August 14, 2017: TONIGHT ON METROFOCUS

After Alt-Right activists and neo-Nazis took to the streets and deadly violence erupted in Virginia this weekend, America reels and New York reacts.  NY Congressman Jerrold Nadler will be here with reaction to these events and the next steps he, Congress, and the President must do to stem the current tide of hate and polarity in our country. If rail problems at Penn Station have been a drag for commuters, think about the “mom and pop” shops that call the transit hub “home.”  We’re headed underground to find out how hard they’ve been hit financially through these “days of delays.” For over 200 years the New York Academy of Sciences has been making a difference at home and around the world. Find out how.

TRANSCRIPT

> TONIGHT ON 'METROFOCUS,' AFTER ALT-RIGHT RESULTS IN A DEATH IN VIRGINIA THIS WEEKEND, AMERICA REELS AND NEW YORK REACTS.

THE PRESIDENT AT HOME IN TRUMP TOWER HAS BEEN CRITICIZED BY MEMBERS OF BOTH PARTIES AND AMERICANS ACROSS THE POLITICAL SPECTRUM FOR NOT ASSIGNING BLAME IMMEDIATELY AND APPROPRIATELY.

> JERRY NADLER WILL BE HERE TO GIVE HIS REACTION TO THE EVENTS AND OUTLINE WHAT CONGRESS AND THE PRESIDENT MUST NOW DO TO STEM THE TIDE OF HATE IN OUR COUNTRY.

> REAL PROBLEMS AT PENN STATION HAVE BEEN A DRAG FOR COMMUTERS.

THINK ABOUT THE MOM AND POP SHOTS THAT CALL THAT TRANSIT HUB HOME.

WE'RE GOING UNDERGROUND TO FIND OUT HOW HARD THESE BUSINESSES HAVE BEEN HIT DURING THE DAYS OF DELAYS.

> FOR OVER 200 YEARS, THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES.

ALL THAT, AND MORE, WHEN 'METROFOCUS' STARTS RIGHT NOW.

Announcer: THIS IS 'METROFOCUS,' WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN, JENNA FLANNIGAN.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY --

> CORPORATE FUNDING FOR 'METROFOCUS' WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY PSE&G, SERVING CUSTOMERS, STRENGTHENING THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY AND INVESTING IN THE FUTURE.

> TO ANYONE WHO ACTED CRIMINALLY IN THIS WEEKEND'S RACIST VIOLENCE, YOU WILL BE HELD FULLY ACCOUNTABLE.

JUSTICE WILL BE DELIVERED.

RACISM IS EVIL.

AND THOSE WHO CAUSE VIOLENCE IN ITS NAME ARE CRIMINALS AND THUGS, INCLUDING THE KKK, NEO-NAZIS, WHITE SUPREMACISTS, AND OTHER HATE GROUPS THAT ARE REPUGNANT TO EVERYTHING WE HOLD DEAR AS AMERICANS.

GOOD EVENING.

WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

I'M JENNA FLANNIGAN.

THE PRESIDENT IS UNDER EXTREME FIRE FOR HIS RESPONSE TO THE DEADLY WHITE NATIONALIST VIOLENCE IN VIRGINIA THIS WEEKEND, BY BOTH POLITICAL PARTIES, AND THE MAJORITY OF AMERICA.

AT ISSUE, PRESIDENT TRUMP BLAMED SATURDAY'S VIOLENCE IN CHARLOTTESVILLE WHERE NEO-NAZIS, SKINHEADS, KLAN MEMBERS AND OTHERS PROTESTED THE REMOVAL OF A CONFEDERATE STATUE.

WE CONDEMN IN THE STRONGEST POSSIBLE TERMS THIS EGREGIOUS DISPLAY OF HATRED, BIGOTRY AND VIOLENCE ON MANY SIDES.

WHEN THE COMMANDER IN CHIEF CONDEMNED THE VIOLENCE ON, QUOTE, MANY SIDES, IT DREW INTENSE CONDEMNATION COAST TO COAST FOR APPEARING TO COMPARE NEO-NAZIS TO THOSE WHO BATTLED THEM.

THERE WAS SHOCK, ANGER BY SOME OF HIS OWN SUPPORTERS.

AS CONTRASTING PROTESTS ERUPTED ACROSS THE CITY AND NATIONWIDE.

TONIGHT AS HE HANGS HIS HALT AT TRUMP TOWER FOR THE NEXT FEW DAYS, PROTESTERS GATHER ONCE AGAIN FURIOUS AT HIS CONDEMNATION DID NOT COME SOONER.

I'M JOINED BY NEW YORK CONGRESSMAN, GERALD NADLER.

CONGRESSMAN, WELCOME TO THE SHOW.

GOOD TO BE HERE.

SO, FIRST, WHAT WAS YOUR REACTION TO THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICIAL STATEMENT, HIS TWEET, ET CETERA, IN REGARDS TO WHAT HAPPENED IN CHARLOTTESVILLE?

I WAS VERY UPSET BY IT.

NOT SURPRISED TERRIBLY.

HE CONDEMNED THE VIOLENCE FROM MANY SIDES, AS IF THE VIOLENCE WAS FROM ANY SIDE.

THE VIOLENCE IS FROM THE RACIST, THE WHITE NATIONALISTS, THE NEO-NAZIS, AND HE REFUSED TO CONDEMN THEM.

THAT'S WHAT PEOPLE ARE UPSET ABOUT.

IN FACT, THE STORMER, THE NEO-NAZI NEWSPAPER, POINTED OUT THAT WHEN HE WAS WALKING OFF, PEOPLE ASKED, WELL, WHAT ABOUT THE -- ARE YOU GOING TO CONDEMN THE WHITE NATIONALS?

HE REFUSED TO SAY ANYTHING AND JUST WALKED OFF.

AND THE STORMER SAID, GOD BLESS HIM, HE REFUSED TO CONDEMN US, THAT'S WONDERFUL.

THAT'S TERRIBLE.

YOU HAVE TO CALL OUT THE RACISM FOR WHAT IT IS.

YOU HAVE TO CALL OUT THOSE WHO GENERATE THE VIOLENCE.

THE PRESIDENT THROUGHOUT THE CAMPAIGN SENT OUT LOTS OF DOG WHISTLES, AND LOTS OF SIGNALS TO WHITE SUPREMACISTS THAT HE WANTED THEIR SUPPORT.

AND DAVID DUKE SAID THAT.

DAVID DUKE SAID THAT DURING THE CAMPAIGN, AND NOW, AND HE HIRED SOME OF THESE WHITE SUPREMACIST PEOPLE.

LIKE A MEMBER OF A NEO-NAZI ORGANIZATION IN HUNGARY.

REAL QUESTION MARK HOW HE GOT THROUGH IMMIGRATION, AND NOW HE'S IN THE WHITE HOUSE, ON THE STAFF.

AND OTHERS IN HIS OWN EMPLOY.

SOME OF THESE WHITE NATIONALISTS ON THE WHITE HOUSE STAFF WHICH WEAVER NEVER SEEN BEFORE WITH ANY OTHER PRESIDENT.

SO HE IS DELIBERATELY EXPLOITED RACISM IN HIS CAMPAIGN, AND HE OBVIOUSLY DOESN'T WANT TO CONDEMN OR CRITICIZE THE RACES AND THE WHITE NATIONALISTS IN ANY WAY BECAUSE HE WANTS THEIR SUPPORT.

THAT'S BENEATH CONTEMPT.

BUT IT'S APPARENTLY WHERE HE'S AT.

AS TO WHY HE WON'T CONDEMN VLADIMIR PUTIN, OR CRITICIZE MR.

PUTIN FOR ANYTHING, THAT'S A WHOLE DIFFERENT QUESTION.

GOD KNOWS, MAYBE WE'LL FIND OUT FROM THE SPECIAL PROSECUTOR.

WHAT IS THE ROLE FOR CONGRESS IN ALL OF THIS?

WE SAW A LOT OF PEOPLE COME OUT TWEETING THEIR DISGUST, EVEN VERY CONSERVATIVE REPUBLICANS, TED CRUZ, MARCO RUBIO AND SPECIFICALLY MADE IT A POINT TO SAY WHITE NATIONALISTS, WHITE SUPREMACISTS AND THAT WE REBUKE THIS KIND OF BEHAVIOR.

AND SENATOR HATCH.

YEAH.

SAID THAT, MY BROTHER DIDN'T GET HIS LIFE IN COMBAT AGAINST HITLER TO SUPPORT NEO-NAZIS NOW.

IS THERE ANYTHING CONGRESS CAN DO?

IT SEEMS AS IF THIS IS A MOMENT FOR THE NATION AND THAT SOMEONE AT THE TOP HAS TO LEAD THE COUNTRY, OR HELP LEAD THE COUNTRY FORWARD.

IF THE PRESIDENT SEEMS UNCOMFORTABLE WITH IT, WHO DOES IT FALL ON?

WELL, CONGRESS MEMBERS, AND SENATORS, CAN EXPRESS OUR OUTRAGE AND OUR FEELINGS, AND MANY OF US ARE.

I DON'T THINK THERE'S ANYTHING CONGRESS CAN DO INSTITUTIONALLY ABOUT THE PRESIDENT'S SPEECH, OR LACK OF IT.

IN TERMS OF HELPING TO MOVE THE COUNTRY FORWARD, WE'RE GOING TO EXPECT PROTESTS HERE IN NEW YORK CITY, AND NEW YORK HAS A VERY RICH HISTORY OF PROTESTS, BOTH PEACEFUL AND SOMETIMES A LITTLE ACRIMONIOUS.

BUT IS THERE A SENSE OF PERHAPS HELPING TO CALM DOWN PEOPLE SO THAT THERE WILL BE PROTESTS GOING FORWARD, BUT THEY DON'T BECOME VIOLENT EVEN MORE SO?

BECAUSE UNFORTUNATELY WHAT PEOPLE SAY IS VIOLENCE BEGETS VIOLENCE AND YOU DON'T WANT THIS TO SNOW BALL.

CONGRESS MEMBERS AND SENATORS CAN EXPRESS OUR OUTRAGE AT THE PRESIDENT'S LACK OF OUTRAGE, AT THE VIOLENCE PERPETRATED BY THE NEO-NAZIS AND WHITE SUPREMACISTS.

WE CAN EXPRESS OUR OPINION.

INSTITUTIONALLY, THERE'S NOT MUCH WE CAN DO ABOUT THAT, EXCEPT TO ALSO URGE THE FBI AND THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE TO PROPERLY PROTECT BOTH PROTESTERS AND OTHERS AGAINST ANY VIOLENCE, AND SO FAR I THINK THEY'VE DONE A GOOD JOB OF THAT.

DID ANY OF THIS TRANSLATE INTO -- AGAIN, YOU'RE A DEMOCRAT, SO, OF COURSE, YOU'VE BEEN VOTING WITH YOUR PARTY ON A LOT OF ISSUES.

BUT WHAT I'M SEEING A LOT OF PEOPLE CALL OUT THE MORE CONSERVATIVE MEMBERS WHO HAVE SPOKEN OUT AGAINST THIS PARTICULAR INCIDENT IS THAT AT THE SAME TIME, THERE CONTINUES TO BE SUPPORT FOR A LOT OF THE PRESIDENT'S POLICIES THAT THEY MIGHT SEE AS EMBOLDENING THIS PARTICULAR WING OF THE BASE.

WELL, IT'S NOT JUST THAT I VOTE WITH MY PARTY WHEN I AGREE WITH THE PARTY.

SOMETIMES I DON'T.

I CERTAINLY CRITICIZE THE PRESIDENT, AND MANY OF THE POLICIES THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT REVERSING ITS POLICIES ON VOTER SUPPRESSION, WHICH IS A BIG ISSUE, ON ALL KINDS OF DIFFERENT THINGS RELATING TO THE VOTE, RELATEDING TO THE ELECTIONS, RELATING TO AFFIRMATIVE ACTION, IT'S NOT HELPFUL.

TO PUT IT MILDLY.

IT'S VERY BAD.

THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT UNDER PRESIDENT BUSH WENT BACK ON ITS SUPPORT FOR ENFRANCHISEMENT.

IT DIDN'T COME OUT AS NEGATIVELY AS UNDER PRESIDENT TRUMP IS DOING.

SO WE HAVE TO DO WHAT WE CAN TO DENOUNCE THAT AND DO WHAT WE CAN TO REVERSE THAT.

WHICH IS VERY DIFFICULT WHEN YOU'RE IN THE MINORITY OF BOTH HOUSES.

IT'S INTERESTING YOU BRING UP THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT.

WE NOW KNOW THAT JEFF SESSIONS IS OPENING AN INVESTIGATION, A CIVIL RIGHTS INVESTIGATION AS TO WHAT HAPPENED IN CHARLOTTESVILLE.

HIS STATEMENT WAS, QUOTE, JUSTICE WILL BE SERVED.

THAT STRUCK ME AS RATHER ODD, BECAUSE THAT'S STILL A SUBJECTIVE STATEMENT.

ONE SIDE OF THIS IS GOING TO FEEL AS THOUGH WHATEVER THE OUTCOME IS, THAT THIS WAS A MISCARRIAGE OF JUSTICE.

WELL, HOPEFULLY JUSTICE WILL BE SERVED BY CRACKING DOWN ON THE RACISTS WHO GENERATED THE VIOLENCE.

I THINK RIGHT NOW THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT, WE HAVE AN INTERESTING SITUATION.

THE PROFESSIONALS, THE CAREER PEOPLE IN THE CIVIL RIGHTS DIVISION I'M SURE WILL DO A VERY GOOD JOB IF THEY'RE PERMITTED TO.

AND I ASSUME THEY'LL BE PERMITTED TO HERE.

WHERE THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT WENT -- YOU KNOW, REVERSED THE POSITION ON THE AFFIRMATIVE ACTION CASE, THEY SPECIFICALLY SET UP A NEW PEOPLE POLITICAL APPOINTEES IN THE OFFICE OF SECRETARY RATHER THAN IN THE NORMAL PEOPLE IN THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE TO DO THAT.

PRESUMABLY BECAUSE THE NORMAL CAREER PEOPLE, THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, ARE DEDICATED TO THE CIVIL RIGHTS AND WOULDN'T DO THAT.

I ASSUME THEY'LL HAVE THESE PEOPLE DO THIS, AND I ASSUME THEY'LL PROBABLY DO A GOOD JOB AT IT.

CONGRESSMAN NADLER, THANK YOU SO MUCH.

YOU'RE WELCOME.

> HI, EVERYONE.

I'M JAKE ASHER.

THOUGH YOU MAY NOT KNOW ME, I FIND MY SUMMER AS AN INTERN HERE AT PBS HELPING BRINGING 'METROFOCUS' INTO YOUR LIVING ROOM.

I WANT TO THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING PUBLIC DEL VISION WHICH IN TURN GAVE ME THIS OPPORTUNITY.

BUT NOW BACK TO BUSINESS.

OVER THE PAST FEW WEEKS, WE'VE BEEN PAYING CLOSE ATTENTION TO HOW TRACK REPAIRS ARE AFFECTING COMMUTERS PASSING THROUGH PENN STATION DAILY AS PART OF OUR DAYS OF DELAYS INITIATIVE.

WHAT ABOUT THE PEOPLE FOR WHOM PENN STATION IS THE FINAL STOP ON THEIR DAILY COMMUTE?

THE PEOPLE WHO WORK IN PENN STATION ITSELF.

THERE ARE OVER 60 STORES AND RESTAURANTS IN THE TERMINAL, AND ALTHOUGH MANY OF THESE ARE POPULAR FRANCHISES, THERE ARE STILL A FEW MOM AND POP SMALL BUSINESSES LEFT.

IF PENN STATION WASN'T ALREADY A HARD ENOUGH PLACE TO OPERATE A LOCAL BUSINESS, IMAGINE HOW THE SHUTDOWNS, CANCELLATIONS AND UPSET COMMUTERS HAVE INTERRUPTED THE NATURAL FLOW OF BUSINESS.

WE WENT INTO PENN AND SPOKE TO A FEW SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS TO SEE HOW THE CONSTRUCTION IS AFFECTING THEIR BUSINESSES.

AND GO EASY ON ME, THIS IS MY FIRST STORY THAT I GOT TO PRODUCE FOR TELEVISION.

WE'VE BEEN HERE 15 YEARS.

HAVING BEEN HERE FOR 15 YEARS, YOU HAVE COMMUTERS WHO ARE COMING IN.

HAS THE TRACK WORK HAD ANY EFFECT ON YOUR CUSTOMERS' ABILITY TO COME IN AND OUT?

HAS THERE BEEN ANY DIFFERENCE SINCE THEY STARTED WORKING ON THE TRACK?

BUSINESS IS DOWN A LITTLE BIT.

IT'S GENERALLY, I WOULD SAY, ONLY NIGHT BUSINESS THAT'S DOWN.

MY DAY BUSINESS IS PRETTY MUCH THE SAME.

THE ONLY THING I NOTICE IS PEOPLE TEND TO WANT TO GET OUT OF HERE IN THE EVENING, JUST IN CASE SOMETHING GOES WRONG.

THEN IT TURNS INTO A NIGHTMARE.

BUT OTHERWISE BUSINESS HAS BEEN RELATIVELY NORMAL.

TOMMY, GIVE US AN IDEA OF WHAT THE CUSTOMER FLOW IS GOING TO BE LIKE.

BECAUSE I THINK MOST PEOPLE WHEN THEY COME THROUGH AS COMMUTERS ARE JUST THINKING, GET OFF TRAIN, GET ON SUBWAY.

WHAT IS THE FLOW OF BUSINESS LIKE FOR A RESTAURANT IN PENN STATION?

WELL, WE HAVE A LOT OF OFFICE BUILDINGS RIGHT IN THE AREA, SO THEY CAN COME DOWN HERE, YOU KNOW, FOR LUNCH, FOR AFTER LUNCH, HAVE A LITTLE TIME TO KILL BEFORE YOUR TRAIN.

SO THAT PART OF BUSINESS HASN'T CHANGED.

IT'S JUST THAT PEOPLE ARE LESS LIKELY TO, YOU KNOW, STAY LATER AT NIGHT, YOU KNOW, 6:00, 7:00, KIND OF OUT OF IT MORE SO THAN USUAL.

PRIOR TO THE DECISION FOR PEOPLE TO START WORKING ON THE TRACKS, THERE WERE A COUPLE OF INSTANCES WHERE COMMUTERS, TRAINS WERE CANCELED, THAT PEOPLE FELT ALMOST AS IF THEY WERE STUCK OR TRAPPED OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT.

DID YOU GET ANY RUNOFF FROM THAT, PEOPLE WERE SAYING, MY TRAIN'S CANCELED, LET ME AT LEAST GO GET DINNER OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, DOES THAT HAPPEN?

NORMALLY WE LOVE TRAIN DELAYS.

THAT'S THE WAY IT'S BEEN FOR SEVERAL YEARS FOR US.

PEOPLE HAVE NOWHERE TO GO REALLY, AND, OKAY, LET ME GO HAVE SOMETHING TO EAT, HAVE A DRINK.

BUT BECAUSE THE TRAIN DELAYS HAVE BECOME SO MUCH MORE OFTEN, PEOPLE HAVE FIGURED OUT OTHER WAYS TO GET TO WORK WITHOUT COMING THROUGH PENN STATION.

THAT'S AFFECTED US IN THAT WAY.

LESS PEOPLE I THINK ARE COMING -- USING THE STATION.

WHY IS THERE A TIE SHOP IN PENN STATION?

WE STARTED ABOUT 20 YEARS AGO WHEN TIES WERE STILL IN HIGH DEMAND.

AND AS THE YEARS WENT BY, WE SELL LESS AND LESS TIES BUT MORE AND MORE CUFF LINKS.

THAT'S WHY WE'VE EVOLVED INTO THE GIFT SHOP THAT WE ARE NOW.

A LOT OF COLLEGIATE PRODUCTS AND GENERIC GIFTS, BUT ALL FUN.

YOUR TIE STORE HERE IN PENN STATION, OF COURSE THERE'S BEEN THIS BIG PUSH WITH THIS SUMMER OF DELAYS, THE SUMMER TRACK WORK ON THE NEW JERSEY TRANSIT.

HAS THAT HAD ANY EFFECT ON YOUR BUSINESS?

YES, ABSOLUTELY.

A LOT OF OUR REGULAR CUSTOMERS NOTIFIED US, EVEN BEFORE THE TRACK WORK STARTED, JUST BY WHAT THEY WERE HEARING FROM TV AND MEDIA, THAT IT WAS A TERRIBLE COMMUTE AND THEY AVOID PENN STATION.

SUMMERS ARE SLOW FOR OUR BUSINESS ANYWAY.

BUT I FEEL COMPARING THE NUMBERS FROM LAST YEAR, WE'RE ABOUT 10%, 15% LOWER.

WOW.

SO FIRST OFF, I THINK WHAT CAUGHT MY EAR WAS THAT YOU GUYS DO HAVE A CONTINGENCY OF REGULARS COMING IN.

TELL ME VERY QUICKLY ABOUT WHO ARE YOUR CUSTOMERS COMING INTO YOUR STORE ON AN AVERAGE BASIS.

WE OPEN AT 7:00 IN THE MORNING.

A LOT OF PEOPLE NEED TO BE AT WORK AROUND 8:00 OR 9:00.

THEY NEED TO COME THROUGH THE STATION BEFORE THEN.

THEY'LL PICK UP A TIE IN THE MORNING, COME IN ALL DRESSED UP WITH A SUIT AND A SHIRT AND EVERYTHING AND JUST MATCH UP THE TIE HERE.

SO WE DO THAT.

WITH CUFF LINKS, WITH BELTS.

PICK UP OFFICE GIFTS OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT.

THERE ARE A LOT OF PEOPLE THAT JUST LIKE TO STOP BY.

WE'RE ON A FIRST-NAME BASIS.

OH, HOW ARE THE KIDS GOING?

DOES YOUR DAUGHTER STILL HAVE A COLD?

DID YOUR KID GET INTO COLLEGE?

WE'VE BEEN HERE 20 YEARS, SO A LOT OF THE PEOPLE GO THROUGH THE STATION ALL THE TIME.

SOME JUST COME IN TO SAY HELLO AND CATCH UP, SO THAT'S ALWAYS FUN.

SO WITH PEOPLE CHOOSING TO REROUTE THEIR COMMUTE, CAN YOU GIVE ME AN IDEA OF HOW MANY PEOPLE YOU MIGHT BE MISSING?

I DON'T KNOW FOR SURE, BECAUSE I HAD ABOUT -- I'D SAY ABOUT A DOZEN CUSTOMERS COME IN AND SAY, DON'T WORRY, I'M NOT GOING TO GO THROUGH THE STATION AND GO THROUGH JAMAICA AND TAKE THE TRAIN OUT, A DOZEN PEOPLE OR SO.

BUT HOW MANY ACTUALLY, I DON'T KNOW.

A LOT OF PEOPLE GO AWAY FOR THE SUMMER, SO IT'S HARD TO TELL.

BUT IT HAS AFFECTED US.

THEY'RE WORKING ON ONE SIDE OF THE STATION, REPLACING THE SWITCHES, ET CETERA.

IF THEY DO THE SAME THING ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE STATION, IS THAT SOMETHING THAT WOULD GIVE YOU ANY CONCERN?

WOULD YOU WANT THEM TO ADDRESS IT IN A DIFFERENT WAY?

A LOT OF PEOPLE HAVE SAID, YOU KNOW, ONCE I TOOK INTO CONSIDERATION THE WORK, I WAS ABLE TO GET IN AND OUT OF PENN STATION.

IF THEY DO THIS AGAIN FOR LARR, WOULD YOU WANT THEM TO ADDRESS IT A DIFFERENT WAY?

ABSOLUTELY.

ABSOLUTELY.

MAYBE NOT CAUSE A PANIC -- IT WAS IN THE PAPERS ALL THE TIME, EVERY DAY, ON THE NEWS, THAT IT WAS EXPECTED TO BE REALLY, REALLY BAD.

PEOPLE JUST DIDN'T WANT TO RISK IT AND BE HERE IF IT WAS REALLY BAD SO THEY MADE OTHER PLANS.

SO MAYBE NEXT TIME, NOT THE SUMMER OF HELL.

PLEASE, NO.

NO.

SO, HOW HAVE THESE DAYS OF DELAYS BEEN TREATING YOU?

HAVE YOU BEEN AVOIDING PENN STATION?

DOES THE WORK ON THE TRACK MAKE YOU LESS LIKELY TO WANT TO STOP AT THE LOCAL MERCHANT OR DOES IT GIVE YOU MORE REASON TO DO SO?

LET US KNOW BY SHARING YOUR STORY AT DAYS OF DELAYS.ORG.

AND THANK YOU AGAIN FOR SUPPORTING PUBLIC TELEVISION AND ALLOWING ME THIS WONDERFUL OPPORTUNITY.

> ONE OF THE CITY'S SMARTEST ADDRESSES IS LOCATED ON THE 40th FLOOR OF 7 WORLD TRADE CENTER.

AND FOR A LUCKY GROUP OF FIFTH TO EIGHTH GRADERS, CAMP HAS JUST BEGUN.

THESE STUDENTS MAY BE PART OF TODAY'S GENERATION BUT THEY SHARE THEIR LEARNING SPACE WITH LEGENDS MUCH THE PAST.

'METROFOCUS' CONTRIBUTOR HAS MORE.

THANKS, JENNA.

THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES IS AN INSTITUTION WITH 200 YEARS OF HISTORY, BRINGING TOGETHER SOME OF THE WORLD'S GREATEST MINDS.

IT'S INCLUDED THOMAS EDISON, LOUIS PASS TOUR AND MARGARET MEAD JUST TO NAME A FEW.

OUR ACADEMY WAS FOUNDED 200 YEARS AGO FOR PEOPLE WHO ARE YOUNG, OLD, BUSINESS PEOPLE, POLITICIANS, SCIENTISTS, ANYBODY WHO CARED ABOUT TRYING TO MAKE A BETTER PLANET THROUGH SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.

WHILE THERE IS AN OFFICE SPACE DOWNTOWN, THE REAL PURPOSE OF THE ACADEMY IS ITS NETWORK.

THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES ISN'T AN ACADEMY IN THE SCHOOL SENSE OF THE WORD, BUT AN ACADEMY MEANING A SOCIETY OF PEOPLE WITH A PARTICULAR FOCUS.

THIS SOCIETY'S LEGACY CAN BE SEEN ALL THROUGHOUT THE CITY.

THE ACADEMY WAS INVOLVED IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF NYU, IN THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, BOTANICAL GARDEN.

DOUGLAS BROUGHTEN IS THE ORGANIZATION'S CHIEF SCIENTIFIC OFFICER OVERSEEING SCIENCE PUBLICATIONS.

HE SAID WHEN IT WAS FOUNDED IN THE 1800s, ITS FOCUS WAS PRIMARILY NATURAL SCIENCE.

IT WAS ALL ABOUT UNDERSTANDING THE NATURAL HISTORY OF THE WORLD.

AND ESPECIALLY IN THE UNITED STATES, AS SUCH A YOUNG COUNTRY, WHAT'S HERE, WHAT KIND OF TREES ARE HERE, WHAT KIND OF BIRDS ARE HERE.

SO IT REALLY WAS A CAREER THAT PEOPLE HAD TO BE NATURAL SCIENTISTS.

THERE'S A NICE LITTLE STORY IN THAT, THAT THE PRESIDENTS OF THE ACADEMY AT THE TIME TOOK ONE OF THE YOUNG MEMBERS OF THE ACADEMY TO THE FULTON FISH MARKET.

IT USED TO BE DOWNTOWN HERE.

AND THEY WOULD GO THERE TO LOOK FOR NEW SPECIES.

THEY WOULD CATCH FISH, BRING THEM TO THE FISH MARKET, BUT THEY DIDN'T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE.

BROTEN KNOWS HIS HISTORY.

IN RAMPING UP FOR THE ORGANIZATION BICENTENNIAL, HE WENT THROUGH THE ARCHIVES.

THE COLLECTION IS FILLED WITH INTERESTING ITEMS, LIKE THE ACADEMY'S ORIGINAL ROSTERS OF MEMBERS AND CONSTITUTIONS AND THE ORGANIZATION'S MOST WELL-KNOWN MEMBERS.

CHARLES DARWIN.

THIS IS A LEAF FROM A NOTEBOOK THAT CHARLES DARWIN KEPT WHEN HE WAS TRAVELING DOWN TO THE GALAPAGOS.

1593 IS WHEAT.

IN THIS PASSAGE HE'S TALKING ABOUT A BLYTHE THAT AFFECTS WHEAT APPARENTLY, AND IT LEAVES THE WHEAT FIELDS RED.

SO YOU CAN SEE IT FROM A DISTANCE.

THE LIST OF DISTINGUISHED FORMER MEMBERS DOESN'T END THERE.

IT ALSO INCLUDES LOUIS PASSTOUR AND JEFFERSON AND MONROE.

IT'S FASCINATING TO BE IN AN ORGANIZATION WHERE THERE'S SO MUCH HISTORY.

THE ACADEMY HAS GLOBAL REACH.

CHALLENGE 2030 BROUGHT STUDENTS FROM AROUND THE WORLD, FOR ELIMINATING POVERTY AND HUNGER.

THINK 'SHARK TANK' FOR YOUNG, SOCIALLY CONSCIOUS ENGINEERS.

KIDS ARE OFTEN TAUGHT SCIENCE IN THIS TRADITIONAL WAY WHERE THEY'RE SUPPOSED TO MEMORIZE FACTS AND IT DOESN'T MEAN ANYTHING TO THEM.

WHAT WE'RE DOING IS USING THE INTERNET TO CONNECT KIDS ALL AROUND THE WORLD TO BE ABLE TO ADDRESS THE REAL CHALLENGES OF THE WORLD, LIKE REDUCING HUNGER OR FOOD WASTE OR IMPROVING THE WATER SITUATIONS IN PLACES.

THE STUDENTS THEN COME UP WITH A SOLUTION.

AND A SELECT FEW ARE CHOSEN TO COME TO NEW YORK CITY TO PITCH THEIR IDEAS TO THE LIKES OF NOBEL LAUREATES, FORTUNE 500 COMPANY REPRESENTATIVES AND ACADEMICS.

I LOVE IT.

BELINDA FROM TANZANIA, AND DAVID FROM CHINA HAS SPENT OVER A YEAR COLLABORATING REMOTELY TO CREATE GLOBAL OFF-THE-GRID EVAPORATIVE COLD KEEPERS.

THE CONCEPT IS NOT NEW, BUT THEIR EXECUTION OF IT IS.

THERE'S A SMALL BEEN THAT KEEPS PRODUCE COOL WITHOUT ELECTRICITY.

THEIR VERSION IS INEXPENSIVELY PRODUCED AND RELIES ON EASILY FOUND ITEMS THAT ARE HEADED FOR THE GARBAGE.

BASICALLY YOU HAVE CRATES THAT YOU LINE WITH FOAM, AND THEN INSIDE THE FOAM YOU POUR IN SAND, AND THEN IN THE VERY CENTER YOU PUT A SMALL BUCKET.

THIS IS WHERE YOU PUT THE VEGETABLES AND PRODUCE.

PUT A LID ON THAT.

WHAT YOU DO IS POUR WATER INTO THE SAND SO THAT IT SOAKS THROUGH AND IT'S MUD.

IN A HOT ENVIRONMENT THE WATER WILL EVAPORATE AND IN THE PROCESS COOL THE BUCKET.

IT USES THE HEAT INSIDE THE BUCKET TO COOL ITSELF OFF.

IT'S A BIT LIKE WHEN YOU SWEAT, YOUR BODY IS LIKE, THIS IS HOT WATER AND USES YOUR BODY'S HEAT TO EVAPORATE THE WATER.

THEY USE THEIR THEMSELVES.

WHERE SHE'S FROM TANZANIA, MANY PEOPLE LIVE ON LESS THAN $1 A DAY.

AFFORDING ELECTRICITY FOR A REFRIGERATOR CAN BE CHALLENGING.

EVEN THEN THE FLOW OF ELECTRICITY IS RELIABLE.

GO ON ANYTIME.

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR MARTIN HAS A NOBEL PRIZE IN CHEMISTRY.

HE ATTENDS THE CHALLENGE 2030 PRESENTATION TO PROVIDE FEEDBACK AND HOPEFULLY ENCOURAGE YOUNG SCIENTISTS.

WE GIVE PRIZES TO PEOPLE, SORT OF AT THE END OF THEIR CAREERS.

BUT IT'S REALLY IMPORTANT TO ACKNOWLEDGE THAT TERRIFIC SCIENCE DOESN'T REQUIRE AN ADVANCED DEGREE.

IT REQUIRES ENTHUSIASM AND CURIOSITY.

CULTIVATING THAT LOVE OF SCIENCE IN YOUNG PEOPLE IS EXACTLY WHAT ACADEMY PRESIDENT AND CEO ELLIS RUBENSTINE WANTS FROM THE EVENT.

HE SEES IT AS HAVING A DOMINO EFFECT ON THE FIELD.

THESE ARE THE KIDS WHO WILL BE WORKING AS YOUNG SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS IN ACADEMIA.

AND ALSO, THEY'LL BE MENTORING THE NEXT GENERATION OF KIDS.

SO THEY'LL BE INSPIRING THEM.

THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES HOPES OPPORTUNITIES LIKE THIS WILL HELP KIDS TO CONNECT POTENTIAL INNOVATORS WITH EACH OTHER IN THE FUTURE.

PURSUING A MISSION THE ORGANIZATION HAS CARRIED FOR OVER TWO CENTURIES.

REALLY AMAZING WORK.

GREAT REPORT, MADDIE.

AND THANK YOU.

> FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES, HEAD ON OVER TO METRO FOCUS.ORG.

> BEFORE WE SAY GOOD NIGHT, WE OFFER YOU A GIFT.

NOW YOU CAN TAKE 'METROFOCUS' WITH YOU ANYWHERE, ANYTIME.

IT'S SIMPLE AND FREE.

DOWNLOAD THE APP AVAILABLE FOR iPHONE AND ANDROID.

WHEN YOU DO, YOU'LL GET THE LATEST NEWS, WEATHER, AND TRAFFIC FOR THE ENTIRE METRO AREA.

IT'S ALL JUST A CLICK AWAY.

DID WE MENTION THAT IT'S FREE?

IN THE MEANTIME, REMEMBER TO FOLLOW US ON FACEBOOK AND TWITTER FOR UP-TO-THE-MINUTE INFORMATION IMPACTING OUR COMMUNITY.

WE'LL SEE YOU AGAIN TOMORROW.

> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY -- -- Captions by VITAC -- www.vitac.com

©2021 WNET. All Rights Reserved. 825 Eighth Avenue, New York, NY 10019

WNET is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Tax ID: 26-2810489