TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS

There’s a measles outbreak in New York. The number of cases is climbing around the state and in specific communities. Are you and your family safe? We have the details. Brooklyn is making an investment of the “literary kind” as libraries are recognized as the community’s path to a solid future.  We’re headed to Kings County for the latest. Filmmaker Alex Jablonski takes us into the heart of wildfires to introduce us to the brave men and women who fight them, as they struggle with fear, loyalty, demons and dreams, while risking the ultimate sacrifice. The Broadway revival of “Fiddler on the Roof,” performed in the characters’ native tongue, is one of the hottest tickets in town. Star of stage, screen, and resident yenta Jackie Hoffman is here with a preview.

Aired on October 31, 2018.

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METROFOCUS,' A MEASLES OUTBREAK IN NEW YORK.

NUMBERS CLIMBING AROUND THE STATE AND IN SPECIFIC COMMUNITIES.

ARE YOU AND YOUR FAMILY SAFE?

DETAILS AHEAD.

> BROOKLYN ROCKS AND READS.

THE BOROUGH ON THE RISE MAKES AN INVESTMENT TO THE LIBRARY BY OFFICIALLY RECOGNIZING LIBRARIES AS INDISPENSABLE TO A SOLID FUTURE.

> HEADED TO THE COUNTY OF KINGS.

> AND A FILMMAKER TAKING US INTO THE HEART OF WILDFIRES INTRODUCING US TO THE BRAVE MEN AND WOMEN WHO STRUGGLE WITH FEAR, LOYALTY AND DEMONS TO FIGHT THEM.

WE HAVE A PREVIEW.

> A YIDDISH FIDDLER?

REVIVAL OF THE BROADWAY CLASSIC 'FIDDLER ON THE ROOF' PERFORMED IN THE NATIVE TONGUE IS ONE OF THE HO THEEST TICKETS IN TOWN.

STAR OF STAGE, SCREEN AND RESIDENT JACKIE HOFFMAN IS HERE TO TAKE US INSIDE THE PRODUCTION.

> PLUS, YOUR FOCUS OF OUR METRO.

WE HEAR AT 'METROFOCUS' ARE ASKING FOR YOU TO SHARE PHOTOS AND VIDEO OF THE CITY WE ALL CALL HOME.

THOSE STORIES AND MORE AS 'METROFOCUS' STARTS -- RIGHT NOW.

Announcer: THIS IS 'METROFOCUS.'

WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN, JACK FORD AND JENNA FLANAGAN.

'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY -- JAMES AND MERYL TISCH, SUE AND EDGAR WALKENHEIM III, AND PROGRAMS ENDOWMENT TO FIGHT ANTI-SEMITISM.

BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ.

ROSALIND P. WALTER, BARBARA HOPE ZUCKERBERG AND BY -- CORPORATE FUNDING FOR 'METROFOCUS' WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA.

YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY PSB & G SERVING CUSTOMERS STRENGTHENING THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY AND INVESTING IN THE FUTURE.

> THE NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH IS ON HIGH ALERT AFTER A MEASLES OUTBREAK HAS SPREAD INTO PARTS OF THE CITY.

OVER A DOZEN CASES OF THE DISEASE HAVE BEEN CONFIRMED AND IN HEAVILY JEWISH AREAS.

STAUT WITH SIX CASES DIAGNOSED IN BROOKLYN'S WILLIAMSBURG NEIGHBORHOOD.

A SIGNIFICANT ORTHODOX COMMUNITY.

PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIALS STATED THAT THE OUTBREAK APPEARS TO BE LINKED TO TRAVELERS WHO HAVE RECENTLY FLOWN HOME FROM ISRAEL.

ANOTHER DISEASE NOT CURRENTLY IMPACTING NEW YORK BUT DO POSE A GREATER DANGER IS ACUTE PLACID MYELITIS, A POLIO-LIKE SYMPTOM CAUSING PARALYSIS IN CHILDREN PRECONTINUE TO NEMLEY.

62 CASES IDENTIFIED ACROSS 22 STATES.

JUST EXACTLY WHAT ARE THE RICKS OF THESE TWO DISEASES POSED TO CHILDREN?

WHY ARE THE CHANCES THAT THE OUTBREAK COULD SPREAD EVEN FURTHER?

FOR THAT WE NOW TURN TO DR.

DEVY, ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR AT NYU'S SCHOOL OF MEDICINE.

THANK YOU FOR JOINING US TODAY.

NICE TO SEE YOU.

FIRST OF ALL, HOW UNUSUAL IS THIS OUTBREAK OF MEASLES WE'RE SEEING, IN THE CITY, AND IN THE STATE?

IT'S UNUSUAL GIVEN WE HAVE A VACCINE FOR MEASLES, BUT SEEMS TO BE BECOMING MORE COMMON BECAUSE NOT EVERYBODY IS GETTING VACCINATED.

MEASLES IS A RELATIVELY COMMON VIRUS.

BECAUSE THERE IS A VACCINE IT'S NOT PERFECT BUT MOST PEOPLE WERE GETTING IT, WE DIDN'T SEE A LOT OF FOLKS WITH MEASLES DEVELOP.

NOW SEVERAL PEOPLE ARE OPTING AGAINST THE VACCINE AND THAT'S BECOMING A MORE COMMON TREND.

WHAT HAPPENS IS, YOU LOSE SOMETHING CALLED HERD IMMUNITY.

THE IDEA OF THAT, ONE PERSON DOESN'T GET VACCINATED BUT EVERYBODY AROUND THEM DOES, THE CHANCE OF ANY OF THEM GETTING SICK IS VERY LOW, BECAUSE THE VIRUS CAN'T TAKE HOLD AND AFFECT THAT PERSON UNVACCINATED.

A LOT OF PEOPLE UNVACCINATED THE VIRUS HAS A CHANCE TO ATTACK ANY ONE OF THEM AND THEN SPREAD MORE QUICKLY WITHIN THE GROUP.

THE REASON PEOPLE ARE, OR PAR PARENTS, ARE NOT GETTING KIDS VACCINATED?

BECAUSE OF THAT FEAR THAT'S DEVELOPED THAT VACCINES HAVING IN -- SOMETHING TO DO WITH AUTISM?

AUTHORITY OF IT.

A PAPER HAS BEEN DEBUNKS KPLOOETLY BASED ON FRAUDULENT DATA.

THERE ARE OTHER REASONS.

WE DIDN'T SEE MEASLES BECAUSE THE VACCINE WAS EFFECTIVE AND PEOPLE GET A FALSE SENSE OF SECURITY.

MAYBE ERADICATED, DON'T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT AS MUCH.

IT REALLY IS IMPORTANT TO GET THE VACCINE NOT JUST TO PROTECT YOUR CHILD BUT TO PROTECT EVERYBODY AROUND YOU.

AS I SAID, THE OUTBREAK HAS BEEN LINKED TO PEOPLE RETURNING FROM ISRAEL.

IS THAT STILL THE LATEST?

STWHAL WE KNOW?

AS FAR AS I KNEOW, YES.

DOES THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OVERSEE THIS AND KNOW WHAT COUNTRIES ARE SUFFERING FROM CONTAGIOUS DISEASES AND DO THEY TRACK IT?

DO THEY TRACK THE PEOPLE WHO RETURN FROM THESE COUNTRIES SO THEY CAN WARN THEM?

TO SOME DEGREE.

THE CDC KEEPS AN EYE ON EVERYTHING GOING ON GLOBALLY AND HAVE TO RELY ON DATA.

RIGHT?

SOMETIMES YOU MAY OR MAY NOT KNOW IF AN OUTBREAK IS OCCURRING UNLESS A PERSON IS DYIAGNOSED AD IT'S REPORTED.

WITHIN THE U.S., THEY KEEP A CLOSE WATCH ON IT.

MEASLES SYMPTOMS ARE WIDELY KNOWN AND COMPLICATIONS TO THEM.

WHAT ARE THEY?

HOW SERIOUS CAN IT GET?

FOR THE MOST PART IT'S NOT NECESSARILY -- REGULAR SYMPTOMS OF FEVER YOU MIGHT HAVE.

YOU KNOW, MUSCLE ACHES.

RASH, ET CETERA.

THE RASH IS CLASSIC, YOU CAN SEE SPOTS INSIDE THE MOUTH AND COMING DOWN FROM THE HEAD DOWN THROUGH THE BODY.

LIKE IN THE PALMS AND FEET.

IN A DANGEROUS SITUATION, MORE RARE, THE PERSON CAN HAVE PNEUMONIA AND BRAIN SWELLING.

VERY SERIOUS.

MOSTLY KIDS.

PROBABLY BECAUSE ADULTS CAN GET IT, TOO.

IN THE PAST GENERATIONS MORE ADULTS HAVE BEEN VACCINATE AND ARE A LITTLE MORE PROTECTED.

QUICKLY, THE ITTY IS DOING A GOOD JOB WITH THIS OUTBREAK?

A GREAT JOB YOU BUT DIFFICULT BECAUSE THEY AREN'T ABLE TO KEEP TRACK OF WHO'S VACCINATED AND WHO ISN'T.

AND EVEN IF YOU HAVE THE VACCINE YOU CAN STILL GET IT.

TURN TO AFM.

A POLIO-DISEASE.

SOUNDS SCARY.

HOW CLOSE IS IT?

CAN CAUSE WEAKNESS IN AN E EXTREMITY.

THE PERSON MAY NOT USE THAT LIMB, LEG OR ARM, AS MUCH.

FOR A CHILD, DON'T KNOW WHAT TO EXPECT, CAN'T DESCRIBE IT TO YOU, YOU MIGHT SEE A RIGHT-HANDED CHILD SUDDENLY IS RELYING ON THE LEFT ARM.

RIGHT?

MAYBE THEY'RE SUBSTITUTING IN A WAY BECAUSE THEY CAN'T USE THAT MUSCLE AS WELL.

PROBLEM IS, IT CAN PROGRESS FROM JUST THAT AREA AND THE THING WE WORRY ABOUT IS THAT IT COULD AFFECT THE MUSCLES OF THE FACE, MUSCLES THAT HELP YOU WITH YOUR BREATHING.

A PERSON WHO MAY HAVE TROUBLE, SEE A FACIAL DROOP, MAY NOT BE ABLE TO SWALLOW AS EFFECTIVELY AND COULD CHOKE, ASPIRATE ON SOMETHING.

SOMEONE WHO DOESN'T HAVE THE ACCESSORY MUSCLES THAT HELP YOU BREATHE, NOT WORKING, YOU CAN HAVE TROUBLE BREATHING.

IF YOU NOTICE THAT IN A CHILD, GET IT CHECKED OUT IN A CHILD AND ADULT, OF COURSE, THINK ABOUT STROKE, OTHER ISSUES.

BETTER TO JUST GO TO THE E.R.

DOCTOR, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR ENLIGHTENING US ON THESE DISEASES.

THANK YOU.

Announcer: THIS IS 135 TUNNEL STREET IN BROOKLYN.

THE FIRST WHAT USED TO BE A MACHINE TOOLS FACTORY WILL BE CONVERTED INTO A BRANCH WITH A BROOKLYN PUBLIC LIBRARY.

OPENING IN 2020 THE FIRST NEW BRANCH SINCE 1983.

NEIGHBORHOODS HAVE BEGUN TO FLOURISH THAT DIDN'T EXIST 25, 35 YEARS AGO.

SO TO PUT A LIBRARY IN THE DUMBO VINEGAR HILLS HOUSING AREA, NOT MUCH OF A RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY IS TERRIFIC.

ACTUALLY THE FIRST TIME WE'VE BUILT A LIBRARY IN A NEIGHBORHOOD THAT DIDN'T HAVE ONE IN THE LAST 40 YEARS.

Announcer: BROOKLYN'S PUBLIC LIBRARY CEO SAYS THE NEW BRANCH CONTINUES THE RENAISSANCE OVER THE LAST FEW YEARS AND FRANKLY, BROOKLYN AS A WHOLE.

BROOKLYN PUBLIC LIBRARY IS ONE OF THREE SEPARATE AND INDEPENDENT LIBRARY SYSTEMS IN NEW YORK CITY.

THE OTHER TWO, NEW YORK TUB LICK LIBRARY, SERVING THE BRONX, MANHATTAN AND STATEN ISLAND, THE OTHER, QUEENS LIBRARY, OF COURSE, SERVES QUEEN.

THERE'S A STORIED HISTORY HERE IN NEW YORK CITY ESTABLISHED IN 1896 WHEN BROOKLYN WAS STILL AN INDEPENDENT CITY.

A COUPLE YEARS LATER IT BECAME A PART OF NEW YORK CITY BUT KEPT IT'S BELOVED LIBRARY.

BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY, U.S. STEEL MAGNATE ANDREW CARNEGIE SOLD IT FOR WELL OVER $14 BILLION IN TODAY'S MONEY.

WE SPENT THE REST OF HIS LIFE GIVING AWAY HIS FORTUNE INCLUDING A GRANT TO BUILD LIBRARIES ACROSS THE CITY AND IN TOTAL 67 BRANCHES WERE BUILT BETWEEN 1902 AND 1929 WITH 21 IN BROOKLYN.

MIRACULOUSLY, 18 ARE STILL STANDING REFERRED TO AS THE CARNEGIE LIBRARIES.

THESE ARE INCLUDED.

THAT'S WHERE WE FOUND BIANCA WORKING AS A TEAM LIBRARIAN.

IT'S FUN.

REALLY REWARDING.

YOU SEE REGULARS COME IN THE BRANCH.

YOU DEVELOP RELATIONSHIPS WITH THEM.

YOU HAVE A MOMENT WHERE SOMEONE IS WORKING ON A PROJECT, OR THEY'RE SEARCHING FOR SOMETHING THAT THEY REALLY, REALLY NEED, AND YOU'RE THE PERSON THAT GETS TO SEE THEM BE EXCITED THAT YOU FOUND IT.

Announcer: HER OWN FRONT LINE SO TO SPEAK OF THE BROOKLYN LIKE BR LIBRARIAN RENAISSANCE, MORE BUSINESS THAN EVER BEFORE AND ALL HAPPENING WHILE BIX BOX CHAIN STORES ARE STRUGGLING OR SHUTTING DOWN.

PART OF IT, THE SENSE OF COMMUNITY FELT IN A LIBRARY.

WE HAVE A KNIT AND CROCHET GROUP AT MY BRANCH, MEETS ONCE A WEEK, AND A GROUP OF PEOPLE WHO THEY ARE THE CROCHET CLUB.

LIKE, THEY SPEND TIME WITH ONE ANOTHER.

YOU KNOW?

SO, LIKE, THAT'S THEIR DESTINATION FOR THE WEEK.

THEY COME TO THE LIBRARY AND GO TO KNIT AND CROCHET.

WE'RE NOT -- TRYING TO SELL ANYTHING TO YOU.

YOU KNOW?

LIKE, WE WANT YOU TO COME IN AND HAVE A GOOD EXPERIENCE.

FIND THE THING YOU WANT.

FIND SOMETHING THAT MAYBE IS SIMILAR TO WHAT YOU'RE LOOKING FOR.

JUST THE FACT THAT YOU CAN COME IN.

YOU KNOW?

FOR TEENAGERS ESPECIALLY, COME IN AFTER SCHOOL AND HAVE A PLACE TO HANG OUT PAP PLACE TOBE.

NO PRESSURE TO ENGAGE MORE THAN YOU WANT TO, I GUESS.

YOU'RE FREE TO COME IN AND UTILIZE THE LIBRARY THAT YOU WANT.

WE'RE NOT SO QUIET.

A BUSTLING PLACE.

IN THE CENTRAL LIBRARY NOW AND GET OVER 1 MILLION VISITORS A YEAR AND PEOPLE ARE HERE NOT ONLY TO TAKE OUT BOOKS BUT TO LOOK UP MATERIAL ON DATABASES.

TO GET HELP FROM LIBRARIANS.

ON THINGS LIKE STARTING A NEW BUSINESS.

AND WE'RE HERE FOR LITERACY IN THE BROZZEST SENSE.

Announcer: NO KIDDING.

BRUSH UP ON LITLITERACY?

A PLACE FOR THAT.

ON THE PLAZA, BOTH A STATE-OF-THE-ART RECORDING STUDIO THAT STAYS BUSY AND BOOKED.

ITS LOCATED IN THE INFORMATION COMMERCE, ONE OF THE MOST POPULAR LOCATIONS IN THE LIBRARY AND RELATIVELY NEW.

DEBUTING IN 2013, THE 5500 SQUARE FOOT SPACE SEATS MORE THAN 100 LAPTOP USERS AND SPACE FOR GROUP WORK AND TEAMWORK.

THE TRICK BE HERE FOR PATRONS NEEDS.

PERHAPSALITIES AHEAD OF THEM TO ANTICIPATE WHAT THEY MIGHT WANT TO BE DOING AND WHAT THEY MIGHT BE NEEDING IN THE FUTURE, BUT NOT BEING SO FAR AHEAD THAT WE'RE LEAVING PEOPLE IN THE DUST AND WE'RE REALLY NOT BEING USEFUL.

Announcer: SOMETIMES THOSE LEFT BEHIND ARE FAMILIES OF THOSE INCARCERATED.

IN AN EFFORT TO STAY CONNECTED, BROOKLYN PUBLIC LIBRARY STARTED THE TELL A STORY PROGRAM.

ALLOWING FAMILY MEMBERS TO BE CONNECTED VIDEOCHAT.

SPECIFICALLY GEARED TOWARDS KIDS IN ADDITION TO HAVE BE CHAT FACILITIES, BROOKLYN PUBLIC LIBRARY FILLS THE CHAT ROOMS WITH BOOKS AND TOYS.

INMATES HAVE A SET OF CHILDREN'S BOOKS DURING THE CALL SO THEY CAN READ TO THEIR KIDS.

THE CHIEF LIBRARIAN AT THE LIBRARY SAYS THE PROGRAM HELPS CONNECT A COMMUNITY OFTEN OVERLOOKED AND THE CONNECTION GOES BEYOND THE PROGRAM.

NOT ONLY VISITING THEIR DAD THROUGH VIDEO, LONG TERM ENGAGING MORE IN AFTER-SCHOOL PROGRAMS AND STORYTIMES AND THE CAREGIVER CAN LOOK FOR A JOB IN THE BUSINESS LIBRARY.

FOR US, STRENGTHENING THE BONDS WITH THE COMMUNITY THAT CAN, IN MANY WAYS, FEEL COMPLETELY ISOLATED.

THE BROOKLYN LIBRARY ALONG WITH THE OTHER LIBRARIES ACROSS THE CITY BEGAN A NEW PROGRAM CALLED CULTURE PATH.

THAT ALLOWS LIBRARY CARD HOLDERS TO RECEIVE A FREE PASS TO ONE OF THE DOZENS OF CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS THROUGHOUT THE CITY.

THEY'VE ISSUE AED MORE THAN 33,000 CULTURE PASSES SINCE IT BEGAN.

> 'FIDDLER ON THE ROOF' IN YIDDISH.

A PERFECT MATCH AND WOULD BE RIGHT PAP NEW OFF-BROADWAY REVIVAL OF THE PRODUCTION SPOKEN AND SUNG IN YIDDISH.

YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE JEWISH TO UNDERSTAND IT.

THE PRODUCTION ACCOMPANIED BY BLISH AND RUSSIAN SUBTITLES PRODUCED BY THE NATIONAL YIDDISH THEATER, A NEW YORK-BASED ORGANIZATION WITH A 103-YEAR HISTORY.

THE PRODUCTION COMES TO LIFE AT THE MUSEUM OF JEWISH HERITAGE HERE IN MANHATTAN.

THE SHOW IS DIRECTED BY TONY AND OSCAR AWARD WINNER.

TAKE A QUICK LOOK.

♪ YIDDISH POINT ♪ AND A CHOICE ♪ ♪ ♪ [ SINGING ISN'T FOREIGN LANGUAGE ] ♪

> JOINING US NOW, JACKIE, ONE OF OUR FAVORITES BACK TO VISIT AND KCHRISTOPHER.

WELCOME TO YOU BOTH.

THANK YOU.

THANK YOU.

GLAD TO HAVE YOU HERE.

JACKIE, ASK YOU THIS.

I'M ALWAYS INTERESTED IN WHAT ACTORS, THE FIRST REACTIONS, WHAT AN UNUSUAL PROJECT THAT'S PUT IN FRONT OF THEM.

SO A VETERAN OF THIS.

BUT WHEN SOMEONE REACHED OUT AND SAID HERE'S WHAT WE WANT TO DO AND WE WANT TO DO IT IN YIDDISH.

YOUR FIRST REACTION?

RCH

PANIC.

AND YOUR SECOND REACTION?

PANIC.

I BETTER START STUDYING.

SPEAK ANY YIDDISH BEFORE THIS?

I DID AS WE SAY IN THE LANGUAGE OF BISSELL.

WORDS HERE AND THERE BUT DUE TO MY UPBRINGING BUT NEVER ABLE TO HAVE A CONVERSATION.

SO TELL ME ABOUT -- DO YOU STUDY?

WHAT DID YOU HAVE TO DO TO BE ABLE TO TAKE ON THIS ROLE?

WELL, THERE'S A -- A WONDERFUL STAFF OF YIDDISH COACHERS.

THERE'S SOMEONE WHO'S NAME IS ACTUALLY M LLY MUTTAL AND IE S.

MEMORIZING GOING TO MEDICAL OR LAW SCHOOL.

I JUST HAD TO KEEP DRILLING IT.

[ SPEAKING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE ]

SUCH AN ICONIC CHARACTER.

AND I'VE HAD ALL OF THOSE ROLE MODELS TO LOOK TO YET I WANTED TO MAKE IT MY OWN, AND I THINK I DID THAT, BUT THE YIDDISH GREATLY INFORMED IT, BECAUSE IT GIVES IT JUST SUCH A DIFFERENT FEEL, AND I WOULD THINK WHO DO I KNOW WHO WOULD SOUND LIKE THIS?

AND I HAD IMAGES OF WOMEN IN MY PAST THAT HELP IMMEDIATE DEVELOP THIS CHARACTER.

WHAT DID YOU ANTICIPATE AND HOW HAS IT EVOLVED?

YEARS AGO WHEN I STARTED AT THIS COMPANY WE HAD MOSTLY NATIVE YIDDISH SPEAKERS.

ABOUT 47%, PERCENTAGE.

TODAY I'M EXCITED TO REPORT WE WERE AT 99% AT OF LAST SEASON'S.

CAPACITY AT 110% CAST NOW.

THIS SHOW HAS DONE AMAZING THINGS FOR THIS THEATER.

AUDIENCES, STILL HAVE A LOT OF YIDDISH SPEAKERS BUT ALSO PEOPLE FROM ALL WALKS OF LIFE AND BACKGROUNDS.

THE CONSUME THING OVER THE LAST FEW WEEKS THE AUDIENCE IS GETTING YOUNGER.

ENTHUSIASTS, OPERA ENTHUSIASTS AT THE SHOW.

DID YOU EXPECT THAT?

NO.

KNEW IT WOULD BE A SPECIAL PRODUCTION AND CAST AND TEAM KNEW THERE WAS SOMETHING WONDERFUL HERE.

AT THE OUTPOURING AND REACTION FROM THE AUDIENCE, IT'S TREMENDOUS.

THE WORD OF MOUTH MADE THIS LIKE A SENSATION, IT'S HUMBLING.

GREAT TO SEE HOW ALL KINDS OF PEOPLE ARE EMBRACING YIDDISH AND FASCINATED BY THE LANGUAGE.

A LOT HAVE NEVER BEEN TO A YIDDISH-SPEAKING PRODUCTION BEFORE AND WE'RE GETTING AFRICAN-AMERICANS, WHITE GENTILES ALL GIVING THE SAME GUT EMOTIONAL EXTREMELY EMOTIONAL RESPONSE.

THEY ALL TELL US.

DOES IT FEEL ANY DIFFERENT TO YOU, AS AN ACTOR?

EMOTIONALLY?

WHEN YOU'RE DELIVERING IT IN A DIFFERENT LANGUAGE FROM WHAT YOU'RE USED TO?

ABSOLUTELY.

IT -- IT BRINGS SUCH A -- GREATER INTENSITY TO EVERYTHING.

AND THE FUNNY THING, IT'S PLAYING BEAUTIFUL AS A MUSICAL COMEDY AND THE COMIC LINES ARE HILARIOUS.

AND THE TRAGEDY IS ABSOLUTELY GUTWRENCHING.

I MEAN, PEOPLE ARE CRYING IN THE AUDIENCE.

IT IS ONE OF THOSE SHOWS, PEOPLE TALK ABOUT ROLLER COASTERS.

THIS IS AS MUCH A ROLLER COASTER, I THINK, AS YOU CAN BE ON.

YEAH.

THE PEAKS AND VALLEYS A LOT DEEPER.

SOMETHING PURE AND RAW AND DEEP ABOUT THIS LANGUAGE.

AUTHENTIC.

RIGHT?

YEAH.

LIKE AN AAUTHENTICITY.

IN THE LANGUAGE THAT THEY WOULD HAVE BEEN SPEAKING.

FLASH BACK 100 YEARS AGO.

YIDDISH WAS THE CONNECTOR LANGUAGE.

RIGHT?

MAYBE ONE OTHER LANGUAGE THAT WAS A LANGUAGE OF THE WORLD, AND THAT WAS LATIN, BUT THAT WAS THE LANGUAGE OF AN EMPIRE.

THIS WAS A LANGUAGE OF COMMUNITY.

THIS CONNECTED PEOPLE FROM ALL DIFFERENT WALKS OF LIFE IN ALL DIFFERENT COUNTRIES.

FROM POLAND, YOU'RE FROM RUSSIA, MIGHT NOT SPEAK EACH OTHER'S NATIVE LANGUAGE, 100 YEARS AGO SPOKE YIDDISH.

AS THE PEOPLE STAGE, WE CONNECT GENERATION, DIVERSITIES, DIFFERENT WALKS OF LIFE THROUGH JEWISH LIFE.

USE THAT AS A UNIVERSAL -- 'FIDDLER' DOES IT QUITE WELL.

A MARVELOUS APPROACH TO A PRODUCTION.

EVERYTHING PEOPLE HAVE SAID ABOUT IT SAY IT'S GREAT.

SO CONGRATULATIONS TO ALL OF YOU.

THE WORK YOU'RE DOING.

JACKIE, GOOD TO SEE YOU AGAIN.

HAVE TO SCHEDULE YOU ONCE A YEAR TO TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU'RE GOING.

THANK YOU FOR COMING UP AND SPENDING SOME TIME WITH US.

WE APPRECIATE IT.

> EVERY SUMMER THOUSANDS OF LARGE WILDFIRES BURN ACROSS THE HOT, DRY WESTERN UNITED STATES.

AS CLIMATE CHANGE INCREASED, AVERAGE TEMPERATURES, A SUDDEN INCREASE IN FREQUENCY AND INTENSITY OF WILDFIRES.

INSIDE EACH OF THESE FIRES ARE SMALL CREWS WHO WORK TO CONTAIN THEM BY HAND USING SHOVELS AND PICKAXES AND METHODS THAT HAVEN'T CHANGE EADE ESSENTIALLY IN 60 YEARS.

AS A PART OF OUR PBS INITIATIVE, PERIL AND PROMISE, A LOOK AT THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE.

WE FOCUS ON A NEW INDEPENDENT LENS DOCUMENTARY CALLED 'WILDLANDS' WHICH TELLS THE EPIC YET INTIMATE STORY OF ONE CREW BATTLING WILDFIRES IN THE WEST.

TAKE A LOOK.

I DON'T NEED IT TO PLAY EVERY DAY.

I CAN DO THIS THING CALLED ADULTHOOD.

FIGHTING FIRE IS JUST HOURS OF HARD, BORING WORK, PUNK KMU AKMU -- PUNCTUATED BY MOMENTS OF SHEER TEARROR.

I WANT TO WORK HARD FOR A REASON.

THIS KID FINALLY REALIZES HE'S ALIVE.

'WILDLAND.'

PART OF INDEPENDENT LAND ON PBS.

JOINING ME NOW FROM LOS ANGELES, CO-DIRECTOR AND PRODUCER OF 'WILDLANDS.'

GLAD TO HAVE YOU.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

WHAT BROUGHT YOU TO THIS SUBJECT?

SO IT'S PRETTY EASY.

I FIRST SAW MY FIRST WILDFIRE WHEN I WAS 10 YEARS OLD, ON A HIKE OUTSIDE OF JACKSON, WYOMING, AND I REMEMBER SEEING THE GUYS GOING IN, HIKING IN TO FIGHT IT, AND JUST BEING IMMEDIATELY INTERESTED IN THE IDEA OF GOING A FIRE TO GO AND PUT IT OUT.

IT SEEMS INSANE.

BUT IT ALSO SEEMED JUST THIS KIND OF BEAUTIFUL DANCE WITH NATURE.

AND REALLY INTERESTING TO ME.

AND THEN AS I WAS LOOKING FOR A NEW FILM TO MAKE, THE QUESTION OF KIND OF, WHAT'S A STORY WE COULD TELL ABOUT HOW YOUNG MEN GROW UP OR COME OF AGE THAT WOULD BE INTERESTING AND HASN'T BEEN DONE BEFORE?

WHAT WOULD THAT LOOK LIKE?

IMMEDIATELY KIND OF THE IDEA OF THAT WITH A LOT OF MY FIRE FIGHTING CREW CLICKED AND IT WENT FROM THERE.

I UNDERSTAND YOU ALSO DID TRAINING?

FIRE FIGHTING TRAINING FOR THIS?

TO GET A SENSE OF THIS?

YEAH.

I MEAN, TO ACTUALLY -- EVEN BEYOND THAT.

TO MAKE THE FILM WE ACTUALLY BECAME FIREFIGHTERS AND WERE ACTUALLY MEMBERS OF THE CREW.

SO WHEN WE WERE OUT THERE DOING SHOOTING 10% 15, 15% OF OUR TIM ACTUALLY WORKING.

HAULING HOSE, HIKING, DOING EVERYTHING YOU SEE OUR CREW OR ANY OTHER CREW DOES AND ON OCCASION BREAK OUT THE CAMERA AND GET SHOT.

TELL ME ABOUT THE PERSONAL MOTIVATIONS THAT GOT THE CHARACTERS IN YOUR FILM TO SAY, THIS IS WHAT I WANT TO DO.

I THINK THAT WITH THIS CREW IN PARTICULAR, THIS IS A CREW WHERE GUYS ARE GETTING THEIR FEET WET IN FIRE FOR THE FIRST TIME.

THESE ARE ALL ROOKIES.

THIS IS THE KIND OF BOTTOM RUNG WHERE YOU'RE GOING TO START OUT ON YOUR CAREER IN WILDFIRES, THAT'S WHAT YOU'RE GOING TO DO.

I THINK A LOT OF PEOPLE COME TO THIS JOB ALMOST TOSSING THEMSELVES TO THE WIND TO SEE WHAT FATE HAS FOR THEM.

TRIED OTHER THINGS BUT ARE YOUNG.

TWO ARE OUR CHARACTERS JUST TURNED 23.

AT THAT AGE, TRYING TO FIGURE OUT WHAT'S GOING ON WITH THEIR LIVES.

WHAT KIND OF MEN THEY WANT TO BE.

AND THERE'S AN ELEMENT OF KIND OF TESTING YOURSELVES WITH THIS JOB.

TO SEE HOW YOU'RE GOING TO HOLD UP UNDER THE STRESS AND PRESSURE AND UNDER THE LONG HOURS.

I THINK THAT THESE GUYS WERE LOOKING FOR THAT.

KIND OF LOOKING FOR, DO I HAVE THIS IT GRIT?

DO I HAVE THE DETERMINATION TO DO THIS?

AND IF I DO, HOW IS THAT GOING TO CHANGE THE COURSE OF MY LIFE?

TALK ABOUT THE CHALLENGES OF TRYING TO FILM WHEN IN THE MIDST OF FIGHTING A WILDFIRE?

THE PHYSICALITY OF MAKING THIS FILM IS SOMETHING I THINK SETS IT APART, BECAUSE WE HAD TO HIKE IN.

CARRYING 55 POUNDS OF GEAR, AND WORKING LONG HOURS.

WORKING SHIFTS AS A MINIMUM OF ABOUT 12 HOURS.

I THINK THAT THE CHALLENGE, OF COURSE, IS, NOT, YOU KNOW, BEING EXHAUSTED.

BUT WITH THAT EXHAUSTION COMES -- FINDING MOTIVATION TO STILL MAKE GOOD WORK.

FINDING A WAY TO STILL, LIKE, GO AND GET THAT SHOT OR PAY ATTENTION TO WHAT'S GOING ON.

YOU'RE THE ONLY PERSON ON THE CREW TRYING TO MAKE A SPARK IN THE MIDDLE OF THAT THING.

ONE GENTLEMAN SAYS HOURS OF LONG, HARD, BORING WORK.

PUNCTUATED BY MOMENTS OF SHEER TERROR.

DOES THAT CAPTURE IT?

A LOT OF HURRY UP AND WAIT.

A LOT OF JUST, RIDING IN CARS.

TO GET FROM ONE PLACE TO ANOTHER, AND EXHAUSTION, AND BUG BITES, AND HEAT, ALL THAT.

I THINK THAT ALL OF THAT -- IS A BIG PART OF THE JOB AND THEN THERE ARE TIMES EXHILARATING, HELICOPTERS FLY IT'S OVERHEAD AND BUCKET DROPS.

WHEN YOU'RE AT A FIRE YOU FEEL LIKE YOU'RE AT THE CENTER OF THE ALL THE OTHER STUFF. G IS WORTH-

ON YOUR JOURNEY OF DISCOVERY HERE, WAS THERE SOMETHING THAT SURPRISED YOU MOST ABOUT THAT JOURNEY?

I THINK THAT THE THING THAT SURPRISED ME THE MOST IS -- HOW THE GUYS DRAW ON THE EXPERIENCES THEY HAD AT 22 AND 23, PARTICULARLY IN FIRE, THEY CARRY THROUGHOUT FOREVER, THROUGHOUT THE REST OF THEIR LIVES AND SOMETHING THEY ALWAYS POINT BACK TO, WHEN GOING THROUGH DIFFICULT TIMES.

IF I SURVIVE THAT, I CAN SURVIVE THIS.

A FABULOUS FILM AND YOU DID MARVELOUS WORK.

I THANK YOU FOR SPENDING A LITTLE TIME AND TALKING WITH US ABOUT IT.

YOU BE WELL.

THANK YOU.

TAKE CARE.

> A REMINDER, THE DOCUMENTARY 'WILDLAND' LAUNCHES THE NEW SEASON OF INDEPENDENT LENS MONDAY OCTOBER 29th, 2018 ON PBS AT 9:00 P.M.

FOR MORE INFORMATION, GO TO METROFOCUS.ORG.

> BEFORE WE SEEN OFF, WE NEED YOU, LITERALLY.

'METROFOCUS' IS ABOUT ALL OF US.

FAMILIES, OUR COMMUNITIES, AND OUR VIBRANT EVER-CHANGING CITY.

WE INVITE YOU TO SHARE YOUR STILLS OR VIDEOS, ANYTHING, THAT CAPTURES THE MAGIC INSPIRATION, ROMANCE, THE ENERGY OF THE METRO AREA.

SHARE YOUR MEMORIES AND VIEWS WITH OTHERS.

THE ADDRESS, PHOTOS, 'METROFOCUS'@THIRTEEN.ORG.

UNTIL NEXTTIME, I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

GOOD NIGHT.

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Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

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