TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS

In a controversial and last minute move, the U.S. Commerce Department announced that it will restore a question about citizenship to the 2020 census questionnaire. Will the question scare immigrants off and result in an inaccurate count? Throwing off the count of who’s present in the U.S. could have massive implications, including a significant impact on Congress’ representation for the next decade. New York Congresswoman Grace Meng is here to explain why members of Congress are furious and will share insights from Capitol Hill. Are lead dangers lurking in your home? A new report asserts that New York City’s poison prevention program, that’s supposed to keep our children safe from lead exposure, may actually be putting thousands at risk. As part of “Chasing the Dream: Poverty and Opportunity in America,” the multi-platform public media reporting initiative, Aneri Pattani, a health reporter for WNYC, is here to discuss the issue. A new episode of PBS’ Nature shows you nature’s most colorful creature’s, like you’ve never seen them before. Janet Hess, writer for Sex Lies and Butterflies, is here with your preview. Get ready to start your engines and head over to Jacob Javitz Convention Center! The New York International Car Show returns to New York City with the latest automotive trends and an incredible collection of cutting-edge design and extraordinary innovation. Automotive expert Nik Miles is here with the details.

Aired on April 3, 2018.

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METROFOCUS,' ARE YOU A CITIZEN?

THAT QUESTION IS BACK IN THE NEXT CENSUS, COULD IT LEAD TO AN INACCURATE COUNT?

AND IN A MOMENT, NEW YORK REPRESENTATIVES US THEIR TAKE.

> THE POISON PREVENTION PROGRAM COMMITTED TO KEEPING OUR CHILDREN SAFE MAY ACTUALLY BE PUTTING THOUSANDS AT RISK.

DETAILS AHEAD.

> SEX, LIES AND BUTTERFLIES.

WE'LL SHOW YOU NATURE'S MOST COLORFUL CREATURES LIKE YOU'VE NEVER SEEN THEM BEFORE.

AND GET READY TO HEAD OVER TO THE JAVA CENTER BECAUSE THE INTERNATIONAL CAR SHOW IS IN TOWN.

NO RIDE?

NO WORRIES, WE'LL TAKE YOU THERE.

> ALL THAT AND MORE AS ME 'METROFOCUS' STARTS RIGHT NOW.

> THIS IS 'METROFOCUS,' WITH RAFAEL P. RAMON, JACK FORD, AND JENNA FLANNIGAN.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY --.

FUNDING FOR THE PROGRAM IS ALSO ARE PROVIDED BY THE JPB FOUNDATION.

> IN AN ATTEMPT TO BLOCK THE QUESTION ABOUT CITIZENSHIP ON THE 2020 CENSUS.

SEVERAL STATE ATTORNEYS GENERAL HAVE SIGNALED THEIR ATTEMPT TO SUE THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION.

ARGUING THAT IT WAS NEEDED TO DETERMINE THE POPULATION ELIGIBLE TO VOTE.

CRITICS, HOWEVER, HAVE DENOUNCED THE CITIZENSHIP QUESTION AS A METHOD OF DEPRESSING RESPONSE FROM NONCITIZENS AND ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS, SERVING TO REDUCE THE POPULATION COUNT IN P PREDOMINANTLY POPULAR AREA WHERE IMMIGRANTS RESIZE.

WE ARE DELIGHTED TO CONGRESSWOMAN GRACE MAIN.

THANK YOU FOR BEING ON 'METROFOCUS.'

THANKS, JACK, IT'S GREAT TO BE BACK.

I KNOW THERE'S BEEN CONVERSATIONS AMONG THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND INDEED PARTICULAR COMMITTEES WITH THE SECRETARY ABOUT WHETHER OR NOT THIS QUESTION WAS GOING TO BE INCLUDED IN THE 2020 CENSUS.

WERE YOU SURPRISED THAT THE DECISION WAS MADE THAT IT WOULD BE INCLUDED?

J

JUST RECENTLY WE HAD A MEETING WITH -- SECRETARY WILBUR ROSS CAME TO TESTIFY AND I ASKED HIM DIRECTLY ABOUT THE POTENTIAL INCLUSION ABOUT THIS QUESTION AND WE WERE HOPEFUL THAT HE WOULD TAKE BACK HELPFUL INFORMATION AND NOT INCLUDE IT SO OF COURSE WE WERE DISAPPOINTED, BUT NOT FULLY SURPRISED THAT THE QUESTION WAS ULTIMATELY ADDED IN.

YOU HAVE NOTED THAT YOU BELIEVED IT WOULD RESULT IN A FLAWED CENSUS.

IF THAT QUESTION WAS INCLUDED.

WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY FLAWED AND BUY WHY DO YOU THINK THAT WOULD BE SO?

IT'S NOT JUST ME THAT BELIEVES THAT, IT'S FOUR PEOPLE ON THE CENSUS BUREAU THAT HAVE WORKED IN SEVERAL ADMINISTRATIONS.

AND WE BELIEVE THAT LESS PEOPLE MAY WANT TO FILL OUT THE CENSUS OR MAY BE CONCERNED.

THE MAIN MISSION AND PURPOSE OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL MANDATED CENSUS IS TO COUNT EVERY LIVING PERSON, IT'S NOT TO COUNT ONLY CITIZENS, OR TO COUNT ONLY PEOPLE WHO ARE REGISTERED TO VOTE.

IT'S TO COUNT EVERY LIVEN PERSON, AND SO WE NEED TO MAKE SURE THAT MORE PEOPLE ARE FILLING OUT THE CENSUS, AND ANYTHING THAT COULD POSSIBLY DETRACT FROM THAT IS NOT ACCEPTABLE.

YOU REPRESENT AN EXTRAORDINARILY DIVERSE COMMUNITY, YOUR CONSTITUENCY HERE, WHAT DO YOU THINK THE IMPACT WOULD BE OF THE INCLUSION OF THIS QUESTION ON YOUR CON STITC CONSTITUENTS?

IN 2010, NEW YORK STATE LOST TWO CONGRESSIONAL SEATS, SO THE LAST THING WE NEED TO HAVE IS A QUESTION THAT WOULD MAKE IT HARDER TO HAVE AN ACCURATE COUNT.

AND THIS DOESN'T ONLY AFFECT WONDERFULLY DIVERSE COMMUNITIES LIKE MY DISTRICT, BUT THIS AFFECTS BOTH IMMIGRANTS AND LONG-TIME CITIZENS, LONG-TIME AMERICANS.

THIS AFFECTS FUNDING THAT AMOUNTS TO BILLIONS OF DOLLARS THAT COVERS THE ENTIRE COUNTRY.

I TOUCHED ON BRIEFLY SOME OF THE ARGUMENTS THAT HAVE BEEN OFFERED IN SUPPORT OF INCLUDING THIS QUESTION HERE.

THE PRIMARY ONE IS ESSENTIALLY THIS.

IF YOU ARE COUNTING PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT INDEED CITIZENS AND ARE NOT INDEED GOING TO BE VOTING, THAT IN SOME WAYS, THE ARGUMENT GOES, YOU'RE GOING TO SKEW THE ELECTORAL MAP.

YOU'RE GOING TO HAVE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE HERE THAT WOULD HAVE AN IMPACT ON REPRESENTATION, BUT THEY'RE NOT PEOPLE WHO ARE -- CITIZENS WHO ARE ACTUALLY DOING VOTING AND THE ARGUMENT HAS BEEN THERE'S JUST SOMETHING BASICALLY UNFAIR ABOUT THAT.

HOW DO YOU RESPOND TO THAT ARGUMENT?

AGAIN, THE CONSTITUTION REQUIRES THAT EVERY LIVING PERSON IS COUNTED.

APPORTIONMENT IS ACCOMPLISHED ON BEHALF OF ANYONE LIVING IN A COMMUNITY, NOT JUST FOR CITIZENS.

CONGRESS PERSONS AND REPRESENTATIVES AREN'T JUST FOR CITIZENS AND THEY AREN'T JUST FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE REGISTERED TO VOTE.

I'M PROUD TO REPRESENT MORE THAN 700,000 PEOPLE, CITIZENS AND NONCITIZENS, REPUBLICANS AND DEMOCRATS.

AND SO WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE WE'RE COUNTING EVERY LIVING PERSON AS IS CONSTITUTIONALLY REQUIRED.

WE MENTIONED THAT A COMPILATION OF ATTORNEYS GENERAL HAVE BONDED TOGETHER AND ARE GOING TO CHALLENGE THIS.

WHAT DO YOU THINK THEIR PROSPECTS FOR SUCCESS WOULD BE?

AND WHAT DO YOU THINK THE CONGRESS MIGHT HAVE TO PRECLUDE THIS QUESTION FROM BEING INCLUDED IN THE 2020 SENCENSUS?

I'M PROUD OF THE INPUT BY ERIC SNEIDERMAN IN HAVING A COALITION OF MULTISTATE AT ATTOATT ATTORNEYS GENERAL PUTTING TOGETHER THIS LAWSUIT.

AS FAR AS CONGRESS GOES, WE'RE SUPPORTIVE OF LEGISLATION, FOR EXAMPLE CONGRESSWOMAN MALONEY HAS SUBMITTED LEGISLATION THAT WOULD PREVENT LAST-MINUTE QUESTIONS FROM BEING ADDED.

AND WE'LL ALSO BE PUTTING FORTH LEGISLATION TO STOP QUESTIONS LIKE THIS FROM BEING ADDED AND FUNDED.

ALWAYS A PLEASANT TO HAVE YOU HERE, AND I WANT TO THANK YOU FOR SPENDING SOME TIME AND GIVING YOUR THOUGHTS ON ALL OF THIS.

WE LOOK FORWARD TO TALKING TO YOU SOON ABOUT ALL OF THIS, YOU BE WELL.

YOU TOO, THANKS, JACK.

> NEW YORK CITY CONSIDERS IT'S LEAD POISON PREVENTION PROGRAM TO BE ONE OF THE BEST IN THE COUNTRY.

BUT A NEW REPORT FROM WNYC SAYS THAT MAY NOT BE THE CASE.

ACCORDING TO THE CITY'S FINDINGS, THE DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING USES AN OUTDATED STANDARD FOR MEASURING LEAD IN CHILDREN'S BLOOD.

SO ULTIMATELY THOUSANDS OF CHILDREN AT RISK MAY BE UNACCOUNTED FOR.

AS PART OF OUR ONGOING CHASING THE DREAM INITIATIVE ON POVERTY AND OPPORTUNITY IN AMERICA, TONIGHT WE'LL DISCUSS THE RISKS WITH THE WOMAN BEHIND THE REPORT.

THANK YOU FOR JOINING US.

NICE TO BE HERE.

LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT THE NUMBERS OVERALL AND THEN WE'LL FOCUS ON SOME OF YOUR FINDINGS AND WHAT THIS MIGHT MEAN.

TALK ABOUT THE CDC AND WHY IT IS THAT THEIR NUMBERS ARE NOW THEIR STANDARD, THEIR THRESHOLD IF YOU WILL HAVE CHANGED?

RIGHT, SO THE CDC USED TO CONSIDER THAT A CHILD'S BLOOD LEAD LEVEL IS HIGH IF IT'S ANYWHERE ABOVE 10 MICROGRAMS PER DEC DECILITER.

THE PANEL DECIDED THAT, EVEN AT VERY LOW LEVELS OF EXPOSURE, THERE'S SIGNIFICANT COGNITIVE DAMAGE FOR KIDS, IT LOWERS THEIR I.Q., IT LOWERS THEIR ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND IT AFFECTS THEIR BEHAVIORAL ISSUES.

SO AT THAT POINT THE CDC DECIDED TO LOWER IT TO 5 MICROMICROGRAM DECILITER.

I SUSPECT THE FIRST QUESTION THAT MANY PEOPLE MIGHT HAVE, IN LISTENING TO YOU EXPLAIN IT HERE IS, WELL, IF THE CDC HAS LOWERED THEIR THRESHOLD, DOESN'T EVERYBODY?

EVERY STATE, EVERY CITY, DON'T THEY AUTOMATICALLY HAVE TO LOWER THEIRS ALSO?

WHAT'S THE ANSWER TO THAT.

YES, I HAVE THAT SAME QUESTION, SO UNFORTUNATELY NO, THE CDC IS NOT A REGULATORY AGENCY AND IT CAN'T MAIN DATE THAT OTHER CITIES OR STATES FOLLOW THEIR LEAD.

SO THEY CAN'T DO THAT.

THEY CAN SUGGEST THAT EVERY STATE LOWER THEIR THRESHOLD AND TAKE MORE ACTION TO ACCOMPLISH LOWER LEVELS OF EXPEAZEOSURE BU THEY CAN'T BE FORCED TO DO IT.

SO WHAT IS THE STANDARD'S FOR NEW YORK?

NEW YORK CITY CONSIDERS A CHILD'S LEADS LEVEL HIGH IF IT'S 10 MICROGRAMS PER DECILITER.

SO IF YOU TAKE THE YEAR 2016, MEASURING BY THE CITY'S EXPOSURE, ABOUT 1,000 CHILDREN HAD HIGH LEVELS OF LEAD.

IF YOU GO AT 50 MICROLITERS, THEN --

5,000 IS THAT GAP FOR 2016, IN EARLIER YEARS IT'S BEEN AS HIGH AS 8,000 AND MORE.

SO THESE ARE A LOT OF KIDS THAT THE CITY'S COUNTING THEM, SEES THEM AS, YOU KNOW, HAVING SOME LEVEL OF EXPOSURE, BUT DOESN'T CONSIDER THEM AT HIGHEST RISK AND THEREFORE THEY DON'T RESPOND TO THOSE CASES THE SAME WAY.

LET ME ASK YOU TO FOLLOW UP ON THAT PART.

WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES FOR YOUNG PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT BEING CONSIDERED, OR FALLING WITHIN THE PARAMETERS OF WHAT NEW YORK CITY USES BUT WOULD FALL WITHIN THE PARAMETERS OF THE CDC, FRANKLY SPEAKING, WHAT DOES THAT MEAN FOR THEM?

WHEN NEW YORK CITY SEES THAT A CHILD HAS EXCESS LEAD LEVEL THEY WILL GO INTO THAT CHILD'S HOME AND FIND THE SOURCE OF THE LEAD AND GET RID OF IT.

THERE'S NO REAL MEDICAL TREATMENT AT THESE LEVELS.

BUT IF A CHILD FALLS BELOW THE CITY'S THRESHOLD, BUT STILL ABOVE THE CDC THRESHOLD, THEY DON'T GET THAT HOME VISIT.

PEOPLE ARE NOT GOING AND FINDING WHAT'S CAUSING THEIR EXPOSURE.

INSTEAD THE CITY SENDS THEM A LETTER AND THAT FAMILY GET AS LATER SAYING HERE ARE THE RISKS OF LEAD EXPOSURE AND HERE ARE SOME WAYS OF PROTECTION.

IS THERE ANY -- EVEN THE REPORTING THAT YOU HAVE BEEN CAN DOING?

SO, WHAT I WAS TOLD BY THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, IS BASICALLY THEY ONLY HAVE TO FOLLOW NEW YORK CITY LAWS AND CITY LAWS LET THEM, YOU KNOW, LEAVE THIS THRESHOLD WHERE IT IS, LET THEM DO HOME INSPECTIONS ONLY ABOVE CERTAIN LEVELS AND I WAS ALSO TOLD THAT IF THEY WANTED TO LOWER THE THRESHOLD AND DO HOME VISITS FOR ANY CHILD WITH A LEVEL ABOVE 5, THEN THEY REALLY HAVE TO EXPAND THE CAPACITY OF THEIR PROGRAM.

THAT CERTAINLY SOUNDS LIKE SOMETHING THAT NEEDS TO BE LOOKED AT VERY CAREFULLY BY THE CITY, WE APPRECIATE YOU JOINING US HERE, THE REPORTING YOU DID AND SHARING THIS INFORMATION WITH US.

THANKS VERY MUCH FOR JOINING US.

YOU BE WELL.

THANK YOU.

> BUTTERFLIES HAVE BEEN MAKING OUR PLANET MORE INTERESTING AND MORE COLORFUL FOR OVER 50 MILLION YEARS.

AND TODAY THERE ARE NEARLY 20,000 DIFFERENT SPECIES INHABITING THE EARTH.

SEX LIVES AND BUTTERFLIES A STUNNING NEW DOCUMENTARY FOLLOWS THESE FASCINATING INSECTS FROM EGGS, TO CRISALIS.

HERE'S A PREVIEW.

IF CATERPILLARS WERE MADE FOR EATING, BUTTERFLIES ARE MADE FOR MATING.

CATERPILLARS ARE JUST JUVENILES, UNABLE TO BREED.

THEIR LIVES LIMITED TO A LEAF OR TWO.

NOW, THEY ARE ADULTS, AND WINGS OPEN UP A WORLD OF POSSIBILITIES.

THEY COMPETE AND FLIRT.

DANCING IN THE AIR.

CIRCLING SKYWARD IN A BUTTERFLY BALLET.

AND JOINING US IS THE WRITER OF SEX, LIVES AND BUTTERFLIES.

IT'S A BEAUTIFUL SCRIPT.

WE KNOW EVERYTHING THERE IS TO KNOW ABOUT BUTTERFLIES, RIGHT?

OR NOT?

WELL, NO.

BUTTERFLIES ARE FAVORITES IN THE NATURAL WORLD FOR ALMOST EVERYONE AND THEY HAVE BEEN STUDIED FOR 150 YEARS.

BUT BELIEVE IT OR NOT, WE'RE FINDING NEW SPECIES ALL THE TIME, AND WE'RE ALSO BRINGING NEW TOOLS.

SO TELL US SOME OF THE THINGS WE DON'T KNOW.

WELL, WE KIND OF BEGIN THE SHOW WITH SAYING WHO ARE THESE CREATURES AND WHERE DO THEY COME FROM?

AND IT'S DNA THAT'S ANSWERING THAT STORY FOR US NOW.

AND A YOUNG SCIENTIST IN THE FILM HAS BEEN SEQUENCING ALL THE DNA FROM ALL THE BUTTERFLIES KNOWN SO FAR.

AND BELIEVE IT OR NOT, THEY ALL COME FROM ONE MOTH.

AND BASICALLY THEY'RE JUST DAYTIME FLYING MOTHS, WE CALL THEM BUTTERFLIES, BUT BETWEEN MOTHS AND BUTTERFLIES, THEY'RE JUST ONE BIG FAMILY.

THEY CAME OUT OF THE NIGHT AND COLOR FOLLOWED?

EXACTLY.

THE TITLE OF THE FILM ARE SEX, LIES AND BUTTERFLIES.

WHAT IS THE SEX AND WHAT ARE THE LIES?

THE SEX IS NOT JUST THEIRS, WE LOOK AT THEIR SEX LIVES AND THEIR MATING FLIGHT AND A LOT OF THEIR COLOR IS ABOUT ATTRACTING THE RIGHT MATE.

BUT THEY ARE SO ESSENTIAL TO THOUSANDS OF SPECIES OF PLANTS THAT THEY POLLINATE, SO SEX IS A BIG PART OF WHAT BUTTERFLIES ARE ALL ABOUT ACROSS EVERY HABITAT IN THE WORLD.

IT'S AMAZING HOW THEY MANAGE TO TRANSFER POLLEN, ONE WAY OR ANOTHER, IN MANY DIFFERENT WAYS.

WE CAN'T GO INTO DETAILS, BUT THAT'S AMAZING.

BUTTERFLIES ARE SO FRAGILE, THEY'RE SO SUSCEPTIBLE TO JUST ABOUT EVERY PREDATOR AROUND.

HOW ARE THEY BEEN ABLE TO SURVIVE FOR OVER 50 MILLION YEARS?

YOU HAVE TO MARVEL AT HOW EXTRAORDINARILY WELL DESIGNED, AND PART OF THIS IS THIS DUAL LIFE STRATEGY THAT THEY HAVE, THAT THEY BEGIN LIFE AS A CATERPILLAR, IT'S A COMPLETELY DIFFERENT ANIMAL, COMPLETELY DIFFERENT BODY TYPE AND ONE OF THE MOST SUCCESSFUL THINGS THEY DO IS NEVER COMPETE WITH THEIR YOUNG.

A CATERPILLAR EATS COMPLETELY DIFFERENT FOOD THAN A BUTTERFLY.

AND THAT'S SUCH A SUCCESSFUL STRATEGY, THAT THAT IS VERY COMMON THROUGHOUT THE INSECT WORLD, FOR HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF SPECIES.

IN THE COURSE OF THE FILM, A NUMBER OF DISCOVERIES ABOUT BUTTERFLIES ARE MADE.

AT LEAST YOU FEATURE THEM.

GIVE US SOME EXAMPLES OF THE THINGS YOU DISCOVERED AS YOU WERE MAKING THIS FILM?

THERE'S A BIG RELATIONSHIP WITH BATS AND THIS COMES FROM -- IN FACT, ONE THEORY IS THAT BATS WERE THE FORCE THAT CREATED BUTTERFLIES.

BECAUSE THEY DROVE THEM OUT OF THE NIGHT?

THEIR INTENSE PREDATORY CAPABILITIES ON NIGHT FLYING MOTHS, BECAUSE BATS HUNT AT ECH SOME MOTHS SAID, LET ME TRY FLYING AROUND IN THE DAYTIME.

AND NOW SOME OF THOSE CREATURES ARE GOING BACK TO THE NIGHT.

BUTTERFLY BACK TO MOTH?

THEY'RE BLOCKING THAT SONAR, WHICH IS AN INCREDIBLE TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND THIS BATTLE BETWEEN PREDATOR AND PREY THAT'S BEEN GOING ON FOR SO LONG, THAT WE'RE NOW JUST ABLE, HAVE THE TOOLS TO EVEN FIND OUT ABOUT?

I WANTED TO TALK ABOUT THIS OTHER THING THAT'S DISCOVERED IN THE COURSE OF YOUR FILM, ABOUT THE INCREDIBLE TRAVEL OF THE PAINTED LADY BUTTERFLY, IT TRAVELS 9,000 MILES, WE CAN'T GET INTO IT.

BUT THAT IS FASCINATING.

BUT CLEARLY AT THE END, LIKE IN ALL OF YOUR NATURE FILMS, THIS ONE IS STUNNING.

HOW DIFFICULT WAS IT TO GET SO UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL TO THESE BUTTERFLIES?

ANN PROM IS THE CHIEF CINEMATOGRAPHER AND PETE CARROLL AND THEY BOTH WON AN AWARD FOR THEIR FILM ON HUMMING BIRDS.

AND HUMMINGBIRDS ARE AT LEAST FASTER THAN BUTTERFLIES.

BUT EVEN TO GET A BUTTERFLY IN FRAME, JUST THE WHOLE BODY, PART OF IT WILL BE IN FOCUS AND THE OTHER PART WILL BE OUT.

AND TO IS STAY IN THAT WORLD AS THEY MOVE, AS THEY FLY, TRYING TO REALLY CAPTURE REAL BEHAVIOR IN THE WILD, INCREDIBLY DIFFICULT.

IT'S AMAZING AND IT'S BEAUTIFUL.

WELL, JANET, IT'S A WONDERFUL SHOW.

THANK YOU.

THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR JOINING US TO TALK ABOUT IT.

NATURE'S SEX LIES AND BUTTERFLIES.

CHECK YOUR LISTINGS FOR AIR TIMES.

> EVERYONE FROM MONTOCK TO THE SWAMPS OF JERSEY, GET READY TO START YOUR ENGINES, FROM CONCEPT CARS TO MINIVAN, ANYTHING YOUR MOTOR HEAD COULD DREAM UP IS ALL TOGETHER UNDER ONE ROOF AND SOME OF THE WOWS ARE PRETTY SPECTACULAR.

HERE'S CAR EXPERT AND ONE OF OUR FAVORITE GUESTS NICK MILES.

THERE'S A LOT GOING ON THERE AS THERE ALWAYS IS, THIS IS ALWAYS ONE OF MY FAVORITE SEGMENTS THAT WE DO TO CHAT WITH YOU.

LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT CATEGORIES.

AUTOMATED TECHNOLOGIES.

WE HEAR ABOUT NEW VEHICLES COMING OUT AND THE NEW BELLS AND WHISTLES.

TELL US ABOUT THAT, WOULD YOU?

WE ARE JUST BELOW THE FIRST LEVEL OF AUTOMATION IN VEHICLES.

THE HARDWARE THAT'S COMING OUT ON VEHICLES IS ACTUALLY HARDWARE THAT IS GOING TO BE USED WHEN WE HAVE SELF-DRIVING CARS, THE SOFTWARE ISN'T READY YET.

YOU'RE SEEING VEHICLES LIKE NISSAN'S NEW ALTIMA, WHICH HAS A 360-DEGREE SHIELD AROUND THE CAR, IT'S LOOKING AT EVERYTHING, IT'S TAKING IN THE ENVIRONMENT, IT'S LOOKING IN THE ENVIRONMENT AND IT'S BRINGING THAT INFORMATION INTO THE SCAR.

IT'S SENSING, IT'S ABOUT THE SENSING THAT'S GOING ON.

THAT CAMERA IS LOOKING AT THE ROAD AND MAKING ADJUSTMENTS IN THE VEHICLE, TO THE SUSPENSION, AND THAT'S WHAT'S HAPPENING WITH ALL OF THIS DATA, THESE SENSORS, THESE CARS ARE LOOKING AT OUR ENVIRONMENT AND MAKING ADJUSTMENTS TO HOW THEY DRIVE.

THE NEXT LEVEL TO THAT IS AUTONOMY, AND THAT'S WHERE THE VEHICLE IS ACTUALLY GOING TO BE MAKING THE DRIVING DECISION.

THE LEGISLATION IS WHAT'S HOLDING US UP.

THE CARS ARE READY TO GO, THE EQUIPMENT IS READY TO GO, WE JUST DON'T HAVE LEGISLATION.

THOSE AUTONOMOUS CARS ARE GOING TO MAKE US SAFER, RIGHT?

WE ALL HEARD ABOUT THE UBER CAR STRIKING THE WOMAN KILLING HER ON THE ROAD.

THAT WAS IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT AND A LOT OF CAR COMPANIES HAVE MECHANISMS ON THEIR CARS THAT WILL ACTUALLY STOP THESE THINGS FROM HAPPENING.

THE NEW RAV-4 FROM TOYOTA, THAT ACTUALLY HAS A PEDESTRIAN DETECTION SYSTEM AT NIGHT.

SO IT CAN SEE IN THE DARK, AND IT CAN SEE A PEDESTRIAN IN THE DARK.

AND WE HAVE HAD THIS ON NEW VEHICLES FOR A WHILE.

THESE RADAR DETECTION SYSTEMS THAT CAN ACTUALLY SEE PEDESTRIANS AT NIGHT.

A LOT OF THAT TECHNOLOGY IS SAVING LIVES ON MODERN CARS.

THE INTRODUCTION OF SUBSCRIPTION BASED SERVICES TO OUR DRIVING HERE.

WHAT KIND OF SUBSCRIPTION BASED SERVICES ARE BEING OFFERED AND WHO'S OFFERING THEM?

LEXUS IS THE NEXT TO BE OFFERING SUBSCRIPTION SERVICES IN LINE.

THIS IS AWAY FROM BUYING A CAR ON A LEASE, OR BUYING A CAR ON CREDIT.

THIS IS THE NEXT STAGE, THIS IS HOW IT WORKS.

YOU BUY THE VEHICLE ON A SUBSCRIPTION SERVICE, THE MAINTENANCE, THE VEHICLE AND YOUR INSURANCE IS PAID FOR, IN FACT EVERYTHING BUMPER TO BUMPER EXCEPT FOR THE GAS, YOU ACTUALLY OWN THE VEHICLE, YOU PAY A MONTHLY FEE, JUST SIMILAR TO YOUR CELL PHONE, AND THEN YOU CAN UPGRADE.

SO LINCOLN ALLOWING YOU TO UPGRADE THE VEHICLE ON A MONTHLY BASIS, VOLVO ALLOWING YOU TO UPGRADE ON A YEARLY BASIS.

THIS IS THE WAY YOU'RE GOING TO BE BUYING VEHICLES.

AND MONTH TO MONTH YOU MAY BE ABLE TO CHANGE YOUR VEHICLE.

LIKE WITH LINCOLN, YOU'RE GOING TO BE ABLE TO CHANGE YOUR VEHICLE.

IN THE SUMMER YOU WANT A SEDAN, THAT'S WHAT'S COMING.

EACH YEAR WE'RE TALKING ABOUT MORE AND MORE OPPORTUNITIES, SOME CAR MANUFACTURERS MIGHT EVEN BE GETTING AWAY FROM THEIR SEDANS AND JUST FOCUSING ON THE SUVS.

WHY ARE WE CONTINUING TO SEE SUCH A SURGE IN THE GROWTH OF SUVS?

BETTER EFFICIENCY OF THESE VEHICLES.

VERY ROOMY, BUT THE SMALLEST VEHICLE THEY MAKE.

THE RAV-4.

THE FORESTER.

IT CAN GET THROUGH THE SNOW IN NEW YORK CITY, IF YOU WANT TO TAKE IT UP TO THE MOUNTAINS FOR THE WEEKEND, THOSE THINGS.

BUT SUVS ARE GETTING MORE SPORTY.

A HIGH PERFORMANCE REPORTING TURBOS IN THIS VEHICLE.

SO THEY'RE NO LONGER BIG AND CLUNKY BASED SUVS, THEY'RE HIGH PERFORMANCE BASED SUVS.

YOU CAN SEE LAVATE FROM MASERATI, IT ACTUALLY HAS A 0 TO 60 IN 6.3 SECONDS.

THAT'S WHAT CUSTOMERS ARE ASKING FOR.

THEY'RE ASKING FOR A SPORTS SEDAN AND THEY WANT TO PUT IT IN AN SUV, BUT PAYMENT, THEY'RE GETTING MORE ROOMY AND SMALLER.

VERY, VERY ECONOMICAL VEHICLES AND HIGH SAFETY RATINGS.

AND AT THE SAME TIME YOU LOTS OF ROOM AND YOU HAVE THREE ROWS IN SOME OF THESE VEHICLES.

LIKE IN THIS BRAND-NEW RAV 4, SO THEY HAVE ALL THE ELECTRONICS, THEY HAVE ALL THE FUEL ECONOMY AND THE EXTRA SPACE.

THE WHOLE PACKAGE.

THE SEDAN IS STILL THE BIGGEST -- YOU'RE SEEING NEW SEDANS FROM PEOPLE LIKE NISSAN, WITH THEIR ALL TIMA, AND THESE SEDANS ARE VERY, VERY IMPORTANT, YOU'RE GETTING LOADS AND LOADS OF SEDANS AND ALSO MORE SUVS.

THANK YOU FOR BEING WITH US.

YOU BE WELL.

THANKS, JACK.

> BEFORE WE LET YOU GO TONIGHT, LET ME TELL YOU ABOUT A WONDERFUL EXTENSION TO 'METROFOCUS.'

OUR NEW TWICE WEEKLY PODCAST, WITH ME AS YOUR HOST.

ON IT, WE'LL GET TO EXPLORE IN DEPTH CONVERSATIONS THAT ARE A LITTLE LESS FILTERED THAN THEY ARE ON TELEVISION AND A LOT MORE INTIMATE.

ON THE PODCAST, I'LL TALK TO AN ENTIRELY DIFFERENT SET OF GUESTS WITH AN ENTIRELY DIFFERENT ATTITUDE.

THE PRICE OF JOINING THIS PODCAST COMPLETE WITH NEW YORKERS FROM THE STREETS TO CITY HALL AND FROM WALL STREET TO BROADWAY?

ABSOLUTELY FREE.

HEAD OVER TO I-TUNES TO JOIN ME IN THIS ECLECTIC MIX OF PERSONALITIES.

FRESH NEW CONTENT EVERY TUESDAY AND THURSDAY.

I'LL SEE YOU THERE.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY --

CORPORATE FUNDING FOR 'METROFOCUS' WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY P SSE&GPSE&G, SERVING CU, STRENGTHENING THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY AND RECEIVING IN THE FUTURE.

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

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