TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS

On the eve of President Trump’s first State of the Union address to the nation, two former presidential speech writers, from both sides of the political spectrum, point out what the President must and must not say to a divided chamber and a country on edge and at odds. A dark moment in America’s history re-visited by New York’s senior senator. Chuck Schumer is here with his reaction to the International Center of Photography’s exhibition about Japanese internment camps here in the U.S. He’ll explain why he feels the exhibition is particularly timely. A new episode of “NOVA” brings us the story of two visionary pilots on a daring adventure to build and fly the first solar-powered airplane around the world. Paula Apsell, senior executive producer of “NOVA,” is here to bring us inside the film and behind scenes of the team of engineers, meteorologists and flight controllers as they worked toward the first zero-fuel airplane.

Aired on January 29, 2018. 

 

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METROFOCUS,' THE STATE OF OUR FUTURE, ON THE EVE OF PRESIDENT TRUMP'S STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS, TWO FORMER SPEECHWRITERS FROM EACH SIDE OF THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM POINT OUT WHAT THE PRESIDENT MUST AND MUST NOT SAY.

AND THEN THEY CAME FOR ME.

A DARK MOMENT IN AMERICAN HISTORY IS REVISITED BY NEW YORK'S SENIOR SENATOR.

CHUCK SCHUMER IS HERE WITH REACTION TO THE EXHIBIT ABOUT THE JAPANESE INTERNMENT CAMPS SET UP DURING WORLD WAR II.

AND THE IMPOSSIBLE FLIGHT.

TWO VISIONARY PILOTS ON A DARING ADVENTURE TO BUILD AND FLY THE FIRST SOLAR-POWERED AIRPLANE AROUND THE WORLD.

CAN THEY DO THAT?

ALL THAT AND MORE AS 'METROFOCUS' STARTS RIGHT NOW.

> THIS IS 'METROFOCUS,' WITH RAFAEL PI RAMON, JACK FORD AND JENNA FLANAGAN.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY -- CORPORATE FUNDING WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY AND BY PSE AND G, SERVING CUSTOMERS.

> GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

I'M JENNA FLANAGAN.

THE STATE OF THE UNION IS A HIGH-PRESSURE EVENT FOR EVERY ADMINISTRATION, PERHAPS THE MOST INFLUENTIAL SCHEDULED EVENT OF THE YEAR.

HISTORICALLY, PRESIDENTS HAVE USED IT TO LAY OUT THEIR AGENDAS AND SET THE TONE FOR THEIR NEXT YEAR IN OFFICE.

BUT FOR PRESIDENT TRUMP, WHO OFTEN CONTRADICTS HIS SPEECHES VIA TWITTER, WILL HE STICK TO TRADITION?

MORE IMPORTANTLY, WHAT ARE THE THINGS A PRESIDENT MUST SAY TO UNITE A COUNTRY AT ODDS WITH EACH OTHER, HOW WILL HE USE HIS BULLY PULPIT, AND WILL HE UNITE THE COUNTRY?

HERE TO GIVE US FIRST-HAND ACCOUNTS IS CLARK JUDGE AND DAVID LED.

I WANT TO START WITH YOU, CLARK, WHAT DO YOU SEE AS BEING THE MUST-HAVES IN THE UPCOMING STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS?

THE FIRST THING IS TO KEEP IN MIND THAT HE'S ALREADY ESSENTIALLY DONE A STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS, HIS ADDRESS TO THE JOINT SESSION OF CONGRESS EARLY LAST YEAR, EARLY IN HIS TERM WAS EFFECTIVELY HIS OWN FIRST STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS, AND WE SAW A TREMENDOUS SENSE OF HIS AUDIENCE, EXCEPT FOR MAYBE TONIGHT, INTO AN ENVIRONMENT, INTO A GROUP THAT WAS MORE HOSTILE, THE DEMOCRATS WERE VERY HOSTILE.

OF COURSE REPUBLICANS, MOST OF THEM, WERE VERY ENTHUSIASTIC.

SOME OF THEM HAD STRONG RESERVATIONS.

WITHIN THREE SECONDS OF THE OPENING OF THE SPEECH, HE HAD THEM ON THEIR FEET CHEERING.

SO THAT SHOWED A REAL SENSE OF HIS AUDIENCE.

DON'T KNOW IF HE CAN DO IT AGAIN.

BUT MY GUESS IS THEY'RE GOING TO TRY OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT.

THAT DRAWS THE AUDIENCE TOGETHER RIGHT AWAY, MAKES IT DIFFICULT TO BOO HIM.

HE'S GOT A LOT OF OBJECTIVES OF SUCCESSES IN THE FIRST YEAR, I'D EXPE EXPECT HIM TO REHEARSE THOSE, AND WE ALL KNOW WHAT THEY ARE, THE RAPIDLY-GROWING ECONOMY, THE TAX REFORM.

HE CAN, THE, SOME OF THE REGULATORY RELIEF AND THAT SORT OF THING, BUT HE, I'D ALSO EXPECT HIM TO DO SOMETHING TO GIVE THE DEMOCRATS A SENSE THAT THEY WIN BY NEGOTIATING WITH HIM AND LOSE BY OBSTRUCTION.

BECAUSE HE HAS A LARGE AGENDA AHEAD, INCLUDING IMMIGRATION REFORM, AND IT'S CLEAR THAT HE NEEDS, BOTH NEEDS AND WANTS THE DEMOCRATS TO BE PART OF THE DEAL.

SO HE'S GOING TO TRY TO, IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHER, BOTH BY CARROT AND STICK BRING THEM OVER TO TALKING.

WE'LL SEE HOW IT WORKS.

WELL, DAVID, I'D LIKE TO GET YOUR TAKE ON THE SPEECH, BECAUSE A LOT OF WHAT ARE PRESIDENT TRUMP'S TRIUMPHS FROM HIS FIRST YEAR IN OFFICE ARE ALSO ISSUES THAT DEMOCRATS ARE PASSIONATELY, THE BASE IS VERY ANGRY ABOUT.

SO WHAT DO YOU SEE AS WHAT THE PRESIDENT NEEDS TO SAY IN THE SPEECH OR NOT SAY IN THE SPEECH TO BRING DEMOCRATS TOGETHER?

WELL, I THINK THE STATE OF THE UNION IS OFTEN ANALYZED IN TERMS OF STYLE BUT SOMETIMES SUBSTANCE GETS NEGLECTED.

YOU MENTIONED MANY OF PRESIDENT TRUMP'S ACCOMPLISHMENTS, AND HE HAS ACCOMPLISHED SOME REAL THINGS, BUT IT'S NOT JUST DEMOCRATS WHO DISAPPROVE OF THOSE ACCOMPLISHMENTS, A MAJORITY OF AMERICANS DON'T LIKE THE TAX BILL THEY PASSED.

THEY'RE NOT HAPPY WITH THE HEALTH CARE REPEAL EFFORT THAT WENT THROUGH CONGRESS THREE TIMES NOW AND FOR THE MOST PART WAS UNSUCCESSFUL.

SO THE QUESTION IS GOING TO BE WHETHER PRESIDENT TRUMP ACKNOWLEDGES THAT HE IS IN A HISTORICALLY UNPOPULAR POSITION AND TRIES TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT.

I DON'T THINK THAT HE'S GOING TO GO OUT THERE AND SAY HEY, MY BAD, I DIDN'T MEAN TO DO THAT TAX BILL, BUT I DO THINK HE CAN MAKE MAKE OVERTURES TO SAY HERE'S SOMETHING I WILL DO THAT NOT JUST MY BASE APPROVES OF BUT MOST AMERICANS APPROVE UP.

FOR EXAMPLE, IF DONALD TRUMP WERE TO GET UP AND SAY I SUPPORT A CLEAN D.R.E.A.M. ACT, I SUPPORT LETTING THEM STAY HERE WITHOUT HOLDING THEM HOSTAGE FOR OTHER DEMANDS, IT WOULD BE WILDLY POPULAR AND PUT DEMOCRATS ON THEIR HEELS A LITTLE BIT.

I DON'T THINK THAT'S GOING TO HAPPEN, BUT I THINK THAT'S WHAT TRUMP WOULD DO IF HE WAS MORE POLITICAL POLITICALLY STRATEGIC AND SAVVY.

WE HAVE HEARD A PRESIDENT LAY OUT THESE VERY GRAND IDEAS FOR THINGS THEY WANT TO GET DONE, AND THEY DON'T ALWAYS COME TO FRUITION.

AND CONSIDERING THAT WE DO HAVE A PRESIDENT NOW WHO WE HAVE SEEN SEVERAL, ON SEVERAL OCCASIONS HAS SAID ONE THING AND THEN EITHER TWEETED THE OPPOSITE OR DONE THE OPPOSITE.

IS THERE ANY CONCERN THAT THE PRESIDENT IS GOING TO STAND BEHIND THE ENTIRE NATION AND MEAN WHAT HE SAYS?

WELL, I THINK I HAVE A DISAGREEMENT BOTH WITH YOU AND THE OTHER SPEAKER.

I THINK THE OTHER SPEAKER IS PROBABLY ABOUT A MONTH BEHIND THE EVENTS.

BECAUSE, IN FACT, THE PRESIDENT NOW HAS APPROVAL RATINGS THAT ARE IDENTICAL OR EVEN ABOVE WHAT HIS PRESIDENT, MR. OBAMA, HAD AT THIS TIME IN HIS PRESIDENCY.

MR. TRUMP HAS BEEN COMING UP FAST BECAUSE OF THE RESOLVE HE SHOWED IN THE TAX REFORM, BECAUSE OF THE THINGS HE DID ON HEALTH CARE AND BECAUSE OF THE DEBACLE OF THE GOVERNMENT SHUTDOWN THAT MR. SCHUMER AND MS. MINORITY LEADER PELOSI IN THE HOUSE ENGINEERED.

SO THIS IS ACTUALLY AN AUSPICIOUS TIME FOR THE PRESIDENT.

I WOULD ALSO DISAGREE WITH YOU ON HE SAYS ONE THING DOES ANOTHER.

I THINK EARLY IN HIS PRESIDENCY OR DURING THE CAMPAIGN IT WAS SAID OF HIM THAT HIS SUPPORTERS TOOK HIM SERIOUSLY BUT NOT LITERALLY.

HIS CRITICS TOOK HIM LITERALLY BUT NOT SERIOUSLY, AND I THINK THAT'S CONTINUED INTO HIS PRESIDENCY.

AS WE SAW WITH THE IMMIGRATION PROGRAM HE PUT OUT IN THE LAST 24 HOURS.

HE'S BEEN REACHING OUT TO THE DEMOCRATS.

WHETHER THEY'LL REACH BACK IS QUITE A DIFFERENT MATTER.

BUT, AGAIN, AS I SAID EARLIER, IT WILL BE A BIT OF CARROT AND A BIT OF STICK.

WHEN IT COMES TO A BIT OF CARROT AND A BIT OF STICK, LET'S JUST SAY THAT THE PRESIDENT'S STICK IS NOT WHAT WE'RE USED TO WITH OTHER PRESIDENTS, SO ARE THERE ANY THINGS THAT HE SHOULDN'T DO, PLACES HE SHOULDN'T GO?

I THINK WHAT YOU'LL FIND IS THAT SPEECHES LIKE THIS, WHILE HE IS VERY STRONG AND VERY EMPHATIC ABOUT HIS POSITIONS ON ISSUES, HE IS ALSO IN MANY WAYS SOMETHING OF A TRADITIONAL PRESIDENT.

YOU LOOK AT HIS MAJOR ADDRESSES.

THESE HAVE BEEN WELL-THOUGHT-OUT, WELL-CRAFTED, VERY GROUNDED IN FACT AND IN THE MOMENT.

WE ARE STILL IN A VERY DIVIDED SPACE RIGHT NOW AS A COUNTRY, AND I'M WONDERING, WHAT ARE SOME OF THE SUBJECTS THAT THE PRESIDENT COULD USE TO GET THE COUNTRY TOGETHER, TO MAKE US ALL FEEL, YES!

LET'S MOVE FORWARD ON THIS AGENDA.

THAT'S A GOOD QUESTION.

BEFORE I ADDRESS IT, I DO NEED TO TALK ABOUT SOMETHING THAT CLARK HAD SAID.

I THINK IT'S IMPORTANT, I THINK THIS IS A GOOD WAY OF REFLECTING THE MOMENT THAT WE'RE IN.

BECAUSE I'M BEGINNING TO WONDER, MAYBE WE HAVE TWO DIFFERENT PRESIDENT TRUMPS AT THIS POINT.

THE PRESIDENT TRUMP THAT I KNOW AS FAR AS IN REALITY HAS ABOUT A 39% APPROVAL RATING.

PRESIDENT OBAMA HAD ABOUT A 49% APPROVAL RATING AT THIS TIME IN HIS FIRST TERM.

AND SIMILARLY, PRESIDENT TRUMP'S APPROVAL HAS TICKED UP AN A LITTLE FROM 36 TO 39.

THAT IS ALSO A FACT.

I'M MORE THAN WILLING TO LIVE IN THIS WORLD WHERE WE HAVE REAL FACTS.

I'M NOT SURE THAT PRESIDENT TRUMP IS WILLING TO ACKNOWLEDGE SOME OF THOSE FACTS, INCLUDING HOW SOME OF HIS OWN POLICIES ARE PLAYING OUT.

I THINK THAT THE ISSUES THAT WOULD MAKE AMERICANS FEEL BETTER, YOU CAN ASK AMERICANS WHAT WOULD MAKE THEM FEEL BETTER.

THEY'D FEEL BETTER BY HUGE MARGINS IF THE PRESIDENT STOPPED USING TWITTER ALL THE TIME.

THEY'D FEEL BETTER BY ENORMOUS MARGINS IF WE MORE RESPECTED AROUND THE WORLD.

THEY'D FEEL MUCH MORE SECURE IF THEY DIDN'T HAVE A PRESIDENT WHO HAD TWITTER FIGHTS WITH A NUCLEAR-ARMED ADVERSARY.

IS THAT REALISTIC?

I THINK IT'S VERY UNLIKELY THAT HE WILL GOVERN DIFFERENTLY NOW THAN HE HAS OVER THE LAST YEAR.

I THINK WHAT'S MORE INTERESTING IF YOU'RE WATCHING THE STATE OF THE UNION ON TUESDAY IS TO FIGURE OUT EXACT LELY HOW PRESIT TRUMP WANTS TO SPEAK TO HIS BASE, HOW HE WANTS TO PRESSURE DEMOCRATS INTO WORKING WITH HIM OR AT LEAST AK SIDING TO HIS DEMANDS, BUT I THINK THE IDEA THAT HE IS GOING TO USE THE STATE OF THE UNION TO BRING PEOPLE TOGETHER, I WOULDN'T LOOK FOR THAT.

IT CERTAINLY DIDN'T HAPPEN WITH HIS SPEECH LAST YEAR, AND IT HASN'T HAPPENED SINCE.

WE HAVE 30 SECONDS LEFT.

SO WHAT IS IT THAT YOU'RE LOOKING FOR MOST TO COME FROM THE SPEECH?

I'M EXPECTING HIM TO REMIND THE COUNTRY ABOUT THE ENORMOUS GROWTH WE'VE HAD.

WE'RE NOW OVER 3% GROWTH.

THAT DIDN'T HAPPEN DURING THE OBAMA YEARS.

THAT'S WHY THE PRESIDENT'S RATINGS EXCEED 45% NOW, WHERE HIS PREDECESSOR WAS AT THIS TIME.

AND I'D EXPECT A STRONG STATEMENT REGARDING THE NATIONAL SECURITY AND WHERE, HOW WE'LL BE DEALING WITH THE YEAR AHEAD.

ALL RIGHT, WELL, LISTEN.

GENTLEMEN, DAVID AND CLARK, THANK YOU FOR SHARING YOUR THOUGHTS ON WHAT WE MIGHT EXPECT FROM THE UPCOMING STATE OF THE UNION, AND WE'D LOVE TO HAVE YOU BOTH BACK.

THANKS SO MUCH.

> THERE'S A NOW-FAMOUS POEM WRITTEN JUST BEFORE WORLD WAR II BY MARTIN NEMUELLER WHO BECAME A CRITIC OF HITLER.

IT READS, FIRST THEY CAME FOR THE SOCIALIST AND I DID NOT SPEAK OUT BECAUSE I WAS NOT A SOCIALIST.

THEN THEY CAME FOR THE TRADE UNIONIST AND I DID NOT SPEAK OUT BECAUSE I WAS NOT A TRADE UNIONIST.

THEN THEY CAME FOR THE JEWS, AND I DID NOT SPEAK OUT BECAUSE I WAS NOT A JEW.

THEN THEY CAME FOR ME, AND THERE WAS NO ONE LEFT TO SPEAK FOR ME.

CHILLING WORDS AS CLOUDS OF FASCISM FORMED OVER EUROPE AND HAS SEEN GERMANY EMBARKING ON CONSTRUCTION OF CONCENTRATION MANY CAMPS WHERE NEARLY TWO-THIRDS OF EUROPE'S JEWS WERE MURDERED.

HERE IN AMERICA CONCENTRATION CAMPS WERE ALSO CONSTRUCTED.

THE U.S. GOVERNMENT INTERNED JAPANESE AMERICAN RESIDENTS.

THIS WAS ONE OF AMERICA'S DARKEST AND MOST SHAMEFUL MOMENTS.

THERE WILL BE AN EXHIBITION ENTITLED 'THEN THEY CAME FOR ME'. 'METROFOCUS' CONTRIBUTOR CAUGHT UP WITH A VERY SPECIAL GUEST, SENATE MINORITY LEADER, CHUCK SCHUMER.

WE'RE TALKING TO CHUCK SCHUMER, THE SENATOR HAS JUST TOURED WITH A GROUP OF PEOPLE HERE AT THE ICP MUSEUM.

THIS EXHIBIT 'THEN THEY CAME FOR ME', INCARCERATION OF JAPANESE-AMERICANS DURING WORLD WAR II.

YOU SAW THIS FIRST F CHIN CHICA THIS EXHIBIT.

WHY DID THIS MOVE YOU.

FIRST, THESE ARE FINE PEOPLE, IMMIGRANTS.

CHILDREN, GRANDCHILDREN OF IMMIGRANTS.

THEY LOOKED A LITTLE DIFFERENT, HAD DIFFERENT LAST NAMES, BUT THEY'RE AS AMERICAN AS ANY OF US.

AND YET OUT OF A DARK PART OF HISTORY, WE TOOK THEM OUT OF THEIR JOBS AND HOMES AND LIVELIHOODS AND PUT THEM IN CAMPS, AND THE PICTURES ARE SO MOVING.

TO USE THE CLICHE, A PICTURE IS WORTH A THOUSAND WORDS.

YOU CAN READ ABOUT IT, BUT SEEING THESE YOUNG PEOPLE,

I SAW YOU PAYING ATTENTION ON THAT TRAIN.

BECAUSE IT'S ALL THESE PEOPLE BEING PUT IN CARS, RAILROAD CARS TO BE MOVED TO CAMPS.

IT JUST BRINGS HOME WHAT WE WERE DOING.

AND, YOU KNOW, WITH WHAT'S HAPPENING RIGHT NOW WITH THE D.R.E.A.M.ers AND WITH IMMIGRATION AND THAT CERTAIN WING OF POLITICIANS LED BY PRESIDENT TRUMP TEND TO WANT TO MAKE IMMIGRANTS SCAPEGOATS, THAT'S A DARK, DARK SIDE OF AMERICA THAT WHEN YOU SEE PICTURES LIKE THIS, IT MAKES YOU WANT TO FIGHT IT WITH EVERY ATOM OF YOUR BEING.

AND THAT'S HOW I FEEL.

TO PUT THINGS IN PERSPECTIVE.

WE'RE TALKING ABOUT 120 AMERICANS.

THOUSAND.

THANK YOU, SENATOR, 120,000 JAPANESE AMERICANS TAKEN FROM THEIR HOMES AND BUSINESSES.

AND WHEN THEY CAME BACK, WHAT WAS THERE FOR THEM?

BY THE WAY, AFTER PEARL HARBOR, THIS IS WHEN IT STARTED.

AFTER IT WAS OVER, WHAT WAS THERE?

THIS JOBS WERE HOME,GONE.

AND THEY CAME BACK AND BECAME GOOD AMERICANS ONCE AGAIN.

AND WHEN YOU READ ABOUT THEM AND TALK TO THEM, SOME ARE BITTER, BUT MOST HAVE JUST MOVED FORWARD WITH THEIR LIVES, GLAD TO BE PART OF AMERICA ONCE AGAIN.

SO SENATOR, FOR THOSE WHO SAY IT'S FOR NATIONAL SECURITY.

THAT'S WHAT WE DID THEN IN THE '40S, AND WE NEED TO DO NOW WITH A DIFFERENT GROUP OF PEOPLE.

MAKE NO MISTAKE ABOUT IT.

IN BOTH CASES AND TECHNPARTICUL NOW.

THAT'S A TOTAL EXCUSE.

THE D.R.E.A.M.ers AND THE IMMIGRANTS THAT WE HAVE IN AMERICA ARE BY AND LARGE SOME OF THE FINEST PEOPLE THAT WE HAVE.

THEY WORK HARD.

THEY JUST WANT TO BE PART OF THE AMERICAN DREAM AND THAT'S WHAT'S MADE AMERICA GREAT, WHETHER IT WAS IN THE '40s OR TODAY OR WAY BACK WHEN, YOU KNOW, 1892 WHETWHEN MY ANCESTORS CAME HERE.

MY MIDDLE NAME IS ELLIS, NAMED AFTER ELLIS ISLAND.

MY DAUGHTER'S MIDDLE NAME IS FROM THE POET ON THE STATUE OF LIBERTY.

WHAT THEY'RE DOING NOW IS JUST SO, SO UN-AMERICAN.

IT CURDLES YOUR STOMACH.

THERE'S A LARGE GROUP OF PEOPLE GATHERED AT THE ICP MUSEUM AND THESE PHOTOGRAPHS, YOU'LL SEE IT THROUGHOUT THE SEGMENT WE'RE DOING HERE.

THEY'RE EXTRAORDINARY.

SOME GREAT ARTISTS, GREAT PHOTOGRAPHERS.

WELL, THERE'S AN ARTIST NAMED MR. MIYATAKA.

HE'S A PHOTOGRAPHER.

THEY DIDN'T ALLOW PICTURES IN THE CAMP.

THEY WERE ASHAMED.

THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT YOU MEAN.

THAT'S CORRECT.

BUT HE TOOK THOSE PICTURES, AND A GOOD NUMBER OF THEM ARE HERE.

SOME BY ANSEL ADAMS AND OTHER PHOTOGRAPHERS.

IT'S A BEAUTIFUL PHOTOGRAPHY EXHIBIT BUT THE MEANING IS DEEPER THAN THAT.

BY THE WAY, FOR OUR PUBLIC TELEVISION AUDIENCE AND OTHERS WATCHING THIS INTERVIEW WITH SENATOR SCHUMER WHO ARE GETTING A SENSE OF THESE PICTURES, WHAT IS THE BIGGEST LESSON THAT YOU AND MORE IMPORTANTLY, SENATOR, BECAUSE YOU ALREADY GOT THE LESSON, THAT OTHER AMERICANS WHO MAY NOT EVEN SEE THIS EXHIBIT BUT WANT TO KNOW ABOUT IT, WHAT SHOULD THEY TAKE AWAY FROM THIS?

WHAT THEY SHOULD TAKE AWAY IS NUMBER ONE HOW IMPORTANT WE ARE AS A MELTING POT.

PEOPLE OF ALL DIFFERENT BACKGROUND, ALL DIFFERENT PLACES, RELIGIONS, RACES, CREEDS, COLORS, COME TO AMERICA AND WANT TO BE AMERICANS AND ARE GREAT AMERICANS.

SECOND, THAT WHEN PEOPLE USE THEM AS SCAPEGOATS, AS POLITICAL FOOTBALLS, WE HAVE TO FIGHT BACK AND FIGHT BACK AND FIGHT BACK.

BECAUSE AMERICA CAN, WE ARE STILL A COUNTRY WHERE IF YOU FIGHT BACK AND APPEAL TO THE BETTER ANGELS OF OUR NATURE,QUE SUCCEED.

SO FINALLY, SENATOR, THANK YOU FOR JOINING US, AND THE SENATOR WILL BE JOINING MY COLLEAGUE, RAFAEL IN ANOTHER SEGMENT IN THE GATEWAY TUNNEL AND THE DRAMA GOING ON IN WASHINGTON.

BUT THE FINAL QUESTION IS THIS, FOR THOSE AMERICANS WHO SAY WE NEED TO PROTECT OUR COUNTRY FROM QUOTE, THEM.

THEM IS US.

THOSE PEOPLE ARE US, WHETHER IT'S IRISH IMMIGRANTS DISCRIMINATED AGAINST,

ITALIANS.

ITALIANS OR JEWS OR POLES.

HISPANICS NOW, ASIANS NOW.

AMERICA WINS WHEN WE ARE UNITED, WHEN WE WELCOME PEOPLE.

YOU KNOW EVERY IMMIGRANT IS SPECIAL.

COULD HAVE HAD NO MONEY, NO EDUCATION, BUT THEY HAD THE GUMPTION, THE DESIRE TO SAY I WANT TO MAKE A BETTER LIFE OF AND THAT'S A RISK SOMETIMES, CROSSING DESERTS OR OCEANS.

I AM GOING TO SETTLE IN A WHOLE NEW COUNTRY, BECAUSE I WANT TO MAKE A BETTER LIFE FOR ME AND MY CHILDREN.

EVERY IMMIGRANT'S SPECIAL.

IN FACT, 'THEN THEY CAME FOR ME' IS SO APPROPRIATE GIVEN WHAT SENATOR SCHUMER JUST SAID.

I WANT TO THANK YOU AND THE CROWD THAT HAS GATHERED HERE AT THE ICP MUSEUM.

[ APPLAUSE ]

YOU TELL THEM WHERE IT IS?

I WANT TO MAKE SURE EVERYONE KNOWS.

SO YOU CAN COME.

250 BARRY NEW YORK, LOWER MANHATTAN.

IT IS AN EXTRAORDINARY EXHIBIT.

SO THRILLING THAT IT'S HERE IN NEW YORK.

THANK EVERYONE HERE AS WELL.

[ APPLAUSE ]

THANK YOU, EVERYBODY.

THANK YOU, STEVE.

AND WE LOOK FORWARD TO HOSTING SENATOR SCHUMER HERE AT 'METROFOCUS' IN THE COMING WEEKS.

> NOVA, THE IMPOSSIBLE FLIGHT IS A FILM THAT LIVES AT THE INTERSECTION OF ADVENTURE AND CLEAN ENERGY.

THE PROGRAM FOLLOWS BRAVE PILOTS AND ENGINEERS WHO RISKED THEIR LIVES TO FLY THE FIRST SOLAR-POWERED AIRPLANE ACROSS THE GLOBE WITHOUT A DROP OF FUEL.

HERE'S A SNEAK PEEK.

A FEAT NEVER BEFORE ATTEMPTED.

FLY AROUND THE WORLD WITH NO FUEL.

POWERED ONLY BY THE LIGHT OF THE SUN.

IT'S COMPLETELY CRAZY.

WE'RE ADVENTURERS.

ACCCAN THE BATTERIES LAST FI NIGHTS OVER THE PACIFIC OCEAN?

A DARING TEST OF TECHNOLOGY.

THE IMPOSSIBLE FLIGHT.

ON NOVA.

RENEWABLE ENERGY IS AN IMPORTANT ANSWER TO THE DIFFICULT QUESTION OF CLIMATE CHANGE.

AND HERE TO TELL US MORE ABOUT THIS FILM IS ITS SENIOR EXECUTIVE PRODUCER, PAULA A ABSELL.

TELL ME WHAT DREW YOU TO THE STORY.

WELL, WHEN THE PRODUCERS FROM FAR WEST PRODUCTIONS FIRST PRESENTED THIS IDEA, IT JUST SEEMED LIKE, AS YOU ACTUALLY SAID, A FABULOUS INTERSECTION BETWEEN SOMETHING VERY, VERY IMPORTANT, RENEWABLE ENERGY, AND ADVENTURE AND EXPLORATION, AND THAT'S REALLY THE SWEET SPOT FOR NOVA.

THAT'S WHAT OUR VIEWERS LOVE TO SEE.

THEY LOVE TO SEE SOMETHING THAT'S TECHNICALLY VERY DIFFICULT, A PROBLEM THAT IS SOLVED, MATCHED WITH AN ADVENTURE THAT HAS AN IMPORTANT PURPOSE.

AND SO IT JUST WAS AN IRRESISTIBLE LURE.

ALTHOUGH I HAVE TO SAY WE WERE AFRAID OF TWO THINGS.

MM-HM.

ONE, WE WERE AFRAID, WE WERE AFRAID THAT THE TRIP AROUND THE WORLD WOULD GO OFF WITHOUT A HITCH.

AND THAT WOULD SEEM VERY BORING.

AND WE WERE ALSO AFRAID, BECAUSE GOING 26,000 MILES AROUND THE GLOBE IN A SOLAR-POWERED PLANE WITHOUT A DROP OF FUEL IS SO YES, IMPROBABLE AND SO DANGEROUS THAT WE WERE ALSO AFRAID THAT SOMETHING TERRIBLE WOULD HAPPEN.

I WAS GOING TO SAY, THIS IS CERTAINLY A FILM THAT HAS ITS TENSE MOMENTS OF DRAMA.

ONE OF THE ONES THAT STANDS OUT THE MOST OF COURSE IS TFIVE-DAY FLIGHT FROM JAPAN TO HAWAII.

TELL ME A LITTLE BIT ABOUT WHY THAT TOOK FIVE DAYS AND WHAT MADE IT SO DANGEROUS.

IT TOOK FIVE DAYS BECAUSE OF PACIFIC OCEAN IS SIMPLY THE LARGEST OCEAN ON EARTH.

IT'S REALLY BIG.

AND IT TAKES THAT MUCH TIME TO CROSS IT IN A PLANE THAT GOES ABOUT 45 MILES AN HOUR, WHICH IS WHAT 'SOLAR IMPULSE' DID.

AND SO THERE WERE A TREMENDOUS NUMBER OF OBSTACLES, AND IT WAS A VERY DICEY DECISION WHETHER TO TAKE OFF FROM NAGOYA, JAPAN AT ALL.

BECAUSE THERE WERE ALL KINDS OF RESTRICTIONS THAT THE JAPANESE IMPOSED ON THE FLIGHT THAT DIDN'T GEOFFIVE THEM AN OPTIMAL PATH.

THE MONSOON SEASON WAS BEGINNING IN JAPAN.

AND RIGHT AS THEY STARTED THEY WERE CONFRONTED WITH TWO PROBLEMS.

I ALSO HAVE TO SAY THEY HAD A TEAM OF METEOROLOGISTS WHO WERE FANTASTIC, BUT THE FURTHER YOU GO, THE NUMBER OF DAYS FROM THE TAKEOFF POINT, THE LOWER YOUR CONFIDENCE IN YOUR WEATHER REPORT GOES.

SO, IF YOU HAVE TO FLY FOR FIVE DAYS, THE CONFIDENCE JUST SINKS FOR THOSE LAST TWO DAYS.

NOW, SO THEY TOOK OFF FROM NAGUY YEAH, AND THE FIRST THING THEY HAD WAS THEIR AUTO PILOT SURVEY LANCE SYSTEM CALLED THE M.A.S.

STARTS TO BEEP CONSTANTLY, AND IT WAS JUST KIND OF WORKING OVERTIME FOR SOME REASON.

AND THAT MADE THE ELECTRONIC SYSTEM IN THE PLANE QUESTIONABLE, WHICH OF COURSE WORRIED FLIGHT CONTROL.

CERTAINLY.

AND IT ALSO KEPT WAKING ANDRE UP, SO HE, YOU KNOW, THEY SLEEP IN CAT NAPS OF 20 MINUTES EACH.

FOR FIVE DAYS AND NIGHTS, IT'S NOT POSSIBLE FOR A HUMAN BEING TO STAY UP THAT LONG.

SO THEY'RE VERY WORRIED ABOUT PILOT EXHAUSTION AS WELL AS THE ELECTRONICS.

BUT THE PLANE DID LAND, AND THAT IS THE MOST IMPORTANT PART, NOT, YOU KNOW, NOT TO GIVE AWAY A SPOILER ALERT, BUT THE PLANE DID LAND.

THROUGH ALL OF THESE THINGS, ANDRE WAS JUST VERY CONFIDENT.

YOU KNOW, HE WAS A FIGHTER PILOT IN THE SWISSAIR FORCE.

AND HE BELIEVED THAT THE PLANE FELT GOOD.

AND SO THE INTUITION OF THE PILOT CARRIED THE DAY.

REALLY FLIGHT CONTROL, MISSION CONTROL IN MONACO WANTED HIM TO GO BACK TO NAGOYA, JAPAN.

THIS TEAM HAS THE PILOTS' LIVES IN THEIR HANDS.

THEY ARE CONCERNED ABOUT IT CONSTANTLY.

BUT ANDRE OVERRULED THEM AND SAID WE HAVE TO GO ON.

HE JUST FELT THE PLANE WAS FLYING SO WELL.

AND AS YOU SAID, THE PLANE DID LAND WITHOUT ANY TERRIBLE ACCIDENTS HAPPENING IN HAWAII.

THIS IS AN AMAZING FILM TO WATCH, JUST TO SEE WHAT THE POSSIBILITIES ARE, AND IT'S ALSO A BEAUTIFUL FILM TO WATCH VISUALLY.

SO THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR BRINGING THIS TO US AND TO NOVA.

YOU ARE VERY WELCOME, AND I HOPE THAT EVERYBODY WATCH IT IS ON JANUARY 31st ON NOVA.

CHECK YOUR LOCAL LISTINGS, AND THANKS VERY MUCH FOR YOUR QUESTIONS.

YOU ALMOST TOOK THE WORDS OT OUT OF MY MOUTH.

IS PREMIERES JANUARY 31st AT 9:00 P.M.

> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

WNET

© WNET All Rights Reserved.

825 Eighth Avenue

New York, NY 10019