NOVA WONDERS

May 10, 2018 at 5:15 am

Are we alone? A new “NOVA” series explores humanity’s ongoing search for extraterrestrial life.

Aired on May 09, 2018.

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>>> THIS PONT ON PBS OB, THE
MAKERS OF THE AWARD-WINNING
SCIENCE PROGRAM NOVA PRESENT A
NEW SERIES.
THE SIX PART SERIES NOVA WONDERS
FOLLOWS SCIENTISTS AS THEY
TACKLE UNANSWERED QUESTIONS
ABOUT LIFE AND THE WORLD WE LIVE
IN.
FROM THE MYSTERIES OF ASTRO
PHYSICAL TOKYO THE HUMAN BRAIN
TO THE CHALLENGES OF WORLD
INCREASINGLY RUN BY INTELLIGENT
MACHINES.
NOVA WONDERING TAKES VIEWERS ON
THE JOURNEY TO THE FRONTIER OF
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH.
THIS WEEK'S EPISODE SEEKS TO
ANSWER AN OLD QUESTION IS THERE
LIFE BEYOND OUR PLANET HERE A
PREVIEW.
>> OUR SUN IS ONE OF AN
ESTIMATED 300 BILLION STARS IN
THE MILKY WAY.
>> AND WE THINK THERE ARE AT
LEAST 100 BILLION OTHER
GALAXIES.
>> SO WHAT ARE THE CHANCE THAT
IS ALL THE FUN IS ONLY HAPPENING
RIGHT HERE IN OUR TINY CORNER OF
THE UNIVERSE?
>> TODAY, ASTRONOMERS AND
ENGINEERS ARABLING NEW TOOLS TO
PROBE OUR SOLAR SYSTEM AND OUR
GALAXY.
HUNTING FOR CLUES OF LIFE BEYOND
EARTH.
>> WHAT ARE THEY DISCOVERING?
>> I'M ANDRE FENTAS.
>> I'M TALITH WILLIAMS AND IN
THIS EPISODE NOVA WONDERS, ARE
WE ALONE?
AND WHAT WILL IT TAKE TO FIND
OUT.
>> JOINING US NOW IS ONE OF THE
COHOST ATTENTION DR. ANDRE
FENTON, A PROVESLE NEURAL
SCIENCE WELCOME.
>> THANKS FOR HAVING ME.
>> LISTEN, THIS PROGRAM IS
REALLY AMAZING.
TELL US WHAT IS NEW AND
DIFFERENT ABOUT THIS SERIES.
>> SO THE SERIES IS FOCUSED ON
SOME OF THE BIGGEST THAT WE CAN
COME UP WITH AS A SPECIES, THE
THINGS WE ALL WONDERED ABOUT
ACROSS THE MILLENNIA.
THAT'S WHAT WE FOCUS ON.
IT'S AT THE FRONTIER OF HUMAN
KNOWLEDGE AND EVEN IMAGINATION.
>> LISTEN, I LISTED A COUPLE IN
THE INTRODUCTION OF SOME OF THE
TOPICS YOU COVER.
THEY ARE QUESTIONS THAT SOONER
OR LATER I THINK ALL OF US BEGIN
TO WONDER ABOUT.
GIVE US A MORE.
ELABORATE ON SOME OF THE ISSUES.
>> THE FIRST ONE OPENING THE
SERIES IS WHAT ARE ANIMALS
SAYING?
THEY MAKE SOUNDS, HAVE WAYS OF
COMMUNICATING.
DO THEY HAVE AN ACTUAL LANGUAGE?
THE NEXT SHOW WAS, YOU KNOW, WE
ARE FULL -- WE ARE AN
ECOSYSTEM -- WE ARE FULL OF
STUFF.
>> YES.
>> A HUGE AMOUNT OF STUFF LIVING
IN IT.
>> TRULY.
TRULY.
>> WHAT IS THAT STUFF.
.
IS WHAT IS THAT THE IN THE
UPCOMING WEEK IS ARE WE ALONE?
ARE THERE OTHER FORMS OF LIFE
BEYOND WHAT WE KNOW ON OUR
PLANET?
YOU CAN THEN ASK, WHAT IS
ACTUALLY THE UNIVERSE MADE OF ON
THE OTHER SIDE OF THAT?
LIKE, WHAT IS THE STUFF THAT THE
WHOLE WORLD -- ALL OF EXISTENCE
IS MADE OF?
AND THE ANSWERS ARE FASCINATING.
THERE ARE TWO OTHER SHOWS.
ANOTHER ONE ASKS, CAN WE
ACTUALLY BUILD A BRAIN.
>> YEAH.
>> ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE.
>> INTELLIGENTS LIKE BRAIN MAYBE
BETTER.
AND CAN WE MAKE LIFE?
CAN WE ENGINEER AND CREATE LIFE.
>> YEAH, AND EVE SEEN A LOT OF
THE EPISODE AND THEY ARE
AMAZING, LIKE I SAID.
BUT YOU AND YOUR TWO COHOSTING,
A MATH TISSUEN AND A COMPUTER
SCIENTIST.
YOU ARE VERY YOUNG.
IS THERE A TARGET AUDIENCE FOR
THIS PARTICULAR SERIES?
ARE YOU TRYING TO REACH A
YOUNGER AUDIENCE.
>> WELL THE FOCUS IS THE TYPICAL
PBS I THINK AUDIENCE WHICH TENDS
TO BE SOMEWHAT OLDER.
BUT, YOU KNOW, WE ARE REAL AND
PRACTICING SCIENTISTS.
WE COME TO THE MATERIAL WITH
ENERGY AND, YES, WE LOOK YOUNG.
I HAPPEN TO BE A LOT OLD ARE
THAN I LOOK.
>> CONGRATULATIONS, MAN.
YOU GOT TO TELL ME WHAT YOU'RE
DRINKING.
>> THAT'S RIGHT.
BUT THE WHICH I APPROACH THE
SERIES AND THOUGHT ABOUT IT WAS
THIS WAS THE SHOW THAT I WISH I
HAD.
>> YES.
>> AS I WAS GROWING UP AS I WAS
A KID.
BECAUSE I DIDN'T UNDERSTAND THAT
SCIENCE WAS FASCINATING.
>> YES.
>> I DIDN'T UNDERSTAND THAT
SCIENCE COULD STRETCH YOUR
IMAGINATION.
IT WASN'T CREATIVE.
THAT'S NOT HOW I UNDERSTOOD IT.
I HOPE THAT'S WHAT THE SERIES IS
ABLE TO DO.
>> LET'S TALK WITH THE EPISODE
COME UP.
IS THERE LIFE BEYOND THIS
PLANET?
WE HEARD IT IN THE SBRUKS.
REPEAT IT -- GIVE US A SENSE OF
HOW HUGE THIS UNIVERSE IS.
>> SO, IN OUR GALAXY, THE MILKY
WAY, THERE IS 300ISH BILLION
STARS.
THAT'S A REALLY BIG NUMBER.
BUT THERE IS OTHER GALAXIES AND
AT LEAST ANOTHER 100 OR SO
BILLION STARS THERE.
AND SO IF YOU DO THE MATH.
>> INCOMPREHENSIBLE.
IT'S INCOMPREHENSIBLE
>> IT'S HUGE.
>> THE FIRST REACTION WHEN YOU
HEAR SOMETHING LIKE THAT AND YOU
DRY TO GRASP THE SIZE OF THE
UNIVERSE WHICH IS IMPOSSIBLE TO
GRASP.
OF COURSE YOU THINK HOW COULD
THERE NOT BE LIFE BEYOND EARTH,
RIGHT.
>> ABSOLUTELY.
IF YOU LOOK AT THE REQUIREMENTS
FOR HAVING A PLANET LIKE THE
EARTH, APPROXIMATELY THE SAME
SIZE, A PARTICULAR DISTANCE FROM
A WUN SUN, THE TEMPERATURE IS
APPROXIMATELY WHAT IT IS THAT'S
NECESSARY FOR LIFE AS WE KNOW IT
ON EARTH, THERE IS, LIKE,
TENNISH BILLION OR SO SUCH
PLANETS.
SO THERE ARE 10 BILLION
POSSIBILITIES FOR LIFE TO
EVOLVE.
>> WHAT ABOUT -- AND I HEARD
THIS IN THIS EPISODE.
AND ENRICO FERMI, THE ITALIAN
PHYSICALIST.
HE ASKED THE QUESTION WHERE IS
EVERYBODY?
IF THE UFRPS IS POPULATED WITH
LIKE HOW COME THEY NEVER MAKE
CONTACT.
>> IT'S A HARD QUESTION TO
ANSWER.
THEY MAY NOT BE LOOKING FOR US.
THEY MIGHT BE VERY FAR AWAY AND
THE SIGNALS DON'T COME TO US.
OR WE MAY HAVE DETECTED THEM.
WE JUST WOULDN'T RECOGNIZE IT.
>> RIGHT.
>> OR THEY MAY BE LOOKING SO
ADVANCED WE CAN'T TELL THEY'RE
LOOKING AT US.
>> THAT'S RIGHT.
THERE ARE MANY WAYS OF
COMMUNICATING, MANY WAYS OF
BEING.
>> YEAH.
>> AND WE HAVEN'T ACTUALLY
FIGURED OUT HOW TO RECOGNIZE IT
YET.
>> LISTEN, YOU KNOW THERE IS
MORE TO TALK ABOUT, SO MUCH
MORE, CONCERNING THIS SERIES.
I HOPE PEOPLE WATCH IT BECAUSE
IT'S REALLY EDUCATIONAL.
AND ENLIGHTENING AND FUN.
THANK YOU, DOCTOR FOR JOINING
ME.
>> THANKS FOR HAVING ME.
>> NOVA WORNS AIRS WEDNESDAY
NIGHTS A 9 "P" ON 13.
PLEASE CHECK LOCAL LISTINGS FOR
ADDITIONAL AIR TIMES.

Mutual of America PSEG

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

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