TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS

Fears and tempers rise for the second time in a week, as Jewish men were attacked, choked, and threatened with murder in Brooklyn. We have the latest on these crimes. For some New Yorker’s, choosing between buying a meal or getting to work is a way of life. Should our most needy neighbors have their commutes subsidized? Their stories, and the debate over half priced fares ahead. We’re going back in time to old New York, when The Great White Way was once just “Broadway Street.” Find out about its forgotten past. Tarana Burke, the founder of the #MeToo movement feted as one of TIME magazine’s 100 most influential people of the year tonight. First she’s here.

Aired on April 24, 2018. 

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS HATE IN BROOKYLN FOR THE SECOND TIME IN A WEEK, A JEWISH MAN IS ATTACKED, CHOKED AND THREATENED WITH MURDER.

WE HAVE THE LATEST.

> FOR SOME NEW YORKERS CHOOSING BETWEEN BUYING A MALE AND GETTING TO WORK IS A WAY OF LIFE.

SHOULD THE CITY SUBDS THE COMMUTE OF IMPOVERISHED NEIGHBOR NEIGHBORS.

> WE'RE BACK IN TIME IN IN TORQUE WHERE THE STRATE WHITE WAY WAS JUST BROADWAY STREET.

> AND A MOMENT INTO A NOCHLT APPEAR HA #INTO HISTORY AND FEARLESS GIRLS INTO FATHER FEARLESS WOMEN.

ONE OF TIME MAGAZINE'S MOST INFLUENCE TARANA BURKE IS HERE TO DISCUSS WHAT'S NEXT.

> THOSE STORIES AND MORE AS METROFOCUS STARTS RIGHT NOW.

ANNOUNCER: THIS IS METROFOCUS, WITH RAFAEL PI RAMAN, JACK FORD AND JENNA FLANAGAN.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY --

ANNOUNCER: FUNDING FOR IN PROGRAM IS ALSO PROVIDED BY THE JPB FOUNDATION AND THE FORD FOUNDATION.

> GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO METROFOCUS.

I'M RAFAEL PI RAMAN.

CONCERNING NEWS AS HATE HITS THE STREETS OF BROOKLYN IN A GRAPHIC WAY.

THE NYPD HATE CRIME TASK FORCE IS INVESTIGATING TWO INCIDENTS THE PAST WEEK WHERE JEWISH MAN WERE ATTACKED.

POLICE SAY THE LATEST BRAZEN ATTACK HAPPENED IN BROAD DAYLIGHT NEAR THE SKROUN HEIGHTS SECTION.

MR. MOSCOWITZ WAS LEAVING TEMPLE AT 12:30 IN THE AFTERNOON WHEN HE PASS ADD MAN.

MOSKT WITS SAID I GREETED HIM AND GO, CONTINUE.

NEXT THING I KNOW HE SAID I DON'T LIKE JUS WHO ARE YOU TALKING TO I DON'T TALK TO JUICE ALL OF THE TIME THE ATTACKER WAS SAYING I HATE YOU JEWS GET OUT OF MY NEIGHBORHOOD.

HE PUTS ME TO THE GATE TRYING TO HOLD ME DOWN.

PUNCHES ME THE WHOLE TIME.

AND PUTS ME INTO HEAD LOCK AND TRIES -- AND THEN STARTS TO CHOKING ME.

AND ALL THE TIME IS SAYING I HATE YOU JUICE.

YOU F-ING JUICE GET OUT OF MY NEIGHBORHOOD.

TWO GOOD SAMARITANS CAME TO MOSCOWITZ'S DEFENSE AND HELPED HIM ESCAPE.

LAST WEEK IN THE AFTERNOON.

A 42-YEAR-OLD JEWISH MAN WAS SAUMTED IN PROMPTLY ORTHODOX COMMUNITY ALONG EASTERN PARKWAY NEAR NEW YORK AVENUE.

ACCORDING TO POLICE THE VICTIM WAS JUMPED BY A GROUP OF PEOPLE A PUNCHED IN THE FACE.

THE JEWISH COMMUNITY IS DEEPLY JEWISH RESIDENTS OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD SAY NER NOW AFRAID TO WALK THEIR OWN STREETS.

AN ASSEMBLYMAN HIKEN SAID PEOPLE ARE NERVOUS ABOUT WHAT'S GOING ON.

.ANTI-DEFAMATION LEAGUE IS OFFERING A $5,000 REWARD FOR INFORMATION LEADING TO TO IT ARREST AND CONVICTION OF THE INDIVIDUALS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ATTACKS.

METROFOCUS COHOST JENNA FLANKING IS AT ADL HEADQUARTERS STANDING BY WITH THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR EVEN BERNSTEIN.

FIRST I WANT TO WELCOME YOU BACK TO THE PROGRAM.

UNFORTUNATELY I WISH IT WAS UNDER BETTER CIRCUMSTANCES.

BUT FIRST I WANT TO START WITH TAKE US THROUGH WHAT IT WAS THAT HAPPENED WITH THE TWO GENTLEMEN?

BROOKLYN.

UNFORTUNATELY WE HAVE SEEN TWO HORRIFIC ASSAULTS ALLEGEDLY ANTI-SEMITIC ASSAULTS.

BOTH OF THE INDIVIDUAL WRGS ORTHODOX JEWS TARGETED.

THIS PAST SATURDAY AND THE SATURDAY BEFORE, THE SABBATH, THE HOLY DAY FOR ORTHODOX PEOPLE IN BROOKLYN AND ACROSS THE WORLD.

AND BOWING PEOPLE WERE PUT IN THE HOSPITAL, PHYSICALLY ASSAULTED HORRIFICALLY BLACK EYES BROKEN RIBS ET CETERA.

IT'S DISTURBING.

YOU WERE AT THE PRESS CONFERENCE WITH THE BROOKLYN BUROUGH PRESIDENT SHORTLY AFTER THE TWO EVENTS OCCURRED.

AND HE WAS TALKING A LOT ABOUT THE ATTENTION THAT'S GROWING IN BROOKLYN.

BUT I WANTED TO GET YOUR TAKE ON WHAT IT IS THAT'S GOING ON, BECAUSE NOT ONLY HAS THERE BEEN AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF AND I SUBMITIC ASSAULTS BUT A LOT HAVE BEEN IN BROOKLYN.

I THINK SO MUCH OF WHAT'S TAKING PLACE IN BROOKLYN IS UNFORTUNATELY A LACK OF COMMUNICATION BETWEEN DIFFERENT MINORITY GROUPS.

WE HAVE HAD AMAZING COMMUNICATION WITH ELECTED OFFICIALS.

AND INTERFAITH LEADERS IN THE COMMUNE.

BUT I THINK THE ACTUAL INDIVIDUALS ON THE GROUND, THE AVERAGE PERSON ON THE STREET, IS NOT TALKING TO EACH OTHER AND NOT INTERACTING WITH EACH OTHER.

AND WHEN THAT HAPPENS TENSIONS CAN BE BUILT AND YOU HAVE -- YOU KNOW THE OTHER NOW NOT BEING UNDERSTOOD AND THESE THINGS HAPPEN.

IT'S OUR JOB AS LEADERS TO TRY TO BRING THE PEOPLE TOGETHER AND HAVE REAL CONVERSATIONS SO THEY ARE UNDERSTAND WHO OTHER PEOPLE ARE IN THEIR COMMUNITY.

THEY MAYBE LOOK DIFFERENT AND ACT DIFFERENT AND HAVE DIFFERENT RELIGIOUS FAPGTS AND BACKGROUND.

NOT ONLY HAS THERE BEEN AN INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF ANTI-SEMITIC ASSAULTS BUT A GROWING NUMBER OF AND I SUBMITIC GRAVITY THAT WE HAVE SEEN ON SYNAGOGUES OR OTHER PUBLIC PROPERTY.

I WANT TO GET YOUR TAKE ON WHY IT IS IT SO IMPORTANT TO STOP WITH THE GRAFFITI.

THERE IS ALWAYS LEVELS OF AND I SEMITISM AND HATE.

LAST YEAR WE SAW A 90% INCREASE IN NEW YORK STATE.

THE GROSS MAJORITY OF THAT WAS AND I SUBMITIC VANDALISM TAKING PLACE IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK AND STATE OF NEW YORK.

FOR THE FIRST TIME WE STARTED SEEING NORMALIZATION OF THIS GRAFFITI.

I THINK WHAT CONCERNS ME IS WHEN THINGS LIKE GRAFFITI ARE NORMALIZED AND SUCH A LARGE UPTICK WE DON'T WANT TO SEE A NORMALIZATION OF AND I SUBMITIC HATE BEHAVIOR WHICH IS ASSAULTS, ET CETERA.

AND I THINK THAT'S ONE OF THE THINGS IS IS THE MOST FEARFUL.

WE NEED TO EDUCATE PEOPLE UNDERSTAND WHY THIS KIND OF GRAFFITI IS INAPPROPRIATE AND HOW HOURTFUL IT IS TO COMMUNITIES.

WE'RE TALKING ABOUT ANTI-SEMITIC GRAVITY.

WAE NOT TALKING ABOUT INFRINGING ON FREE SPEECH RIGHTS.

NO IF SOMEONE WANTS TO WALK ON THE SUBWAY WITH A SWASTIKA T SHEERT.

WE ARE PROTECTIVE OF SFREE SPEICH BACKUP PUTTING TENNESSEE ON THE SYNAGOGUE AND PUTTING THE WORD JEW UNDER IT THAT'S A HATE CRIME.

WE HAVE SEEN ANTI-SEMITIC GRAVITY ALSO ON MUSLIM HOUSES OF WORSHIP ALSO ASSAULTS ON NUMEROUS DIFFERENT MINORITY GROUPS.

TELL ME ABOUT THE ADL STAND DEFENDING ALL PEOPLE.

IT'S A UNIQUE MOTION.

STOP THE DEFAMATION OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE.

SECURE JUSTICE AND FAIR TREATMENT FOR ALL.

WHEN WE SEE AN ACT OF HATE TOWARDS ANOTHER GROUP NOT THE JEWISH GROUP WE STAND UP RIGHT THERE WITH THEM.

WE PUT OUT REWARDS WHEN THERE WAS A MUSLIM MURDERED.

WE PUT OUT A REWARD.

WHEN A HATE CRIME IS DONE AGAINST ANOTHER.

PETITION PUT OUT A STATEMENT.

WE UNDERSTAND THAT IF THE OTHERS -- OTHER MINORITY GROUPS IN THE CITY AND ACROSS THE COUNTRY ARE BEING INFRINGED UPON NEAR ALSO INFRINGING UPON THE JEWISH COMMUNITY AND WE TAKE IT SERIOUSLY AND DO SPEAK OUT.

LAST QUESTION BEFORE I LET YOU GO, I DID WANT TO ASK THERE SEEMS TO BE A GROWING TENSION WITHIN THE COUNTRY.

AND SOME PEOPLE HAVE SAID IT'S POLITICAL.

SOME PEOPLE HAVE SAID THERE ARE OTHER THINGS GOING ON.

BUT WHY IS IT THAT WE ALL FEEL SO POLARIZED FROM EACH OTHER.

IT'S PARENTHESE PARTIALLY POLITICS BUT IT'S THE NATURE OF WHERE THE SOCIAL MEDIA IS GOING.

PEOPLE ARE SPEAKING IN THEIR OWN LITTLE WORLDS IF YOU WILL AND THEY'RE ONLY TAGGING THE PEOPLE NEPT TO READ.

ONLY SEEING THE NEWS THEY WANT TO SEE AND ONLY FRIENDING THE PEOPLE THEY WANT TO FRIEND.

AND THE PEOPLE TYPICALLY HAVE YOU KNOW THE SAME KIND OF BELIEF SYSTEM AND IT'S AN ECHO CHAMBER.

WHEN THAT HAPPENS YOU'RE NOT LEARNING WHAT OTHER PEOPLE ARE THINKING AND THEIR BELIEVES.

IT'S ALLOWING FOR THE POLARIZATION.

WE HAVE SEEN DEEP POLARIZATION NOT ONLY POLITICALLY IN THIS COUNTRY BUT ALSO SOCIALLY.

I IT'S HARMFUL AND WE HAVE TO TAKE IT SERIOUS WILL.

EVAN THANK YOU FOR JOINING US ON THE PROGRAM.

AND HOPEFULLY WE CAN TALK TO YOU SOMETIME IN THE FUTURE ABOUT SOMETHING ON A MORE POSITIVE NOTE.

I HOPE SO THANK YOU.

THANK YOU.

> NYPD HATE CRIME TASK FORCE IS INVESTIGATING THESE ATTACKS.

ANYONE WITH INFORMATION ABOUT THE ASSAULTS IS ASKED TO CALL THE NYPD CRIME STOPPERS HOTLINE AT 1-80 OH-577-TIPS.

> ON METROFOCUS, THE UNLIMITED METRO CORD HAS BEEN THE DE FACTO PASSPORT HERE IN NEW YORK ALLOWING RIDE TORS GET TO ALL FOUR CORNERS OF THE CITY.

BUT THE PRICE TAG, $32 FOR A SEVEN-DAY HARD AND $$121 MORE A 30-DAY CARD IS OUT OF REACH FOR MANY LOW INCOME NORTH AMERICAERS BUT A GROWING VOICE IS PUTTING PRESSURE ON THE MAYOR TO ENACT A MULTIMILLION DOLLAR PROGRAM REDUCING FARES FOR LOW INCOME NEW YORKERS.

THE CITY ALREADY OFFERS A PROGRAM FOR RIDERS 65 OR OLDER AS WELL AS DISABLED RIDERS.

AS PART OF OUR INITIATIVE CHASING THE DREAM, POVERTY, EQUITY AND OPPORTUNITY IN AMERICA.

WE SPOKE TO THOSE WHO HAD MAKE DECISIONS BETWEEN THE NEXT MEAL OR PAYING FOR A RIDE TO WORK.

ONE OF THE BEST TIMES THE PEAK TIME IS RUSH HOUR THAT'S WHERE YOU RUN INTO MOST OF THE PEOPLE ARE GOING TO SWIPE YOU ON THE TRAIN.

NAGGENLE CARSON AND HIS WIFE TOOK ME A CLOSE BY TRAIN STATION HERE AT 125th STREET IN EAST HARLEM THEY DON'T HAVE ENOUGH MONEY FOR A 30-DAY, 7-DAY OR EVEN JUST A SWIPE FOR A ONE-WAY RAID ON THE TRAIN.

MANY TIMES THEY DEPEND ON THE KINDNESS OF OTHERS IF NOT.

GO ON THE UPTOWN SIDE WHERE THERE IS NO BOOTH, YOU KNOW.

AND WE'LL LOOK AROUND MAKE SURE NO COPS ARE THERE OR GO THROUGH THE GATE, YOU KNOW.

THAT'S WHAT WE'LL DO.

JASMINE AND NATHANLE ARE TWO OF THE 800,000 NEW YORKERS LIVING AT OR BELOW THE POVERTY LINE.

PART OF THE GROWING GROUP DEMANDING THE CITY PRI A REDUCED RATE METRO CARD.

THEY WORK ODD JOBS HERE AND THERE BUT CURRENTLY ARE UNEMPLOYED AND HOME ZBLOOLS FOR ME I'M DEPENDEDENT GETTING THE TRAIN, THE BECAUSE TO GET TO WHERE I HAVE TO GO.

NOBODY WANTS TO WALK ALL DAY.

I NEED IT.

YOU KNOW, I NEED A REDUCED FARE TO HELP ME WHERE I WON'T NEED A REDUCED FARE.

BUT SOMETHING FOR ME PERSONALLY I NEED THIS SO GET ON THE TRAIN.

THE COUPLE SAT DOWN TO TALK WITH ME ABOUT THE COST OF THE TRANSPORTATION HANGS OVER LIFE LIKE A STORM CLOUD.

TRAVELING OVER FOOD AND SFENSS YOU MAY NEED FOR THINGS, PERSONAL ITEMS WHATEVER IT MAY BE.

YOU REALLY IS HAVE TO FACTOR IN EVERYTHING.

BUT TRAVEL IS A HUGE, HUGE, HUGE HOLE IN YOUR POCKET NP.

THEY CURRENTLY STAY AT A NEARBY SHELTER AND USE RESOURCES AT PICTURE THE HOME TOLLS HOPEFULLY LAND A FULL-TIME JOB.

SOME AREN'T THAT LUCKY.

SOME OF THE MEMBERS ARE IN BROOKLYN, YOU KNOW SAYING STATEN ISLAND, QUEENS, YOU KNOW, SO THEY'RE COMING FROM ALL OVER.

WHEN YOU TAKE IN TIME AND THINGS LIKE THAT WITH SOME OF THE -- A LOT OF THE SHELTERS HAVE IF YOU DON'T GET ON THE TRAIN IN TIME OR STUCK AT A STATION TRYING TO GET A SWIPE YOU'RE THERE 30, 40 MINUTES LONGER NAN YOU NEED NONYOU MIETD NOT GET TO YOUR SHELTER IN TIME.

THAT CAN MEAN STAYING ON THE TRAIN.

STAYING ON THE TRAIN.

THE UNLIMITED METRO CARD OR EVEN ONE METRO CARD.

SWIPE IS SUCH A NECESSITY FOR LOW INCOME NEW YORKERS THAT THEY'RE MAKING SACRIFICES ON OTHER NECESSITIES.

AND SO IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT AND IT'S REALLY NECESSARY THAT MAYOR DE BLASIO HELP THE NEEDIEST.

REBECCA WITH THE RIDER ALLIANCE HAS BEEN VOCAL IN SOMETHING CALLED FAIR FARE.

THEY RALLIED ADDED CITY HALL AND HAVE A SIGNIFICANT NUMBER OF COUNCIL MEMBERS BACKING THEM INCLUDING COREY JOHNSON.

THEY INCLUDED IT IN THE 2019 BUDGE.

BUT THE DISCOUNT FARE PROGRAM WOULD ALLOW WORKING AGE NEW YORKERS LIVING AT OR BLOW THE POVERTY LINE OF $29,833 A YEAR TO RECEIVE HALF PRICE METRO CARDS.

THE MAYOR EMBRACED THE IDEA BUT SAYS IT NEEDS A REVENUE SOURCE.

HE SAYS A MILLIONAIRE TAX IS THE ANSWER BUT IN THE LIKELIHOOD OF THAT PASSING IN THE STATE LEGISLATURE IS SLIM SO NONE.

FAIR FARES WOULD ONLY COST ABOUT .2 OF THE CITY BUDGE.

IF THE CITY CAN'T AFRAID THIS?

WHAT IS IT DOING?

DIFFERENT TIME WHEN I CAN GET THE MONTHLY METRO CARD BECAUSE I DIDN'T PAY MY LEONARD.

MY RENT IS DUE TP THERE IS NO GIVEN TIME I CAN PAY THE LEONARD AND ONE SIDE EACH MONTH BY THE NINTH.

SO I HAVE -- I GET PAID BIWEEKLY.

EACH PAYDAY I HAVE TO PAY HALF THE RENT OR AFFORD A MONTHLY MODERATE CARD OR A WEEKLY METRO CARD FOR THE NEXT TWO WEEKS.

DARLENE JACKSONLY LIVES IN THE SOUND VIEW SECTION OF THE BRONX.

WORK WOULD BEING PART TIME AND A SINGLE MOM AND SAYS SHE WILL QUALIFY FOR THE REDUCED FARE WHICH COULD SAFE HER MORE THAN $700 A YEAR.

YOU A, MAN, I'M GOING TO START CRYING.

SORRY.

I AM A SINGLE PARENT.

I TRY TO PROVIDE EVERYTHING FOR MY SON SO HE DON'T HAVE TO SEE THE STRUGGLE.

BUT, YOU KNOW, I DON'T WANT HIM -- I DON'T WANT HIM TO FEEL LIKE HE IS LIKE BEING LEFT OUT OF -- OF OPPORTUNITIES.

LIKE I WAS SAYING BEFORE, IF IN PROGRAM WAS TO BE FUNDED, WHAT WOULD I DO WITH THE $700?

I WOULD BE ABLE TO PUT HIM IN A BASEBALL LEAGUE OR A BASKETBALL LEAGUE.

OR GO AWAY FOR THE SUMMER.

OR YOU KNOW SOME COMPUTER PROGRAMMING COURSE.

DARLENE MIRRORS THE SENTIMENTS OF NATHANLE AND JASMINE WHO SEE THE PROPOSAL PROGRAM AS A STEPPING STONE TO GREATER INDEPENDENCE.

I HAVE A COLLEGE EDUCATION.

THERE IS NO SPECIFIC LOCAL OR EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND.

. . THIS IS JUST NEW YORK CITY.

UNFORTUNATELY THE COST OF LIVING AND THE LIVING WAGES COINCIDENT COINCIDE SO IT'S A RAT RACE TRYING TO LIKE BE ABOVE WATER.

I GET UP AT 6:30 IN THE MORNING TO TAKE THE 52 BUS AT 7:48.

AND THEN WHERE I CATCH THE FIVE TRAIN.

THE REDUCED FARE COULD ALSO HELPS YOUNG STUDENTS TRYING TO JUGGLE SCHOOL EXPENSES AND TRAVEL.

MAWISHA IS A FRESHMAN AT THE TECHNICAL COLLEGE.

SHE SAYS SHE NEEDS HELP TO PAY FOR THE COMMUTE.

I GET HOME FOR MY BROTHER.

MY MOM DOESN'T WORK.

THE MONEY I GET FROM FINANCIAL AID I HELP WITH MY BROTHER TO PAY FOR THE BILLS.

SO LIKE GETTING -- PAYING LIKE $60 A MONTH FOR A METRO CARD CAN REALLY HELP MY FAMILY.

AS I WALK WITH MAWISHA TO THE EARLY MORNING CLASS SHE SAYS SHE HAS BEEN PART OF THE EFFORT TO GET REDUCED FARES.

THE THOUSANDS OF OTHERS NEW YORKERS COULD USE IT JUST AS MUCH.

FOR PEOPLE WHO DO HAVE A JOB BUT STILL LIVING IN SHELTERS THEY COULD SURVIVE.

HOUSING FOR THEM AS WELL.

ACTUALLY IT REALLY DOES HELP.

> MERE A QUESTION FOR YOU.

WHAT DO THE FLAT IRON BUILDING, CITY HALL, UNION SQUARE AND LINCOLN CENTER ALL HAVE IN COMMON?

THEY LINE ONE OF THE LONGEST STREETS IN THE WORLD, A STORIED CITY JEWEL IN ITSELF, BROADWAY.

BUT BEYOND THE BRIGHT LIGHTS OF KNOWS FAMOUS BUILDINGS THERE IS MUCH TO BE DISCOVERED ABOUT THE GREAT WHITE WAY.

TRACING MORE THAN 13 MILES FROM LOWER MANHATTAN BOWLING GREEN TO THE BRONX, JOINING ME NOW TO DISCUSS THE PAST AND PRESENCE OF THE ICONIC STREET IS MITCHELL YOUNG, AUTHOR OF 'BROADWAY,' THE STORY OF BROADWAY THROUGH 2,000 VINTAGE PHOTOGRAPHS.

BROAD WAS HAS THE HISTORY IN THE TIP OF LOWER MANHATTAN WHEN IT USED TO BE A DUTCH COLONY NEW AMSTERDAM.

BUT WHAT WAS THE ORIGINAL PURPOSE OF THE STREET?

SO LOOK AT THE HISTORY OF BROADWAY WE HAVE TO GO WAY BACK TO THE NATIVE AMERICAN ERA WHEN IT WAS ORIGINALLY CALLS THE WICKQUASGECK TRAIL AND RAN THE ENTIRE LENGTH OF MANHATTAN FOLLOWING A NATURAL RIDGE OF LAND.

THAT BELONGED TO THE ORIGINAL LANDSCAPE OF MANHATTAN.

SOMETHING WE DON'T THINK ABOUT TODAY.

AND THEN LATER UNDER THE DUTCH IT WAS ONE OF THE TUNE MAIN STREETS OF THAT SETTLEMENT AND AT THAT TIME IT WAS ALOUD THE HEAD STRAES OR GENTLEMAN STREET AND OH AND BREDE WEG WHICH TRANSLATES TO BROAD ROAD.

THAT'S WAS HOW IT GOT THE NAME OF BROADWAY.

KBLKT.

AND WHEN YOU LOOK ADDED OLD MAPS IT SAYS BROADWAY IN TWO WORDS AND THEN EVENTUALLYENED COMBINED.

THERE IS A LOT OF ICONIC BUILDING LINED THE STREET UP AND DOWN SOME HAVE COME AND GONE.

WHAT HAVE STOOD THE TEST THE TIME?

AND WHAT CAN WE NO LONGER SEE IN NEW YORK.

ONE OF THE THINGS I NOTED RESEARCHING FOR THIS BOOK IS HOW MUCH HAS BEEN LOST, THE LANDMARKS LAW OF NEW YORK CITY WAS PASSED 50 YEARS AGO.

MANY STRIKING, IMPORTANT BUILDINGS THAT MIGHT BEEN SAVED TODAY WERE LOST IN THE RAPID DEVELOPMENT OF NEW YORK CITY.

SOME OF THE THINGS WE LOST INCLUDE THE ORIGINAL TWO MADISON SQUARE GARDENS, THE SINGER BUILDINGS ONCE THE TALLEST BUILD IN NEW YORK AND THEN THE TALLEST BUILDING TO EVER COME DOWN AS WELL AS A AN AMAZING BUILDING AT THE SOUTHERN TIP OF CITY HALL, THE ORIGINAL POST OFFICE.

IT WAS THE LARGEST POST-OFFICE IN THE WORLD WHEN BUILT AND UNIVERSALLY HATED.

BUT I THINK -- THINK TODAY IF YOU ARE TO SEE PHOTOS OF OF IT YOU WOULD AGREE IT'S A HANDSOME BUILDING.

BUT THE ARCHITECT IF YOU LOOK BACK PERSONALLY REALLY DISLIKED HIS PERSONALITY.

IT WAS ALL MULLET'S MONSTROSITY.

PUBLIC OPINION CAN REALLY SWAY PRESERVATION EVEN TODAY.

IT'S NICE TO KNOW THAT NEW YORKERS HAVE ALWAYS BEEN NEW YORKERS.

BUT SO A LOT OF THE BOOK'S MATERIAL THAT YOU HAVE ACTUALLY CAME FROM A BLOG THAT YOU HAD CALLED UNTAPPED CITIES.

CAN YOU TELL US ABOUT THE BLOG YOU'VE BEEN WRITING?

YES, I FOUNDED IT AS A WAY TO HELP MYSELF AND OTHER NEW YORKERS REDISCOVER THE CITY THAT IS THEY LIVE IN OR THE CITIES THEY WERE BORN IN.

WHEN WE GO FROM A TO B IN OUR DAILY ROUTINE FROM HOME TO WORK WE MISS A LOT OF WHAT NEW YORK HAS TO OFFER.

AND JUST BY VARYING BY PATH SLIGHTLY, NEW YORK IS A PLACE YOU CAN COME ACROSS SOMETHING VERY MIRACULOUS BY ACCIDENT.

SO THE IDEA OF THE WEBSITE IS ABOUT THE IDEA OF THE URBAN REDISCOVERY SEEING THE CITY IN A NEW WAY WHETHER THROUGH HISTORY OR SOMETHING QUIRKY A RESIDENT IS DOING.

WE WERE LOOKING AT THE HISTORY OF BROADWAY AND ALSO THE ARCHITECTURE IN A SERIES CALLED DON'T FORGET TO LOOK UP.

AND THIS WAS LOOKING AT WHAT WOULD YOU MISS WITH YOUR HEAD DOWN, WALKING THE LENGTH OF BROADWAY?

AND THIS IS WHERE THE IMPETUS BEGAN FOR THE BOOK WHICH WE TRACED IN PHOTOGRAPHS.

THAT'S IRONIC CONSIDERING THE DIGITAL AGE WE LIVER IN NOW AND IT STARTED AS A TRAIL.

THANK YOU SO MUCH MICHELLE YOUNG.

> ON 'WALL STREET JOURNAL' RATHER UNEXPECTED LAST NIGHT TO MARK INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S DAY WITH HER HANDS ON HER HIPS DEFIANTLY STARING DOWN THE CHARGING BULL THEY SHE BECAME A POWERFUL SYMBOL OF THE NEED FOR DIVERSITY AT CORPORATE AMERICA.

SHE WILL BE SOON BE MOVING TO A PERMANENT SPOT FACING THE NEW YORK STOCK EXCHANGE.

THE ARRIVAL COINCIDED WITH AN EXTRAORDINARY YEAR FOR THE EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN.

NONE MORE SO THAN THE ME TOO MOVEMENT ALLOWING SURVIVORS TO COME FORWARD WITH STORIES OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

TARANA BURKE FOUNDED THE MOVEMENT HER ACTIVISM LED HER TO BE NAMED TIME'S MAGAZINE LIST OF THE 100 MOST INFLUENTIAL IN 2018.

I RECENT HAD THE CHANCE TO SIT DOWN WITH TARANA AND I BEGAN BY ASKING HER WHETHER SHE BELIEVES WE HAVE SEEN MEANINGFUL CHANGE SINCE THE MOVEMENT GAINED INTERNATIONAL ATTENTION SIX MONTHS AGO.

I THINK WE ARE LEANING TOWARDS MEANINGFUL AND SIGNIFICANT CHANGE.

I THINK THERE'S BEEN A CHANGE OF HEARTS AND MINDS WHICH HAS BEEN -- THAT'S MEANINGFUL AND SIGNIFICANT.

I THINK PEOPLE HAVE EMBRACED THE IDEA OR REALLY UNDERSTAND THE MAGNITUDE OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE NATIONALLY AND GLOBALLY IN A WAY ANY HAVEN'T BEFORE.

THAT'S A SHIFT FROM WHAT WE KNEW BEFORE ME TOO WENT VIRAL.

YOU SAID RECENTLY IT'S NOW IMPERATIVE THAT WE RESHAPE THE NARRATIVE.

UM-HUM.

OF ME TOO IN WHAT WAY THAT IS BECOME DISTORTED.

THERE IS A POPULAR NOTION THAT THERE IS ALL THE MISCONCEPTIONS THAT ME FO IS ABOUT TAKING DOWN POWERFUL MEN, IT'S ABOUT TARGETING MEN AND LIKE THERE IS SOME SORT OF WITCH HUNDRED.

AND ALL OF THOSE THINGS ARE WRONG.

ALL OF THOSE THINGS ARE NOT AT ALL WHAT THE MOVEMENT IS ABOUT.

AND IT'S TAKEN AWAY IT'S REALLY WATERED DOWN AND TAKEN AWAY FROM THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF THE CONVERSATION WHICH IS THE PEOPLE WHO ACTUALLY SAID ME TOO.

ME TOO TO YOU WAS FOUNDED ON THE PREMISES OF EMPOWERMENT THROUGH EMPATHY.

YES.

WHY IS IT SO IMPORTANT FOR THE YOUNG WOMEN OF COLOR FROM THE IMPOVERISHED COMMUNITIES TO FEEL COMFORTABLE HEARING THOSE WORDS ZWLOO ME TOO CAME OUT OF -- WE WERE ALREADY DOING WORK -- ONE OF MY CLOSE FRIENDS IS A WOMAN AND I WERE LIVING IN SELMA.

WORKING WITH CHILDREN, YOUNG PEOPLE.

INCREASINGLY THERE WERE WUNG PEOPLE, YOUNG WOMEN COMING FORWARD AND SHARING EXPERIENCES WITH SEXUAL VIOLENCE.

THE WAYS IN WHICH WE CONNECTED TO THEM MOST IS WHEN WE SHOWED EMPATHY.

AND SHOWING EMPATHY WAS SAYING I HAVE A STORY TOO.

IT'S EMPOWERING.

SO THE THING ABOUT SEXUAL VIOLENCE IS THAT IT'S AS PERVASIVE AND WIDESPREAD AS IT IS IT'S AN ISOLATING FEELING.

JUST TO SHARE KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING THAT YOU ARE NOT THE ONLY PERSON IT HAPPENED TO, THAT YOU ARE NOT ALONE IN YOUR CIRCUMSTANCES, IT CREATES A SENSE OF -- OF POWER IN COMMUNITY.

YOU'VE SAID IN TERMS OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE THAT IT DOESN'T ERASE OR CLOSE BUT THE RESPONSE TO IT DOES WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY THAT.

IT'S WELL IT'S OBVIOUS THAT VIOLENCE DOESN'T KNOW CLASS OR RACE OR GENDER OR AGE OR ANY STATUS.

RIGHT?

IT HAPPENS TO EVERYBODY WITHOUT DISCRIMINATION.

BUT THE WAY WE RESPOND TO IT, THE WAY PEOPLE RESPOND IT DEFINITELY IS DIFFERENT BY DETERMINING YOUR RACE OR YOUR CLASS OR GENDER OR YOUR GENDER EXPRESSION.

AND SO WHAT THAT MEANS IS WHEN YOU LOOK AT THE SITUATION OF, SAY, ART KELLY AND BLACK WOMEN HAVE BEEN STANDING UP ALMOST 20 YEARS SAYING THIS MAN IS A PERPETRATOR.

THIS MAN IS PREYING ON BLACK ON BROWN GIRLS HE HE SHOULDN'T BE IN THE COMMUNITY.

WE HAVEN'T SEEN A BACKLASH OR GROUND SWELL OF SUPPORT AROUND THAT.

THAT CAN'T BE.

THE REASON WHY IN MY WORK I TALK ABOUT CENTERING THOSE MOST MARGINALIZED IS BECAUSE HISTORY HAS SHONE IF WE DON'T THEY ARE LEFT OUT.

NOW WHEN WE TALK ABOUTING DOING SOMETHING YOUR RESPONSE TO THIS EPIDEMIC WE HAVE SEEN A WELT OF LEGISLATION INTRODUCED IN THE PAST FEW MONTHS, STATE LEVEL AND FEDERAL AND LOCAL LEVEL.

IT'S FOCUSED ON SEXUAL MISCONDUCT IN THE WORKPLACE.

OFTDEN THE TITLE EVER BILL IS REFERENCE ME TOO.

WHAT DO YOU THINK.

IT'S A START.

I THINK THERE IS A GREAT THAT THERE IS A FOCUS ON SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE AND POLICY CHANGES AND LEGISLATIVE CHANGES.

WE HAVE TO DO MORE.

THERE IS A SPECTRUM OF SEXUAL VANLS.

I THINK WHAT HAPPENS AND WHAT HAS HAPPENED IN THE ME TOO MOVEMENT IS THAT PEOPLE FEEL VERY COMFORTABLE TALKING ABOUT SEXUAL HARASSMENT IN THE WORKPLACE.

SURE.

SO IT'S A REALLY PERVASIVE PROBLEM NOT TO DIMINISH THE PROBLEM.

BUT THERE IS A WHOLE SPECTRUM OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE THAT HAPPENS.

AND SO WHEN WE FOCUS THERE THAT MEANS THAT WE'RE NOT FOLKING ON CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE.

WE'RE NOT FOCUSING ON RAPE ON COLLEGE CAMPUSING AND ADULT SURVIVORS.

WE'RE NOT FOCUSING ON YEAR FOLKS AND PEOPLE WITH DISABILITY.

THERE IS A WHOLE SPECTRUM OF ISSUES WE NEED TO DEAL WITH.

AND WE HAVE ONLY BEGAN TO SLIGHTLY UNPACK THAT.

WE HAVE A START BUT WE NEED TO TO DO MUCH MORE YOU SAID.

BUT OFTEN WHEN YOU REFERENCE THE PREDATORS YOU BLAME THE SYSTEMS IN PLACE THAT ENABLE THEM TO ACT THE WAY THEY DO, WHETHER IT BE PATRIARCHY OR.

CAN LEGISLATION TACKLE THAT.

THERE IS LOTS OF WAYS TO DISMANTEL PATRIARCHY AND CAPITAL ICHLS AND THAT'S NOT JUST FROM THE LEGISLATION.

THAT'S POWER OF THE PEOPLE.

YOU HEAR THE TERM SPEAKING TRUTH TO POWER ALL THE TIME IF BUT IT IS IMPORTANT TO TALK ABOUT WHAT'S TRUE, RIGHT?

YOU KMIP AWAY AT THE SYSTEM WHEN YOU UNDO WHAT THE SYSTEM IS TRYING TO DO.

AND WITH HE WE START UNDOING THOSE THINGS.

WHEN WE HAVE LIKE -- WE TALK ABOUT EQUAL PAY AND WE TALK ABOUT FLIPPING THINGS ON ITS HEAD AND MORE WOMEN REPRESENTED.

HAVING MORE WOMEN IN CONGRESS AND THINGS LIKE THAT THOSE ARE WAYS TO DISMANTEL PATRIARCHY BECAUSE IT CALLS FOR SOMETHING DIFFERENT.

YOU USE ADD POWERFUL PHRASE, THE POWER OF THE PEOPLE.

A LOT OF PEOPLE SIX MONTHS AGO EXPRESSING SUPPORT FOR THIS MOVEMENT PERHAPS WATCHING AND THINKING WHAT CAN THEY DO TO STAY INVOLVED WHAT WOULD BE YOUR ADVISE.

THERE ARE TONS OF WAYS TO TO GET INVOLVED.

EVEN IF IT'S JUST VOLUNTEERS AT RAPE CRISIS CENTER.

THE MOVEMENT IS ABOUT FILLING IN THE GAPS.

THERE ARE SOME GAPS IN RESOURCES IN THE COMMUNITIES.

AND SO I OFTEN URGE PEOPLE TO LOOK FOR THOSES GAPS.

THE WHICH WE MAKE CHANGE IS NOT NECESSARILY I NEED TO SIGN UP FOR A THING.

YOU NEED TO PAY ATTENTION.

WE DON'T TALK ABOUT SEXUAL VIOLENCE AND IT'S EVERYWHERE.

IF PEOPLE WANT TO BE INVOLVED LET'S TELL THE TRUTH.

LET'S START HAVING OPEN CONVERSATIONS WHETHER IN THE FAMILY OR IN YOUR CHURCH OR IN YOUR HOME.

WE NEED TO REALLY START UNPACKING AND DEALING WITH SEXUAL VIOLENCE HEAD ON.

TARANA BURKE IS OF COURSE THE FOUNDER OF THE ME TOO MOVEMENT, THE SENIOR DIRECTOR OF THE BROOKLYN BASED GIRLS FOR GENDER EQUITY.

THANK YOU FOR IMPROPER WORK.

ANNOUNCER: FUNDING FOR IN PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY --

ANNOUNCER: CORPORATE FUNDING FOR METROFOCUS WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY PSE&G, SERVING CUSTOMERS, STRENGTHENING THE BUSINESS COMMUNE AND INVESTING IN THE FUTURE.

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

WNET

© WNET All Rights Reserved.

825 Eighth Avenue

New York, NY 10019