10/12: NYT Living City: Subways, America By The Numbers, Animal Misfits, Columbus Citizens Foundation

Encore: October 12, 2014

On this edition of MetroFocus:

The New York Times‘ six-part video series in collaboration with Blue Chalk Media – Living City – continues with Finally, a 2nd Ave. Subway, a look at the construction of the 2nd Avenue subway project.

Maria Hinojosa joins MetroFocus host Rafael Pi Roman to outline her new eight-part PBS documentary series America by The Numbers with Maria Hinojosa, which investigates the dramatic demographic shifts in the United States. The series is airing on PBS stations and the WORLD Channel through November 22.

Anchor Jack Ford talks with Janet Hess, series editor of PBS NATURE, about the new documentary Animal Misfits, which premieres on PBS stations October 15 and focuses on some of the world’s most unusual species.  

And Angelo Vivolo, president of the Columbus Citizens Foundation, joins Rafael Pi Roman to talk about the upcoming 70th anniversary of the Columbus Day parade and the organization’s philanthropic activities.

 

TRANSCRIPT

> FROM THE WORLD'S LEADING CENTER FOR FINANCE, THE ARTS PUBLISHING, SCIENCE, RESEARCH, MEDIA, INNOVATION AND MUCH MORE, THIS IS 'METROFOCUS' WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN AND TONIGHT WITH JACK FORD

TONIGHT, BUILDING A SUBWAY.

WITHOUT UNDERGROUND TRANSPORT, THIS CITY IS UTTERL PARALYZED.

THE CHANGING FACE OF AMERIC BY THE NUMBERS

YOU DON'T HAVE TO BE AFRAID OF THE CHANGE.

THE CHANGE IS HERE

HOW TO MANAGE

WHAT ON EARTH WAS NATUR THINKING THERE

IN THE 70-YEAR HISTORY OF NEW YORK'S COLUMBUS DAY PARADE

> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM I MADE POSSIBLE BY: THE FORD FOUNDATION WORKING ON SOCIAL CHANGE WORLDWIDE.

CORPORATE FUNDING FO 'METROFOCUS' IS PROVIDED B MUTUAL OF AMERICA.

YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY THE FOLLOWING

> I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

WELCOME TO 'METROFOCUS.'

WHAT MAKES NEW YORK POSSIBLE IT'S THE INFRASTRUCTURE.

AND ONE BIG PIECE OF THAT PUZZLE IS THE CITY SUBWAY SYSTEM.

PHASE ONE OF THE NEW SECON AVENUE SUBWAY UNDE CONSTRUCTION, 'NEW YORK TIMES' MADE THIS A FOCUS OF PART THRE OF THE LIVING CITY SERIES.

RIGHT NOW, IT'S KIND OF A DREAM THAT IS COMING TRUE.

NEW YORK CITY IS ONE OF THE TOUGHEST PLACES TO BUILD ANYTHING SEWER LINES, WATER LINES, GA MAINS.

ELECTRICAL POWER LINES ALL OF THAT STUFF IS UNDERGROUND.

THIS IS A SPECIAL AREA IN NEW YORK CITY THAT DIDN'T EXPECT T GET HIT HARD IN BOTH CONSTRUCTION IMPACT AND ECONOMIC IMPACT

> ONE OF THE THINGS THAT W HAVE NEVER DONE IS TO BUILD SUCH A MASSIVE UNDERTAKING.

SURROUNDED BY HUNDREDS O THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE.

AND THE DENSITY ALONG TH CORRIDOR IS THE DENSES POPULATION IN THE UNITED STATES, HAVING 100,000 PEOPLE PER SQUARE MILE

ROUGHLY THE NEW YORK SUBWAY SYSTEM HAS 243 ROUTE MILES O TRACK.

AND YOU'RE TALKING ROUGHLY HOW MANY PEOPLE RIDING

WITHOUT UNDERGROUND TRANSPORT THIS CITY IS TOTALLY, UTTERL PARALYZED.

NEW YORK WOULD NOT EXIST TODAY I AM TOTALLY AND UTTERLY CONVINCED.

THE DENSITY THAT WE CREATED HERE DOES NOT ALLOW PEOPLE TH ABILITY TO MOVE EASILY FROM ON PLACE TO ANOTHER THE SECOND AVENUE SUBWAY IS IN VISION TODAY, WILL GO ALL TH WAY FROM 125th STREET NORTH DOWN TO LOWER MANHATTAN AND THERE ARE FOUR PHASES.

RIGHT NOW ONLY BUILDING PHAS ONE THAT GOES FROM 96th STREET TO 63rd STREET

HAS THE CONSTRUCTION MOVE HERE IT'S BEEN A BUMPY ROAD EVE SINCE.

IN 2010, THEY SHUT DOWN ALL TH PARKING, AND WE'VE BEEN ENJOYING THE SIGHTS OF THE BARRICADES

IT'S HORRENDOUS WE HAVE NO SIDEWALK TRAFFIC.

YOU CAN'T PARK, YOU CAN'T PULL UP HERE.

PEOPLE COME TO PICK UP HEAVY THINGS AND THEY CAN'T STOP IT MAKES IT DIFFICULT TO COME TO SECOND AVENUE.

ALL BUSINESSES ON SECOND AVENU ARE DEFINITELY HURTING

TAKE AWAY MIKE'S S.A.

HOLD ON TO 50,000 TO PUT UP.

I LOST MY BUSINESS

ONE THING I SAID TO EVERYON WHEN WE CAME IN, WE CANNOT GIV YOU MONEY.

I CANNOT CUT YOUR TAXES.

AND I HAVE TO CONTINUE TO BUILD.

THE FIRST TRANSPORTATIO SYSTEM IN NEW YORK ACTUALLY WERE SOME RAILS LAID DOWN IN THE CITY STREET IN THE 1830s WHEN THE FOUR-WHEELED PASSENGER CAR BEING PULLED BY HORSES THE NEXT STAGE UP WAS TH ELEVATED LINES, AND THEY BUILT A RAILWAY ABOVE THE STREETS.

AND THAT GREW UP TO BE A LARGE NETWORK.

AND IN 1900, CONSTRUCTIO STARTED ON THE FIRST LINE OF THE NEW YORK SUBWAY.

YOU HAD VERY EARLY MECHANIZE EQUIPMENT, STEAM SHOVELS AND THINGS LIKE THAT BUT A LOT OF IT WAS WITH PIC AXE AND SHOVELS.

AND HORSES PULLING CARTS THE ORIGINAL TEST FROM SECON AVENUE SUBWAY BEGAN IN THE 1920s.

END OF WORLD WAR II, THE SYSTE WAS RUN DOWN, SO FIXING TRACKS FIXING DRAIN, NEW EQUIPMENT.

SO THAT'S WHERE THE FUNDING WENT AWAY

THE FEDERAL GOVERNMEN DECIDED TO GET SOME MONEY.

WE CAME UP WITH A BUDGET IN TH BEGINNING OF 2009 OF $4.45 BILLION, AND A COMPLETIO DATE OF DECEMBER 2016.

THE HEAD OF THIS CONSTRUCTION PROJECT REALLY LED THE WHOLE ENDEAVOR TO MAKE SURE THAT THE PEOPLE IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD HAD A VOICE, AND THAT ACTION WOULD B TAKEN TO IMPROVE QUALITY O LIFE WE CHANGED THE HOURS O BLASTING WE PROTECTED THE BUILDING BY ENCAPSULATING AREAS THAT WER FOCAL POINT FOR CREATING DUST.

THIS IS MYSTERIOUS, ROMANTI UNDERGROUND -- YOU GO TO THI PROCESS OF CREATING SOMETHIN THAT WAS NOT THERE PEOPLE ASK ME, WELL, WHAT WA HERE BEFORE?

ROCK WHAT DO YOU MEAN, ROCK SOLID ROCK NOTHING.

WE KIND OF TEND TO REINVENT TH WHEEL.

AND SO I'M TRYING TO AVOID IT BY LEAVING BEHIND NOT JUST A LEGACY THAT WE HAVE A NEW FACILITY, BUT A LEGACY OF HOW TO BUILD IT WITH LESS IMPACT.

YOU HAVE PEOPLE WORKING TOGETHER, ESPECIALLY MERCHANTS THAT WILL MAKE IT STRONGER AND WE REALLY HAVE TO DIG DEEP DOWN INSIDE FOR THIS TOUGH SITUATION.

TRANSPORTATION IS WHAT MAKE A CITY SURVIVABLE.

AND NEW YORK HAS ONE OF THE, YOU KNOW, MOST EXTENSIVE RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEMS, AND AS WELL A BUS SYSTEMS AND COMMUTER RAI SYSTEMS AND FERRIES AN EVERYTHING ELSE.

AND MOST PEOPLE DON'T THINK OF THE SUBWAY SYSTEM IN TERMS O FREEDOM, BECAUSE YOU'RE TIED T A TRAIN.

BUT THINK ABOUT IT IT GIVES THE FLEXIBILITY TO DO WHATEVER YOU WANT AND GO WHEREVER YOU WANT WITHIN ANY AREA OF NEW YORK CITY AT THE TIME YOU WANT TO DO IT ♪♪

> THERE'S A STORY MIND EVERY NUMBER AND AMERICA BY THE NUMBERS WIT MARIA ENHOSA IS A NEW PBS SERIES THAT FOCUSES ON THE DEMOGRAPHI SHIFT TAKING PLACE IN THIS COUNTRY.

THE NATION REVEALS THE HUMAN FACE OF THE POPULATION CHANG TRANSFORMING OUR POLITICS, CULTURE, ECONOMY AND EVERYDA LIFE HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT 'AMERIC BY THE NUMBERS'.

THIS IS A NEW AMERICA BLACK, BROWN, ASIAN, LGBT, IMMIGRANTS THE COUNTRY IS GOING THROUGH A MAJOR DEMOGRAPHIC SHIFT.

AND THE NUMBERS SHOW IT.

THE FACE OF THE U.S. HAS CHANGED.

I'M PROBABLY A RACIST OR RE NECK I JUST SEE IT DESTROYING WHAT WE HAD PLANNED TO HAPPEN HERE

WE'RE AMERICANS WE CARE ABOUT THE SAME THINGS.

YET WE WANT OUR HISTORY, WE WANT TO PRESERVE OUR CULTURE.

WE HAVE TO CHANGE THIS.

WE ARE MAKING AS WE SPEAK A NEW AMERICA.

THAT'S A MARVELOUS MOMENT I AMERICAN HISTORY

BY 2043, WE WILL BE A MAJORITY NONWHITE NATION

IT'S IMPORTANT.

WE'RE ALL-AMERICAN.

WE NEED TO REMEMBER, WE WERE ONCE STRANGERS IN A FOREIG LAND

BEHIND EVERY NUMBER, THERE' A STORY.

'AMERICA BY THE NUMBERS.

> JOINING ME NOW IS THE ANCHOR AND EXECUTIVE PRODUCER O 'AMERICA BY THE NUMBERS' WELCOME.

GOOD TO BE HERE

WE'RE OLD FRIENDS WE SHOULD SAY THAT

OLD FRIENDS OLD JOURNALIST FRIENDS

MARIA, HOW AND WHY WAS THIS SERIES BORN?

WELL, IT'S BEEN FOUR YEARS IN THE MAKING WHAT'S BEAUTIFUL ABOUT IT IS THAT ESSENTIALLY, WE ARE TRYIN TO TELL STORIES, RECORDING ABOUT WHAT I BELIEVE IS ONE OF THE MOST PHENOMENAL STORIES OF OUR TIME, WHICH IS THIS DEMOGRAPHI TRANSFORMATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

SO WE ALL LIVE IT, ESPECIALLY IN NEW YORK CITY.

PEOPLE ARE LIKE, WELL, THIS HA BEEN HAPPENING FOR A LONG TIME

RIGHT

WE WANT TO DO JOURNALIS ABOUT IT WE WANT TO TELL STORIES.

WE WANT TO DO REPORTING.

WE WANT TO PUT THESE FACES AND THESE ISSUES ON CAMERA, AND THIS IS THE FIRST TIME THAT W NOTICED THERE IS A SERIE DEDICATED TO RECORDING THI DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE

DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE IS NOT JUST ABOUT THE GROWING NUMBERS OF LATINOS, RIGHT?

IT GOES BEYOND THAT.

IT GOES BEYOND THAT ONE OF THE FIRST NUMBERS I REMEMBER THINKING ABOUT WA AFTER THE 2010 CENSUS, 43% DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH IS LATINOS IN JUST ONE DECADE.

43%. IN THE NEXT CENTURY, PROBABL 53%, DOUBLE.

THE FACT IS THAT ASIAN-AMERICANS ARE ON PAR WITH LATINOS IN TERMS OF THEIR DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH.

PACIFIC ISLANDERS IN THE UNITE STATES GROWING, SMALL NUMBERS, BUT GROWING.

ANGLO-AMERICA, WHITE AMERICA FOR LACK OF A BETTER TERM, KIN OF STAYING THE SAME, EVE DECREASING AFRICAN-AMERICANS, THE SAME.

SO WHAT WE'RE TALKING ABOUT IS THIS NEW AMERICAN DYNAMIC.

AND BASICALLY, NAMING IT B REPORTING ABOUT IT, AND SAYING THIS IS WHO WE ARE WE DON'T HAVE TO BE AFRAID O THE CHANGE THE CHANGE IS HERE

NOW, YOU TRAVELED ALL OVE THE COUNTRY.

HOW DID YOU PICK THE PLACES THAT YOU WENT TO?

AND GIVE US A COUPLE EXAMPLES.

OKAY.

SO WE WENT TO NORTH DAKOTA TO BE ON THE NATIVE AMERICAN RESERVATION CALLED FT.

BIRTHHOLD, WHICH IS THE CENTER POINT OF THE OIL BOOM IN NORTH DAKOTA WHY DOES THAT MATTER BECAUSE NATIVE AMERICANS ARE ALSO OUR FOUNDING FATHERS AN MOTHERS.

WHAT DOES IT MEAN WHEN YOU HAV AN OIL EXPLOSION IN A COMMUNIT WHERE THEY DON'T HAVE A HISTOR OF FINANCIAL SERVICES.

WE WERE TALKING ABOUT MILLIONS OF DOLLARS COMING INTO A RESERVATION.

NOW WHAT'S COME WITH IT?

DRUGS.

HUMAN TRAFFICKING.

WE WERE GOING TO REPORT ON THE ASIAN COMMUNITY.

BUT WE DECIDED TO TELL THE STORY THAT NO ONE HAS TOLD BEFORE.

AT LEAST ON NATIONAL TELEVISIO THAT WE KNOW OF, WHICH I CAMBODIAN-AMERICANS, SOUTHEAST ASIAN YOUTH, HAVE ON PAR WIT LATINOS THE HIGHEST HIGH SCHOO INCOMPLETION RATES

REALLY?

SO EVERYBODY THINKS -- THIS SERIES IS ABOUT CHANGING STEREOTYPES.

WHAT ARE YOU TALKING ABOUT HERE?

ROCHESTER, NEW YORK.

KNOWN AS A CENTER, A HUB FOR INTELLECTUAL ACADEMIA, HEALTH, HAS ONE OF THE HIGHEST INFAN MORTALITY RATES AMONG BLACK AN LATINA WOMEN WE WANT TO SHED LIGHT ON THESE STORIES WITH ALL AMERICANS O WANT TO KNOW ABOUT

WHAT DO YOU HOPE YOUR AUDIENCES TAKE AWAY FROM THE SERIES

I THINK THAT, YOU KNOW WHAT WHEN I TRAVEL IN ALL 50 STATES 2 TERRITORIES, GUAM AND PUERTO RICO, HE WAS SEEING AN AMERICA THAT WAS INCREDIBLY DIVERSE AN OPEN AND ACCEPTING OF THIS AT THE SAME TIME, I WAS SEEING IN OUR JOURNALISM SOMETHING THAT WAS MOSTLY FOCUSING ON FEA AROUND CHANGE.

AND SO AS A JOURNALIST, I WANTED TO TELL THESE STORIES.

AND IN ESSENCE, HOLD A MIRROR UP TO WHO WE ARE AS AMERICANS NOW AND TO SAY, LOOK, WE'VE GOT SOME ISSUES HERE.

IT IS NOT RIGHT THAT AFRICAN-AMERICAN AND LATIN WOMEN IN ROCHESTER, THEIR BABIES WILL DIE OF TWICE THE RATE O WHITE WOMEN.

THAT'S NOT GOOD.

WE HAVE TO TALK ABOUT THAT BUT LET'S NOT FEAR THE FACT THAT THESE NEW MINORITIES ARE THE MAJORITY WHITE AMERICA IS PART OF THI CONVERSATION AND WE CAN CHANGE TH DEFINITION WITH THE MINORITIES, IT'S NO GOING TO BE THE SAME AS IT WAS SO I GUESS MY MESSAGE IS, SEE US AS WHO WE ARE, AS AMERICANS THAT HAVE A LOT OF CHALLENGES BUT WE CAN APPROACH THIS USING SOLID JOURNALISM WITH GREA CHARACTERS, BEAUTIFUL VISUALS, AND IDEALLY, SOMETHING WIL CHANGE IN PEOPLE'S MINDS AROUND HOW THEY SEE THEIR OW COMMUNITIES, THEIR CITIES, THEIR COUNTRIES, THEIR FRIENDS AND WE ALL GET ALONG BETTE TOGETHER I KNOW IT'S A LITTLE CHEESY.

BUT NO ONE IS GOING ANYWHERE

MARIA, THANK YOU SO MUCH.

MY PLEASURE, RAFAEL ♪♪

> VEGTARIAN BEAR AN ANT-SIZED CHAMELEON AND A PENGUIN THAT LIVES IN A FOREST THESE FREAKS OF NATURE ARE THE SUBJECT OF PBS NATURE'S LATEST DOCUMENTARY CALLED 'ANIMAL MISFITS.

IT PREMIERS OCTOBER 19th LET'S TAKE A LOOK AT SOME OF THE HIGHLIGHTS

EVERYONE KNOWS THE FEELING AT SOME POINT IN THEIR LIVES.

YOU'RE NOT PART OF THE CROWD YOU JUST DON'T FIT IN.

YOU FEEL DIFFERENT WELL, IT TURNS OUT YOU'RE NO ALONE.

ALL OVER THE WORLD, THERE AR CREATURES THAT HAVE DEPARTED FROM TRADITION AND TAKEN A SEPARATE PATH.

THEY MAY LOOK A LITTLE STRANGE AND THEY'RE LIVING LIVES QUITE UNLIKE THOSE FAMILIES THEY CAM FROM THESE ODDBALLS APPEAR TO B MISFITS OF NATURE.

BUT THEY ARE NO ACCIDENT EACH ONE IS AN UNCONVENTIONA SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEMS O LIFE IT'S TIME WE CELEBRATE THE CREATIVE DIFFERENCES THAT POP UP ALL OVER THE NATURAL WORLD IT'S TIME THAT ANIMAL MISFIT GET THE CREDITS THEY'RE DUE.

AFTER ALL, THEIR UNORTHODO APPROACH COULD BE THE NEXT BIG THING.

JOINING US NOW IS JANET HESS, SERIES EDITOR FOR 'NATURE.

FIRST QUESTION IS, WHAT MAKES MISFIT

WELL, WE HAVE TAKEN A LOOK AT THE SO MANY ANIMALS ACROSS THE WHOLE SPECTRUM OF THE PLANET AND WE'RE ALWAYS LOOKING A THINGS THAT ARE SO BEAUTIFULLY EVOLVED, AND THE VAST SYSTEM THE STRONGEST, THE SLEEKEST.

AND ANIMALS THAT WORK SO WELL, DESIGNED BY NATURE AND THE TRUTH IS, NATURE I ALWAYS DESIGNING AND IT'S ALWAYS TRYING NEW THINGS SO THERE IS A LOT OF EXPERIMENTING OUT THERE.

AND THERE'S OFTEN CREATURES THAT LOOK LIKE, HUH, A LITTLE AWKWARD.

A LITTLE WHAT ON EARTH WAS NATURE THINKING THERE?

AND WE WANTED TO TAKE A LOOK A THOSE.

THE FASCINATING THING I FOUND IN WATCHING THIS IS YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT -- YOU'VE GO CATEGORIES HERE.

THINGS THAT SEEM TO BE SO SUITED FOR THEIR ENVIRONMENT.

OTHERS THAT SEEM TO HAVE DEVELOPED THIS GREAT SPECIAL INNOVATION BUT WHAT ELSE CAN THEY DO.

AND SOME ARE JUST FLAT-OUT DIFFERENT.

BUT YET THEY ALL SEEM TO WOR OKAY

THEY DO WORK.

AND THEY'RE FINDING CREATIVE SOLUTIONS TO DO THINGS DIFFERENTLY THAN MAYBE THE RES OF THEIR KIND.

SO IT'S REALLY A CASE OF THERE'S NOT JUST ONE WAY TO SUCCEED.

THERE'S LOTS OF WAYS TO SUCCEED, AND WE KIND OF WANT TO HIGHLIGHT THESE VERY ODDBALL, WONDERFUL, ECCENTRIC CHARACTERS IN THIS PROGRAM.

EARLY ON, WE'RE WATCHING TH PANDA.

PEOPLE LOVE PANDAS THERE IS SOMETHING JUST ABOU THEM THAT DRAWS US TO THEM BUT ALL OF A SUDDEN I'M LEARNING THINGS I DIDN'T KNOW ABOUT PANDAS NONMEAT-EATING CARNIVORE AND THE RELATIONSHIP WITH BAMBOO WHAT'S THAT ALL ABOUT?

THEY HAVE CARNIVORE TEETH THEY HAVE A CARNIVORE DIGESTIV TRACT.

THEY'RE A REAL BEAR, AND THE LIVE VIRTUALLY ALMOST COMPLETELY OFF OF THIS ONE PLANT THAT IS SO UNNUTRITIOUS, THAT IS SO HARD TO DIGEST THEY HAVE TO EAT CONSTANTLY JUST TO EKE OUT ENOUGH ENERGY, ENOUGH CALORIES TO KEEP ON GOING.

AND WE WOULD ALL LOVE TO INTERVIEW PANDAS ABOUT THAT.

AND SORT OF GET THEIR POINT OF VIEW BUT ALL WE CAN DO IS FOLLOW WHAT THEY REALLY DO AND THAT'S HOW THEY HAVE BEE SURVIVING THOUSANDS OF YEARS

HOW ABOUT THE BIG-HEADED MOLE RAT?

THAT'S AN AWFUL NAME

IT IS A TERRIBLE NAME AND MOLE RATS AREN'T THE MOS GLAMOROUS OF CHARACTERS TO BEGIN WITH AND THEN TO ADD A BIG HEAD O TOP OF THAT SORT OF GLORIOUS NAME THERE ARE 36 KINDS OF MOLE RATS, BELIEVE IT OR NOT.

AND THEY ALL LIVE UNDERGROUND.

ALL OF THEM.

THEY'RE REALLY VERY WELL-ADAPTED FOR THAT AND THE BIG HEAD OF MOLE RATS IS ANOTHER DECISION AND IT FORAGES OUT ON TH SURFACE, OUT ON THE GRASSLAND.

AND ISN'T ALL THAT WELL-ADAPTED, IT WOULD APPEAR, TO DO THAT.

SO IT DOESN'T HAVE VERY GOOD EYESIGHT DOESN'T HAVE VERY GOOD HEARING AND IT IS ALSO THE FAVORITE PREY OF THE ETHIOPIAN WOLF.

SO IT'S REALLY GOT A PROBLEM O ITS HAND

YOU DON'T WANT TO BE A BI HEAD -- IF YOU HAD A CHOICE.

DOESN'T SOUND LIKE YOU LONGEVITY IS VERY GOOD IT'S AN INTERESTING POINT.

IT LOOKS LIKE A MISTAKE.

IT LOOKS LIKE A MISTAKE WHAT'S ACTUALLY HAPPENING HERE IT'S CREATED A PARTNERSHIP WIT A SMALL BIRD CALLED A MORELAND CHAT, AND IT ACTS AS EYES AN EARS AND ALERTS THE MOLE RAT T ANY DANGER IT'S GOT GREAT, SHARP, EYESIGHT.

IT SEES WOLVES COMING A LONG WAY AWAY AND, OF COURSE, IT'S FORAGIN OFF ALL THE LITTLE BUGS AN WORMS AND SO FORTH THE MOLE RA IS DIGGING UP AS IT FORAGES.

SO THE TWO OF THEM HAVE TEAMED UP AND ARE ABLE TO SURVIVE TOGETHER IN THAT PLACE, IN SPITE OF THE WOLVES AND IN SPITE OF THE TOUGH CONDITIONS

ALWAYS GOOD TO HAVE A BUDDY MPS SOMETIMES YOU JUST NEED LITTLE HELP FROM YOUR FRIENDS.

LET ME ASK ONE OTHER ON BECAUSE IT'S FUN TO SAY.

THE CACAPO

IT'S A DELIGHTFUL CHARACTER A BIG PARROT, AND THE ONLY PARROT IN THE WORLD THAT CAN'T FLY.

AND IT LIKES TO FEED IN LEAVES THAT ARE VERY HIGH UP IN THE CANOPY, AND IT HAS TO CLIMB.

SO IT'S -- IT'S A CHUBBY WONDERFUL LITTLE CHARACTER AND -- BUT IT'S ONE OF THOSE THAT'S REALLY STRUGGLING T SURVIVE IN ITS OWN HOME NOW.

YOU AND I WERE TALKING ABOU THE FACT THAT NATURE HAS BEE AROUND -- THE PROGRAM -- THA PART OF NATURE, HAS BEEN AROUN FOR MORE THAN 30 YEARS

YES STILL PLENTY OF STORIES.

PLENTY OF STORIES NEW MARVELS.

AND NEW WAYS TO TELL OLD STORIES THAT WE'RE FAMILIAR WITH AND THE ANIMALS THEMSELVES ARE ALWAYS DOING INTERESTING THINGS.

YOU FIND GREAT CHARACTERS TO FOLLOW, AND SO WE HOPE TO BE AROUND FOR YEARS TO COME WELL,.

WELL, AGAIN, 'ANIMAL MISFITS' OCTOBER 15th THANKS FOR COMING.

THANK YOU, JACK

> NEXT YEAR, PBS WILL AIR NATIONAL SPECIAL O ITALIAN-AMERICANS AND WE'LL BE PRODUCING A COMPANION PIECE OF THE ITALIAN-AMERICANS OF NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY.

OF COURSE, ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT EVENTS HONORING TH CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE ITALIAN-AMERICANS IS THE NEW YORK CITY COLUMBUS DAY PARADE.

THE PARADE CELEBRATING ITS 70t ANNIVERSARY THIS YEAR IS ORGANIZED BY THE COLUMBU CITIZENS FOUNDATION, A NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION THAT IS INVOLVED IN A BROAD RANGE OF PHILANTHROPIC AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES.

JOINING ME NOW TO TALK ABOUT THOSE ACTIVITIES AND THE PARAD IS ANGELA BIBELOT, PRESIDENT O THE COLUMBUS CITIZEN FOUNDATION WELCOME.

THANK YOU FOR HAVING ME HER TODAY.

ANGLO, ARE YOU DOING ANYTHING SPECIAL THIS YEAR, COMMEMORATING THE 70th ANNIVERSARY

WELL, THIS YEAR, LIKE EVERY YEAR, THE PARADE GETS BIGGER AND GRANDER, AND WE INVOLVE MORE AND MORE PEOPLE.

AND WE TRY TO REACH MORE AND MORE PEOPLE.

BECAUSE IT'S THE GREATES DISPLAY OF THE ITALIAN CULTURE AND HERITAGE, I BELIEVE, IN TH COUNTRY.

WE BELIEVE THAT THE COLUMBUS DAY PARADE HERE IN NEW YORK IS THE MOST OUTSTANDING PARADE.

AND WE'RE VERY PROUD OF IT AND WE TRY TO DO OUR VERY BEST T PUT OUR BEST FOOT FORWARD AN HAVE PEOPLE APPRECIATE WHAT WE DO IN OUR ITALIAN CULTURE AN COLUMBUS DAY WHEN YOU ORGANIZED THE PARADE, IT'S NOT JUST THE PARADE THA YOU'RE ORGANIZING.

THERE'S ALL KINDS OF EVENT SURROUNDING THE PARADE TALK ABOUT THOSE THINGS.

WE CALL IT THE COLUMBUS CELEBRATION.

IT'S MORE THAN ONE DAY ON SATURDAY EVENING, THE GREAT GALA AT THE WALDORF ASTORIA.

AND THEN ON MONDAY, THERE'S WONDERFUL MASS AT SAIN PATRICK'S CATHEDRAL FOLLOWED B A MASS

HOW MANY HAVE YOU ATTENDE AND IS THERE A SPECIFIC MOMENT THAT STAYS WITH YOU?

I'VE BEEN A MEMBER OF THE FOUNDATION FOR OVER 28 YEARS SO I HAVE BEEN AT EVERY PARADE IN THE LAST 28 YEARS EACH ONE IS -- GETS BETTER AND BETTER HOWEVER, I WOULD SAY THAT MARI ANDRETTI, WAS GRAND MARSHAL AN BECAME A FRIEND OF MINE.

AND MARIA BARTIROMO WAS ALSO THE VOICE OF THE COLUMBUS DA PARADE SHE IS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR US AND A GOOD FRIEND OF MINE IS A DEAR FRIEND AND WAS ALSO A GRAND MARSHAL.

SO THOSE THREE STAND OUT BUT I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW MAN OTHERS I CAN GO ON AND ON THERE ARE SO MANY WONDERFU PEOPLE

AND HOW HAS THE PARAD CHANGED OVER THE YEARS, AND HO HAS IT STAYED THE SAME

WELL, OVER THE YEARS, IT' GOTTEN BIGGER.

IT'S EXPANDED.

IT'S JUST A WONDERFUL EXPERIENCE FOR NOT ONLY ITALIAN AMERICANS BUT EVERYONE ON FIFTH AVENUE AND WE TRY TO BRING AS MUC ITALIAN CULTURE INTO THE PARAD AS POSSIBLE.

AND WE HAVE BEEN VERY FORTUNAT IN DOING THAT.

WE HAVE PEOPLE WHO COME FROM ITALY TO DO IT, PEOPLE FROM AL OVER THE COUNTRY WE HAVE WONDERFUL MARCHING BANDS.

HIGH SCHOOL, COLLEGE, DIFFEREN ORGANIZATIONS.

WE REALLY ARE AN INCLUSIVE PARADE AND WE'RE VERY PROUD OF THAT

LET'S TALK ABOUT COLUMBUS CITIZENS FOUNDATION.

TELL US A LITTLE BIT, OR AS MUCH AS YOU CAN, ABOUT TH PHILANTHROPIC ACTIVITIES THA YOU'RE ENGAGED IN.

WELL, OUR MISSION I EDUCATION.

TRYING TO GIVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO YOUNG ITALIAN-AMERICANS WH CAN'T AFFORD TO GO TO GOOD SCHOOLS, AND WHO ARE QUALIFIED HOWEVER, ARE IN DEFINITELY FINANCIAL NEED WE GIVE SCHOLARSHIPS T ELEMENTARY, HIGH SCHOOL, COLLEGE.

AND WE'RE VERY PROUD OF THAT WE WANT TO GIVE THESE YOUN PEOPLE AN OPPORTUNITY TO ACHIEVE, TO FULFILL THEI DREAMS AND WE ALSO WANT TO HELP THE BECOME GOOD CITIZENS WE WANT TO DEMONSTRATE TO THEM WHAT IT IS TO BE A ITALIAN-AMERICAN, AND OU CONTRIBUTION TO THIS COUNTRY AND HOW PROUD WE ARE OF WHO WE ARE AND TO HAVE THEM FEEL THEY HAV A BIG FAMILY TO KNOWING WHO THEY ARE AND WHAT THEY'RE DOING S THAT THEY ARE TRYING THEIR BES TO BECOME SUCCESSFUL

SO THE BULK OF YOUR PHILANTHROPIC WORK I SCHOLARSHIPS

ABSOLUTELY.

HOW DO YOU RAISE THE FUND FOR THESE SCHOLARSHIPS I KNOW YOU SPEND A LOT OF MONEY.

ABSOLUTELY.

WE SPEND OVER $2 MILLION A YEA IN SCHOLARSHIPS.

AND THE WAY WE RAISE THE FUNDS IS THROUGH THIS CELEBRATION.

AND IT'S -- GALA, JOURNAL, PARADE AND IT'S VERY, VERY FORTUNATE TO HAVE WONDERFUL PEOPLE WH BELIEVE IN OUR MISSION, WH CONTRIBUTE TO THE FOUNDATION

NOW, AN JELL-O, YOU ARE B PROFESSION A RESTAURANTEUR WHY DID YOU DECIDE ON THIS ENDEAVOR

I WAS BORN AND RAISED I BROOKLYN IN AN ITALIAN NEIGHBORHOOD EVERYONE I KNEW WAS ITALIAN.

MY CHILDREN HAD THAT EXPERIENCE.

SO I THOUGHT BY JOINING TH COLUMBUS FOUNDATION, THEY WOUL GET THAT EXPERIENCE, AND THE DID.

AND THEN AS YEARS WENT ON, I BECAME MORE INVOLVED IN TH MISSION, AND I'M DELIGHTED THA I HAVE IT'S BEEN A GREAT EXPERIENCE IT'S BEEN A BIRTH.

I MUST SAY, IT'S BEEN PRIVILEGE AND AN HONOR TO BE - ESPECIALLY THIS YEAR, TO BE TH PRESIDENT OF THE COLUMBU FOUNDATION

ALL RIGHT THANK YOU SO MUCH.

SEE YOU AT THE PARADE.

LOOK FORWARD TO IT.

♪♪

> THE COLUMBUS DAY PARAD BEGINS AT 11:30 MONDAY MORNING AT 47th STREET AND 5th AVENU AND WINDS UP AT 72nd STREET.

JOIN US NEXT WEEK FOR NEWS REPORTING.

I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

THANKS FOR WATCHING.

> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS MADE POSSIBLE BY THE FOR FOUNDATION WORKING WITH VISIONARIES ON TH FRONT LINES OF SOCIAL CHANGE WORLDWIDE.

CORPORATE FUNDING FO 'METROFOCUS' IS PROVIDED B MUTUAL OF AMERICA.

YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY.

AND BY THE FOLLOWING -- Captions by VITAC - www.vitac.co ♪♪

Funders

MetroFocus is made possible by James and Merryl Tisch, Sue and Edgar Wachenheim III, the Sylvia A. and Simon B. Poyta Programming Endowment to Fight Anti-Semitism, Bernard and Irene Schwartz, Rosalind P. Walter, Barbara Hope Zuckerberg, Jody and John Arnhold, the Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, Janet Prindle Seidler, Judy and Josh Weston and the Dr. Robert C. and Tina Sohn Foundation.

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