TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS

The New York State Department of Health begins a long awaited study on the unexplained cancer clusters on Long Island and Staten Island. 101 survivors of gun violence return to the scene of the crime. We take you inside their perspective.  The Harmony Program is bringing music education to poor and underserved students of New York. Could Queens get its own High Line? Find out as we explore innovative rail trails across New York State in “Treasures of New York.”

Aired on July 17, 2018. 

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METROFOCUS,' UNEXPLAINED CANCER CLUSTERS IN LONG ISLAND AND STATEN ISLAND AND THE SEARCH FOR ANSWERS.

THE STATE BOARD OF HEALTH BEGINS A LONG STUDY.

> PUTTING A FACE ON GUN VIOLENCE, AT THE SCENE OF THE CRIME AND THEIR PERSPECTIVE IN JUST A MOMENT.

> MUSIC AND EDUCATION UNDERED YORK.

THOSE AND MORE WILL INSPIRE.

THOSE AND MORE AS 'METROFOCUS' STARTS RIGHT NOW.

> THIS IS 'METROFOCUS' WITH RAFAEL P. RAMON, JACK FORD AND JENNA FLANAGAN.

'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND MERRILL SIRB, SUE EDGAR WACHENHEIM, BERNARD AND IRENE SCHWARTZ.

BY PS & G, AND FUNDING PROVIDED BY THE J.P.P. FOUNDATION AND THE FORD FOUNDATION.

GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

I'M JACKFORD -- JACK FORD.

ONE OF THE MOST FRIGHTENING WORDS IN THE DICTIONARY OR YOUR DOCTOR'S OFFICE IS CANCER.

CANCER CLUSTER IN STATEN ISLAND AND LONG ISLAND WHERE A NUMBER HAVE OCCURRED YEAR AFTER YEAR.

GOVERNOR COME AND THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH ARE STUDYING WHAT ARE EMERGING AS CANCER CLUSTERS IN CERTAIN PARTS OF THE STATE.

HALF A MILLION DOLLARS HAVE BEEN ALLOCATED.

STATISTICS SHOW 110,000 NEW YORKERS ARE DIAGNOSED EVERY YEAR WITH CANSER WITH SOME 35,000 OF THOSE SUCCUMBING TO THIS DEADLY DISEASE.

PUT THOSE NUMBERS IN PERSPECTIVE AND TO GET AN IMPORTANCE OF THIS STUDY IS DR. DEBBIE, A PHYSICIAN AND ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR OF MEDICINE.

HI, HOW ARE YOU?

FINE.

LET ME START OFF WITH CANCER CLUSTERS.

WE HEAR THAT TERM FREQUENTLY.

MEDICALLY, WHAT ARE WE TALKING ABOUT WHEN WE SAY CANCER CLUSTERS?

YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT WHETHER YOU SEE MORE CANCER THAN YOU WOULD EXPECT FOR THAT LOCATION.

FOR EXAMPLE, IF YOU'RE LOOKING AT A SPECIFIC AREA YOU HAVE OLDER PATIENTS, PEOPLE MAYBE WHO SMOKE MORE YOU WOULD EXPECT TO SEE A HIGHER NUMBER OF PEOPLE WITH CANCER.

IF YOU DON'T SEE THOSE RISK FACTORS YOU THINK THERE MAY BE SOMETHING ELSE CONTRIBUTING TO THE RISK IN CANCER AND FINDING OUT WHAT THAT MIGHT BE.

LET ME TALK ABOUT THE AREAS I MENTIONED IN MY INTRODUCTION, STATEN ISLAND, THERE APPEAR TO BE AT LEAST SUSPICIONS OF AN EMERGENCE OF CANCER CLUSTERS.

GENERALLY SPEAK, WHAT TYPES OF CANCERS ARE WE TALKING ABOUT IN THESE AREAS?

THEY'RE TALKING ABOUT LEUKEMIA, BLADDER CANCER, THYROID CANCER AND ALSO LUNG CANCER.

LUNG CANCER IS TRICKY BECAUSE IT'S ONE OF THE MORE COMMON CANCERS WE SEE IN THE POPULATION.

THYROID CANCER IS RELATIVELY RARE AND SO IS BLADDER CANCER AND THYROID CAN DEPEND ON THESE FACTORS AND IS IT OCCURRING IN PEOPLE WHO MIGHT HAVE OTHER RISK FACTORS OR OCCURRING IN LET'S SAY KIDS, WHERE YOU WOULDN'T EXPECT TO SEE IT AS MUCH.

OBVIOUSLY, ONE OF THE THINGS THE INITIATIVE WANTS TO DO AND I WILL FOCUS ON THAT WITH YOU IS WHY.

AS OF NOW, DO WE HAVE ANY GOOD SOLID STATISTICALLY BASED ANSWERS TO THE QUESTIONS FOR THOSE TYPES OF CANCERS?

NOT YET.

SOMETIMES, IF YOU LOOK AT RISK FACTORS, FOR EXAMPLE, SMOKING AND AGE, IF WE LOOK AT THOSE POPULATIONS AND SEE FOR EXAMPLE, ARE THERE A STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF SMOKERS THERE COMPARED TO OTHER AREAS.

ARE PEOPLE MUCH OLDER?

DO YOU HAVE A CANCER HOSPITAL YOU MIGHT GET MORE PEOPLE DIAGNOSED WITH CANCER, THOSE THINGS MIGHT EXPLAIN THOSE FACTORS, BUT THERE HAS TO BE MORE INVESTIGATION DONE FIRST TO LOOK INTO THAT.

YOU ALSO HAVE TO LOOK AT ETHNICITY AS ANOTHER FACTOR, SOME THINGS MORE COMMON IN CERTAIN POPULATIONS.

YOU WANT TO EXCLUDE EVERYTHING WE ALREADY KNOW IS A RISK FACTOR AND WHAT'S LEFT.

IT CAN BE TRICKY AS WELL.

DO WE KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT THE IDEA OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND HOW THAT MIGHT TIE INTO THE PRESENCE OF CERTAIN TYPES OF CANCERS?

IT IS A FACTOR IN MANY DIFFERENT WAYS.

FOR EXAMPLE, PEOPLE WHO ARE IN A HIGHER SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS MAY HAVE MORE ACCESS TO SCREENING SO THEY CAN GET DIAGNOSED QUICKER WITH CANCER AND THEN GET TREATED.

PEOPLE OF LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, USUALLY THE KECANCER HA PROGRESSED, IN TERMS OF DIAGNOSING IT THE ECONOMIC STATUS CAN BE A FACTOR.

PEOPLE IN A LOWER ECONOMIC STATUS, IT MAY BE LIKELY TO HAVE OTHER HEALTH HABITS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF CANCER.

THE DIET MAY BE MORE POOR.

OBESITY MAY FACTOR IN TERMS OF CANCER DEVELOPMENT OR CERTAIN TYPES OF CANCER DEVELOPMENT.

PEOPLE OF LOWER SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS MAY BE MORE LIKELY TO SMOKE.

ALL THESE DIFFERENT FACTORS CAN PLAY A ROLE.

LET ME ASK YOU TO FOCUS ON THE INITIATIVE ANNOUNCED HERE.

HOW WILL THIS ALL PLAY OUT.

THE FIRST QUESTION IS HOW WILL THIS ALL PLAY OUT AND THE SECOND IS WHAT THEY MIGHT HOPE TO FIND FROM THIS.

LET'S FOCUS FIRST ON THE PROCESS.

HOW DO YOU SEE THIS TAKING PLACE?

I THINK THE FIRST THING THEY WILL DO IS TRY TO FIND OUT WHO ARE THE PEOPLE BEING DIAGNOSED WITH CANCER AND WHAT DO THEY HAVE IN COMMON?

INITIALLY, THEY WILL PROBABLY LOOK TO SEE WHAT ARE THE AGES FOR THESE FOLKS AND RISK FACTORS FOR THE CANCER THEY DEVELOP.

IF IT LOOKS LIKE THE INCIDENCE IS HIGHER THEY WILL SEE WHAT IS IN COMMON.

IF EVERYBODY HAS A SIMILAR JOB THERE MIGHT BE SOME TYPE OF WORKPLACE EXPOSURE.

IF PEOPLE TENDED TO CLUSTER IN OTHER COMMUNITIES FROM ONE AREA TO ANOTHER AND SEEM TO HAVE SOMETHING IN COMMON THAT WAY, THAT CAN ALSO POINT YOU IN A CERTAIN DIRECTION.

ONE OF THE CLASSIC CASES IS MALI MALIGNANT MISIO EPITHIELOMA, THEY LOOKED AT ASBESTOS AND WHAT COULD BE CONTRIBUTING AND THAT'S HOW AS SPEC STREETS TO WAS A CONTRIBUTING FACTOR.

ASBESTOS WAS A CONTRIBUTING FACTOR.

WE LIKE TO THINK WE CAN FIND ANSWERS CAST.

CLEARLY, THAT'S NOT SO.

WE'RE LOOKING FOR THAN WE USED TO AND STILL LIVING AND LEARNING.

IN THE PAST, THESE WE EXPECTED TO BE CANCER CLUSTERS EVENTUALLY MEDICAL SCIENCE WALKED AWAY AND SAID, WE JUST DON'T KNOW?

YES, THAT HAS HAPPENED.

SOMETIMES, MORE OFTEN THAN NOT, THERE ACTUALLY ISN'T A SPECIFIC FACTOR THAT CAUSED THE CANCER CLUSTER.

IT COULD BE FROM CHANCE.

IT'S WORTH INVESTIGATION IF THE PEOPLE IN THE COMMUNITY ARE CONCERNED ABOUT IT.

SOMETIMES YOU WILL SEE SOMETHING FOR EXAMPLE, AN AREA WITH HIGHER RADIATION, PEOPLE ARE MORE LIKELY TO DEVELOP CERTAIN CANCER SO LEUKEMIA IS ONE IN THAT CASE.

IT'S IMPORTANT TO MAKE SURE THERE IS NOTHING THAT COULD BE CONTRIBUTING TO PEOPLE DEVELOPING CANCER WE COULD CONTROL OR TREAT.

UNFORTUNATELY, WITH A LOT OF THESE SITUATIONS, IT IS SO COMPLICATED TO TRY TO FIGURE OUT WHAT COULD HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE CANCER YOU MIGHT NOT HAVE AN ANSWER IN THE END.

LAST QUESTION FOR YOU.

WE DESCRIBED THE INITIATIVE HEARINGS THAT WILL TAKE PLACE AND WHAT INVESTIGATORS WILL BE LOOKING FOR.

GENERALLY SPEAKING, WHAT WILL YOU ANTICIPATE THE NEXT STEP WOULD BE ONCE THEY HAVE ACCUMULATED THE DATA?

ONCE THEY ACCUMULATE THE DATA, THEY ARE GOING TO LOOK FOR PATTERNS TO SEE IF SOMETHING COULD BE A FACTOR HERE.

AFTER THAT, IT MAY TELL PEOPLE THEY HAVEN'T FOUND A PATTERN, HAVEN'T FOUND A SPECIFIC RISK FACTOR.

IT DOESN'T MEAN PEOPLE SHOULD COMPLETELY DISREGARD THE INFORMATION.

OBVIOUSLY, KEEP UP WITH A REGULAR SCREENING IF YOU LIVE IN THESE AREAS, BE COGNIZANT OF CERTAIN RISK FACTORS FOR CANCER.

IF MORE SEEM TO DEVELOP, BRING THAT ONCE AGAIN TO YOUR OFFICIALS SO THAT CAN BE LOOKED AT IN MORE DETAIL.

DOCTOR, I WANT TO THANK YOU FOR JOINING US, GIVING US A SENSE OF ALL THIS.

I CAN TELL BY YOUR CONVERSATION YOU MUST BE A MARVELOUS TEACH INFORMATION YOUR MED STUDENTS THERE.

YOU MADE IT CLEAR TO ALL OF US WHAT WE'RE LOOKING TO.

HOPEFULLY WE WILL GET YOU BACK AS IT CONTINUES.

THANK YOU FOR TAKING THE TIME TO TALK WITH US.

YOU BE WELL.

THANK YOU.

> GUN VIOLENCE, NOW BURNED ITSELF INTO THE FABRIC OF AMERICA IN THE WAKE OF AN EPIDEMIC OF MASS SHOOTINGS, UNFORTUNATELY BECOMING A SAD STAPLE OF AMERICAN LIFE, AS LAWMAKERS AND PROTESTERS AND THOSE DISCUSSING THE ISSUE AT THEIR KITCHEN TABLE ALL FAIL TO AGREE ON A SOLUTION TO STOP THE KILLING.

A TIMELY NEW PHOTO BOOK, 'SHOT 101 GUN VIOLENCE IN AMERICA' CHRONICLES THE PEOPLE WHOSE LIVES WERE CHANGED AT THE ENDS OF A GUN BARREL.

KATHY JOINS US, ALONG WITH KAREEM NELSON, ONE OF THE PEOPLE IN HER BOOK THE FOUNDER OF 'WHEEL CHAIRS AGAINST GUNS.'

KATHY, YOUR CAREER IS A CONFLUENCE OF DOCUMENTARY, PORTRAITURE, STREET PHOTOGRAPHY.

WHAT MADE YOU SAY THIS IS WHAT YOU WANTED TO DO?

I WAS ROBBED AT GUNPOINT YEARS AGO AT MY LOFT IN GREENWICH VILLAGE.

MY DAUGHTER WAS A TODDLER AT THE TIME.

I HAD A GUN POINTED IN MY FACE AND I KNOW WHAT NAT THAT FEELS TO HAVE SOMEONE CONTROL THE DESTINY OF YOU AND SOMEONE YOU LOVE.

I WAS A TEACHER IN NEW YORK CITY AND HAVE STUDENTS COMING IN WITH MEMORIAL CARDS AROUND THEIR NECKS, MAKING FOLK HEROES OF PEOPLE THAT PASS ON.

WHAT ABOUT PEOPLE THAT SURVIVE?

WHAT HAPPENS TO THEM?

THE FINAL THING WAS I FELT WHEN I STARTED THE PROJECT THE END OF 2013, WE AS A COUNTRY, HAD GROWN SO FAR APART, EVERYTHING WAS BLACK AND WHITE.

THERE WAS NO GRAY ON ANYTHING.

I THOUGHT IF I COULD PUT A FACE ONTO SURVIVORS AND ON THIS SUBJECT AND MAKE IT HUMAN RATHER THAN STATISTICS, WE COULD HAVE A DIALOGUE ABOUT WHO IS SHOT, WHICH IS REALLY PRETTY MUCH EVERYONE IN AMERICA.

THERE ARE MANY GUN OWNERS IN THIS PROJECT AND EVEN AN NRA MEMBER.

IT'S NOT MEANT TO BE POLITICAL.

IT'S NOT A PIECE OF POLITICAL ADVOCACY.

NOT AT ALL.

PUTTING A HUMAN FACE ON ITS.

SPEAKING OF HUMAN FACE, KAREEM, YOU'RE IN THE BOOK.

YOU ARE NOW AN ANTI-GUN VIOLENCE ADVOCATE.

YOU WORK IN A LOT OF INNER CITIES.

YOU ACTUALLY FOUND YOURSELF IN THIS WHEELCHAIR BECAUSE OF A SHOOTING WHEN YOU WERE ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE LAW.

I'VE BEEN ON BOTH SIDES OF THE GUN.

I WAS SHOT ON FATHER'S DAY, 1995 IN BALTIMORE, MARYLAND.

I THOUGHT IT TO BE NORMAL.

A LOT OF MY PEERS LIVED THE SAME LIVES AND THOUGHT IT WAS NORMAL.

IT WAS A BEAUTIFUL THING TO BRING ME, SOMEONE OF THE STREET TO THE BOOK.

KATHY IS NOT WHERE I'M FROM AND I'M NOT WHERE SHE'S FROM.

MY PAST LIFE, I PROBABLY WOULD HAVE BEEN THE GENTLEMAN WHO PROBABLY WOULD HAVE HAD THE GUN ON HIM.

NOW, IT WAS A BEAUTIFUL THING WE COULD COME TOGETHER.

ONE OF THE THINGS I'VE SEEN YOU TALK ABOUT, THE DISCOVERY YOU MADE PUTTING THIS PROCESS TOGETHER, THE INCIDENTS, THE EXTENT OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

UH-HUH.

TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU'VE FOUND AND HOW IT'S REFLECTED IN THE BOOK.

> COULD NEVER PICK ONE STORY OUT OF ALL OF THEM, BUT THE ONE ISSUE THAT DID MOVE ME WAS DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IS ALWAYS MEANT TO KILL THE PERSON ON THE END OF THE GUN.

IT'S NOT MEANT TO SCARE THEM.

PEOPLE WHO SURVIVE WERE SHOT IN THE FACE OR TORSO.

KILL SHOTS?

EXACTLY.

KAREEM, WHAT DO YOU SAY TO THE YOUNG PEOPLE, INNER CITY, S SOME OF WHOM WHEN YOU START TO TELL THE STORY, I SUSPECT WOULD SAY HE WAS LIVING A COOL LIFE TO START WITH.

WE ARE GROWING UP IN A CULTURE WE CONSTANTLY DON'T KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT.

CONSTANTLY DEFENDING OUR HONOR PERPETUATING VIOLENCE AND DON'T KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FEAR AND RESPECT.

WHEN THEY'RE SEEKING RESPECT THEY'RE SEEKING TO MAKE YOUR FEAR.

THE ONLY THING THEY CAN DO IN THEIR IMMEDIATE ENVIRONMENTS TO HAVE COMFORTABLE LIVES AND WALK AROUND COMFORTABLE, ACT OUT OF VIOLENCE.

THEY SAY WHERE PEOPLE THINK THERE'S LESS SUCCESS FOR THEM OR OTHER MEANS THAT THEY CAN'T ATTAIN RICHES, THERE WILL BE VIOLENCE.

MY ORGANIZATION HARPS ON THREE THINGS MOST OF THE PEOPLE IN MY ORGANIZATION WAS MISSING AS CHILDREN.

CONFLICT RESOLUTION WAS OUT THE WINDOW, THIS IS WHY I'M IN THE WHEELCHAIR.

MY CRITICAL THINKING WAS SHOT, WHY I'M IN A WHEELCHAIR AND OPERATING ON A VERY LOW SELF-ESTEEM WHEN I THOUGHT I WAS OF HIGH SELF-ESTEEM BUT THE ACTS ARE LOW SELF-ESTEEM.

WE HAVE TO PUT IN OUR CHILDREN MODELS OF EVOLUTION AND CRITICAL THINKING.

I WANT PEOPLE TO GO TO THIS AND SEE IT.

IS THERE SORT OF AN OVERARCHING MESSAGE YOU THINK PEOPLE SHOULD TAKE FROM THIS?

I THINK WE SHOULD TALK ABOUT THIS AS SOMETHING THAT AFFECTS EVERYONE.

THERE ARE WAYS TO COMMUNICATE.

UNFORTUNATELY THE DIALOGUE IS CONTROLLED BY AN ORGANIZATION THAT HAS TAKEN THE PEOPLE OUTSIDE OF THE EQUATION.

THERE'S 5 MILLION MEMBERS OF THE NRA AND THERE'S 325 MILLION AMERICANS.

THE DIALOGUE NEEDS TO BE BROADENED.

I FEEL THAT GUN VIOLENCE ISSUES CAN BE ADDRESSED BY PEOPLE WHO ARE RESPONSIBLE GUN OWNERS, THEY ARE THE KEY TO THIS ISSUE.

WE'VE LEFT THEM OUTSIDE OF THE DIALOGUE.

THEY'RE NEVER ASKED ABOUT THINGS.

THE NRA SPEAKS FOR EVERYONE AND THEY REALLY DON'T.

I THINK IT WOULD BE -- WHAT I WANT FROM THE BOOK IS FOR PEOPLE 0 TO START SEEING HOW MUCH WE HAVE IN COMMON OPPOSED TO HOW MUCH WE HAVE THAT IS DIFFERENT.

IT'S A MARVELOUS LOOK AT THE LIVES OF SO MANY PEOPLE.

A VERY PROVOCATIVE LOOK AT SO MANY PEOPLE AND THEIR THOUGHTS AND MESSAGES.

THANK YOU FOR THAT, KAREEM.

THANK YOU FOR SHARING, YOU, AS YOU SAID, YOU HAVE TURNED A LIFE AROUND AND IN MANY WAYS YOU'VE BEEN VERY HELPFUL TEACHING YOUNG PEOPLE ESPECIALLY IN THE INNER CITY HOW, AS YOU SAID, WE NEED TO FIND OTHER OPTIONS TO GUN VIOLENCE.

WE APPRECIATE YOU BOTH SPENDING TIME WITH US.

THANK YOU.

THANK YOU.

GREAT WORK, YOU BE WELL.

> MUSIC, ITS BEAUTY IS ENHANCED BY THE BEAUTY IT BRINGS TO NOT ONLY THE EAR BUT ALSO THE MIND.

FOR THOSE IN POOR AND UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES THE HARMONY PROGRAM HAS BEEN TEACHING THOSE THROUGHOUT THE TRI-STATE WITH MUSIC FOR OVER A DECADE.

THE FREE MUSIC PROGRAM HAS EXPANDED THE MINDS OF CHILDREN THROUGH THE AGES OF 8 THROUGH 13.

AS PART OF OUR ONGOING CHASING THE DREAM INITIATIVE ON POVERTY AND OPPORTUNITY IN AMERICA, IT IS ONE THAT IS UNHERALDED UNLOCKING THE FUTURE ONE AT A TIME.

WITH US IS THE DIRECTOR AT FITZGIBBON AND TWO OF THE TALENTED STUDENTS IN THE PROGRAM.

IT'S NICE TO HAVE ALL OF YOU HERE WITH US.

THANK YOU FOR JOINING US.

YOU BROUGHT YOUR INSTRUMENT.

BOTH OF YOU TAUGHT ME SOMETHING ALREADY ABOUT INSTRUMENTS WE'LL TALK ABOUT IN A FEW MOMENTS.

ANN, LET ME START WITH YOU.

EXPLAIN THE HARMONY PROGRAM.

SURE.

THE HARMONY PROGRAM PROVIDERS INTENSIVE MUSICAL TRAINING IN UNDERSERVED COMMUNITIES ACROSS LONG SIDELINE.

OUR GOAL IS TO USE THE STUDY AND PERFORMANCE IN MUSIC TO DEVELOP SKILLS THAT WILL SUPPORT ECOXH ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND SKILLS AS WELL.

I'LL TALK TO THE STUDENTS.

WHY DID YOU WANT TO GET INVOLVED WITH THIS PROGRAM?

I WANTED TO GET INVOLVED WITH THE VIOLIN BECAUSE THE VIOLIN HAS ITS OWN KIND OF SOUND.

I REMEMBER IT, LIKE ACTUALLY STARTING TO PLAY IT IN MY SCHOOL, I BELIEVE.

I REMEMBER JUST TOUCHING THE VIOLIN AND LEARNING HOW TO PLAY IT AND I FELL IN LOVE WITH IT.

SORT OF MAGICAL FOR YOU WHEN YOU FIRST TOUCHED IT?

YES.

MATHIAS, WHY DID YOU WANT TO GET STARTED?

YOU HAVE THE VIOLA THERE.

I WAS INSPIRED BECAUSE IT HAD EMOTION AND FEELING, HAD A SENSE OF PASSION.

HAD YOU EVER PLAYED ANY INSTRUMENTS BEFORE YOU GOT STARTED IN THE PROGRAM?

NO.

NOT AT ALL.

WHAT THEN GOT YOU TO THE VIOLA?

WHAT HAD GOT ME WAS SOMETHING, BECAUSE WHEN I WAS YOUNG, I HAD --

WHEN YOU WERE YOUNG.

YOU'RE STILL A LITTLE BIT YOUNG, RIGHT?

THAT'S OKAY.

WHEN I WAS YOUNGER, I LISTENED TO MUSIC LIKE BEETHOVEN.

I USUALLY LISTENED TO MUSIC AND TURNED ON MY RADIO AND ASKED, WHAT IS THAT NOISE?

THEN THEY SAW ME LISTENING TO IT.

YOU BECAME INTERESTED IN MAKING THAT NOISE, HUH?

YEP.

I MENTIONED YOU TWO TAUGHT ME SOMETHING BEFORE.

I ASKED YOU VIOLIN AND VIOLA.

I SAID, WHAT WAS THE DIFFERENCE.

TELL ME WHAT YOU TAUGHT ME.

THE DIFFERENCE ABOUT THE VY LINE, IT IS -- -- THE VIOLIN, WE CALL IT AN OCTAVE HIGHER AND OCTAVE LOWER.

THE VIOLIN IS AN OCTAVE HIGHER AND MAKES A HIGHER SOUND, UNLIKE THE VIOLA.

LIKE THE VIOLA IS THE LITTLE BIG BROTHER AND I'M THE LITTLE SISTER.

YOU'RE THE LITTLE ONE AND VIOLA IS THE BIGGER BROTHER.

YOU WERE TELLING ME, MATHIAS, WHAT'S THE NEXT ONE OR OLDEST LARGEST SIBLING?

THE SECOND LARGEST INSTRUMENT OF THE VIOLA IS IT HAS A LOWER STRING NAMED A C STRING, COMPARED TO THE VIOLIN, ITS STRING IS VERY HIGH AND ONE IS VERY LOW.

LET ME TALK ABOUT WHAT YOU GET OUT OF THIS.

WHY IS IT AND JASMINE, I'LL START WITH YOU.

YOU OBVIOUSLY LEARNED TO PLAY AN INSTRUMENT YOU HAD AN INTEREST IN BEFORE.

WHAT ELSE DO YOU GET OUT OF IT?

I GET -- WHAT I GET ABOUT IT, IS THAT IT COULD HELP YOU WITH OTHER STUFF, FOR EXAMPLE YOUR ACADEMICS.

IT HAS HELPED ME WITH MY SCHOOL WORK.

I THINK THAT IS REALLY POWERFUL ABOUT THE INSTRUMENT.

MATHIAS, IF ONE OF YOUR FRIENDS SAID, I SEE THAT YOU PLAY THIS THING.

IS IT FUN?

AND DOES IT HELP YOU?

HOW WOULD YOU ANSWER YOUR FRIEND?

I WOULD ANSWER, YES, BECAUSE EVERY SINGLE MINUTE AND DAY, I THINK ABOUT THIS MUSIC.

I'M LIKE, I HOPE THIS WORKS OUT AND WANT TO KEEP THIS IN MY HEAD THE REST OF MY LIFE.

THESE ARE MARVELOUS YOUNG PEOPLE AND MARVELOUS STUDENTS.

I THINK A GOOD ILLUSTRATION OF WHAT YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT.

LET ME COME BACK TO SOMETHING YOU MENTIONED INITIALLY, THE BASIS FOR THIS.

TALK ABOUT WHAT IT CAN DO FOR STUDENTS, NOT JUST IN THE CLASSROOM BUT ALSO OUTSIDE THE CLASSROOM.

WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY THAT?

I THINK WHAT MUSIC DOES MOST IMPORTANT IS IT HELPS CHILDREN TO DEVELOP THE ABILITY TO TAKE ON CHALLENGES AND OVERCOME THEM.

WHEN THEY'RE FACED WITH A NEW PIECE OF MUSIC, THEY HAVE TO BREAK DOWN THIS DAUNTING LINE OF MUSIC MEASURE BY MEASURE AND LINE BY LINE AND THEY HAVE TO PRACTICE AND THEY LEARN IF THEY PRACTICE, THEY WILL SUCCEED.

IT'S THAT DISCIPLINE AND TENACITY THEY CAN BRING TO CLASSROOMS AND ANY OF LIFE'S CHALLENGES.

DO SI, YOU AND I TALKED ABOUT THIS THE VERY BEGINNING, WE HAVE SEEN SADLY WHEN SCHOOLS AND SCHOOL SYSTEMS ARE FACED WITH A FINANCIAL CRUNCH, ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS TO GO AWAY WILL BE THE ARTS.

DO YOU GET A SENSE, THAT'S WHAT WE WILL CONTINUE TO SEE, ABSENCE OF THESE PROGRAMS AND HOW DO WE FILL THE GAPS?

I THINK WE HAVE TO SPEAK UP.

CONTINUE TO MODEL AND SHOW THE WORLD WHAT YOUNG PEOPLE CAN DO IF WE GIVE THEM OPPORTUNITIES AND SETS HIGH EXPECTATIONS.

WHEN WE SHOW OUR KIDS OFF, WE ARE THE BEST AMBASSADORS.

> WAS GOING TO SAY, IF YOU HAVE ANY DOUBT ABOUT THE HARMONY PROGRAM, SPENDS TWO MINUTES WITH THE STUDENTS AND YOU WILL SAY IT'S WORTH IT.

THANK YOU FOR SPENDING TIME AND GOOD LUCK TO BOTH OF YOU.

YOU ALL BE WELL.

THANK YOU.

> NEW YORK CITY'S BELOVED HIGH LINE HAS HOSTED TENS OF MILLIONS OF VISITORS SINCE ITS DEBUT.

THE 1.9 ELEVATED PATHWAY IS ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS RAIL TRAILS, RAILWAY CORRIDORS NOW RECREATIONAL BIKE AND PEDESTRIAN TRAILS.

IN NEW YORK ALONE, THERE ARE OVER 100 MILES OF THESE RAIL TRAILS.

A NEW DOCUMENTARY ACROSS THE STATE FROM POUGHKEEPSIE'S WALK OVER THE HUDSON AND THE QUEENS, TELLING THE STORY OF THE GROWING TRAIL MOVEMENT.

HERE'S A SNEAK PEEK AT TREASURES OF NEW YORK, 'RAILS TO TRAILS.'

IT'S TYPICAL DAY ON NEW YORK CITY'S FIRST ELEVATED RAIL TRAIL, THE SPECTACULAR HIGH LINE.

SPANNING A MILE AND A HALF TO WEST 34th STREET ALONG MANHATTAN'S WEST 34th SIDE, THE HIGHLINE HAS BECOME A GREEN ALTERNATIVE FROM GETTING FROM HERE TO THE BIG CITY.

I WAS REALLY EXPERIENCED THE WALK ON THE LINE AND THEY EXPERIENCED THE CITY.

IN SOME WAYS THE HIGHLINE IS LIKE A UNIFORMED WORK OF ART.

ANDY IS THE DIRECTOR OF THE TRUST FOR PUBLIC LANDS.

18THE URBAN PARKS MOVEMENT I THE 20th CENTURY IS TO STRESS THE PARKS ARE MUCH MORE THAN PLACE TO RELAX AND PLAY.

PARKS ARE A RARE PLACE PEOPLE COME TOGETHER, EXPERIENCE COMMUNITY.

PERCHED 33 FEET ABOVE THE STREETS OF MANHATTAN, THIS AERIAL GREENWAY REPLACES THE NEW YORK CENTRAL WEST SIDELINE THAT ONCE UNLOADED FREIGHT ALONG THE HUDSON RIVER.

THIS NOW LUSH PARK SEAMLESSLY MARRIES IT WITH ELEMENTS OF ITS PAST.

> LIKE TO HIGHLIGHT IT BECAUSE IT'S SO UNUSUAL.

I THINK OF IT AS A LITTLE BIT OF EVERYTHING.

ELEMENTS OF BRIDGE BECAUSE IT'S ELEVATED AND HAS ELEMENTS OF A TUNNEL BECAUSE IT GOES THROUGH SOME BUILDINGS.

EVEN THOUGH IT'S ELEVATED, IT STILL FEELS SOMEWHAT PERSONAL.

IN ANOTHER PART OF THE CITY, RESIDENTS HOPE THEY WILL SOON BE WALKING ALONG THEIR OWN VERSION OF THE HIGHLINE, A MULTI-USE 3 1/2 MILE PART ALONG A FORMER LONG ISLAND RAILROAD LINE TO BE THE QUEENS WAY.

THE QUEENS WAY IS WHAT I REFER TO AS THE PEOPLE'S HIGHWAY.

MANY VIEW IT AS POTENTIAL TRACKS FOR IMPROVING THEIR NEIGHBORHOOD.

IF WE CAN IMPROVE AFFLUENT NEIGHBORHOODS LIKE CHELSEA AND OTHERS WHY CAN'T WE DO IT AT RICHMOND PARK?

WE SAW IT AS A GREAT RAIL PROJECT AT A TIME PEOPLE ARE BECOMING AWARE, THANKS TO THE HIGHLINE, THAT THIS KIND OF TRANSFORMATION IS POSSIBLE.

FOR MORE INFORMATION VISIT US AT METROFOCUS.ORG.

> BEFORE WE LET YOU GO TONIGHT, LET ME TELL YOU ABOUT A WONDERFUL EXTENSION TO 'METROFOCUS.'

OUR NEW TWICE WEEKLY PODCAST WITH ME AS YOUR HOST.

ON IT, WE'LL GET TO EXPLORE IN-DEPTH CONVERSATIONS THAT ARE A LITTLE LESS FILTERED THAN THEY ARE ON TELEVISION AND A LOT MORE INTIMATE.

ON THE PODCAST, I'LL TALK TO AN ENTIRELY DIFFERENT SET OF GUESTS WITH AN ENTIRELY DIFFERENT ATTITUDE.

THE COST OF JOINING THIS PODCAST COMPLETE WITH NEW YORKERS FROM CITY HALL TO BROADWAY, ABSOLUTELY FREE.

HEAD OVER TO iTUNES OR SOUNDCLOUD TO JOIN THE ECLECTIC MIX OF PERSONALITIES AS WE EXPLORE OUR CITY WITH THE UNIQUE 'METROFOCUS.'

FRESH NEW CONTENT EVERY TUESDAY AND THURSDAY.

I I'LL SEE YOU THERE.

> 'METROFOCUS' IS MADE POSSIBLE BY JAMES AND MERRYL TISCH, SUE AND EDGAR BACK ENJOYHEIM THE THIRD, ROSALIND P.

WALTER.

ZUCKERBERG, AND BY --

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

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