8/20: Manhattan District Attorney, Adaptive Athletes, A History of NY in 101 Objects, The Rockwell Museum

Updated: January 1, 1970 at 12:00 AM

Anchor Jack Ford speaks with Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance, Jr. about the challenges that his office faces combatting cybercrime and public corruption, and his long-term goal to drive down crime in the city.

Matt Ryan, managing editor of WMHT’s New York NOW, highlights an adaptive athlete program at the Olympic Training Center in upstate New York where combat-wounded veterans are finding new challenges.

Author and The New York Times urban affairs correspondent Sam Roberts, discusses his  book A History of New York in 101 Objects with host Rafael Pi Roman.

And Binghamton public television station WSKG shares a visit to The Rockwell Museum in Corning, New York, home to one of the largest collections of western and Native American art in the country.

TRANSCRIPT

♪♪

> FROM THE WORLD'S LEADING CENTER FOR FINANCE, THE ARTS PUBLISHING, SCIENCE, RESEARCH, MEDIA, INNOVATION AND MUCH MORE, THIS IS 'METROFOCUS' WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN AND TONIGHT, JACK FORD, NOMINATED FOR TWO NEW YORK EMM AWARDS AND FOR BEST COMMUNIT AFFAIR SERIES.

> TONIGHT, NEW YORK'S DISTRICT ATTORNEY

WHETHER A CASE OF CYBER CRIME OR SEX CRIMES, EVERY CAS INVOLVES COMPUTER FORENSICS AN DIGITAL EVIDENCE

> COMBAT VETERANS ADAPT TO A NEW CHALLENGE.

AN OBJECT LESSON ON NEW YORK HISTORY.

YOU CAN TELL THE HISTORY OF THE WORLD IN 100, BUT NEW YORK NEEDED 101

> AND WESTERN TREASURES.

IN AN UPSTATE MUSEUM

> FUNDING PROVIDED BY TH FOLLOWING: CORPORATE FUNDING FO 'METROFOCUS' PROVIDED BY MUTUA AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

> CYRUS VANCE JR. HAS BEEN THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY IN MANHATTAN SINCE 2010 WITH THAT HIGH PROFILE COMES SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGES AND SIGNIFICANT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE BATTLE AGAINST CRIME HE JOINS US TODAY TO TALK ABOU SOME OF THE CHALLENGES AND ALS ABOUT SOME OF THE OPPORTUNITIES.

WELCOME TO YOU

JACK, GOOD MORNING.

HOW HAS THE ROLE OF THE DISTRICT ATTORNEY HERE I MANHATTAN CHANGED OVER THE YEARS?

I THINK THE MIX OF CASES THAT THE OFFICE NOW HAS TO HANDLE I VERY DIFFERENT THAN THE CASE THAT THE OFFICE HANDLED WHEN I WAS A YOUNG ASSISTANT IN THE 1980s.

WE STILL HAVE, UNFORTUNATELY ROBBERIES, MURDERS, SERIOUS SE CRIMES WE OBVIOUSLY INVESTIGAT AND PROSECUTE.

BUT THE BIGGEST CHANGE IS TH INTRODUCTION OF THE INTERNET AND IDENTITY THEFT AND CYBER CRIME AND THE KINDS OF CYBER INTRUGS WE SEE IN CORPORATIONS THA THESE NOW -- THESE CRIMES MAKE UP ABOUT A QUARTER OF OUR FELONY INDICTMENTS, AND SO THIS IS VERY DIFFERENT WORLD WE'RE NOW DEALING WITH IN TERMS OF THE TYPES OF CRIME AND WHAT FOLLOWS ALSO FROM THA IS OUR CASES NOW, WHETHER IT'S A CASE OF CYBER CRIME OR SEX CRIMES, EVERY CASE INVOLVE COMPUTER FORENSICS AND DIGITAL EVIDENCE

YOU AND I WERE BOTH YOUNG PROSECUTORS AROUND THE SAM TIME, AS YOU SAID.

SORT OF STANDARD CRIMINAL CASES, MURDERS, ROBBERIES, THOSE TYPE OF PROSECUTIONS.

HOW NOW DOES YOUR OFFICE ADAPT TO THE IDEA OF HIGH-TECH IF YOU'RE GOING TO PROSECUTE HIGH-TECH CRIMINALS, YOU'VE GO TO BE AS GOOD AS THEY ARE.

I THINK OUR OFFICE HAS MADE A VERY SUBSTANTIAL COMMITMENT TO TAKE ON CYBER CRIME AND IDENTITY THEFT, AS WELL AS COMPETENCY O OUR TRIAL LAWYERS IN THE COURTROOM USING DIGITA EVIDENCE WE, FOR EXAMPLE, HAVE BUILT OU OWN CYBER LAB.

WE HAVE SO MANY FORENSIC EXAMINATIONS OF CELL PHONES AN COMPUTERS THAT THE NYPD SIMPLY COULDN'T KEEP UP WITH US SO WE HAVE BUILT OUR OWN LAB WITH SUPPORT FROM GOVERNMENT PARTNERS ALL OUR ASSISTANTS ARE TRAINED IN COMPUTER FORENSICS AN DIGITAL FORENSICS.

SO WHAT IT REALLY IS, IT'S A SKILL SET.

AND EVERYBODY HAS TO HAVE IT BUT WE HAVE A DEDICATED CYBE UNIT, CYBER CRIME UNIT WITHI OUR OFFICE, 15 EXPERIENCED LAWYERS, WHO HANDLE LARGE-SCAL CYBER CONSPIRACIES WE HAVE DEVELOPED PARTNERSHIPS WITH LONDON AND OTHE PROSECUTION AGENCIES TO WORK O THE INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS OF CYBER CRIME.

AND WE HAVE 70 LAWYERS OUTSIDE OF THE CYBER CRIME BUREAU WHO IN OUR GENERAL TRIAL DIVISION ARE TRAINED TO HANDLE CYBER CRIMES AND IDENTITY THEFT IN THOS VARIOUS TRIAL CASES.

YOU HEAR IN JUST ABOUT EVER PROFESSION THE NOTION ABOU EMBRACING DATA AND ANALYTICS AND CERTAINLY THAT'S HELPFUL T TRACK THINGS IS THERE A WAY THAT EMBRACIN DATA FOR YOU IN THE LA ENFORCEMENT INDUSTRY CAN CAN HELP IN SOME WAYS, EVEN TO CUT DOWN OR PREVENT CRIME?

WELL, I THINK OUR OFFICE HA BEEN VERY OUT FRONT ON USING DATA AND INFORMATION SHARING TECHNOLOGY TO DO OUR JOB BETTER.

WHEN I STARTED THE -- IN THE OFFICE AS D.A. IN THE 2010, ON OF THE FIRST THINGS WE DID WAS TO CREATE AN INTELLIGENCE UNIT WITHIN OUR OFFICE CALLED THE CRIME STRATEGIES UNIT.

THE CRIME STRATEGIES UNIT IS DESIGNED TO FOCUS ON STRATEGIE THAT WOULD HELP US IDENTIFY WH ARE THE HIGH-PRIORITY OFFENDER IN ALL OUR NEIGHBORHOODS O MANHATTAN, AS WELL AS TO MANAG DATA WITHIN OUR OFFICE TO MAKE SURE THAT IF TWO ASSISTANTS AR TRYING GANG CASES IN COURTROOM SIDE BY SIDE, THE OFFICE I SHARING INTEL AND MAKING SUR THAT EVERYBODY IS OPERATING WITH THE BEST INTEL POSSIBLE.

IT'S ALSO MADE US VERY PROACTIVE.

WE'VE USED TECHNOLOGY TO IDENTIFY AND TAKE DOWN 16 OR 1 GANGS IN THE LAST FOUR YEARS WHICH I THINK HAS SUBSTANTIALL HELPED TO REDUCE SHOOTIN VICTIMS AND HOMICIDES IN MANHATTAN.

ONE OF THE AREAS YOU'VE BEE INTERESTED IN IS THE IDEA OF REDUCING JAIL POPULATION B FOCUSING ON CERTAIN GROUPS I KNOW YOU'VE TALKED ABOUT YOUNG FIRST OFFENDERS, NONVIOLEN YOUNG FIRST OFFENDERS.

AND YET IT SEEMS THAT IN THE PAST, THE FOCUS HAS ALWAYS BEE MORE JAIL TIME

YEP, MORE PEOPLE OFF TH STREET PUT THEM IN JAIL.

HOW ARE YOU DEALING WITH TH SORT OF INTELLECTUAL ADJUSTMENT?

I THINK THERE HAVE BEEN TWO BIG SHIFTS IN PROSECUTIO PHILOSOPHY FIRST, NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO THE QUESTION YOU'VE ASKED, BUT WE FOCUS MORE ON WHO THE PERSO IS RATHER THAN WHAT THE CRIM IS BECAUSE YOU COULD HAVE A VER DANGEROUS PERSON, AND A -- AND A CRIME-DRIVER FOR EAST HARR LAMB, BUT THAT PERSON MIGHT GET PICKED UP ON A MISDEMEANOR.

BUT IF YOU DON'T IDENTIFY THAT THAT PERSON IS COMING THROUG THE SYSTEM AND TREAT THAT CASE SERIOUSLY, YOU HAVE LOST A OPPORTUNITY.

SO ONE OF THE THINGS THE CRIME STRATEGIES UNIT DEVELOPED WAS GOOGLE ALERT SYSTEM.

SO WE UNDERSTAND NOW WHO OUR PRIORITY OFFENDERS ARE I MANHATTAN.

AND EVERY TIME ONE OF THOS INDIVIDUALS IS ARRESTED, WE HAVE A DOSSIER PREPARED, WHETHER MISDEMEANOR OR FELONY, THE YOUNG ASSISTANT IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT WRITING UP THE CASE, ALL OF A SUDDEN, BANG, IN FRONT OF HIM OR HER, SHE SEES I'M DEALING WITH SOMEONE WE NEED TO PA ATTENTION TO SO IT'S FOCUSING ON TH OFFENDER AND SECONDLY, RECOGNIZING THAT THE GOAL IS TO DRIVE CRIME DOW LONG-TERM.

AND WE NEED TO MAKE SURE THA THOSE PEOPLE THAT WE PUT THE RIGHT PEOPLE INTO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM YOU CAN PUT A YOUNG OFFENDER INTO THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM AND ACTUALLY INCREASE TH LIKELIHOOD HE MIGHT REOFFEND

SINCE IT BECOMES A SCHOOL FOR CRIME?

IN THE SENSE, IF YOU ENTE THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM ON A MISDEMEANOR AND GO THROUGH THE COURT SYSTEM AND THE CASE MAY BE DISMISSED BECAUSE THE -- FOR WHATEVER REASONS THERE IS NO INTERVENTION, YOU'VE MISSED AN OPPORTUNITY TO PERHAPS AFFECT THE FUTURE OF THAT YOUN MAN OR WOMAN'S LIFE GOIN FORWARD.

I'M VERY CONCERNED THAT IN THE VAST NUMBER OF CASES THAT WE DEAL WITH IN MISDEMEANOR COURT PARTICULARLY, WE BRING PEOPL INTO THE SYSTEM, BUT REALL THERE'S NO LESSON, NOT NECESSARILY ANYTHING POSITIV THAT COMES OUT OF THAT THE PROBLEM THEN IS THAT YOU HAVE YOUNG MEN AND WOMEN WHO COME IN THREE, FOUR FIVE TIMES BECAUSE WE'RE NOT REALLY DOING ANYTHING WITH THOSE CASES EXCEPT FOR ARRESTING THEM AND BY THE TIME THEY HAVE BEEN CONVICTED TWO OR THREE TIMES FOR MISDEMEANORS AND THEN COME I FOR ANOTHER CASE, EVERYBODY IN THE SYSTEM SAYS THEY'R IRREDEEMABLE LOOK AT THEIR RECORD WE NEED TO DO A MUCH BETTER JO OF DIVERSION FOR LOW-LEVEL OFFENDERS, SUPPORT SERVICES TO MAKE SURE THAT THEY'RE GETTING THE HELP THEY NEED TO MINIMIZE THE CHANCE THEY'LL REOFFEND ON MORE SERIOUS CASES

ONE OF THE OTHER AREAS YOU'VE BEEN FAIRLY INNOVATIVE IS TH ROLE OF PROSECUTING PUBLIC CORRUPTION HISTORICALLY, YOU TEND TO THIN OF THE FEDERAL AUTHORITIES A THE ONE THAT DID THAT OR MAYBE STATE AUTHORITIES.

WHAT'S THE ADVANTAGE T HAVING -- DO YOU THINK, TO HAVING THE LOCAL PROSECUTO INVOLVED IN THAT PROCESS

I THINK THIS IS A REALL CHALLENGE FOR NEW YORK STATE IN THE PUBLIC CORRUPTION ARENA HAS -- IS ABOUT 20 YEARS BEHIN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT NEW YORK NEEDS TO UPDATE ITS BRIBERY LAWS RIGHT NOW A POLITICIAN WHO I BRIBED IS MUCH HARDER TO PROSECUTE THAN A SPORTS PROMOTER WHO IS BRIBED.

WE DO PUBLIC CORRUPTIO INVESTIGATIONS WE HAVE A UNIT, AND I THINK WE ARE DOING A GOOD JOB, BUT YO LOOK AT THE POWER OF THE FEDERAL PROSECUTIONS, AND TH FOLLOW-THROUGH AND THE -- TH SUCCESSES, NUMBER ONE, THEY'RE DOING A GOOD JOB I APPLAUD THEM FOR WHAT THEY'R DOING.

BUT IF YOU WANT 62 EXTRA HELPERS IN NEW YORK STATE, YOU NEED TO GIVE A 62 COUNTY D.A.s THE POWER TO DO THESE CASES RESPONSIBL WITH THE RIGHT STATUTES AND THEN I THINK YOU WILL SEE A ACROS THE BOARD POWERFUL ALLIANCE OF PUBLIC CORRUPTION AT THE LOCAL LEVEL.

AS I SAID AT THE BEGINNING, SIGNIFICANT CHALLENGES BUT SIGNIFICANT OPPORTUNITIES FO YOU TO EMBRACE THANKS FOR SPENDING TIME WIT US

THANK YOU VERY MUCH ♪♪

> YOU'RE ABOUT TO MEET SOME OF AMERICA'S BRAVEST.

RETURNING COMBAT VETERANS WH ARE CHALLENGING THEMSELVES WIT A NEW MISSION.

TRAINING AS ADAPTIVE ATHLETES ON THE BOBSLED RUNS AT LAKE PLACID'S OLYMPIC TRAININ CENTER MATT RYAN OF ALBANY PUBLIC TELEVISION HAS THE STORY

I WENT INTO THE SERVICE I MAY OF 2008.

I WAS DEPLOYED IN JULY OF 2009 AND THEN WAS INJURED FEBRUAR 24th, 2010 ON A -- AT A FOOT PATROL THROUGH KANDAHAR CITY, AFGHANISTAN A MOTORCYCLE WAS PARKED ON THE SIDE OF THE ROAD AND WHEN I WENT BY, THEY DETONATED IT.

IT'S BEEN FIVE YEARS SINC BER BEGAN FLANAGAN LOST HE RIGHT LEG IN THAT ROADSIDE BOMBING.

BUT ONE THING SHE HASN'T LOST IS HER COURAGE.

IT DEFINITELY FEELS LIK YOU'VE BEEN SHOT OUT OF CANNON IT'S DEFINITELY A SLOW -- YO FEEL THIS ISN'T SO BAD AND THE YOU REALLY START FLYING.

IT'S NOT FOR THE FAINT OF HEART.

YOU DEFINITELY HAVE TO HAVE LITTLE CRAZINESS IN YOU TO LIK THIS SPORT BUT IT'S DEFINITELY A THRILL I YOU LIKE ANYTHING WITH SPEED YOU WOULD LOVE THIS SPORT.

SHE JOINED A GROUP OF COMBA WOUNDED VETERANS UP IN LAK PLACID AT THE Mt. VA HOBBIENBERG OLYMPIC SPORTS TRACK WHERE WE CAUGHT UP WITH HER ON DAY THREE OF THE USA BOBSLED AND SKELETONS ADAPTIVE ATHLETE PROGRAM.

SHE CHOSE SKELETON

I BUMPED THE WALL ONE TIME.

DID YOU VIDEO IT

I FELT MY SLED JAR ME A LITTLE BIT AND THEN LITERALLY A CHICKEN WING FOR REAL.

I WAS LIKE, AHH!

MY LEGS CROSSED AT ONE POINT.

I FELT IT.

BECAUSE MY SOCKET POPPED A LITTLE BIT AND I'M LIKE, OH, NO

BEFORE SHE HITS THE ICE OTHERS LIKE TEAM USA SKELETO ATHLETE MORGAN TRACY HAS TO MAKE SURE SHE HAS PROPER FORM WHICH CAN BE A LITTLE TRICKY

HOW DO YOU FEEL ABOUT THAT?

IS IT OFF THE GROUND?

YOU WANT IT UP THAT HIGH

I HAVE NO IDEA.

IT'S AT A 90-DEGREE ANGLE

NO, NO, NO.

LIKE A 15-DEGREE ANGLE

JUST RELAX.

ME BEING A LEG AMPUTEE, HAV TO GET YOUR FEET OFF THE ICE YOU DON'T WANT THEM DRAGGING ALL THE WAY DOWN SO BUILT A LITTLE HARNESS.

IT'S SIMPLE VELCRO AND BUNGE CORD AND GETS HIGH LEGS OFF TH ICE JUST ENOUGH TO GET DOWN TH TRACKS I THINK THE ELBOW PADS ARE FINE.

I DEFINITELY WAS -

YEAH.

FELT LIKE I WAS STAYING TUCKED A LOT MORE TODAY.

IN MY HEAD, LITERALLY WAS LIKE I -- SMACKING THE ICE.

IT'S A GREAT EXPERIENCE BEIN WITH PEOPLE WHO ARE -- GOING THROUGH THE SAME SITUATION YOU HAVE WE ALL LIKE TO PUSH EACH OTHER BECAUSE WE KNOW YOU HAVE A DISABILITY AND I HAVE DISABILITY SO IT KIND OF CANCELS EACH OTHER OUT SO WE'RE ON AN EVEN PLAYIN FIELD.

SO IT'S FUN BEING AROUND OTHER PEOPLE WHO HAVE DISABILITIES THEMSELVES

WOUNDED VETS MAKE UP A HUGE PORTION OF THE POPULATION OF THE YEAR-ROUND EVENTS RUN BY THE ADAPTIVE SPORTS FOUNDATION THIS IS THE FIRST TIME THEY HAVE TRIED SKELETON AND BOBSLED THEY WORKED OUT A PARTNERSHI WITH THE OLYMPIC REGIONA DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY TO MAKE IT HAPPEN FEDERAL FUNDING COMES FROM VETERANS' AFFAIRS.

THE THING THAT'S MADE ME FEEL REALLY GOOD ABOUT THE PROGRAM IS JUST MOST OF THEM AT SOME POIN OR ANOTHER HAVE COME OFF AND JUST SAID, YOU KNOW, THANK YOU SO MUCH FOR GETTING THIS TOGETHER HOWEVER YOU MANAGE TO DO IT.

IT'S THE MOST UNIQUE EXHILARATING EXPERIENCE I'VE EVER HAD YOU KNOW, SO THAT ALWAYS - THAT'S WHY WE DO IT.

IT CAN GET YOU DOWN REALL EASILY, IF YOU LET IT.

THESE PROGRAMS HELP TREMENDOUSLY TO SHOW THAT WE CAN STILL DO THINGS

YOU COULD SPIRAL WITH THESE TYPES OF INJURIES.

BUT BEING PART OF THES FOUNDATIONS, THESE PROGRAMS THAT ADVOCATE FOR YOU TO GET OU THERE IS DEFINITELY HELPS MY BIGGEST THING IS STAYIN ACTIVE DEFINITELY NOT GOING TO BE ABL TO DO EVERYTHING I USED TO DO, BUT I AT LEAST CAN CAN TRY TO DO AS MUCH AS I CAN

WHEW-HOO.

♪♪

> THREE YEARS AGO, INSPIRED BY THE BRITISH MUSEUM AND THE BBC'S CRITICALLY ACCLAIMED 'AH HISTORY OF THE WORLD IN 10 OBJECTS' SAM ROBERTS WROTE A PIECE FOR 'THE TIMES' ENTITLED 'A HISTORY OF NEW YORK IN 50 OBJECTS' CONCLUDING THAT NEW YORK'S HISTORY COULDN'T POSSIBLY BE TOLD IN 50 OR 100 OBJECTS, HE EXPANDED HIS LIST INTO A BOOK.

'A HISTORY OF NEW YORK IN 10 OBJECTS.

SAM ROBERTS JOINS ME NOW WELCOME.

THANK YOU

IT'S A GREAT AND FUN BOOK

IT WAS THE MOST FUN BOOK EVER WROTE AND WHAT I LEARNED ABOUT NEW YORK IS WHAT MADE IT SO MUCH FUN.

YOU START OFF THINKING YOU KNO ALMOST EVERYTHING THERE IS T KNOW

I THOUGHT YOU DID

I DIDN'T.

I LEARNED A LOT.

SO IT TAKES MORE OBJECTS TO TELL THE HISTORY OF NEW YORK THAN TO TELL THE HISTORY OF TH WORLD?

WELL, THE CONCEIT, I HAVE T ADMIT, YOU CAN TELL THE HISTOR OF THE WORLD IN 100, BUT NEW YORK NEEDED 101.

WHAT WAS YOUR CRITERIA?

WELL, THE CRITERIA WERE A COUPLE THINGS.

I WANTED THINGS THAT WER TRANSFORMATIVE OR EMBLEMATIC O A TRANSFORMATION THINGS THAT WERE ENDURING.

THE PROBLEM WITH SOME OBJECT IS, OF COURSE, YOU'RE LEFT ONL WITH THINGS THAT HAVE SURVIVED BUT YOU DON'T WANT THINGS THAT ARE TOO RECENT YOU WANT THINGS THAT WIL ENDURE, BE IMPORTANT 50 OR 100 YEARS FROM NOW THEY COULDN'T BE LIVING HUMA BEINGS

YOU KIND OF SNEAK IN ON HUMAN BEING THERE, RIGHT WHEN YOU HAVE THE FRONT PAGE - FAMOUS FRONT PAGE OF THE 'DAIL NEWS' NEW YORK CITY DROPPE DEAD YOU HAVE BEAM THERE.

BEAM ON THE COVER AND I GUESS CHERYL FORD UNWITTINGLY IS THERE.

NOW, WHAT'S THE OLDES OBJECT

THE OLDEST OBJECT IS ABOU 1.2 BILLION YEARS OLD.

YOU CAN SEE IT IF YOU'RE UP AT SPITE AND DIVELE IN THE NORTHERN TIP OF MANHATTAN, AN OUTCROPPING OF GNEISS, A ROCK FORMATION, RIGHT ACROSS FROM THE COLUMBIA PLAYING FIELDS BIG COLUMBIA 'C' ON IT, TH OLDEST ROCK FORMATION PRETTY MUCH IN NEW YORK CITY.

WHAT'S THE MOST RECENT AN NEWEST OBJECT?

THAT WAS TOUGH, BECAUSE YOU DON'T WANT TO INCLUDE SOMETHIN REALLY RECENT THAT WILL BECOME OUTDATED, WILL BECOME IRRELEVANT A COUPLE YEARS FROM NOW.

SO I PICKED AN OBJECT FROM HURRICANE SANDY THAT I THOUGHT WOULD BE RELEVANT, BECAUSE THA WAS A SUPER STORM AND WILL AFFECT THE CITY IN ONE WAY O ANOTHER FOR YEARS TO COME.

SO IT'S THE MADONNA THAT SURVIVED BOTH THE HURRICANE AN THE FIRE AT BREEZY POINT I QUEENS AND THERE'S THAT MADONNA THAT' STILL STANDING TO THIS DAY

TALK ABOUT THE FLUSHING - WHAT'S THE STORY

1657.

THE PEOPLE IN FLUSHING, QUEENS PETITIONED PETER STIFSON, TH DIRECTOR GENERAL OF THE NE AMSTERDAM COLONY, WORKING FO THE WEST INDIA COMPANY, AND SAID YOU CANNOT DISCRIMINATE ON THE BASIS OF RELIGION, PARTICULARL IN THIS CASE, AGAINST QUAKERS.

WELL, THIS WAS A PETITION FO RELIGIOUS FREEDOM, AND IT REALLY SET THE STAGE FOR THE BILL O RIGHTS AND THE AMENDMENT GUARANTEEING FREEDOM O RELIGION, MORE THAN A CENTUR LATER.

THERE'S ANOTHER HISTORI OBJECT THAT MADE YOUR LIST THE THIRD AVENUE TROLLY TICKET WHAT'S THE STORY BEHIND THAT

FASCINATING I MEAN, ONE OF THOSE THINGS YO NEVER HEAR ABOUT IN NEW YORK AND I INCLUDED IT IN THE BOOK, AND NEVER ABOUT IT UNTIL I WAS RESEARCHING THE BOOK ELIZABETH JENNINGS, A BLAC WOMAN, GETS ON BOARD THE THIRD AVENUE TROLLY IN LOWER MANHATTAN, ON HER WAY TO ATTEN CHURCH SERVICES ON A MONDA MORNING.

THE TROLLY CONDUCTOR THROWS HE OFF BECAUSE SHE'S BLACK.

SHE SUES HER LAWYER IS A 24-YEAR-OL NEWLY MINTED LAWYER WHO GOES O TO BECOME PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, CHESTER ARTHUR.

SHE WINS THIS IS MORE THAN 100 YEAR BEFORE ROSA PARKS.

AND UNFORTUNATELY, NO ON REMEMBERS ELIZABETH JENNINGS

WHY DON'T WE REMEMBER HER

I DON'T KNOW.

AND WE SHOULD.

AND SHE DESERVES TO BE REMEMBERED AND UNFORTUNATELY, NEW YORKERS I THINK, IN PARTICULAR DON'T EMBRACE OUR HISTORY ENOUGH

YOU HAVE A PICTURE OF A DOOR, ALL GRAFFITIED I WOULD ASSUME YOU WOULD PUT A SUBWAY DOOR.

EITHER WAY, A PART OF NEW YORK HISTORY.

IT WAS PART AND NOW BEING GLORIFIED AS ART WE CAN ARGUE WHETHER THAT IS RIGHT OR NOT IT CERTAINLY WAS NOT RIGHT A THE TIME THEN IT WAS A SYMBOL OF THE CITY GONE AMUCK THERE IS A PICTURE IN THE BOOK OF AN APARTMENT DOOR ABSOLUTEL COVERED WITH GRAFFITI FROM THE EAST VILLAGE THE COUNTERPART TO THAT IS A POOPER-SCOOPER, WHICH I THOUGH WAS A SYMBOL OF THE CITY KIND OF REGAINING CONTROL.

IT WAS A METHOD OF RETEACHIN SOCIAL BEHAVIOR.

IT TAUGHT PEOPLE THAT SOMETHIN WAS EXPECTED OF THEM IN TERMS OF BEHAVIOR AND IT WORKED.

FASCINATINGLY ENOUGH

I HAVE TO SAY, STATEN ISLAN DOESN'T GET ANY RESPECT.

YOU KNOW WHAT I'M TALKING ABOUT, RIGHT?

I DO.

1940, WOODY GUTHRIE IS WRITING 'THIS LAND IS YOUR LAND THIS LAND IS MY LAND' AND HE WRITES FROM CALIFORNIA TO STATE ISLAND, AND HE IS SITTING IN A MANHATTAN HOTEL, AND HE CROSSE OUT STATEN ISLAND AND CHANGES IT TO THE NEW YORK ISLAND THE ULTIMATE DISFOR STATEN ISLAND

YEAH.

NOW, WHO DID YOU WRITE THIS BOOK FOR, SAM WAS IT FOR NEW YORKERS OR NONNEW YORKERS?

IT'S VERY INTERESTING I SORT OF WROTE IT FOR MYSELF, BECAUSE I WAS HAVING A GREAT TIME AND IT SHOULD BE UNDERSTOOD, THIS IS A VERY SUBJECTIVE LIST THIS IS NOT THE LIST OF 10 OBJECTS.

IT'S A LIST, AND IT'S REALLY M LIST AND ONE OF THE THINGS I INVITE READERS TO DO IS SUBMI SUGGESTIONS OF THEIR OWN WE SET UP AN E-MAIL ADDRESS, OBJECTS OF NYC@GMAIL.COM FOR PEOPLE TO SUBMIT THEM.

THIS IS AN INTERACTIVE BOOK, I YOU WILL IT'S FUN IT'S A PARLOR GAME FOR PEOPLE TO SUBMIT THEM.

AND ONE OF THE FASCINATING THINGS IS THAT WHEN WE SOLICITED SUGGESTIONS FROM THE ORIGINA 'TIMES' ARTICLE, WE GOT HUNDREDS AND HUNDREDS AND HUNDREDS NO JUST FROM NEW YORK, BUT ALL OVER THE COUNTRY AND ALL OVER THE WORLD.

NOT JUST FROM EXPATRIATE NEW YORKERS, BUT FROM PEOPLE WHO DID OR THOUGHT THEY DID HAVE EVE THE MOST TANGENTIAL CONNECTION TO NEW YORK IN SOME REMOTE WAY THE BOOK IS A LOT OF FUN, AND LOT OF FASCINATING INFORMATION 'THE HISTORY OF NEW YORK AND 101 OBJECTS.

THANK YOU SO MUCH, SAM

THANK YOU, RON.

> AND FINALLY TONIGHT, A JOURNEY TO THE WEST BY HEADING NORTH.

THE ROCK WELL MUSEUM IN CORNING, NEW YORK, IS HOME TO ONE OF TH LARGEST COLLECTIONS OF WESTERN AND NATIVE AMERICAN ART IN THE U.S.

BINGHAMTON STATION, WSKG, TAKE US UPSTATE NOW FOR A LOOK AT THE MUSEUM'S COLLECTIONS ♪♪

> THE ROCK WELL MUSEUM I LOCATED IN WHAT WE CALL OLD CITY HALL IT OPENED IN 1893 AS THE MUNICIPAL OFFICES FOR THE CITY OF CORNING IT HOUSED THE POLICE DEPARTMENT, THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, THE MAYOR'S OFFICE JAIL CELLS FOR BOTH MEN AN WOMEN.

AND SERVED IN THAT CAPACIT UNTIL 1974 WHEN IT CLOSED AN THE CITY MOVED TO A NEW CITY LOCATION

> THE BUILDING WAS RENOVATED IN 1981 BY CORNING GLASS WORKS AT THE TIME.

AND THE MUSEUM MOVED HERE AN OPENED IN 1982 AND WE HAVE BEEN HERE EVER SINCE, AND WE HOUSED ONE OF TH LARGEST COLLECTIONS OF WESTERN AMERICAN AND NATIVE AMERICAN ART IN THE EASTERN PART OF THE UNITED STATES.

ARTIMUSS IS A BUFFALO THAT HANGS ON THE FACADE OF THE MUSEU BUILDING, MADE BY LOCAL ARTIST TOM GARDNER.

TOM RECEIVED A GRANT FROM TH NEW YORK STATE COUNCIL ON TH ARTS IN 1999, AND TOM AND TH MUSEUM STAFF DECIDED ON TH BUFFALO AS THE IMAGE HE WOUL SCULPT FOR THE BUILDING.

AND AFTER ARTIMUSS WENT UP, TH MUSEUM HELD A CONTEST TO NAM HIM.

AND THE WINNING NAME WAS ARTIMUSS, WHICH STANDS FOR ART IS A MUST.

> THE ROOM WE'RE IN RIGHT NO IS CALLED THE REMINGTON AN RUSSELL LODGE AND FEATURES A VARIETY OF WORKS BY RUSSELL AN FREDERICK REMINGTON, THE TWO TITANS OF WESTERN ART FROM THE LATE 19th AND EARLY 20th CENTURY.

THROUGHOUT THIS GALLERY, YOU SEE MANY DIFFERENT DEPICTIONS OF COWBOYS AND INDIANS AND ANIMAL OF THE WEST.

AND IT'S A REALLY NICE WAY T IMMERSE YOURSELF INTO THE WEST AND THAT'S SORT OF THE THEME O THIS GALLERY THE WEST THAT WAS.

THE OLD WEST RIGHT NOW WE'RE LOOKING AT Mt.

WHITNEY, WHICH IS THIS MASSIVE PAINTING BEHIND ME, PAINTED BY ALBERT BEERSTAD IN 1980 AND TH HIGHLIGHT OF OUR COLLECTION.

FIRST OF ALL, YOU CAN SEE ET CETERA RATHER LARGE, 6'X 10' THIS IS ONE OF HIS GREAT PAINTINGS, AND YOU CAN BELIEVE IT, PEOPLE WOULD ACTUALLY PAY NICKLE TO SEE SOME OF THES PAINTINGS, AND IT WOULD BE BEHIND A CURTAIN THAT'S HOW TREMENDOUS IT WAS IT WAS BEFORE TV AND INTERNET, SO SOMETHING LIKE THIS WAS QUITE STRIKING

> THE MUSEUM IS COMMITTED TO BOTH THE HISTORIC INTERPRETATION OF THE WEST, BUT ALSO A MODERN POP SENSIBILITY AND THE HORSE IS THE SYMBOL OF THE AMERICAN WEST.

BUTTERFIELD MAKES ALL SKUP A YOURS OUT OF FOUND OBJECTS, IN THIS CASE DRIFTWOOD.

SO WHILE THIS IS A BRONZ SCULPTURE, SHE MADE THE ORIGINAL DESIGN ENTIRELY OUT OF DRIFTWOOD, AND THEN TH DRIFTWOOD WAS THROUGH A PROCES MADE INTO A BRONZE SCULPTURE

> ONE OF THE THINGS THAT'S VERY VALUED IN TRADITIONAL WESTERN ART IS FIDELITY TO NATURE WHAT WE SEE HERE IS A PICTURE OF INDIANS HUNTING BUFFALO.

THERE IS A BEAUTIFUL ROMANCE SO YOU HAVE THE YOUNG INDIAN BRAVE HERE, ABOUT TO SHOOT THE ARROW.

WHILE NOT TERRIBLY ACCURATE AS FAR AS HISTORY, LEE WAS GREATL BELOVED AS A PAINTER, BECAUSE HE GOT EVERYTHING ARE ELSE RIGHT.

♪♪

> THE UNIQUENESS COMES FRO THE COLLECTION SO WE HAVE A HISTORIC COLLECTION OF WESTERN AMERICAN ART, NATIV AMERICAN ART, AND UPSTATE NE YORK SO MOST OF OUR PARTNER MUSEUMS THAT ALSO DEAL WITH THIS GENRE ARE LOCATED IN THE WEST.

SO OUR UNIQUENESS IS HAVING COLLECTION HERE IN NEW YOR STATE.

> THAT'S IT FOR THIS EDITION OF 'METROFOCUS.'

YOU CAN FIND ALL OUR STORIES AND ADD YOUR COMMENTS ONLINE A METROFOCUS.ORG YOU CAN ALSO FOLLOW ON FACEBOO AND TWITTER FOR UPDATES.

JOINING US AGAIN FOR NEWS, CONVERSATIONS AND IN-DEPTH REPORTING FROM NEW YORK AND NE JERSEY PUBLIC TELEVISION I'M JACK FORD.

THANKS FOR WATCHING.

> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS PROVIDED BY TH FOLLOWING: CORPORATE FUNDING FOR 'METROFOCUS' WAS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA, YOU RETIREMENT COMPANY

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Denise Schwartz, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Janet Prindle Seidler, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

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