TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS

Is there a conflict of interest in the investigation of the Eric Schneiderman scandal? Manhattan District Attorney Cy Vance, Jr. is reportedly unhappy with Governor Andrew Cuomo’s decision to not let him investigate the allegations against the former Attorney General. We have the latest.Forests in New York City are not only surviving, but are actually thriving! Find out how.The Gateway Project, the effort to replace the rail and tunnel system connecting Manhattan with New Jersey, missed an important environmental review deadline. What does this mean for the proposed tunnel? We have the details.We take a look back at the Vietnam War, Agent Orange, and its impact 50 years after the Tet Offensive.

Aired on May 09, 2018.

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS, THE AFTERMATH OF THE SCHNEIDERMAN SCANDAL, CONFLICT OF INTEREST, MANHATTAN DISTRICT ATTORNEY CY VANCE UNHAPPY WITH GOVERNOR KUEHL'S DECISION NOT TO LET HIM INVESTIGATE.

WE HAVE THE LATEST.

FORESTS IN NEW YORK CITY NOT ONLY SURVIVING BY THRIVING.

THE GATEWAY TUNNEL PROJECT MISSES A DEADLINE.

WE HAVE THE DETAILS.

THOSE STORIES AND MORE AS METROFOCUS STARTS RIGHT NOW.

ANNOUNCER: THIS IS METROFOCUS, WITH RAFAEL PI RAMAN, JACK FORD AND JENNA FLANAGAN.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY -- CORPORATE FUNDING FOR METROFOCUS WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY PSE&G, SERVING CUSTOMERS, STRENGTHENING THE BUSINESS COMMUNE AND INVESTING IN THE FUTURE.

> GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO METROFOCUS.

I'M JENNA FLANAGAN.

NEW DETAILS TONIGHT ABOUT THE SCANDAL SURROUNDING NOW FORMER ATTORNEY GENERAL ERIC SCHNEIDERMAN.

A FIFTH WOMAN DESCRIBES WHAT HE CALLS A DISTURBING FIRST AND LAST DATE THAT INVOLVED LOTS OF DRINKING AND AGGRESSIVE I HAVE BEHAVIOR PROCESS.

THIS AS GOVERNOR CUOMO APPOINTS MADELINE SING AS AS THE PROSECUTOR ON THE INVESTIGATION THAT THE NOW DISGRACED ATTORNEY GENERAL ASSAULTED FOUR WOMEN.

TAKING IT AWAY FROM CY VANCE WHO WAS NONE TAO HAPPY WITH THE DECISION AND CRIES OF POLITICLY MOTIVATION.

BUT IS THERE A LEGAL CASE ERIC SCHNEIDERMAN?

SHOULD WE QUESTION THE TIMING OF THE ALLEGATIONS?

AND HOW WILL THIS HE SAID/SHE SAID PLAY OUT IN A COURT OF LAW?

HERE TO BREAK DOWN THE COMPLICATED CASE IS FORMER SEX CRIMES PROSECUTOR WENDY MURPHY.

WENDY, WELCOME TO THE PROGRAM.

GOOD TO BE WITH YOU, JENNA.

FIRST, I WANT TO TALK ABOUT THIS JURISDICTION OF THE CASE.

IS THERE REALLY A PRESS DEN FOR CY VANCE TO BE SO UPSET.

NO, NO, NO.

THIS IS A PERFECT CASE FOR A SPECIAL PROSECUTOR TO BECOME INVOLVED FOR A LOT OF REASONS, INCLUDING THAT SCHNEIDERMAN WAS INVOLVED IN CHALLENGING CY VANCE'S DECISION NOT TO GO AFTER HARVEY WEINSTEIN AND EVEN THAT ALONE WOULD BE GROUNDS ENOUGH TO OF SOMEONE ENTIRELY INDEPENDENT TAKE OVER.

BUT THIS REALLY ISN'T A REGIONAL PROSECUTORIAL CASE RUN OF THE MILL SEND IT TO THE D.A. CASE.

THIS IS THE CHIEF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER FOR THE STATE OF NEW YORK FACING EXTREMELY SERIOUS ALLEGATIONS.

IT SHOULD BE HANDLED BY SOMEONE ABOVE THE FRAY AND ABOVE ALL POSITIONS OF POWER WITH REGARD TO LAW ENFORCEMENT IN NEW YORK AND IT'S THE RIGHT THING TO DO.

THE SPECIAL PROSECUTOR IS THE ONLY OPTION.

SO TURNING NOW OF COURSE TO WHAT MAY BE HAPPENING WITH CHARGES BEING FILED, ET CETERA, FIRST OF ALL, IS THERE SOMETHING TO BE SAID ABOUT QUESTIONING THE TIMING OF THIS ARTICLE COMING OUT?

ERIC SCHNEIDERMAN, AS WE KNOW HAD BEEN VERY INVOLVED IN SUBPOENAS AND SUING THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION, ET CETERA.

FOR A LOT OF PEOPLE IT SEEMS ODD THAT NOW THIS ARTICLE COMES OUT.

WE'D ALL LIKE TO TALK TO RONAN FARROW ABOUT TIMING, AND WHO SPARKED WHOM TO MAKE THE FIRST CALL.

UM-HUM.

WAS IT POLITICALLY MOTIVATED?

IT'S A FAIR QUESTION.

ON THE OTHER HAND -- THERE IS NO DOUBT ABOUT IT THAT SCHNEIDERMAN GOING AFTER TRUMP RAISED A LOT OF POLITICAL HACKLES FOR PEOPLE.

BUT SCHNEIDERMAN GONE DOESN'T MEAN THE ENTIRE NEW YORK ATTORNEY GENERAL'S OFFICE IS NOW NOT GOING TO HAVE A ROLE TO PLAY WITH REGARD TO TRUMP OR ANYTHING ELSE THAT'S ALREADY BEEN GOING ON.

SO I THINK IT'S A LITTLE BIT NAIVE THINKING THAT GETTING RID OF SCHNEIDERMAN MEANS THAT ANYTHING THAT MAY HAVE BEEN POLITICALLY MOTIVATED IS SOMEHOW NOW NOT GOING TO CONTINUE.

THAT'S WHERE -- THAT'S WHERE I THINK THE ISSUE ALMOST DOESN'T MATTER.

IT'S IMPORTANT TO ASK THE QUESTIONS, WAS THIS POLITICALLY MOTIVATED?

BUT AT THE END OF THE DAY IT MIGHT NOT MATTER.

AND THAT IS EXACTLY SOME OF THE PUSHBACK I WAS SEEING AT LEAST ON SOCIAL MEDIA THAT SCHNEIDERMAN IS NOT THE OFFICE.

THEY ARE NOT ONE IN THE SAME IF HE IS GONE THE OFFICE CONTINUES.

BUT MOVING TOWARDS THE ACCUSERS, NOW WHAT WE READ IN THE ARTICLE -- IT WAS SOLID REPORTING ON THE PART OF THE NEW YORKER.

AND THE STORIES WERE VERIFIED.

BUT DO THEY STAND UP IN A COURT OF LAW.

THAT'S ALWAYS A JURY QUESTION, ISN'T IT.

SOME JURORS MIGHT SAY THEY BELIEVE THE WOMEN.

SOME MIGHT SAY THEY DON'T.

BUT THAT'S WHY WE HAVE JURIES.

YOU GIVE THE JURY THE OPTION OF BELIEVING BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT OR NOT.

PARTICULARLY WITH CRIMINAL CHARGES.

THE WORD OF A WOMAN IS O ONE WOMAN IS ALWAYS SUFFICIENT TO BRING A CRIMINAL CHARGE.

THE DECISION ABOUT CREDIBILITY IS SOMETIMES VETTED BY THE PROSECUTOR IN ADVANCE.

BUT MOST OF THE TIME THE RESPONSIBLE PROSECUTOR WILL SAY THIS IS A RESPONSIBLE CITIZEN WHO REPORTED A CRIME.

THIS PERSON SHOULD HAVE THEIR DAY IN COURT AND LET A JURY FIGURE IT OUT.

IN TERMS OF THE CHARGES, I THINK THAT'S AN INTERESTING QUESTION IS NOW WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT WHAT THE WOMEN HAVE SAID, STUMG THEY'RE TELLING THE TRUTH, WHAT CHARGES COULD WE SEE?

AND UNFORTUNATELY -- I'VE SAID THIS SO MANY OTHER OCCASIONS BUT NEW YORK LAW STINKS WITH VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

IT'S BAD.

IT'S INCREDIBLERY DIFFICULT TO PROVE RAPE AND WE DON'T HAVE THE CHARGES HERE.

BUT THAT'S AN EXAMPLE WHY NEW YORK NEEDS TO GET ITS ACT TOGETHER AND REFORM THE LAWS PERTAINING TO VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN.

BUT IN TERMS OF JUST THE FACTS REPORTED IN THE NEW YORKER STORY I THINK WE HAVE SOME HOPE OF SEEING A CRIMINAL CHARGE FOR WHAT WE -- WE SHOULD BE CALLING STRANGULATION.

THERE WERE A COUPLE OF ALLEGATIONS OF STRANGULATION.

UNDER NEW YORK LAW THEY CALL IT RESTRAINING BREATH OR SOME OTHER YOU'VE MISTIC WAY.

THAT WAS A LAW THAT SCHNEIDERMAN HIMSELF DRAFTED OR AT LEAST PUSHED THROUGH THE LEGISLATURE.

Y HE HE DID IN 2010.

I'M NOT SURE I WOULD CALL IT IRONIC SO MUCH AS STRATEGIC.

WHEN A GUY IS DOING BAD THINGS BEHIND CLOSED DOORS WHAT BETTER DEFENSE AGAINST EVER BEING HELD ACCOUNTABLE THAN TO ATTACH YOURSELF TO THE CAUSE OF PROTECTING WOMEN?

IT'S JUST SO TYPICAL.

MEN BEHAVING BADLY PUTTING UP A FALSE FRONT TO INSULATE THEMSELVES.

BECAUSE, LOOK I'M SURE THE WOMEN WERE THINKING NOT ONLY IS HE THE CHIEF LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER IN NEW YORK, HE HAS BEEN THE NAME AND THES FACE OF ALL THE ANTI-VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN NISH HE WAS?

WHO IS BELIEVING ME?

AND IF THEY DO WILL THEY WANT TO TAKE HIM DOWN GIVEN HE IS DOING SO MUCH GOOD FOR WOMEN AS A CLASS.

THAT'S WHY I FIND IT NOT ONLY IRONIC BUT PROBABLY STRATEGIC AND DESPICABLE AT THAT.

THERE IS A LOT INVOLVED, THE REACTION WITH THE STORY I THINK HAS GARNERED A LOT OF EMOTION.

AND THAT'S A VALID ONE YOU BROUGHT UP.

I WANT TO THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON THE PROGRAM AND GIVING US SOME CLARITY INTO WHAT EXACTLY STANDS IN COURT OF LAW AND WHAT OF COURSE WILL BE PUBLIC OPINION THAT WE'LL HAVE TO WRESTLE WITH.

YOU'RE WELCOME.

THANK YOU.

> I'M DOUGLAS FORD FOR METROFOCUS.

WHEN YOU THINK OF THE NEW YORK YOU MIGHT THINK OF THE COMMUTE OR THE SKY LINE BUT IT'S MORE TO NEW YORK CITY THAN BROIKS AND CONCRETE.

WE ARE SURROUNDED BY 10,000 ACRES OF FOREST LAND, MORE THAN 10 TIMES THE SIZE OF CENTRAL PARK.

AS AN ADDED BONUS MOST OF THE LAND IS OWNED BY THE CITY.

CONSERVATIONISTS SAY THE FOREST IS IN BETTER HEALTH THAN THOUGHT.

AND THAT COULD CHANGE.

AS PART OF THE MULTIPLATFORM MULTIPERIL INITIATIVE WHICH EXPLORES THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE WE LOOK AT AFFECT AND OUR AREA AND THE CONSERVATIONISTS FIGHTING FOR THE FUTURE OF THE FOREST.

MORE THAN 500 TREES WERE LOST IN HURRICANE SANDY, TREES LIKE 100 YEARS OLD.

THE THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE A AREN'T HAPPENING HERE IN NEW YORK CITY AND RESHAPING THE FORESTS.

IT'S A HUGE PART OF OUR EFFORT, THE STORM THAT I MENTIONED HURRICANE SANDY, YOU SEE MORE AND MORE OF THOSE, QUICK, DEVASTATING STORMS AND THE IMPACT IS TREMENDOUS ESPECIALLY IN THE WOODLANDS.

WHAT HAPPENS IS WE LOSE SEVERAL MATURE TREES, OPENING UP THE CANOPY.

ALLOWS FOR INVASIVE SPECIES TO TAKE OVER.

IT'S A CONSTANT PROCESS OF REBUILDING RESTORING, REJUF NATION.

WE ARE ACTIVELY EVERY DAY LOOKING TO BOLSTER THE FOREST DEAL WITH THE IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE.

IT'S A BIG PASTOR WORK THE LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES GROUP IS DEALING WITH.

CONSERVATIONIST SOUND THE ALARM CLIMATE CHANGE IS HERE AND COMBATTING THE EFFECTS IS A PRIORITY.

THAT'S THE BAD NEWS.

GOOD NEWS, THE CITY PARKS ARE IN EXCELLENT SHAPE NOW BUT THAT COULD CHANGE.

SO IN SOME WAYS WE'RE A SITUATION SIMILAR TO SUBWAYS TWO DECADES AGO WHEN THINGS RAN ON TIME.

AND PERHAPS IF WE MADE MORE OF AN INVESTMENT THEN WE WOULD HAVE BEEN A ABLE TO BY PASS SOME OF THE CHALLENGES HAPPENING NOW.

WE ARE HOPING INVESTMENT IN FORESTS TODAY HELP US MAINTAIN GOOD HEALTH

CONSERVATIONISTS ARE UNDER YOU CAN SOUNDING THE ALARM.

THE PRIORITY HAS TO BE COMBATTING CLIMATE CHANGE.

THE GOOD NEWS THE CITY PARKS ARE IN EXCELLENT SHAPE NOW BUT THAT COULD CHANGE.

NEW YORK CITY SITS RIGHT AT THE INTERSECTION OF THE MID-ATLANTIC AND NEW ENGLAND.

AND WE'RE EXPERIENCING THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE HERE MORE QUICKLY THAN SOME OF OUR SURROUNDING AREAS.

WE'RE VERY INTERESTED IN THINKING ABOUT HOW -- WHAT GROWS HERE WILL SHIFT OVER TIME AND WE'VE BEEN DOING A PROJECT LOOKING AT THE TREES AND SHRUBS THAT SURVIVE IN NEW YORK CITY AND WHAT'S LIKELY TO SURVIVE IN THE NEXT 50 TO 100 YEARS.

AND SHIFTING SOME OF WHAT GETS PLANTED

CERTAIN PLANT SPECIES ARE PREDICTED TO DO WELL OR HOLD THEIR OWN.

OTHERS ARE PREDICTED NOT DO WELL.

FOR EXAMPLE, SUGAR MAPLE IS PREDICTED TO NOT DO WELL AS CLIMATE CHANGE CONTINUES THE WAY IT'S GOING.

AND WE THINK THAT THE NATURAL RANGE OF THIS TREE IS GOING TO RECEDE NORTH.

MOST OF THE OAK AND HICKORY SPECIES ARE PREDICTED TO HANDLE IT WELL.

THAT INFORMATION CAME FROM A STUDY FROM THE NATURAL AREA CONSERVECY AND NEW YORK CITY PARKS DEPARTMENT AND PART OF A LARGER PLAN TO HARDEN THE CITY FOREST AND PARKLAND AGAINST THE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE.

IT'S DUBBED THE FOREST MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK FOR NEW YORK CITY.

THE REPORT SAYS $385 MILLION WILL BE NEEDED OVER THE NEXT 25 YEARS TO KEEP THE FOREST IN GOOD HEALTH.

. FOR BRESKT ALBANY PROOFED NEARLY $1.0 BILLION TO FIX THE SUBWAYS IN ONE YEAR.

I CAN'T UNDERESTIMATE THE NEED FOR PAID STAFF.

WORKING WITH PAID STAFF WHO CAN PUT IN FULL WORKDAYS AND CAN REALLY LOG AND MAINTAIN KIND OF RECORDS OF HOW SITES ARE CHANGING OVER TIME IS EXTREMELY CRUCIAL.

THE PARK ALLIANCE IN BROOKLYN AND THE FOREST PARK TRUST IN QUEENS ARE TWO OF DOZENS OF NON-PLOFT BROSTING HELPING TO MAINTAIN THE PARKS AND FORESTS, ALSO THE FIRST TO BEGIN ON WORK ON MORE DETAILED DATA COLLECTION THROUGH THE PROGRAM.

WE'RE EXCITED ABOUT THAT AND WE'LL BE ABLE TO UTILIZE SOME OF THE LONG-TERM DATA THAT HAS BEEN COLLECTED REGARDING FORESTRY MANAGEMENT IN NEW YORK CITY.

AND THIS WILL REALLY BETTER ENABLE US TO INTEGRATE WITH KIND OF NEW YORK CITYWIDE MANAGEMENT PLAN OF FOREST RESTORATION, INVASIVE REMOVAL, DEALING WITH GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE, ET CETERA.

REMOVAL OF INVASIVE PLANTS IS MENTIONED QUIT A BIT.

THAT'S BECAUSE IT'S A CRITICAL PART OF KEEPING THE FOREST HEALTHY.

BECAUSE IN NATURE IT'S LIFE AND DEATH AND INVASIVE PLANTS ARE BETTER THAN OTHERS AS INCREASING CHANCE FOR SURVIVAL.

IT GROWS QUICKLY.

IT STARTS COMING UP BEFORE OTHER PLANTS COME UP AND SHADES THEM OUT.

IN THE GUYS OF GARLIC MUSTARD AND CERTAIN ONES IT CAN A PATHIC WHERE IT'S POISONING THE GROUND AROUND IT TO KEEP OTHER PLANTS AWAY.

AND YOU KNOW WHAT YOU GET IS LEFT UNCHECKED YOU'LL GET A FIELD OF GARLIC MUSTARD WHICH YOU KNOW WILL OUTCOMPETE, YOU KNOW, DOZENS OF SPECIES OF NATIVE PLANTS.

THE WORK TO MAINTAIN THE FOREST IS ALSO FOR NEW YORKERS QUALITY OF LIFE.

THE TREES AND PARKS PROVIDE THE CITY WITH FRESH HAIR AND KEEP TEMPERATURES LOWER IN THE SWELTERRING HEAT.

BUT IT'S ALSO A PLACE OF FRUM.

HALF OF THOSE SURVEY SURVEYED IN THE REPORT SAYS THEIR EXPERIENCE WITH NATURE A HAPPENS NO NEW YORK CITY PARKS.

THE ENTIRE EXPERIENCE OF PLAYING SPORTS, SPENDING TIME OUTSIDE, TAKING A HIKE WITH THE FAMILY, ALL OF THIS ACTIVITY IS HAPPENING IN THE LOCAL PARKS OR THEY'RE NOT HAPPENING AT ALL.

SO WE KNOW THAT SPENDING TIME IN NATURE IS REALLY IMPORTANT FOR PEOPLE.

IT'S GOOD FOR COMMUNITIES.

IT'S GREAT FOR KIDS.

AND HAVING THESE OPPORTUNITIES NOT JUST IN NATURE BUT IT'S HELPING BEAUTIFUL SPECTACULAR NATURE IN THE URBAN CONTEXT IS SO IMPORTANT.

> THE GATEWAY PROJECT PROPOSES ADDING AN ADDITIONAL TUNNEL UNDER THE HUDSON RIVER LEPGING NEW JERSEY AND MANHATTAN, WHICH MOST EXPERTS BELIEVE IS CRITICAL TO THE REGION'S ECONOMY.

BUT IT CONTINUES TO STALL.

THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION HAS BEEN OPENLY AGAINST THE PROJECT AND HAS TAKEN MEASURES TO KEEP THE MENTION OF GATEWAY OUT OF THE FEDERAL BUDGET PRESIDENT TRUMP SIGNED ON MARCH 23rd.

COMMON GUARD A NON-PARTISAN REFORM COALITION ESTIMATES THAT A ONE-YEAR DELAY ON BREAKING GROUND COULD CAST COST THE TROOI STATE $1.6 BILLION AND WASTE APPROXIMATELY 366,000 TONS OF KASHDS.

ON APRIL 1st THE PROGRAM MISSED A DEADLINE TO OBTAIN FEDERAL APPROVAL FOR THE IMPACT STUDY.

WITHOUT THE APPROVAL THE PLANNERS SAY THEY CAN'T SECURE FEDERAL FUNDING TO BREAK GROUND.

TO DISCUSS THE RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IS PHILLIP K HOWARD WELCOME.

NICE TO BE WITH YOU.

ALL RIGHT SO WE ARE WELL PAST SELF-IMPOSED DEADLINE ON THIS VARMTLE IMPACT STUDY.

WHAT HAPPENED?

THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IS HOLDING IT UP.

IT'S READY TO GO.

I MEAN THERE WAS A DEAL -- THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE STATES, NEW JERSEY AND NEW YORK WOULD SPLIT THE COST 50/50.

IT WAS A DEAL WITH THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION AND THEN TRUMP REAFFIRMED THE DEAL AFTER HE WAS ELECTED.

BUT NOW THEY'VE CHANGED THEIR MIND FOR REASONS WE DON'T KNOW FOR CERTAIN.

AND SO THIS CRITICAL PROJECT, ERR RESPONSIBLY IN MY VIEW, IS BEING HELD UP FOR IT SEEMS POLITICAL REASONS.

WELL, ONE OF THE THINGS THAT ALWAYS MAKES ME FEEL SO CONCERNED AS A COMMUTER INTO THE CITY IS THAT A LOT OF TIMES WHEN WE TALK ABOUT THE TUNNELS AND THE FACT THAT THEY NEED TO REPLACED AND THEY HAVE BEEN DAMAGED THERE IS A REFERENCE TO HURRICANE SANDY.

AND THE MORE WE REFERENCE IT THE FURTHER BACK IN TIMES IT GOES.

WHICH MEANS THE LIKELIHOOD OF THE NEXT DAMAGING DEVASTATING STORM INCREASES.

WHAT HAPPENS?

WHAT'S WRONG WITH THE DELAYS?

THERE ARE -- THERE ARE TWO 100-YEAR-OLD RAIL TUNNELS INTO NEW JERSEY AND THEY'RE DAMAGED AND IN FRAGILE SHAPE.

WHENEVER THEY CLOSE DOWN FOR REPAIRS IT CAUSES 25 MILES OF GRID LOCK.

IF WE GET ANOTHER STORM BEFORE THE NEW TUNNELS ARE BUILT IT WILL BE GRID LOCK FOR AS LONG AS IT TAKES TO FIX THE TUNNELS.

IS THERE ANY WAY PERHAPS TO GET ENVIRONMENTAL GROUPS LIKE YOURS TO BEGIN SOME SORT OF WORK WORK AROUND.

?

IS THERE A WAY TO GET THE FEDERAL FUNDING SECURED IS SO IT CAN HAPPEN.

MAYBE.

CONGRESS NOTWITHSTANDING THE OPPOSITION INCLUDED $$541 MILLION IN THE BUDGET EVEN THOUGH IT DOESN'T MENTION GATEWAY IT'S FOR GATEWAY.

UM-HUM.

SO THEY CAN GET STARTED ON PIECES RIGHT NOW.

BUT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT JUST THE TUNNEL ALONE AND RELATED IMPROVEMENTS ARE $13 BILLION.

SO HOLDING UP THE APPROVAL OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL REVIEW, WHICH WAS FINISHED IN RECORD TIME, IN ORDER TO MEET THIS REALLY DRAMATIC PUBLIC NEED TO GET THESE TUNNELS STARTED AND BUILT BEFORE THE OLD ONES HAVE TO CLOSE DOWN AGAIN, IS -- YOU KNOW IT'S -- WE'RE IN IN ABEYANCE.

NOTHING CAN HAPPEN UNTIL THE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION RELEASES THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENTS.

WELL, IS THERE ANY WAY THE PUBLIC CAN GO TO LEARN WHAT IT WAS THAT YOUR ORGANIZATION WAS ABLE TO UNDERSTAND ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT?

LIKE, FOR EXAMPLE, THAT $366,000 TONS OF CARBON DIOXIDE NUMBER.

INCREDIBLY ENVIRONMENTAL UNRESPONSIBLE NOT TO GO FORWARD AND ECONOMICALLY NOT RESPONSIBLEABLE.

OVER $1.5 BILLION IN DAMAGES FROM ONE YEAR DELAY.

YES GO TO KEVON GOOD DORG WE HAVE THE ANALYSIS AND NUMBERS WOK OUD AND HAVE STUDIES THAT ARE GENERALLY AGREED UPON BY EVERYONE SORT OF WORKING IN THIS AREA.

IT'S -- IT'S A COMPELLING CASE TO GET THIS PROJECT STARTED RIGHT NOW.

IT'S GOOD FOR THE NATION.

NEW YORK CITY HAPPENS TO BE THE COMMERCIAL CAPITAL NOT ONLY OF THE NATION BUT OF THE WORLD.

HAVING IT IN GRID LOCK IS ACTUALLY A BAD IDEA FOR THE WHOLE COUNTRY.

NEW YORK STATE HAPPENS TO CONTRIBUTE IN FEDERAL TAXES MUCH MORE THAN IT GETS BACK.

HOLDING UP MONIES ALLEGEDLY TO SAVE MONEY FOR THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT IN A WAY THAT MIGHT CRIPPLE THE NEW YORK REGION IS NOT REASONABLE ON ANY ANALYSIS.

ALL RIGHT SO I GUESS WE HAVE TO WAIT AND SEE IF THIS -- AT LEAST THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STUDY THAT YOUR ORGANIZATION HAS DONE CAN BECOME SOME SORT OF ISSUE FOR THE COMING MIDTERM ELECTIONS.

WELL, RIGHT.

WE WERE -- WE WERE IMPORTANT IN PROMPTING THE -- THE EXPEDITING THOSE REVIEWS.

WE DIDN'T DO THEM.

CORRECT.

BUT YES, THEY ARE DONE.

AND THEY SHOW THE COMPELLING CASE FOR DOING THIS PROJECT RIGHT NOW THE WAY THEY PLAN TO DO IT.

SO WHAT WE NEED IS PUBLIC SUPPORT AND OUTRAGE THAT THIS PROJECT IS BEING HELD UP FOR UNCLEAR POLITICAL REASONS.

I THINK THREATS OF GRID LOCK AND HUGE THOUSANDS OF TONS OF CARBON DIOXIDE JUST MIGHT DO THAT.

LISTEN, PHILLIP, I WANT TO THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON THE PROGRAM.

AS GRIM AS THE NEWS WAS YOU SHARED, IT IS IMPORTANT THAT WE ALL KNOW.

NICE TO BE WITH YOU.

THANK YOU.

> THIS PONT ON PBS OB, THE MAKERS OF THE AWARD-WINNING SCIENCE PROGRAM NOVA PRESENT A NEW SERIES.

THE SIX PART SERIES NOVA WONDERS FOLLOWS SCIENTISTS AS THEY TACKLE UNANSWERED QUESTIONS ABOUT LIFE AND THE WORLD WE LIVE IN.

FROM THE MYSTERIES OF ASTRO PHYSICAL TOKYO THE HUMAN BRAIN TO THE CHALLENGES OF WORLD INCREASINGLY RUN BY INTELLIGENT MACHINES.

NOVA WONDERING TAKES VIEWERS ON THE JOURNEY TO THE FRONTIER OF SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH.

THIS WEEK'S EPISODE SEEKS TO ANSWER AN OLD QUESTION IS THERE LIFE BEYOND OUR PLANET HERE A PREVIEW.

OUR SUN IS ONE OF AN ESTIMATED 300 BILLION STARS IN THE MILKY WAY.

AND WE THINK THERE ARE AT LEAST 100 BILLION OTHER GALAXIES.

SO WHAT ARE THE CHANCE THAT IS ALL THE FUN IS ONLY HAPPENING RIGHT HERE IN OUR TINY CORNER OF THE UNIVERSE?

TODAY, ASTRONOMERS AND ENGINEERS ARABLING NEW TOOLS TO PROBE OUR SOLAR SYSTEM AND OUR GALAXY.

HUNTING FOR CLUES OF LIFE BEYOND EARTH.

WHAT ARE THEY DISCOVERING?

I'M ANDRE FENTAS.

I'M TALITH WILLIAMS AND IN THIS EPISODE NOVA WONDERS, ARE WE ALONE?

AND WHAT WILL IT TAKE TO FIND OUT.

JOINING US NOW IS ONE OF THE COHOST ATTENTION DR. ANDRE FENTON, A PROVESLE NEURAL SCIENCE WELCOME.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

LISTEN, THIS PROGRAM IS REALLY AMAZING.

TELL US WHAT IS NEW AND DIFFERENT ABOUT THIS SERIES.

SO THE SERIES IS FOCUSED ON SOME OF THE BIGGEST THAT WE CAN COME UP WITH AS A SPECIES, THE THINGS WE ALL WONDERED ABOUT ACROSS THE MILLENNIA.

THAT'S WHAT WE FOCUS ON.

IT'S AT THE FRONTIER OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE AND EVEN IMAGINATION.

LISTEN, I LISTED A COUPLE IN THE INTRODUCTION OF SOME OF THE TOPICS YOU COVER.

THEY ARE QUESTIONS THAT SOONER OR LATER I THINK ALL OF US BEGIN TO WONDER ABOUT.

GIVE US A MORE.

ELABORATE ON SOME OF THE ISSUES.

THE FIRST ONE OPENING THE SERIES IS WHAT ARE ANIMALS SAYING?

THEY MAKE SOUNDS, HAVE WAYS OF COMMUNICATING.

DO THEY HAVE AN ACTUAL LANGUAGE?

THE NEXT SHOW WAS, YOU KNOW, WE ARE FULL -- WE ARE AN ECOSYSTEM -- WE ARE FULL OF STUFF.

YES.

A HUGE AMOUNT OF STUFF LIVING IN IT.

TRULY.

TRULY.

WHAT IS THAT STUFF.

. IS WHAT IS THAT THE IN THE UPCOMING WEEK IS ARE WE ALONE?

ARE THERE OTHER FORMS OF LIFE BEYOND WHAT WE KNOW ON OUR PLANET?

YOU CAN THEN ASK, WHAT IS ACTUALLY THE UNIVERSE MADE OF ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THAT?

LIKE, WHAT IS THE STUFF THAT THE WHOLE WORLD -- ALL OF EXISTENCE IS MADE OF?

AND THE ANSWERS ARE FASCINATING.

THERE ARE TWO OTHER SHOWS.

ANOTHER ONE ASKS, CAN WE ACTUALLY BUILD A BRAIN.

YEAH.

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.

INTELLIGENTS LIKE BRAIN MAYBE BETTER.

AND CAN WE MAKE LIFE?

CAN WE ENGINEER AND CREATE LIFE.

YEAH, AND EVE SEEN A LOT OF THE EPISODE AND THEY ARE AMAZING, LIKE I SAID.

BUT YOU AND YOUR TWO COHOSTING, A MATH TISSUEN AND A COMPUTER SCIENTIST.

YOU ARE VERY YOUNG.

IS THERE A TARGET AUDIENCE FOR THIS PARTICULAR SERIES?

ARE YOU TRYING TO REACH A YOUNGER AUDIENCE.

WELL THE FOCUS IS THE TYPICAL PBS I THINK AUDIENCE WHICH TENDS TO BE SOMEWHAT OLDER.

BUT, YOU KNOW, WE ARE REAL AND PRACTICING SCIENTISTS.

WE COME TO THE MATERIAL WITH ENERGY AND, YES, WE LOOK YOUNG.

I HAPPEN TO BE A LOT OLD ARE THAN I LOOK.

CONGRATULATIONS, MAN.

YOU GOT TO TELL ME WHAT YOU'RE DRINKING.

THAT'S RIGHT.

BUT THE WHICH I APPROACH THE SERIES AND THOUGHT ABOUT IT WAS THIS WAS THE SHOW THAT I WISH I HAD.

YES.

AS I WAS GROWING UP AS I WAS A KID.

BECAUSE I DIDN'T UNDERSTAND THAT SCIENCE WAS FASCINATING.

YES.

I DIDN'T UNDERSTAND THAT SCIENCE COULD STRETCH YOUR IMAGINATION.

IT WASN'T CREATIVE.

THAT'S NOT HOW I UNDERSTOOD IT.

I HOPE THAT'S WHAT THE SERIES IS ABLE TO DO.

LET'S TALK WITH THE EPISODE COME UP.

IS THERE LIFE BEYOND THIS PLANET?

WE HEARD IT IN THE SBRUKS.

REPEAT IT -- GIVE US A SENSE OF HOW HUGE THIS UNIVERSE IS.

SO, IN OUR GALAXY, THE MILKY WAY, THERE IS 300ISH BILLION STARS.

THAT'S A REALLY BIG NUMBER.

BUT THERE IS OTHER GALAXIES AND AT LEAST ANOTHER 100 OR SO BILLION STARS THERE.

AND SO IF YOU DO THE MATH.

INCOMPREHENSIBLE.

IT'S INCOMPREHENSIBLE

IT'S HUGE.

THE FIRST REACTION WHEN YOU HEAR SOMETHING LIKE THAT AND YOU DRY TO GRASP THE SIZE OF THE UNIVERSE WHICH IS IMPOSSIBLE TO GRASP.

OF COURSE YOU THINK HOW COULD THERE NOT BE LIFE BEYOND EARTH, RIGHT.

ABSOLUTELY.

IF YOU LOOK AT THE REQUIREMENTS FOR HAVING A PLANET LIKE THE EARTH, APPROXIMATELY THE SAME SIZE, A PARTICULAR DISTANCE FROM A WUN SUN, THE TEMPERATURE IS APPROXIMATELY WHAT IT IS THAT'S NECESSARY FOR LIFE AS WE KNOW IT ON EARTH, THERE IS, LIKE, TENNISH BILLION OR SO SUCH PLANETS.

SO THERE ARE 10 BILLION POSSIBILITIES FOR LIFE TO EVOLVE.

WHAT ABOUT -- AND I HEARD THIS IN THIS EPISODE.

AND ENRICO FERMI, THE ITALIAN PHYSICALIST.

HE ASKED THE QUESTION WHERE IS EVERYBODY?

IF THE UFRPS IS POPULATED WITH LIKE HOW COME THEY NEVER MAKE CONTACT.

IT'S A HARD QUESTION TO ANSWER.

THEY MAY NOT BE LOOKING FOR US.

THEY MIGHT BE VERY FAR AWAY AND THE SIGNALS DON'T COME TO US.

OR WE MAY HAVE DETECTED THEM.

WE JUST WOULDN'T RECOGNIZE IT.

RIGHT.

OR THEY MAY BE LOOKING SO ADVANCED WE CAN'T TELL THEY'RE LOOKING AT US.

THAT'S RIGHT.

THERE ARE MANY WAYS OF COMMUNICATING, MANY WAYS OF BEING.

YEAH.

AND WE HAVEN'T ACTUALLY FIGURED OUT HOW TO RECOGNIZE IT YET.

LISTEN, YOU KNOW THERE IS MORE TO TALK ABOUT, SO MUCH MORE, CONCERNING THIS SERIES.

I HOPE PEOPLE WATCH IT BECAUSE IT'S REALLY EDUCATIONAL.

AND ENLIGHTENING AND FUN.

THANK YOU, DOCTOR FOR JOINING ME.

THANKS FOR HAVING ME.

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