9/11 Anniversary, Former NJ Governor Tom Kean, Publicolor, Urban Wetlands, Filmmaker Ken Burns

On this edition of MetroFocus:

On the 13th anniversary of the September 11th attacks and the 10-year anniversary of the 9/11 Commission Report, former New Jersey Governor and 9/11 Commission Co-Chair Tom Kean talks to NJTV Senior Correspondent Mike Schneider about the current terror threats facing the United States.

Andrea Vasquez reports on Publicolor, a nonprofit organization with a unique after-school painting program that is boosting graduation rates in New York City. The story is part of continuing coverage of individuals and groups working to lower dropout rates and part of the lead up to the live seven hour PBS American Graduate Day broadcast produced for the third year at the Tisch WNET studios on September 27.

The Nature Conservancy shares video from a  recent tour of the wetlands at Brooklyn Bridge Park, part of an educational effort to preserve and restore these natural lines of defense against future storms.

And filmmaker Ken Burns tells MetroFocus host Rafael Pi Roman about the making of his new 14 hour, seven-part documentary series The Roosevelts: An Intimate Story, which premieres on PBS stations September 14.

 

TRANSCRIPT

CENTER FOR FINANCE, THE ARTS PUBLISHING, SCIENCE, RESEARCH, MEDIA, INNOVATION AND MUCH MORE, THIS IS 'METROFOCUS' WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN AND TONIGHT, WITH MIKE SCHNEIDER.

> TONIGHT, 13 YEARS AFTE 9/11, WHAT DO WE STILL NEED TO LEARN?

WE SHOULD NEVER AGAIN GIV THEM PLACE AND SPACE TO TRAI AND TO PLOT AND TO PLAN.

A PAINT BRUSH IS A POWERFUL TOOL TO KEEP KIDS IN SCHOOL.

OUR MISSION IS TO FIGHT BAC AT THE ALARMING DROPOUT RATE I OUR CITY

THE NATURAL DEFENSE SYSTE YOU MAY NOT KNOW ABOUT

COASTAL WETLANDS ARE REALLY DYNAMIC SYSTEM AND REALLY HARD WORKING.

> AND FRANKLIN, ELEANOR, TEDDY, KEN BURNS BRING ROOSEVELT TO PBS

THIS FAMILY TOUCHED MOR AMERICAN LIVES THAN ANY OTHE FAMILY

> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM I MADE POSSIBLE BY - THE FORD FOUNDATION.

WORKING WITH VISIONARIES ON TH FRONT LINES OF SOCIAL CHANGE WORLDWIDE.

CORPORATE FUNDING FO 'METROFOCUS' IS PROVIDED BY -- MUTUAL OF AMERICA.

YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY, AND B THE FOLLOWING --

> IT'S BEEN 13 YEARS SINCE THE 9/11 ATTACKS ON THE UNITED STATES TEN YEARS SINCE THE RELEASE OF THE BIPARTISAN 9/11 COMMISSION'S REPORT A REPORT THAT TACKLED NOT ONLY WHAT HAPPENED BUT WHAT NEEDED TO CHANGE THE COCHAIR OF THE COMMISSION, FORMER NEW JERSEY GOVERNOR, TO KEAN, IS STILL CONCERNED THA THE GOVERNMENT AND ITS AGENCIE ARE NOT DOING ENOUGH GOVERNOR KEAN TOOK ON THE LATEST THREATS AND THE BIGGES CHALLENGES FOR THE U.S GOVERNMENT IN A WIDE RANGING CONVERSATION WITH MIKE SCHNEIDER.

> WHEN YOU LOOK BACK ON WHAT YOU DID AND YOU LOOK AT WHERE WE ARE NOW, WHAT GOES THROUGH YOU MIND

WELL, FIRST OF ALL, A LOT O THINGS HAVE BEEN DONE THAT W RECOMMENDED, PARTICULARLY TH SHARING OF INFORMATION, TH CREATION OF A HEAD PERSON IN THE WHOLE AREA OF INTELLIGENCE THA THE REST REPORT TO NOW THAT'S IN PLACE, SO PEOPLE TAL TO ONE ANOTHER ON A MUCH MOR FREQUENT BASIS NOT AS MUCH AS THEY SHOULD, BU A LOT MORE I THINK 9/11 COULD NOT HAV HAPPENED TODAY IF THEY HAD THA COORDINATION BETWEEN THE 1 DIFFERENT INTELLIGENCE AGENCIE THERE ARE.

SO THAT'S IMPORTANT.

AND MOST OF THE OTHE RECOMMENDATIONS HAVE BEEN DONE AT LEAST IN PART THERE ARE A FEW OUTSTANDIN ONES ONE IS PARTICULARLY ANNOYING AND THAT IS THE CONGRESS, WH REFORM THE AGENCIES OF THE GOVERNMENT, REFUSE TO REFORM THEMSELVES SO THAT THERE'S NO PROPE CONGRESSIONAL OVERSIGHT OF THE INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES WHICH WA THE PROBLEM BEFORE 9/11 AND IT'S WORSE NOW.

HOMELAND SECURITY, WHEN WE MET OUR REPORT, THE THERE WERE 8 DIFFERENT AGENCIES NOW THERE'S 94

IS THIS ENDANGERING US?

ARE WE LESS SAFE

WE'RE LESS SAFE WHEN YOU THINK HOW LONG IT TAKES TO PREPARE CONGRESSIONAL TESTIMONY AND GIVE IT, YOU THINK THE TOP PEOPLE AT THAT AGENC HAVE TO ALL THE TIME DO THINGS FOR THESE 94 DIFFERENT COMMITTEES, THEY'RE SPENDING PROBABLY A THIRD OF THEIR TIME TESTIFYING IN FRONT OF CONGRESS.

THEY SHOULD BE SPENDING THAT TIME PROTECTING US

TELL US ABOUT THE NUMBER OF STUDENTS OR PEOPLE WHO COME TO THIS COUNTRY ON STUDENT VISA AND THE NUMBER WHO SEEM TO B DISAPPEARING

IT'S NOT ONLY STUDENT VISAS IT'S ANY VISAS ON 9/11 WHEN WE TRACKED TH HIJACKERS, WE FOUND OUT WHEN THEY CAME IN THE COUNTRY, BU NOT WHEN THEY LEFT OR NOT.

WHETHER THEY'RE STUDENTS O IMMIGRANTS, WE HAVE NO WAY O KNOWING IF PEOPLE STAY IN TH COUNTRY.

NO PROGRESS ON THAT 12346789.

NO.

THAT WAS ONE OF OU RECOMMENDATIONS, YOU HAVE TO GET A HANDLE ON THAT THAT'S UNFULFILLED STILL SOMEBODY CAN COME INTO THE COUNTRY, WE HAVE NO KNOWLEDG WHETHER THEY OVERSTAYED THEI VISA

WE HAVE THIS STORY NO DEVELOPING ABOUT ISIS OR ISIL --

THAT'S A TERRIBLE CONCERN THAT'S BRAND NEW, TOO.

WE KNOW FOR A FACT THAT AMERICAN CITIZENS HAVE GONE TO SYRIA AND APPARENTLY FOUGH WITHIN THAT ORGANIZATION DO WE HAVE ANY IDEA -- WE TALKED ABOUT VISA PROBLEMS AND LACK O OVERSIGHT.

DO WE HAVE ANY IDEA WHO'S GOING, WHO'S GETTING IN THERE, WHO' COMING BACK?

WE KNOW SOME OF THEM.

WE DON'T KNOW ALL OF THE BECAUSE THEY DON'T GO IN DIRECTLY THEY GO IN THROUGH TURKEY OR VISAS THAT TAKE THEM SOMEWHERE ELSE AND THEY COME BACK INTO SYRIA TO FIGHT SO, WE KNOW THERE ARE PROBABLY OVER 100, BUT WE DON'T KNOW WH THEY ARE THAT'S VERY DANGEROUS BECAUS YOU CATCH TERRORISTS WHEN THEY TRAVEL THE OTHER THING WE WERE ABLE T ADVISE, WE SAID TWO THINGS I THE REPORT ONE WAS THAT THEY WERE ABLE TO TRAIN AND PREPARE FOR THREE, FOUR YEARS IN ORDER TO CARRY OUT 9/11 WE SAID NEVER AGAIN CAN WE GIV THEM A PLACE, THE SPACE TO TRAIN AND TO PLOT AND TO PLAN AND AL THAT ISIS' TERRITORY COULD BE THA PLACE.

MAY TAKE A COUPLE YEARS, SMALLER ATTACKS LIKE THE ATTEMPT O TIMES SQUARE, WE HAVEN'T HAD A PLACE TO PLAN A BIG ATTACK

NOW THEY DO

THEY COULD HAVE THE ISIS TERRITORY THE OTHER THING IN THAT REPORT WAS THAT IF IRAQ EVER BECOMES FAILED STATE, IT GOES RIGHT TO THE TOP OF THE LIST OF DANGE PLACES

THE FINDINGS IN THE REPOR THAT THE 9/11 COMMISSION ITSEL ISSUED, WAS THERE ANYTHING I THERE THAT WAS A LOWER PRIORIT ISSUE THAT NOW YOU THINK IS MUCH HIGHER PRIORITY?

YES THERE WAS ONE NOT IN THERE A ALL, A HUGE PRIORITY NOW CYBERSECURITY.

WE DIDN'T HAVE THAT AS A PROBLEM IN 9/11, IT WASN'T A PROBLEM A THAT TIME.

NOW I'VE TALKED IN THE LAS THREE MONTHS TO EVERY HIGH INTELLIGENCE OFFICIAL IN THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT AND A EVERY ONE OF THEM SAID THAT IS OUR NUMBER ONE AND NUMBER TWO IN THE COUNTRY PEOPLE SHOULD BE WORRIED ABOUT.

THE GREATEST TRANSFER OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY OUT O THE COUNTRY IN HISTORY, WE DON'T HAVE A HANDLE ON IT BECAUS CONGRESS HAS BEEN UNABLE TO PASS ANY LEGISLATION HAVING DEAL WITH CYBERSECURITY.

THE ADMINISTRATION DOESN'T HAV THE RIGHT HANDLE ON IT WE KNOW WE HAVE TO GET SOME SORT OF COOPERATION BETWEEN THE NSA AND THE PRIVATE SECTOR, WE HAV TO WORK TOGETHER MEANWHILE WE'RE LOSING JOBS, LOSING NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION, EVERY DAY WE SPEA IT'S HAPPENING

GOVERNOR ARE YOU SAYING THE NEXT 9/11 PAY NOT COME WIT PLANES AND BUILDINGS COLLAPSING, BUT IT MAY COME THROUGH OU COMPUTERS?

THE HEAD OF ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT AGENCIES IN THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT SAID TO ME EXACTLY THAT HE SAID WE'RE GOING TO LOSE IN A BIG WAY, IT COULD COME SOON.

WE ALL HAVE REGULATIONS ABOUT WHERE WE WERE ON THAT HORRIBLE DAY.

THINK BACK WHERE YOU WERE, WHA YOU WERE DOING THINK 13 YEARS LATER

I WAS ON MY WAY TO UNIVERSITY WHERE I WAS PRESIDENT.

WHEN I CAME I THOUGHT WE WOULD HAVE STUDENTS OR PARENTS WHO WERE IN THE TWIN TOWERS.

I GOT ALL THE STUDENTS TOGETHER, WE DIDN'T HAVE ANY INFORMATION YET.

WE MET WE DID A LITTLE SINGSINGING, A LITTLE PRAYING EVERYBODY WANTED TO KNOW WHA THEY COULD DO TO HELP.

I WILL THINK OF ON 9/11, M FRIENDS THAT I LOST.

THE FAMILIES OF 9/11, WHO WORKED CLOSELY WITH DURING THE WHOLE WORK OF THE COMMISSION AND THE LOSSES THEY SUFFERED A HUMAN BEINGS THAT'S GOING TO BE NUMBER ONE.

OF COURSE, THE FAMILIES HAVE DEDICATED THEMSELVES TO MAKE SURE THIS WILL NEVER HAPPE AGAIN.

EVERY TIME I TESTIFY BEFOR CONGRESS THE FAMILIES HAVE COM TO HELP.

EVERY TIME WE'VE DONE SOMETHING, THE FAMILIES HAVE BEEN THERE THEY'RE A REMARKABLE GROUP O PEOPLE WHO HAVE TAKEN THEIR OW LOSS AND DONE EVERYTHING THE CAN TO MAKE SURE IT NEVER EVER HAPPENS TO ANYBODY ELSE.

GOVERNOR, DO YOU THINK THAT OUR GOVERNMENT IS HONORING THEIR WISHES, HONORING THE MEMORY OF THOSE WE LOST BY TRYING TO EFFECTIVELY PROTECT US AND PROACTIVELY PLAN

I THINK SOME PEOPLE IN TH GOVERNMENT ARE DOING THAT.

THERE ARE PEOPLE IN TH INTELLIGENCE AREA WORKING EVER DAY AND EVERY NIGHT.

HAVING SAID THAT, THERE' CERTAIN THINGS WE'RE NOT DOING THEY'RE IMPORTANT TO SECURITY.

WE SHOULD BE DOING THOSE THINGS.

HOPEFULLY WE'LL START.

WE'LL LEAVE IT THERE.

THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR HAVING US IN, SIR

THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR COMING

> NEW YORK CITY'S PUBLIC SCHOOL GRADUATION RATES AR AMONG THE WORST IN THE COUNTRY SOLUTIONS RANGE FROM SPORT PROGRAM TO MENTORING T PAINTING A NON-PROFIT GROUP CALLE PUBLICOLOR PUTS PAINT BRUSHES IN THE HANDS OF STUDENTS AND TH RESULTS ARE REMARKABLE OUR STORY IS PART OF AMERICA GRADUATE, A PUBLIC MEDIA INITIATIVE MADE POSSIBLE BY TH CORPORATION FOR PUBLIC BROADCASTING TO HELP LOCAL COMMUNITIES FIND WAYS TO KEE STUDENTS ON THE PATH T GRADUATION 'METROFOCUS' REPORTER ANDREA VASQUEZ HAS THE PUBLICOLOR STORY.

Reporter: PAINT BRUSHES I HANDS, DOZENS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS DESCENDED ON A HOMELESS SHELTER IN BROOKLYN.

YEAH, IT CAN BE MESSY, BUT IT TEACHES YOU RESPONSIBILITY AND CREATIVE MIND SET.

Reporter: EACH YEAR ABOUT 1200 UNDERPERFORMING STUDENT TAKE PART IN THE PUBLICOLO AFTER-SCHOOL AND SUMME PROGRAMS, WHICH OFFER TUTORING S.A.T. PRACTICE AND JO SHADOWING, THEY ALSO HAVE TO PAINT.

OUR MISSION IS TO FIGHT BAC AT THE ALARMING DROPOUT RATE I OUR CITY WHICH ULTIMATELY LEAD TO A CYCLE OF POVERTY, AND GIVING KIDS PRACTICAL SKILLS

I SAW ENVIRONMENTS THAT WER SO PROFOUNDLY DISRESPECTFUL THAT LOOKED AND FELT LIKE PRISONS AND THAT'S WHEN THE LIGHT BULB WENT ON.

I THOUGHT IF I PUT A PAINT BRUSH IN THE HANDS OF NOT JUST DISAFFECTED STUDENTS, THEY WOULD CHANGE THE WAY THEIR SCHOO LOOKED AND FELT.

SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITY BUILDING GET A FRESH COLOR OF PAINT PUBLICOLOR STUDENTS COME FRO ALL FIVE BOROUGHS NOT ONLY T GET THE WORK SKILLS BUT FOR TH EXPERIENCE AND SENSE O COMMUNITY.

Reporter: PUBLICOLOR HA PAINTED 160 SCHOOLS, 1 PLAYGROUNDS, 191 COMMUNITY FACILITIES IN 2013, 85% OF PUBLICOLOR STUDENTS GRADUATED FROM HIGH SCHOOL, COMPARED TO NEW YORK CITY'S OVERALL 61% ON-TIME GRADUATION RATE.

AND MANY STAY WITH THE PROGRAM AND BECOME STAFF

WE ARE A LONG-TERM INTENSIV INTERVENTION I TELL THE KIDS WHEN THEY JOIN PUBLICOLOR, IT'S A FAMILY.

I MEAN IT.

THE KIDS ARE DOING ALL TH WORK, THE KIDS ARE PICKING THE COLORS, THEY'RE BECOMING RECONNECTED TO THE SCHOO ENVIRONMENT AND ARE TRANSLATIN THAT TO A DEEPER CONNECTION TO EDUCATION, THAT'S ALMOST THE ADDED BONUS THAT EDUCATORS DON'T NECESSARILY EXPECT, BUT ARE SO PLEASANTLY SURPRISED AT THE EN THAT IT'S MUCH MORE THAN PAINTING

Reporter: PAINTING IS A VITAL PART OF ALL PUBLICOLOR PROGRAMS.

BUT THEY ALSO INTEGRATE COLLEG AND CAREER HEALTH.

THE SUMMER DESIGN STUDIO A PRATT INSTITUTE AIMS TO AVOT SUMMER SLIPBACKS BY SHARPENING MATH AND LITERACY.

I WAS ASKING ABOUT MATH CONCEPTS, FOLDING THE FABRIC THEY WERE ON IT.

THAT DOESN'T ALWAYS HAPPEN YEAH, THAT'S A RIGHT TRIANGLE.

IT'S NOT THAT I SET OUT T CREATE A NEW MODEL BUT WHA EMERGED IS AN APPLIED LEARNING MODEL WHICH APPEALS TO A LOT O KIDS WHO ARE OTHERWISE NOT ATTRACTED TO TRADITIONAL EDUCATION.

I HAD SELF-ESTEEM ISSUES.

I WAS NEVER CONFIDENT UNTIL KIND OF -- I CAME TO PUBLICOLOR, BECAUSE MY GRADES WERE, LIKE DOWN THEY WEREN'T GOOD.

AND NOW I'M ON THE HONOR ROLL.

Reporter: THIS YEAR PUBLICOLOR GAVE 106 SCHOLARSHIPS TO HELP COVER THE COST O TUITION, AND ABOUT 65% O PUBLICOLOR'S GRADUATES HELP PA THEIR WAY THROUGH SCHOOL BY WHAT ELSE PAINTING IN BROOKLYN, I'M ANDREA VASQUE FOR 'METROFOCUS.

> COMING UP LATER THIS MONTH AMERICAN GRADUATE DAY IS BAC FOR ITS THIRD YEAR A LIVE SEVEN-HOUR NATIONWIDE OUTREACH EVENT ABOUT THE HIG SCHOOL DROPOUT CRISIS BROADCAS FROM HERE AT OUR WNET STUDIOS, SEPTEMBER, SEPTEMBER 27th AT 11:00 A.M.

> SUPERSTORM SANDY HIGHLIGHTED ONE OF NATURE'S BEST DEFENSES IN OUR REGION THOUSANDS OF ACRES OF WETLANDS THAT SURROUND THE BURROUGHS AN LONG ISLAND.

WE STILL KNOW LITTLE ABOUT WETLANDS THE NATURE CONSERVANCY HOSTS REGULAR EVENTS TO CONNECT NE YORKERS TO THE NATURAL WORLD AND THEY SHARE THIS VIDEO OF A RECENT WALK THROUGH THE WETLANDS OF BROOKLYN BRIDGE PARK.

COASTAL WETLANDS ARE REALLY DYNAMIC SYSTEM AND REALLY KIND OF HARD WORKING.

THEY'RE THE FIRST LINE O DEFENSE AGAINST STORMS THEY REALLY ABSORB AND DISSIPATE ENERGY AS IT MAKES ITS WAY T THE COAST.

IN DOING THAT THEY ALSO PREVEN EROSION THROUGH CATCHING THE ENERGY IN THE -- IN THE PANT THEMSELVES

TO TEACH NEW YORKERS MORE ABOUT THEIR CITY'S NATURAL ASSETS, THE NATURE CONSERVANCY HOSTED AN EVENING TOUR O BROOKLYN BRIDGE PARK

THIS PARK EXEMPLIFIES A NUMBER OF COASTAL HABITAT SITE THAT NEW YORK CITY PROVIDES.

SOME OF THOSE HABITAT SITES AR WETLANDS, COASTAL WETLANDS FRESH WATER WETLANDS, FORESTS, AND PUBLIC ACCESS FEATURES

IN NEW YORK CITY WE HAVE 26 DISTINCT ECOSYSTEM AND HABITAT TYPES.

WE HOST MORE THAN 140 SPECIES OF CONSERVATION CONCERN SO NEW YORK CITY IS ACTUALLY QUITE RIFE WITH NATURE WE MIGHT NOT ALWAYS KNOW WHERE TO FIND IT, OR WHAT IT LOOKS LIKE IF WE HAVE NOT HAD THAT EXPOSURE BEFORE.

Reporter: THE TOUR FOCUSED ON THE PARK SURROUNDING THE WETLANDS AND THE MANY ACRES LOST TO TIME AND DEVELOPMENT.

WHAT'S ONE THING THAT TELLS US WE'RE IN A WETLAND.

WATER

WATER OBVIOUS BY SO IMPORTANT.

WHEN YOU LOOK OUT AT A COASTAL WETLAND, YOU MAY JUST SEE GRAS AND WATER AND YOU MAY NO UNDERSTAND THE NUMBER OF SPECIES IT'S SUPPORTING AND THE AMOUNT OF CARBON IT'S CAPTURING, AN THE CAPACITY TO ABSORB FLOOD WATERS AND STORM SURGE AS THE WORLD POPULATION GROW AND THERE'S PRESSURES ON THE WETLANDS IN TERMS OF NITROGEN, NUTRIENT LOADING AND DEVELOPMENT, THAT THE WETLANDS ARE UNDER CHRONIC STRESS

Reporter: THERE ARE STRESSE INCLUDING HEAVY POPULATION, AI POLLUTION, ACID RAIN AND THE ADDED HEAT ALL THAT CONCRETE RETAINS.

THESE ARE JUST SOME EXAMPLE OF PRESSURES THAT A FOREST I THE ADIRONDACKS DOESN'T HAVE T WORRY ABOUT.

THESE SYSTEMS ARE THAT MUCH MORE AMAZING THAT WE'RE SEEING WHAT WE'RE SEEING AND THEY LOOK S BEAUTIFUL.

IF SURVIVES ALL THOSE STRESSES GLOBALLY POPULATION TRENDS ARE PUSHING SUCH THAT BY 2050 WE ANTICIPATE THAT TWO-THIRDS O THE GLOBAL POPULATION WILL LIV IN CITIES.

ENSURING OUR CITIES AR SUSTAINABLE AND ECOLOGICALLY VIABLE IS CRITICAL TO THE HEALTH OF THE PLANET.

THE GROUP WAS ENCOURAGED TO GET THEIR HANDS DIRTY, TO TOUC AND SMELL THINGS AND CONNECT T THE GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE ALL AROUND

> KEN BURNS HAS BEEN CALLE THE MOST INFLUENTIAL FILMMAKER OF OUR TIME, HIS LATEST PART, MV 'THE ROOSEVELTS: AN INTIMATE STORY' IS A DOCUMENTAR DETAILING THE ROOSEVELTS HERE'S A PREVIEW OF 'THE ROOSEVELTS: AN INTIMATE STORY '.

THEIR STRUGGLES DEFINE THEM

HE DIDN'T DARE SLOW DOWN.

THERE WERE DEMONS.

THEIR COURAGE DEFINED OUR NATION YOU HAD A SENSE THIS GUY CAN D IT BEFORE THEY WERE HISTORY, THEY WERE FAMILY.

ALL THE ROOSEVELTS WERE WOUNDED PEOPLE THINGS THAT HAPPEN TO THEM THA THEY HAD TO OVERCOME

THE ROOSEVELTS, AN INTIMATE HISTORY.

THE NEW FILM FROM KEN BURNS.

KEN, WELCOME.

THANK YOU

NOW, KEN, WITH THE POSSIBLE EXCEPTION OF THE KENNEDYS, I THINK IT'S SAFE TO SAY THAT TH ROOSEVELTS HAVE BEEN MOR EXTENSIVELY CHRONICLED THAN AN OTHER AMERICAN FAMILY.

THAT'S TRUE

WHY DID YOU DECIDE TO DO THIS 14 HOURS ON THEM

THE KEY IS THE WORD FAMILY.

MOST OF THE TREATMENTS OF TH ROOSEVELTS FOCUSES ON THEODORE FRANKLIN, OR FRANKLIN AN ELEANOR AS HUSBAND AND WIFE, A BIT ON ELEANOR NO ONE PUT THEM TOGETHER AS TH COMPLICATED, INTERWOVEN, INTERTWINED FAMILY DRAMA THAT IT IS FOR SOME REASON OUR CONVENTIONAL WISDOM IMPOSES A SUPERFICIAL VIEW OF THESE PEOPLE BECAUSE THEODORE WAS A REPUBLICAN, FRANKLIN WAS A DEMOCRAT, THEY MUST BE ENTIREL DIFFERENT.

THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN THE ARE MOST IMPORTANT WE FELT COPELLED THAT JEFFRE WARD AND I TO DELVE INTO THI FAMILY DRAMA AND SEE WHAT IT IS.

THIS FAMILY TOUCHED MORE AMERICAN LIVES THAN ANY OTHE FAMILY

WHAT IS THE OVERARCHING LEGACY THE BIGGEST OVERARCHING LEGACY DO THEY SHARE ONE?

DOES ELEANOR SHARE IN TH LEGACY

SHE VERY MUCH SHARE IN IT SHE IS VERY MUCH HER UNCLE'S FAVORITE NIECE AND VERY MUCH HER HUSBAND'S WIFE AND VERY MUCH HER OWN PERSON SHE IS THE CONSCIOUS OF HI ADMINISTRATION SHE SEEMS TO BE RIGHT ON EVERY ISSUE.

SEES BEYOND THE HORIZON INTO THE FUTURE ABOUT THE COMING ISSUES OF RACE, WOMEN'S IS POVERTY, IMMIGRATION.

THEY COULD HAVE ALL ENJOYED LIFE OF LUXURY, THEIR INHERITE WEALTH PERMITTED THEM.

INSTEAD THEY SERVED THEI COUNTRY.

GAVE UP EVERYTHING FOR THEIR COUNTRY WITH THE SIMPLE IDEA - IF YOU INSTILLED THE PHILOSOPHIES OF EACH TO TH AMERICAN PEOPLE, THEY THOUGH WHEN WE ALL DO WELL, WE ALL DO WELL IT'S A LEVEL PLAYING FIELD IN THEIR TIME, THE WEALTH HAD DISPROPORTIONATE AMOUNT OF POWER, AND A DECLINING MIDDL CLASS.

BOTH MEN TRIED TO ELEVATE TH MIDDLE CLASS AND SAY EVERYON SHOULD BE EQUAL.

YOU CALLED YOURSELF A ARCHIVAL FILMMAKER HOW ABOUT ARCHIVAL MATERIAL DI YOU COLLECT?

WE HAVE OVER 125,000 STIL PHOTOGRAPHS FROM HUNDREDS OF SOURCES AROUND THE WORLD THIS IS GRIST FOR A MILL THA WILL ONLY USE 123, 125 PHOTOGRAPHS.

SO, TOO, WITH THE NEWS REE PHOTOGRAPHS, WE'VE BEEN ABLE T FIND RARE AND NEVER SEEN BEFOR FOOTAGE OF FRANKLIN ROOSEVEL TAKING THOSE ARDUOUS STEPS BEFORE AND AFTER THE CAMERAS WERE SUPPOSED TO BE NOT ON O TURNED OFF IT'S POWERFUL FOOTAGE.

YOU WILL GET AN IDEA OF ALL WE DID NOT SEE.

HE PARTICULARLY IS OPAQUE AN DIFFICULT TO KNOW.

THE POLIO AND THE RESTRICTIONS ABOUT FILMING THAT, WHICH WOUL HAVE BEEN POLITICAL POISON A THE TIME, BECAUSE PEOPLE WOULD HAVE FELT A LOT OF PITY, H COULDN'T HAVE THAT HE HAD STUFF TO HUNDREDAL.

THE TWO GREATEST CRISIS, THE DEPRESSION AND WORLD WAR II.

IT'S GREAT DETECTIVE WORK.

WE SPEND MANY YEARS MOSTLY DOING THE DEEP DIVE FOR THAT MATERIAL.

THE ROOSEVELT FAMILY CAME T NEW YORK IN THE 1600s WHEN I WAS STILL CALLED NEW AMSTERDAM AS TEDDY ROOSEVELT WROTE AND YOU QUOTE IN YOUR FILM, GENERATION AFTER GENERATION OF ROOSEVELTS WERE BORN IN MANHATTAN ISLAND.

HOW MUCH DID THE NEW YORK FACTOR INTO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THES THREE?

IT'S HUGE BY THE TIME THEODORE ROOSEVELT'S FATHER, THEODORE SENIOR REACHE MATURITY, THE ROOSEVELTS HAD BEEN IN THE COUNTRY 200 YEARS.

THIS IS OLD WEALTH IT COMES FROM ALL SORTS OF THINGS MOST OF THEM ARE JUST LIVING OFF THAT HE, THE SENIOR, HAD TROUBLESOME CONSCIENCE, HE SAID, SO DEVOTED HIMSELF TWO TO THRE TIMES A WEEK TO HELPING EACH OTHER, THE MUSEUM OF HISTORY NEWS BOYS, ORPHANS AND CHARITIES.

HIS SON BREATHES THAT IN HIS NIECE BREATHES THAT IN FRANKLIN INHERITED THAT FROM HIS FATHER WHO IS CIVIC MINDED I THAT WAY IT'S INTERESTING THAT THEY ARE MANHATTANITES TO THE CORE YE THEY ARE IDENTIFIED FOR WHER THEY HAD THEIR SUMMER HOMES.

FOR THEODORE, IT'S OYSTER BAY, FOR FRANKLIN, IT'S THE BAY, AN AS FAMILIES DISPERSE, AS FAMILIES DO, AND FRANKLIN BEGA TO AGGRAVATE THE ANTAGONISM, THE THEODORE ROOSEVELT SIDE FELT THAT THE DEMOCRATS WERE STEALING THEIR RIGHTFUL PLACE AS TH HEIRS TO THE LEGACY OF THEODOR ROOSEVELT.

FRANKLIN RAN CIRCLES AROUND THEM IN TERMS OF INTERPRETING WHA HIS MORE FAMOUS FIFTH COUSIN WAS UP TO.

> WE LIVE IN A TIME WHERE IT SEEMS LIKE OUR ATTENTION SPAN IS SHRINKING BY THE MINUTE, AND MEDIA CONSUMERS SEEM TO WANT SHORT AND QUICK CONTENT.

YOU, DURING THIS PERIOD OF TIME, YOU CONTINUE TO DO THESE LON DOCUMENTARIES, MULTI-PART, WHICH, YOU KNOW, FORCE PEOPLE TO SPEND A LOT OF ATTENTION AND TIME ON YOUR WORK.

YOU'VE BEEN SUCCESSFUL WHAT'S YOUR SECRET

I THINK I'VE BEEN VINDICATE FOR ONE THING.

I DON'T KNOW THAT I HAVE A SECRET I KNOW ALL REAL MEANING IN THI WORLD ACCRUES IN DURATION.

THE WORK YOU'RE PROUDEST OF, THE RELATIONSHIPS YOU CARE ABOUT HAVE BENEFIT FROM YOUR SUSTAINED ATTENTION.

SURE WE'RE IN A WORLD WHERE WE WRITE OMG AND L.O.L.

I HAVE A 9-YEAR-OLD DAUGHTER WHO PUT DOWN ALL THE VARIOUS DEVICES AND THIS SUMMER READ TWO VOLUMES OF HARRY POTTER.

WE'RE STARVED FOR THAT IT'S OKAY TO HAVE THE OTHE HABITS, SOMEWHERE WE HAVE TO FEED THE SOUL, NOW WE'RE I HABITS WHERE WE LIKE THE BINGE WATCHING BINGE WATCHING IS CLEARING THE CLUTTER OF ALL THAT STUFF AWAY I WILL SPEND THE NEXT THRE HOURS WITH 'HOUSE OF CARDS' WILL SPEND IT WITH THE ROOSEVELTS, I WILL SPEND IT WITH 'ORANGE IS THE NEW BLACK' I WILL SPEND IT WITH THE ARTISTS AND IT WILL NOT BE INTERRUPTED BY COMMERCIALS WHICH WE DON'T HAV ON PUBLIC TELEVISION, IT WON'T BE INTERRUPTED BY THIS A.D.D DISRUPTION OF GADGETS.

WE CAN GO STRAY, IT'S GOOD T HAVE A HOME PLACE AND GO, I CA THANK THE PEOPLE WHO BROUGHT U HERE, LET'S DO A DEEP DIVE FOR TWO HOURS.

THANK YOU VERY MUCH

IT'S MY PLEASURE.

> BEFORE WE GO, AN UPDATE ON A GREENWICH VILLAGE MYSTERY.

LOTS OF COMMENTS ABOUT WHO THE YOUNG MAN IS IN THIS FAMOU PHOTO, THE GREENWICH SOCIETY FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION SAYS IT IS STILL A MYSTERY.

KEEP THE GUESSES COMING ONLINE AT METROFOCUS.ORG.

> THAT'S IT FOR THIS EDITION OF 'METROFOCUS,' JOIN US AGAIN FOR NEWS, CONVERSATION AND IN-DEPTH REPORTING FROM NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY PUBLI TELEVISION I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN, THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR WATCHING WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME.

> FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WAS MADE POSSIBLE BY - THE FORD FOUNDATION.

WORKING WITH VISIONARIES ON TH FRONT LINES OF SOCIAL CHANGE WORLDWIDE.

CORPORATE FUNDING FO 'METROFOCUS' IS PROVIDED BY -- MUTUAL OF AMERICA.

YOUR RETIREMENTS COMPANY AND BY THE FOLLOWING -

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