ACKNOWLEDGED WHEN WE SAT DOWN WITH THEM.

NOWHERE TO GO BUT UP.

AND I THINK THE MOST CENT CNN POLL THAT CAME OUT A COUPLE OF WEEKS AGO TALKED ABOUT HOW NEW YORKERS WANT BALANCE IN THEIR GOVERNMENT.

AND YOU HAVE OVER 60% OF F PEOPLE THAT SAID THEY DON'T, THEY PREFER IT TO HAVE YOU KNOW, AT LEAST ONE HOUSE LEGISLATURE.

ONE ARM OF GOVERNMENT TO BE IN REPUBLICAN HANDS.

I THINK YOU'RE GOING TO SEE A PENDULUM SWING.

MY JOB TO GET IT GOING IN THAT DIRECTION AND I THINK WITH A NEW ENERGY AND A NEW DIRECTION AND A MORE AGGRESSIVE FORM OF MESSAGING, WE'RE GOING TO DO THAT.

HE WAS AN EARLY SUPPORTER OF DONALD TRUMP.

F IN FACT, HE TRIED TO PERSUADE HIM TO RUN FOR GOVERNOR IN 2014.

BEFORE THE REAL ESTATE MOGUL SET HIS SIGHTS ON THE OVAL OFFICE.

HE GIVES THE PRESIDENT HIGH MARKS HALFWAY THROUGH HIS TERM.

I JUST LOOK AT THE ECONOMY.

IT'S ABSOLUTELY ON FIRE.

WE'VE GOT RECORD LOW EMPLOYMENTS UNDER EVERY SOCIOECONOMIC SEGMENT OF OUR POPULATION.

I MEAN THE STOCK MARKET AND PEOPLE'S 401(k)s HAS SOARED.

HE'S ACTUALLY YOU KNOW HOLDING THE WORLD A TAX THAT OTHER COUNTRIES ARE ACTUALLY STARTS TO PAY FOR THINGS.

NOT JUST AMERICA PAYING THE BILL FOR EVERYBODY ELSE.

THE PRESIDENT'S DOING EXACTLY WHAT HE SAID HE WAS GOING TO DO WHEN HE RAN FOR PRESIDENT.

I THINK THAT'S WHAT THE MEDIA HAS SUCH A HARD TIME WITH.

SOMEONE THAT'S ACTUALLY FOLLOWING THROUGH IN GOVERNING THE WAY THEY SAID THEY WOULD.

HE SAID ONE OF THE REASONS REPUBLICANS SUFFERED LOSSES LAST NOVEMBER WAS BECAUSE TRUMP WASN'T ON TOP OF THE TICKETS.

ONE OF THE CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS THE GOP CHAIR THINKS CAN FLIP BACK IS IN STATEN ISLAND AND BROOKLYN.

WHICH MAX ROSE UPSET LAST YEAR.

THE REPUBLICANS HAVE A STRONG CANDIDATE RUNNING NEXT YEAR IN CURRENT ASSEMBLYWOMAN AND FORMER MAYORAL CANDIDATE.

I JUST SPENT FIVE DAYS WITH NICOLE IN ISRAEL AS WE TOURED THE COUNTRY TOGETHER.

SHE'S RUNNING VERY HARD, AGGRESSIVELY AND SHE'S YOU KNOW RAISING RESOURCES.

SHE'S BEEN ELEVATED IN SOME OF THE NATIONAL REPUBLICAN RANKINGS AS A SEAT TO WATCH AND I THINK THEY CALL IT YOUNG GUNS IS THE DESIGNATION HER CANDIDACY WAS GIVEREN, WHICH IS SET BY KEVIN McCARTHY TRK REPUBLICAN LEADER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.

THERE'S A LOT OF PEOPLE NATIONALLY WATCHING THAT RACE.

SHE'S CERTAINLY A STRONG ETHNIC WOMAN AND TO HAVE WE NEED HER TO BE SUCCESSFUL TO RESTORE A REPUBLICAN SEAT IN CONGRESS WITHIN THE FIVER BOROUGHS OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK.

I THINK IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT FOR US TO HAVE A FEDERAL OFFICIAL FROM THE FIVE BOROUGHS FOR PARTY IDENTITY PURPOSES, BUT SHE'S JUST A FAR MORE EFFECTIVE ADVOCATE FOR STATEN ISLAND AND BROOKLYN THAN MAX ROSE.

AND LANGWORTHY ISN'T JUST THINKING SHORT-TERM HERE.

HE HAS HIS EYES SET ON THE C CAPITOL WHERE CUOMO SAYS HE PLANS TO RUN IN 2022.

WE MEET ONE CUOMO AND WE'RE GOING TO BEAT ANOTHER ONE.

THIS GOVERNOR IS A BULLY.

HE GOVERNS THROUGH INTIMIDATION AND AS I TALK ED ABOUT EARLIER TODAY, I MEAN WE HAVE A CULTURE OF PAY TO PLAY THAT'S PERMEATED HIS ADMINISTRATION FOR THE LAST DECADE.

BETWEEN THAT AND THE LEASH THIS LEGISLATURE IS NOW FORCING ON THIS GOVERNOR UNDER HIS WATCH, ISSUES LIKE DRIVER'S LICENSES FOR ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS.

ISSUES LIKE GJERE ATTIC PAROLE.

THE WAY WE'RE SEEING POLICE OFFICERS TREATED IN THE STREETS.

YOU HAVE A DEEVOLUTION OF NEW YORK.

THERE ARE STILL PEOPLE ON THE VAST SILENT MAJORITY OF THIS STATE ARE PEOPLE THAT RESPECT THE RULE OF LAW.

RESPECT LAW ENFORCEMENT.

AND YOU DON'T SEE THAT, THE PEOPLE IN THEIR GOVERNMENT HAVING THEIR BACK.

AND I, I BELIEVE THAT YOU KNOW, THIS GOVERNOR YOU KNOW THINKS HE'S IMPERVIOUS TO SHELF LIFE.

BUT WE'RE READY FOR A NEW YORK COMEBACK WHICH STARTS WITH COMMON SENSE.

WE'RE OUT THERE LOOKING ACTIVELY FOR THE NEXT REPUBLICAN GOVERNOR OF THIS STATE BECAUSE THE ONLY WAY TO CHANGE NEW YORK IS TO CHANGE GOVERNORS.

WE'LL SEE WHAT GAINS REPUBLICANS MAKE IN 2019 AND VARIOUS COUNTY EXECUTIVE RACES ACROSS THE STATE, BUT NO DOUBT THE FIRST BIG TEST OF LAN LANGWORTHY'S LEADERSHIP WILL COME NEXT NOVEMBER AT THE POLLS.

I'M MATT RYAN.

THERE'S A NEW MUSEUM IN TOWN WITH AN OLD FAMILIAR FEEL.

THE NEW DESTINATION AT THE END OF THE STATEN ISLAND FERRY.

THE NEW OLD HOME OF THE NATIONAL LIGHTHOUSE MUSEUM.

WNET PRESIDENT DR. BILL BAKER TAKES US ON A TOUR AND EXPLORES OUR MARITIME HERITAGE.

THIS IS THE HEART OF THE HARBOR.

RIGHT IN THE CENTER OF THINGS, YOU HAVE TO IMAGINE A SHIP COMING ACROSS THE FLICK TLIK AND THEN CRASHING ON ONE OF THE REEFS OUT IN THE HARBOR.

LIGHTHOUSES HAVEN'T BEEN BUILT AND THE ENTIRE COUNTRY AND THE ENTIRE WORLD.

THAT'S THE REASON WHY LIGHTHOUSES ARE ARE SO IMPORTANT.

YOU HAVE OVER 600 IN THE COUNTRY AND 15,000 IN THE WORLD.

PEOPLE WANT THAT HISTORY, WE WANT TO SAVE THAT HISTORY.

MANY OF THEM ARE BEING REPURPOSED.

AND THE MUSEUM HERE IS PUT TOGETHER TO PRESERVE AND EDUCATE FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS.

THIS WAS THE HOME OF THE U.S.

LIGHTHOUSE DEPOT.

FROM 1864 TO 1939.

WHAT THE DEPOT WAS WAS ANYTHING FROM A LIGHTHOUSE KEEPER IN AMERICA NEEDED.

WAS ESSENTIALLY MADE HERE ONSIGHT.

BROUGHT HERE TO BE INSPECTED THEN SHIPPED OUT NATIONWIDE.

SO WE'RE NOT TALKING ABOUT A REGIONAL DEPOT, EVEN THOUGH IT DID FUNCTION THAT WAY.

WE'RE TALKING ABOUT NATIONAL DEPOT THAT SERVICED AND DELIVERED SUPPLIES NATIONALLY TO ALL LIGHTHOUSES MANY AMERICA.

ADMINISTRATORS WORKED HERE.

THE KEEP ERS WERE FILLED AND TH ARCHITECTS WERE DESIGNING LIGHTS HERE RIGHT IN THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING.

THE LENSES CAME IN FROM FRANCE AND ENGLAND WERE BROUGHT HERE TO THE SITE.

ASSEMBLED THEN DISASSEMBLED AND SENT THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY.

THIS WAS A WAREHOUSE FOR ALL THE LENSES COMING INTO THE COUNTRY ALSO.

THE ONE INTERESTING WORKER HERE THAT WE KNOW WHO SORT OF LIVED ON STATEN ISLAND AND WORKED HERE WAS JUSTICE.

HE WAS IMPORTANT BECAUSE HE PATENTED A LOT OF THE OIL LAMPS THAT WENT INSIDE THE LENSES.

INTRODUCING NEW OIL AND IT WAS HIS JOB TO MAKE IT WORK SO HE WAS A PROLIFIC PATENTOR.

WE CREATED EDUCATION HERE GIVE YOU A GOOD UNDERSTANDING OF WHAT LIGHTHOUSES AND THE HISTORY OF LIGHTHOUSES ARE.

BUT YOU ALSO FIND A TIMELINE OF LIGHTHOUSES.

YOU'LL FIND HISTORY OF THE PURPOSE.

AND ALSO HISTORY ABOUT THE SIGHT THAT FWINS BACK TO INDIAN FORWARD.

YOU ALWAYS FIND THE HISTORY OF WHAT HAPPENED ON THE SITE OF THE DURING THE U.S. LIGHTHOUSE SERVICE GENERAL DEPOT.

STORIES ABOUT THE KEEPERS.

NOW I AM LIGHTHOUSE NUT.

SO MUCH OF A A NUT THAT I MAINTAIN AND CARE FOR THIS LIGHTHOUSE.

THE HENRY ISLAND LIGHTHOUSE IN NOVA SCOTIA.

BUT I'M NOTHING COMPARED TO WILL FRED.

A MAN WHO HAS TRAVELED THE WORLD LOOKING AT LIGHTHOUSES.

HE'S BEEN TO 2500 OF THEM.

I WONDER WHY.

WHEN I WAS 14 OR 15, I DELIVERED CAMERA AND I WAS IN THE CAMP MEETING IN GERMANY AND I SAW MAKE THE FIRST PHOTO OF THE LIGHT SHIP.

LIGHT SHIP WAS LIGHT SHIP HERE.

LATER WAS A CLEAR SHIP.

NOW I HAVE SEEN MORE THAN 250 WORLDWIDE.

USA, CLOSE TO 700.

CANADA, CLOSE TO 550 AND AUSTRALIA, SOUTH AFTERCAR ACCIDENT BUT I WANT TO GO TO ASIA AND GO TO SCANDINAVIA.

AND I'M ALL THE WORKING WITH THE STORY ABOUT LIGHTHOUSES IN MY LIFE.

BUT IT TAKES YEARS.

BECAUSE I'M OFTEN NOT AT HOME.

WE ARE NOW ALREADY BRINGING, MANY PEOPLE COMING FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD AND WE HAVE A WONDERFUL MAP SHOWING WHERE PEOPLE ARE COMING FROM SO WE ASK THEM TO PUT A PIN IN.

YOU'LL BE AMAZED AT WHO'S COMING AND WE'RE JUST GETTING STARTED.

WE DO LIGHTHOUSE BOAT TOURS AND LECTURES.

WE ARE NOW ABLE TO BRING IN CHILDREN.

TO VISIT THE MUSEUM WHICH WE'RE EXCITED ABOUT.

AND WE'RE GROWING.

WE'RE OPEN EVERY DAY EXCEPT MONDAY.

FROM 11:00 TO 5:00 AND SUMMER AND THE WINTER, 11:00 TO 4:00.

PEOPLE ARE COMING ALREADY AND A THEY'RE VERY EXCITED THEY FOUND THIS HISTORY AND APPRECIATE IT.

FOR METROFOCUS, I'M BILL BAKER.

METROFOCUS IS MADE POSSIBLY BY JAMES AND MERRILL TISCH.

SUE AND EDGAR.

THE SYLVIA PROGRAMMING ENDOWMENT TO FILGT ANTI-SEMITISM.

BER BERNARD AND IRENE SHORTS, BARBARA ZUCKERBERG.

CORPORATE FUNDING WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA.

YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

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