Full Episode: Unemployment, mayoral candidate Joe Lhota, natural coastline protection, self-taught artist GC Myers

This edition of MetroFocus features a look behind the jobs numbers that perplex economists and drive the conversation on the campaign trail. Unemployment is dropping but what kinds of jobs are being created and how much do they pay?

MetroFocus visits a small start-up grocery store in the booming Brooklyn neighborhood of Williamsburg to find out.  Host Rafael Pi Roman follows up with an interview with The Wall Street Journal’s Laura Kusisto who analyzes the economic recovery in the New York region.

In the continuing series of interviews with the major candidates for mayor, NYC Votes 2013, Republican candidate Joe Lhota, former head of the MTA and deputy mayor under Rudy Giuliani, talks to Pi Roman about why he’s running.

Lhota said one of his first actions will be to negotiate contracts for city workers, but that he will ask for higher contributions to health care plans.  “It is very important that New York City workers pay, and begin the process of paying for their healthcare,” Lhota tells Pi Roman. “Some New York City employees pay nothing, others pay one and a half percent, the average of New Yorkers’ employees pay about 25% of their healthcare. We have to begin the process of making sure that employees are on a fair basis with other employees.”

As the one year anniversary of Superstorm Sandy looms, The Nature Conservancy’s chief scientist Peter Kareiva explains how nature can protect us from natural disasters. Pi Roman interviews Kareiva about a new study from The Natural Capital Project that outlines the value of marshes, dunes and much more in protecting millions of coastal residents.

And finally, from Binghamton station WSKG, the story of self-taught artist GC Myers whose successful painting career began after a serious accident sparked his imagination and skills.

Watch the individual MetroFocus segments below and stay up to date on MetroFocus news from the New York region on Twitter.

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TRANSCRIPT

CENTER FOR FINANCE, THE ART, PUBLISHING, SCIENCE, RESEARCH, MEDIA, INNOVATION AND MUCH MORE, THIS IS 'METRO FOCUS' WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN, WINNERS OF TH BROADCASTERS AWARD FOR OUTSTANDING LOCALLY PRODUCED TELEVISION PROGRAM

TONIGHT, JOBS WHERE ARE THEY AND WHAT DO THE PAY?

MY HOPE IS THAT THEY'LL FEE MORE CONFIDENT AND TAKE PEOPLE ON FULL TIME

CAN HE RUN THE CITY

ALL OF OUR MAYORS HAVE BEEN INTERESTING CHARACTERIS AND KNOW I'LL BE AN INTERESTING MAYOR, AS WELL

CAN NATURE PROTECT US FRO NATURE IN A SURPRISING PATH TO TH ARTISTEC SUCCESS

I DON'T KNOW IF IT WAS TH KNOCK ON THE HEAD, BUT FOR SOM REASON IT JUST SUDDENLY MADE SENSE.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM IS MADE POSSIBLE BY THE FOR FOUNDATION WORKING WITH VISIONARIES ON TH FRONT LINES OF SOCIAL CHANGE WORLDWIDE.

CORPORATE FUNDING BY METRO FOCUS IS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL OF AMERICA AND BY THE FOLLOWING

HELLO, I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

WELCOME TO 'METRO FOCUS.

THE ECONOMY, WHETHER IT'S POLITICAL CANDIDATE, A TEACHER OR STUDENT, THE ECONOMY AND JOBS ARE THE CONCERNS AT THE VERY TOP OF JUST ABOUT EVERYONE'S LIST, BUT HOW FAR ARE WE ON THE ROAD TO ECONOMIC RECOVERY WE'LL TALK TO A WALL STREE JOURNAL REPORTER WHO REGULARLY DRILLS DOWN INTO THE UNEMPLOYMENT N BUT FIRST, A LOOK AT ONE SLICE OF THE EMPLOYMENT PICTURE AT A NEW AND GROWING SMALL GROCERY?

BROOKLYN

WHEN THIS STORE OPENED IN 2010, THE OWNER STARTED VERY SMALL.

THE FIRST MONTH WE OPENED I WAS JUST MYSELF AND ONE OF THE OTHER PARTNERS WE WORKED BEHIND THE COUNTER AND IT WAS JUST TWO OF US AND WE FINALLY HAD TO AFTER A MONTH AND IT WAS FOUR PEOPLE AND WE'VE SLOWLY GROWN TO 16

THE JOB SHE'S CREATED IN TH PAST THREE YEARS REFLECTIN SOMETHING YOU CAN HEAR OUTSIDE A BUILDING BOOM THAT'S BRINGIN JOBS AND MONEY TO THIS BOROUGH

WE ARE SO LUCKY TO HAVE OPENED IN THIS AREA.

IT'S JUST CRAZY THE AMOUNT CONDOS GOING UP AND YOU CA PROBABLY HEAR THE CONSTRUCTION IN THE BACKGROUND.

BETWEEN THE 2000 AND 2012 BROOKLYN EXPERIENCED THE LARGEST PERCENTAGE INCREASE IN NEW YOR CITY, 18.8% AND THE STATISTI TRANSLATES INTO REAL JOBS.

MEET GABRIEL BASS WHO COULDN'T FIND A JOB NEAR HIS HOME I JAMAICA QUEENS AND JUMPED AT THE CHANCE TO BE IN BROOKLYN I'VE NEVER HAD A JOB IN QUEENS AND MOST OF MY JOBS WERE I BROOKLYN

MOST OF THE OTHER EMPLOYEES WORK PART-TIME, MANY BY CHOICE

IT WORKS OUT TO HOW THE SHIFTS WORK OUT.

I'M HERE PRETTY MUCH FULL TIME BUT I HAVE A LOT OF PEOPLE THA ARE ARTIVES AND MUSICIANS AN THEY HAVE OTHER THINGS AND I TRY TO BE AS FLEXIBLE AND POSSIBLE

THEY HAVE $16 AN HOUR AND SIGNIFICANTLY MORE THAN TH CURRENT MINIMUM WAGE SHE SAYSY SHOO CAN'T AFFORD TO OFFER HEALTH INSURANCE YET, BU SHE DOES WANT MORE FULL-TIME PEOPLE ON HER PAYROLL AND SH HAS TROUBLE FINDING THEM

IT'S NEW YORK AND EVERYON HAS SOMETHING GOING ON AND - IT'S HARD TO ACTUALLY FIND FULL-TIME PEOPLE

SO GABRIEL BASS, ON THE JOB NOW FOR SIX MONTH, THE BUS STORE AND THE NEW JOBS ARE A GOOD SIGN FOR THE CITY

IN NEW YORK CITY, I THINK THEY'RE A LOT MORE BETTER, LIKE, OPPORTUNITIES HERE LIKE IN TERMS OF LOSING ONE JOB AND THE OTHE BECAUSE THEY'RE ALWAYS LIK BUSINESS AND SMALL BUSINESS IS BAD ENOUGH EVERY OTHER DAY THERE ARE MORE OPPORTUNITIES EVERY OTHER DAY.

I THINK, YOU KNOW, WE'RE MAKIN A LITTLE BIT OF PROGRESS, YO KNOW

JOINING ME NOW IS LAURA CONSISTO WHO COVERS 'THE WAL STREET JOURNAL.'

WELCOME BACK

THANK YOU VERY MUCH

IS THAT TYPICAL OF WHAT HAPPENS WITH JOBS AND BUSINESSES AROUND THE CITY?

ABSOLUTELY.

THERE ARE TWO TRENDS THAT DRAW THAT AND ONE IS THAT WE'RE SEEING A LOT OF JOB CREATION I BROOKLYN AND THE OTHER SECTORS THAT WE'RE SEEING IT IN TEND T BE RESTAURANTS AND RETAIL, PLACES WHERE THEY'RE HIRIN PEOPLE TO WORK A FEW SHIFTS WEEK AND MANY PART-TIME.

IS THAT GOOD NEWS MOST OF THE JOBS PART-TIME AND NO HEALTH BENEFITS AND BETTE THAN MINIMUM WAGE AND NO BIG WAGES.

IS THAT THE NEW WAGE OUT OF TH DEEP RECESSION OR THE NE NORMAL

I THINK THAT'S THE LOOMIN QUESTION, AND I DO THINK WE'VE BEEN CREATING PART-TIME JOBS LONGER COMING OUT OF THI RECESSION THAN ECONOMISTS TALKED TO HAD HOPED, BUT THE QUESTION IS ARE WE RECOVERIN MORE SLOWLY OR IS THIS A SHIFT IN THE ECONOMY ARE WE SEEING MORE OF TH HIGH-PAID FINANCE JOBS AND ARE WE GOING TO SEE AN ECONOMY MOR FOCUSED ON TOURISM THAT CREATE MORE PART-TIME JOBS AND THERE' SOME INDICATION THAT THERE'S BEEN A SHIFT IN THE ECONOMY, AND THESE REPLAING THE HIGH-PAYING JOBS AFTER THE MELTDOWN?

THAT'S CERTAINLY A BIG PART OF IT AND THOSE JOBS HELP THES JOBS, ABSOLUTELY

WHEN THEY TALK ABOUT TH DIVERSIFYING THE ECONOMY THE TALK ABOUT DIVERSIFYING IT WIT HIGH TECH, HIGH-PAYING JOBS.

IS THAT HAPPENING IT'S FAR TOO EARLY TO SAY THAT TECH ISN'T IN ANY WAY REPLACIN FINANCE BECAUSE THERE'S NO ENOUGH JOBS EVEN AS HIGH-TEC COMPANIES COME IN AND THIN ABOUT THE HIGH-TECH COMPANIE THAT YOU KNOW OF AND MANY AR HIRING A FEW PEOPLE AND THER ARE A LOT OF START-UPS AND THAT'S GREAT, BUT IT'S NOT ENOUGH TO HAVE A BIG IMPACT ON THE ECONOMY.

FOR EVERY TUMBLER THERE'S A TINY COMPANY.

WHAT ARE THE OBSTACLE PREVENTING BETTER JOBS BEING CREATED NOW.

IT SEEMS LIKE A BIG PART OF THAT RIGHT NOW IS CONFIDENCE IF YOU HAVE A PART-TIME JOB IT'S MUCH MORE FLEXIBLE AND YOU CAN REDUCE SOMEONE'S WAGES IF TH ECONOMY TURNS DOWN AND THE HOP IS IF COMPANIES AND EMPLOYER START TO FEEL MORE CONFIDENT THEY'LL TAKE MORE PEOPLE ON FULL TIME

IS THE FEAR OF THE POTENTIA COST OF OBAMA CARE ONE WITH OF THOSE OBSTACLES?

THAT'S A BIG DEBATE RIGHT NOW.

THERE ARE ECONOMISTS THAT SA OBAMA CARE IS MAKING IT HARDER FOR PEOPLE TO HIRE FULL-TIME WORKERS AND IT WILL DO THE OPPOSITE AND OVERWHELMINGLY WHAT I HEAR, LET'S WAIT FOR IT TO TAKE EFFECT AND THEN WE'LL SEE WHAT HAPPENS THERE'S TOO MANY JOB-KILLING TAXES.

THERE ARE TOO MANY RULES AND REGULATIONS.

ANYTHING TO THAT

THAT CERTAINLY SEEMS FAIR I MY EXPERIENCE.

SMALL BUSINESSES NOTORIOUSLY HAVE A BLEAK OUTLOOK ON TH WORLD AND THEY ALWAYS COMPLAIN BUT IT DOES SEEM TO BE TRUE THAT THE WAY IN WHICH THE BLOOMBERG ADMINISTRATION HELPED FINES AN OTHER BUSINESSES AND THEY SA IT'S FOR PEOPLE TO OPEN NE BUSINESSES

ANY BRIGHT SPOTS ON THE ECONOMIC HORIZON IN THE CITY

I THINK THAT THE BRIGHT SPO IS IF EMPLOYERS ARE HIRING PEOPLE AND PEOPLE GET INTO THE JOB MARKET AND THEY GE SOMETHING ON THEIR RESUME AN HOPING THE NEXT THING THAT THE GET ISN'T LOW-WAGE, PART-TIM JOB.

IN AN IDEAL SITUATION WHA WOULD IT TAKE TO CREATE A REAL RENAISSANCE?

AN ECONOMIC RENAISSANCE IN THE CITY

I THINK THOSE TECH JOBS ARE GOING TO HAVE TO BE A BIG PART OF IT.

I THINK DIVERSIFYING THE ECONOMY IN GENERAL AND MAYBE FINDING A WAY TO USE TOURISM TO CREATE MORE HIGH-SKILLED JOBS WOULD ALSO HELP.

LAURA, THANK YOU SO MUCH.

THANK YOU.

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> TO WIN THE PRIMARY ELECTIO FOR MAYOR OF NEW YORK, A CANDIDATE NEEDS 40% OF HIS O HER PARTY'S VOTE IT MIGHT BE TOUGH FOR A DEMOCRAT AS THERE ARE MORE THAN HALF DOZEN CANDIDATES RUNNING ON THAT LINE, BUT ON THE REPUBLICA SIDE, THERE'S A GOOD CHANC SOMEONE WILL GET THE NEEDE NUMBER AND BE HEADED FOR THE NOVEMBER ELECTION WITHOUT RUNOFF WE TALKED TO MANY OF THE CANDIDATES HERE OVER THE SUMME AND YOU CAN SEE ALL OF OUR INTERVIEWS ONLINE AND METR FOCUS.ORG AS PART OF THE NYC VOTES 2013 PROJECT LAST WEEK I SPOKE WITH CANDIDATE JOE LODA WITH GEORGE McDONALD IN THE REPUBLICAN PRIMARY AND WE'LL SHOW YOU THAT INTERVIEW IN JUS A MOMENT, BUT FIRST, HERE'S LOOK AT HOW HE'S BEE INTRODUCING YOURSELF TO THE NE YORK VOTERS.

IN THESE UNCERTAIN TIME, ONL ONE CANDIDATE FOR MAYOR HA PROVEN HE'S READY.

JOE LODA JOE IS NEW YORK AND BORN IN TH SCOMBROFRNGS LIVES IN BROOKLYN AND SON OF A NEW YORK COP, FIRST IN HIS FAMILY TO GO TO COLLEGE FROM THE LEADERSHIP AFTER 9/11 AND GETTING SO QUICKLY AFTER SANDY AND JOE HAS GOTTEN IT DONE FOR NEW YORK AND JOE LODA IS NEW YORK AND HE'S READY TO BE OU MAYOR.

WITH ME NOW IS THE CANDIDATE JOE LODA WELCOME.

THANK YOU, RAFAEL, GREAT TO BE HERE AND THANK YOU FO SHOWING MY COMMERCIAL, THANK YOU VERY MUCH.

WE SHOW ALL OF TH CANDIDATE'S COMMERCIALS.

MR. LODA.

THE VERY FIRST ITEM UNDER KE PRIORITIES IS THE ECONOMY AN JOBS WHAT IS THE FIRST ACTION YOU'L TAKE AS MAYOR TO CREATE OR HEL CREATE JOBS IN THE CITY?

WELL, JOBS AND TH DIVERSIFICATION IN THE ECONOMY IS SOMETHING I'LL FOCUS ON EVERY SINGLE DAY AS MAYOR.

RIGHT OUT OF THE BOX I WANT TO MAKE SURE THEY GET OUT OF TH WAY OF THE YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS OF THE CITY AND THEY'R EVERYWHERE IN ALL FIVE BOROUGH THAT THEY HAVE A WONDERFUL DESIRE THAT THEY WANT TO START OUR OWN BUSINESS WE DIDN'T GROW UP WITH COMPUTERS AND BATS AND ALL OF THAT THEY HAVE AND THEY WANT TO CREATE THEM.

THEY HAVE TAXES THAT GET IN TH WAY OF MAKING THEM OPEN UP THEIR BUSINESS AND OUR INCOME TAX, OUR CORPORATE INCOME TEXT IS JUST AN INCOME TAX AND THEY CHARGE O CAPITAL AND THE YOUNG FOLKS AR CONCERNED ABOUT IT THERE ARE HIGH-TECH JOBS SPREA AS THEY SAID IN THE PREVIOUS INTERVIEW, THE MAJORITY OF JOB ARE LOW WAGE AND MOSTLY IN THE RETAIL INDUSTRY WITH NO BENEFITS OR VERY LITTLE BENEFITS.

WHAT CAN YOU DO TO CHANGE THAT ACTUALLY, MOST OF THE JOBS THA WERE CREATED OVER THE 10 TO 20 YEARS HAVE BEEN IN THE HOSPITALITY BUSINESS AND WHE YOU LOOK AT WHAT'S HAPPENED TO TOURISM OVER THE LAST 20 YEARS WITH THE REDUCTION IN CRIME AN THE FOCUS MARKETING AND THE CITY OF NEW YORK WITHIN THE COUNTRY AND AROUND THE WORLD WE NOW HAVE 53 MILLION, AND WE NEED TO CREATE BOTH ENTRY-LEVE JOBS AND ALL TYPES OF JOBS WE'RE LOSING THE WALL STREET JOBS BECAUSE WALL STREET I CONTRACTING AND THE LEGA INDUSTRY IS CONTRACTING.

AS MAYOR, I NEED TO FOCUS ON NEW INDUSTRIES IN NEW YORK ACTUALLY, THE NEXT MAYOR WIL REAP THE INVESTMENT AND HAVING APPLIED SCIENCES CAMPUSES BOTH ON ROOSEVELT ISLAND AND THE NE FACILITY IN DOWNTOWN BROOKLY AND BE ABLE TO CREATE NE ENGINEERS AND LET'S NOT CREATE BANKERS AND LAWYERS AND LET' CREATE ENGINEERS AND ARCHITECTS, AND I THINK IT WILL BE VERY, VERY HELPFUL TO NEW YORK

WE'VE ASKED OUR VIEWERS T SUBMIT QUESTION TO THE CANDIDATES AND WE HAVE NOW FRO AN MARIE OF QUEENS SHE ASKS, WHAT ARE YOUR PLAN FOR STOP AND FRISK IF YOU BECOME THE MAYOR?

FIRST OFF, I AM SUPPORTIN MAYOR BLOOMBERG'S APPEAL OF TH STOP, QUESTION AND FRISK RULING.

YOU'RE TALKING ABOUT TH FEDERAL RULES?

THAT IT WAS UNCONSTITUTIONAL.

SHE -- WHAT SHE BASICALLY SAID SHE THOUGHT THE WAY THAT THE NYPD STUFF WAS WITH FRISK, STO QUESTION AND FRISK STOPPED THE LINE AND WAS IN VIOLATION OF THE FOURTH AMENDMENT QUITE FRANKLY I WILL STOP STOP STOP QUESTION AND FRISK AND TH COMMUNITY WILL HEAR WHAT THA TRAINING IS AND MORE IMPORTANTLY, I'LL CREATE A MOR ENHANCED COMMUNICATION WITH TH XHUSHITIES TO UNDERSTAND WHA POLICE OFFICERS ARE ALLOWED TO DO WITHIN THE LAW.

A FEW WEEKS AGO MAYOR BLOOMBERG SAID IF THIS CIT DOESN'T GET A HANDLE OF TH EXPLOING PENSION AND HEALT CARE COST WEISE MIGHT BE HEADE DOWN THE ROAD OF DETROIT DO YOU AGREE WITH THAT

WE'RE NOT DETROIT, BUT WE HAVE TO TAKE CERTAIN STEPS T PREVENT.

WHAT IS THE FIRST STEP YO WILL TAKE TO AVOID THAT?

THERE ARE A LOT OF DIFFEREN AREAS AND WHY NEW YORK STEPS T DETROIT.

ONE IS FISCAL AND ONE IS BASICALLY AN EMPLOYEE BENEFITS AND ANOTHER ONE IS CRIME AND CRIME REDUCTION.

THE OTHER ONE IS THE FACT THAT THE ECONOMY NEEDS TO B DIVERSIFIED.

THINK ABOUT DETROIT AND TH REASON WHY DETROIT DISAPPEAR SIDE BECAUSE THE AUTO INDUSTRY DECIDED TO MOVE ELSEWHERE.

THEY HAD ALL OF THEIR EGGS I ONE BASKET AND WE NEED TO MAKE SURE THAT GOD FORBID HAPPENS T THE WALL STREET BUSINESS THAT WE HAVE SOMETHING ELSE TO KEEP NE YORK ELEVATED.

WHEN IT COMES TO EMPLOYEES AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS AND NEW YORK CITY WORKERS PA AND BEGIN THE PROCESS OF PAYIN FOR THEIR HEALTH CARE.

FEDERAL EMPLOYEES, STATE EMPLOYEES AND THE MANAGERIAL EMPLOYEES AND I'M SURE YOU PAY A PERCENTAGE OF YOUR HEALTH CARE THE AVERAGE IN NEW YORK IS THE EMPLOYEESES PAY FOR 25% OF THEIR HEALTH CARE.

WE HAVE TO MAKE SURE WE GINN THE PROCESS THAT EMPLOYEES ARE ON FAIR BASE WISS OTHER EMPLOYES.

THERE ARE PUBLIC EMPLOYEE THAT YOU'LL HAVE TO NEGOTIAT WITH BECAUSE THEIR CONTRACTS ARE EXPIRED.

ARE YOU GOING TO MAKE CONTRIBUTION TO HEALTH CARE MANDATORY PART OF THOS NEGOTIATIONS

I WILL PUT IT ON THE TABL AND IT'S VERY IMPORTANT TO ME.

HERE'S WHAT I'M GOING TO DO ON THE DAY AFTER I WAS ELECTED ON NOVEMBER 6 I'LL SIT DOWN WITH THE UNION MEMBERS OF THE CIT AND MAYBE NOT ALL 103 AND TH MAJOR UNION LEADERS AND SIT DOWN AND CREATE A ROAD MAP.

I WANT THEM TO HEAR WHERE I COME FROM, AND I WANT THEM TO TELL ME WHERE THEY FROM COME FROM AN WHAT THEIR ISSUES ARE AND TO CREATE A ROAD MAP AS TO HOW TO GET IT DONE.

WHEN YOU DECIDED TO JUMP INTO THE RACE LAST WINTER A LOT OF THE RIDERS WHO WERE FOLLOWING YOU WHEN YOU WERE IN THE GIULIANI ADMINISTRATION, PREDICTED THAT IT WOULD BE YOU SENSE OF HUMOR AND YOU OUTSIDE'S PERSONALITIES.

SOME OF THOSE RIDERS AR SEAING, WHERE IS THAT JOE LOADA?

IT'S ANOTHER SITUATIO RUNNING FOR OFFICE THAT JOE LOADA IS STILL HERE I AM TRYING TO KEEP MY PERSONAL, MY HUMOR IN CHECK BECAUSE --

FOR THE TIME BEING.

WHAT SOME PEOPLE FIND FUNNY OTHER PEOPLE DON'T FIND FUNN AND SO I'M TRYING TO GET THE VOTE OF ALL NEW YORKERS.

I'M GOING INTO ALL COMMUNITIES AND I CHERISH THE THE DIVERSIT OF THE CITY AND SO WHAT I WANT TO DO IS HAVE THEM COME IN AND TRY TO HAVE THEM UNDERSTAND WH I AM

ALL OF THE MAYOR IN SOME WAY, SHAPE OR FORM HAVE ALL BEE INTERESTING CHARACTERS, ALL OF THEM AND I CAN DESCRIBE IT T YOU IF YOU WANT AND THEY'R VERY, VERY INTERESTING AND I KNOW I WILL BE AN INTERESTIN MAYOR, AS WELL

THANK YOU

RAFAEL, I APPRECIATE IT

HAVE YOUR OWN QUESTIONS FOR THE CANDIDATES SEND THEM TO US ON OUR WEBSITE METROFOCUS.ORG AND WE MAY AS THEM ON THE AIR.

WITH BILLIONS OF DOLLAR EARMARKED FOR RECOVERY FRO SUPER STORM SANDY AND TO PREPARE FOR FUTURE STORM, THERE'S A LO OF QUESTIONS ON WHAT TO BUILD, REBUILD AND WHERE.

THE NATIONAL CAPITAL PROJECT TAKES A DETAILED LOOK AT INVESTMENTS WE MIGHT WANT TO CONSIDER TO PROTECT NATURA RESOURCES.

THE GROUP IS A PARTNERSHIP THA INCLUDES STANFORD UNIVERSITY THE NATURE CONSERVANCY, TH WORLD WILDLIFE FUND AND TH UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA.

ONE OF THE REPORT'S CO-AUTHORS IS THE NATURE CONSERVANCY' CHIEF SCIENTIST PETER CARIVA I ASKED THEM ABOUT THE FOCUS O THE STUDY AND HOW NATURE COULD HAVE THE RISK OF NATURE.

OUR STUDY FOCUSED ON NATURA HABITATS ACROSS THE COAST WITH OYSTERS AND THINGS LIKE THAT AND IN THIS SITUATION WHAT NATUR DOES IS IT REDUCES THE WAV ENERGY AND STORM SURGE AND I PROTECTS PROPERTY AND LIVES FROM THE FLOODING DAMAGE.

WE'VE KNOWN THIS FOR A LONG TIME AND WE'VE KNOWN THIS FROM TSUNAMIS AND ASIA AND KATRINA, BUT THIS IS THE FIRST TIME WE'VE REALLY LOOKED AT SOMETHING LIK THIS FOR A WHOLE COUNTRY

DID WE SEE SIGNIFICAN EXAMPLES OF NATURE PROTECT U FROM NATURE DURING SANDY IN THIS REGION

THERE ARE CASES WHERE THE DUNES WERE LEFT AND WHERE TH SALT MARSHES AND AFTER THE FAC IT LOOKS LIKE THE HOME SUFFERE MORE DAMAGE.

WE DON'T HAVE REALLY GOOD MAPS OF WHERE THIS NATURAL HABITATS IS AND THAT'S ONE WO OF TH POINTS OF THE STUDY IS LET'S GET THE INFORMATION ON THESE VALUABLE ASSETS AND NEXT TEA WE'LL BE TIEBL GIVE YOU DEFINITIVE ANSWER.

WHEN YOU SAY THAT YOU'VE OWN THIS FOR A LONG TIME AND WOULD YOU SAY THEY'VE UNDERESTIMATED THE PROTECTED POWERS UP UNTI NOW?

UP TO YOUR STUDY

I THINK THEY HAVE AND THE WAY TO THINK ABOUT IT IS ALL PREVIOUS STUDIES HAVE BEEN AFTER THE FACT AND THE STORM HITS AN YOU SEE WHERE PEOPLE ARE HURT.

WHAT WE'RE SEEING ARE PROACTIV AND WE'RE GIVING THE INFORMATION BEFORE THE NEX STORM AND SAYING, YOU KNOW NEW YORK, FLORIDA, CALIFORNIA, THOSE THREE STATE, THERE'S A LOT NATURE CAN DO FOR YOU.

LOOK CLOSELY AND YOU CAN SEE I SO INSTEAD OF CHASING TH AMBULANCE AND GOING AFTER TH FACT LET'S GET AHEAD OF THE GAME AND GIVE THE INFORMATION TO TH PLANNERS BEFORE THE STORM HITS

BY THE WAY, DO WE HAVE A WA OF KNOWING HOW MUCH WORSE TH DAMAGE WOULD HAVE BEEN IN TH REGION FROM SANDY IF NOT FOR THE NATURAL HABITATS

WE DO SO WE DID AN EXPERIMENT IN THE PAPER, BECAUSE WHAT WE DID WIT OUR MODELS IS WE SAID WHAT HAPPENED IF THERE WERE N NATURAL HABITATS SO WE JUS ELIMINATED ALL OF IT AND THE ASKED HOW MUCH MORE DAMAGE WOULD BE DONE?

HOW MUCH MORE IS AT RISK AND WHAT I FOUND OUT IS AT A NATIONAL SCALE THAT THE HABITA PROTECTS ABOUT 1.3 MILLION PEOPLE AND $200 BILLION OF PROPERTY

HOW MUCH OF THE ENTIRE U.S.

COASTLINE IS NOW IN AREA CONSIDERED HIGH RISK

I GUESS IT WOULD BE ABOUT MAYBE ONE-THIRD.

REALLY?

ONE QUARTER

HOW MUCH OF THOSE AREAS CAN BE BETTER PROTECTED BY NATURAL HABITAT RATHER THAN BY HAR PROTECTION LIKE WALLS AN LEVIES

IT'S NOT AN EITHER/OR YOU PROBABLY NEED BOTH EVERY EXTRA FOOT IN THE LEVY COSTS YOU A LOT OF MONEY AND LEVIES MAY NOT DO, YOU KNOW, THE JOB FOR ALL OF THE SMALL STORMS.

AND SO WHAT WE'RE REALLY LOOKING FOR IS LET'S PROTECT THE COASTAL COMMUNITIES WITH A MIX THE GOOD THING ABOUT THE HABITATS IS THEY PROVIDE FISH.

THEY PROVIDE RECREATION.

THEY CLEAN THE WATER SO IF YOU DID A COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS IT'S A BARGAIN.

NOW THAT THE STUDY IS DON HOW SHOULD IT DIRECT PLANNER AND PUBLIC OFFICIALS IN THEI EFFORTS, CONCRETELY IN THEIR EXFORTS TO PROTECT US FROM FUTURE STORMS.

I THINK WHAT THIS STUDY TELL YOU IS IT TELLS NEW YORK AND NEW YORK HAS LEARNED THIS LESSON FROM SANDY BECAUSE NEW YORK, FLORIDA AND CALIFORNIA, YOU HAVE NATURAL HABITATS THAT GIVE YOU REAL VALUE IN TERMS OF PROTECTION PAY ATTENTION.

MAKE SURE YOU DON'T DAMAGE THE AND WHERE THEY CAN MAKE THEM BIGGER

WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT MAYOR BLOOMBERG'S PLAN, DOES IT TAKE THE HABITAT SUFFICIENTLY IT CERTAINLY TAKES IT SERIOUSL AND SOME OF THE MOST INNOVATIV PLACES FOR ALL OF THIS CLIMATE CHANGE RISK AND EVERYTHING AND BLOOMBERG'S PLAN IS VISIONAR BECAUSE OUR SCIENTISTS ARE CONSULTING AND WORKING WIT THEM

PETER, WHAT ABOUT AREAS THA ARE HIGHLY POPULATED AND THA HAVE HIGH VALUE INFRASTRUCTURE RIGHT ON THE COASTLINE LIKE SO MUCH OF MANHATTAN?

HOW DO WE BEST PROTECT THOS AREAS?

SO EVEN IN A LOT OF THOSE AREAS, NATURAL HABITAT CAN HEL YOU, BECAUSE ONE OF THE THINGS THE NATURAL HABITAT DOES IS IT DOESN'T JUST PROTECT YOU FRO STORMS AND IT PROTECTS YOU FRO COASTAL EROSION AND ALL ALON YOU'RE LOSING SHORELINE, BUILDINGS ARE BEING MORE EXPOSED.

SO WHAT IT DOES IS IT DISSIPATES THE WAVE AND INSTEAD OF THE WAVE CRASHING DOWN AND TAKING THE SEDIMENT AWAY IT SPREADS OUT THAT ENERGY.

SO IT CAN BE REALLY FORTUNAT FOR THE LONG HAUL AND NOT JUST FOR THESE BIG DISASTERS.

I THINK WHEN YOU GET TH THOROUGH STUDY YOU'LL FIND THE NATURAL HABITAT IS ONE OF TH BEST INVESTMENTS YOU CAN MAKE.

IT IS A CHEAPER WAY T PROTECT.

IT'S CHEAPER AND IT REFRESHES ITSELF YOU DON'T HAVE TO REBUILD TH CONCRETE

PETER, THANK YOU SO MUCH.

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> FINALLY TONIGHT, AN ARTIST'S STORY THAT COMES WITH AN ALMOS UNBELIEVABLE BEGINNING AND A PIERG ENDING WSKG INTRODUCES US TO MEYERS WHO HAD A CONSTRUCTION ACCIDENT AN NOW FINDS HIS SUBJECT MATTER AND NOT IN HIS HOMETOWN OF HORSEHEAD, EARNING NO, BUT SUDDENLY IN A VIVID IMAGINATION.

♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪

MY NAME IS GARY MEYERS.

I PAINT AT J.C. MEYERS AND I'M A CONTEMPORARY PAINTER I STARTED PAINTING IN THE FALL OF '93 I WAS WORKING ON A HOUSE THAT' NEXT DOOR TO THIS STUDIO, AND HAD AN ACCIDENT WHERE I HAD LADDER COLLAPSE UNDER ME I FELL ABOUT SCENE FEET, KNOCKED OUT MY TEETH, BROKE MY WRIST AND I WAS PRETTY BANGED UP FOR A FEW MONTHS, AND I PULLED OUT SOM PAINTBRUSHES AND SOME OL AIRBRUSH PAINTS THAT WERE TH RESULT OF A FAILED EXPERIMEN FROM A FEW YEARS BEFORE AN JAMMED THE BRUSHES INTO MY CAS AND STARTED DOODLING, AND DON'T KNOW IF IT WAS THE KNOCK ON THE HEAD OR WHAT, BUT FOR SOME REASON IT JUST SUDDENLY MADE SENSE

I WAS ABLE TO SEE COLOR HARMONY.

I WAS ABLE TO REALLY SEE FOR EVEN BETTER.

I BECAME REALLY OBSESSED AND BEGAN PAINTING ON A DAILY BASIS, SEVERAL HOURS A DAY IN BETWEEN MY JOB AND THE HOUSE WITHIN THREE YEARS I BECAME FULL-TIME PAINTER AND I'VE BEE A FULL-TIME PAINTER FOR TH LAST -- THIS IS MY 15th YEAR AND I'M GOING MY 16th YEAR ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪

IT'S ALL INTUITIVE.

I LIKE BOLD COLOR, BUT I ALS LIKE COLOR THAT HAS A LOT OF DEPTH TO IT.

VERY SELDOM WILL YOU SEE SOMETHING OF MINE AND JUST SEE BLUE YOU WILL SEE BITS OF YELLOW, GREEN, MAYBE EVEN A LITTLE BIT OF RED IN THERE.

♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ THE PAINTINGS ARE REALLY EQUALLY ABOUT TEXTURE AND COLOR.

BOTH ARE REALLY VITAL, I THINK FOR MY WORK.

COLOR REALLY CONVEYS THE EMOTION AND THE TEXTURE GIVES IT GREATER DEPTH, AND I THINK THAT IS ONE OF THE IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF IT I THINK THAT DIFFERENTIATES TH LOOK ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪

THE RED TREE IS MAINLY AN INVITATION FOR THE PEOPLE TO COME INTO THE PAINTING AND THE THEY GET TO SEE THE COLOR, THE TEXTURE AND THE FORMS BEHIND IT.

I LIKE TO HAVE COMPLEX COLORS.

IT MAKES IT MORE INTERESTIN FOR THE VIEWER AND IT GIVES THEM GREATER DEPTH INTO THE PICTURE AND THAT'S WHAT YOU'RE REALL LOOKING FOR IS SOMETHING THA CONNECTS AND KEEPS THE EYE INTERESTED ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪

I'M EXPRESSING HUMAN EMOTIO THROUGH THE LANDSCAPE.

THEY'RE NOT FEELINGS OF LOCA LANDSCAPE.

I WANT TO JUST BE ABLE T EXPRESS SOMETHING ON THE -- ON THE SURFACE THAT EXPRESSES WHA I'M FEELING.

♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪

PAINTING IS THE ONE THING THAT I FEEL COMPLETELY CONFIDENT IN IN MY LIFE, AND I THINK THAT'S PROBABLY THE REAL DRIVING FORCE.

♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪

MEYERS' LANDSCAPE ARE S EVOCATIVE THAT EVEN THOUGH THEY'RE FROM HIS IMAGINATION PEOPLE FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD KEEP TELLING HIM THAT TH PAINTINGS REMIND HIM OF HOME THE UNIVERSAL POWER OF ART THAT'S IT FOR THIS EDITION O METRO FOCUS.

THERE'S STILL TIME TO SEND US, QUESTIONS FOR THE UPCOMING METRO FOCUS.

FOR IN DEPTH REPORTING AND NEW YORK FR AND PUBLIC TELEVISION.

I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

WE'LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME.

FUNDING FOR THIS PROGRAM WA MADE POSSIBLE BY THE FOR FOUNDATION, WORKING WITH VISIONARIES ON THE FRONT LINES OF SOCIAL CHANGE WORLDWIDE CORPORATE FUNDING FOR 'METRO FOCUS' IS PROVIDED BY MUTUAL O AMERICA, YOUR RETIREMENT COMPANY AND BY THE FOLLOWING ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ -- Captions by VITAC - www.vitac.co ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪

IT'S ALL INTUITIVE.

I LIKE BOLD COLOR, BUT I ALS LIKE COLOR THAT HAS A LOT OF DEPTH TO IT.

VERY SUDDENLY YOU WILL SEE SOMETHING AND YOU WILL SEE BLUE.

YOU WILL SEE BITS OF YELLOW, GREEN, MAYBE EVEN A LITTLE BIT OF RED IN THERE.

♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪ ♪♪♪♪

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