MetroFocus Full Episode: Dunes, Bill de Blasio, City Planning and Midsummer Night Swing

The next edition MetroFocus reports on dunes versus ocean views in New Jersey, and what needs to happen in New York City and beyond to prepare for future storms.

NJ Today’s Lauren Wanko reports on the court decision that gives government more power to build sand dunes even when homeowners object. Host Rafael Pi Roman follows up with an interview with (Ret.) Col. John Boulé, former commander of the New York district of the Army Corps of Engineers, about the need to focus on regional strategies.

In the continuing series NYC Votes 2013, Democratic mayoral candidate Bill de Blasio tells Pi Roman he’s running because “we have to change the policies of the Bloomberg years or the exclusivity of elitism will simply grow.” De Blasio details his plans for public education, hospitals, higher taxes on the wealthiest New Yorkers, and why he thinks former Congressman Anthony Weiner and former Governor Eliot Spitzer don’t deserve a second chance at public office.

Yale University professor and former New York City Planning Commissioner Alexander Garvin tells Pi Roman what works and what doesn’t for New York city planners in a discussion about his new book “The Planning Game: Lessons from Great Cities.”

And get ready to rumba and tango and swing when you see The New York Times’ report “Dancing The Night Away,” from Lincoln Center’s much-loved Midsummer Night Swing festival.

 

Watch the individual MetroFocus segments below and stay up to date on MetroFocus news from the New York region on Twitter.

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TRANSCRIPT

> FROM THE WORLD'S LEADING CENTER FOR FINANCE, THE ARTS TH PUBLISHING, SCIENCE, RESEARCH AND MEDIA INNOVATION AND MUCH MORE, THIS IS METRO FOCU WITH RAFAEL PI ROMAN WINNER OF THE OUTSTANDIN LOCALL PRODUCED TELEVISIO AWARD.

TONIGHT, DUNES VERSUS VIEWS DUNES WITH THIS ROUND.

THIS COULD BE SIGNIFICANT ALL ACROSS NEW JERSEY AND TH SOUTH SHORE OF SLANG LONG ISLAND AND NEW YORK

WHAT MAKE BILL DEBLAZIO WANT TO BE MAYOR

WE HAVE TO CHANGE THE BLOOMBERG YEARS.

AND DO YOU WANT TO DANCE?

YOU WILL WHEN YOU WANT TO SEE THIS STORY THIS IS BROUGHT TO YOU BY:

HELLO, I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

THE SUMMER STORMS ARE STARTING AND THIS YEAR THE RED FLAGS AR ON THE BEACHES THE FLOOD WARNINGS AFTER HEAVY RAINS AND THE TROPICAL STORM MAPS EMERGING ON WEATHER REPORTS HAVE ALL OF US THINKIN ABOUT WHAT COULD HAPPEN IF ANOTHER HURRICANE SANDY HEAD OUR WAY.

WE WILL TALK ABOUT PROTECTIN OUR COAST AND OUR CITIES WIT THE FORMER NEW YOR COMMANDE OF THE ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS WE BEGIN OUR REPORTING FOR BEACH FRONT REPORT OWNERS.

WE REPORT FROM THE NEW JERSE TOWN OF HARVEY CEDARS ON LON BEACH ISLAND WHERE A COURT RULING MAY HAVE ENDED A LONG RUNNIN BATTLE OVER VIEWS AN DUNES.

IT'S A WIN FOR THE OCEA COUNTY ATTORNEY, THE STATE'S HIGHEST COURT, HARVEY AN PHYLLIS KAREN MAY NOT RECEIV $375,000 I COMPENSATION FOR PROPERTY SEIZED FOR A FEDERA BEACH REPLENISHMENT PROJECT.

AN ENORMOUS SUM COMPARED T TH $300 HARVEY CEDARS INITIALLY OFFERED.

WE ARE VERY PLEASED AND I'M THINKING THAT THIS IS FINALL WHAT WE THOUGHT WOULD BE THE RULING EARLY ON.

BUT WE KNOW THAT THE COURT PROCESS TAKES TIME

IT BEGAN IN 2010 WHEN THE ARMY CORPS BEGAN A BEACH REPLENISHMENT PROJECT IN HARVE CEDARS

WE GOT 95% OF OUR EASEMENTS AND THREE YEARS AGO WE WENT TO IMMINENT DOMAIN.

WE TOOK THE RIGHT TO PUT SAN ON IT TO PROTECT THEM.

HARVEY CEDARS A CEDARS' MAYOR SAI THE PROTECTIVE DUNES DECREASED THE VALUE OF THEIR HOME AN THEY MAINTAINED THAT THE DUNE WOULD SHIELD THEIR HOME.

SUPER STORM ANDY DID SANDY DID NO DAMAGE THE COUPLE'S HOME THE COURT FELT PRESSURED T REACH A DECISION THAT WA POLITICALLY APPROPRIATE.

THE NEIGHBORS, HOWEVER, SA THEY ARE DELIGHTED

IT'S GOOD FOR THE COMMUNITY IT'S GOOD FOR THE SEASHORE, AN IT WILL ALLOW OTHER COASTAL COMMUNITIES TO REBUILD

I'M VERY HAPPY THAT THE RULED IN FAVOR OF THEBOROUGH, HAVING LIVED THROUGH SUPER STOR SANDY, I SAW THE DAMAG OF NEIGHBORING TOWNS AND I SA HOW WELL HARVEY CEDARS SURVIVED

THIS NEIGHBOR THINKS THAT HIS PROPERTY AND OTHERS IN TOW INCREASED IN VALUE BECAUSE O THE DUNES.

NOW, IF YOU ARE SELLING YOU HOUSE IN HARVEY CEDARS BASICALLY YOU CAN SAY WE SUFFERED THE WORST HURRICANE I 100 YEARS AND WE SUSTAINED ZER DAMAGE

THERE ARE ABOUT 1300 HOME HERE IN HARVEY CEDARS.

THE MAYOR SAYS TWO WER SIGNIFICANTLY DAMAGED BY THE SUPER STORM.

NOW THE ARMY CORPS IS WORKIN ON A RENEWISHMENT PROJECT TO REPAIR THE DUNES AND THE SECTION OF THE BEACH THAT WERE DAMAGED BY SANDY.

THE BEAC REPLENISHMENT WA COMPLETED TWO AND A HALF YEARS AGO.

WHERE IT HELPS US IS TH REST OF THE ISLAND WILL RECEIV THE PROJECT AND WE'LL BE ABL TO HAVE A TOTAL PROTECTION OUT IN FRONT OF -- CONTIGUOUSL THROUGHOUT THE ISLAND.

I THINK THAT PEOPLE WILL NOW REALIZ THAT THEY ARE NOT GOIN TO RECEIVE A SIGNIFICANT AMOUN OF MONEY, THAT I THINK THA MOST PEOPLE ARE GOING TO SIG THEIR EASEMENT

THE CASE IS NOW GOING BAC TO THE TRIAL COURT NO DATES ARE SET AT THIS TIME.

INTO HARVEY CEDARS, I'M LAUREN WONKO FOR METRO FOCUS.

JOINING US NOW IS THE FORME COMMANDER OF THE NEW YOR DISTRICT ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS, COLONE JOHN BOULAY.

HE'S NOW WIT PARSON BRINKERHOFF.

WELCOME TO THE SHOW

THANKS RAFAEL IT'S A PLEASURE TO BE HERE

THIS VICTORY OF DUNES OVE OCEAN VIEW AND IT'S BIGGER THA JUST THIS ONE TOWN IN NE JERSEY, RIGHT?

OH, IT IS AND IT'S GREAT TO SEE THE COUR LEGALLY DEMONSTRATE TH VALU OF DUNES, WHICH US ENGINEERS AND PLANNERS ALREADY KNEW.

HIGH VALUE TO PROTECTION AND THIS RULING COULD BE SIGNIFICANT ALL ACROSS NEW JERSEY, ALL ACROSS THE SOUTH SHORE OF LONG ISLAND AND NEW YORK AND EVEN BEYOND NATIONALLY

AND DUNES ARE AN IMPORTAN PART OF STORM PROTECTION HER IN NEW YORK AS WELL, RIGHT

THEY ARE IN PLACES LIKE THE ROCKAWAY AND CONEY ISLAND AN THE SOUTH SHORE OF STATE ISLAND, THE DUNES ARE PROBABLY THE SOLUTION, THE GREE SOLUTION, INTERESTINGLY, FOR THE CITY TO REDUCE DAMAGE FROM THIS YEAR'S STORMS

WHAT ABOUT THE DENSER PAR OF THE CITIES LIKE LOWER MANHATTAN?

IS IT REALLY TECHNICALLY POSSIBLE TO PROTECT THOSE PART OF THE CITY FROM ANOTHER SUPER STORM SANDY OR SOMETHING WORSE

TECHNICALLY IT IS IT'S GOING TO BE EXPENSIVE.

THE CHALLENGE YOU HAVE I INTEGRATING REAL ESTATE.

YOU CAN REDUCE THE FLOOD PROTECTION BY REDUCING THE PROPERTY INFRASTRUCTURE, RIGHT ALONG THE EDGES IN LOWER MANHATTAN BOTH ON THE WEST SID AND THE EAST SIDE, AND THERE'S WAYS TO DO THAT

AND WHAT ABOUT OUR MILES AN MILES OF SUBWAY K. WE PROTEC THEM YOU NEED A PLAYER OF PROTECT YOU NEED PROTECTION ALONG TH COAST AND THEN SUBWAY ENTRANCE AND THE TUNNELS AND THE TRAI YARDS AND THE SUBWAY YARDS AND THERE'S TRIED AND TRUE WAYS OF DOING IT WE CAN LOOK AT OTHER TRANSIT SYSTEMS WORLDWIDE AND SPIRAL I LESSONS FROM THEM.

WHAT ARE THE CHALLENGES THA ARE KEEPING US FROM DOING WHAT NEEDS TO BE DONE, IF THERE ARE ANY?

ONE, POLITICAL WILL TO DO IT, BECAUSE IT'S GOING TO BE A LONG FIGHT IT'S GOING TO BE A FIGHT THA HAS TO GO THROUGH SEVERA ADMINISTRATIONS AT SEVERAL LEVEL OF GOVERNMENT.

THE SECOND ONE BEING RESOURCES ALTHOUGH THE CONGRESS APPROPRIATED ABOUT $60 BILLION IN THE SANDY SUPPLEMENTAL.

YOU WILL NEED TO INVEST MORE MONEY TO FINISH THESE COASTA DEFENSES, AND THIRDLY, THERE WILL BE SOME REGULATORY HURDLE THAT NEED TO BE GOTTEN OVER IN ORDER TO PUT THESE DEFENSES IN PLACE.

NOW, YOUR FIRM CONTRIBUTE TO MAYOR BLOOMBERG'S VER AMBITIOUS PLAN TO PROTECT TH CITY FROM CLIMATE CHANGE AND STORMS, BUT TO REALLY PROTEC THE CITY, DOESN'T THERE HAVE T BE A MORE COMPREHENSIVE PLAN THAT INCLUDES NE JERSEY AND OTHER PARTS OF STATE?

THAT'S A GREAT POINT.

WE NEED TO LOOK AT THI REGIONALLY WE NEED TO LOOK AT THIS ON BOT SIDES OF THE HUDSON RIVER AN WHAT WE WOULD LIKE TO SEE IS THE CITY TAKE THEIR LESSONS AN WHAT THEY HAVE BEEN ABLE T UNCOVER AND SHARE WITH THE REGION WE WOULD LIKE TO SEE NEW JERSE BE INVOLVED AND WITH REALLY TH CORPS OF ENGINEERS I DEVELOPING A REGIONAL SOLUTION FOR PLACES LIKE HOBOKEN AND FO PLACES LIKE OTHER DEVASTATED COMMUNITIES ACROSS NEW JERSEY.

YOU KNOW, YOU ADVISE TH MAYOR -- YOUR FIRM DOES, ABOUT STORM PROTECTION NOW THAT WE ARE COMING UP TO THE SUMMER STORMS, IN THE NEXT 90 DAYS, WHAT DOES THE CIT HAVE TO DO TO PROTECT ITSELF

TWO THINGS, ONE, LET'S GE SOME SAND ON THE BEACHES AND THE CORPS IS DOING THAT NOW.

WE CAN DO THAT IN THE NEXT 9 DAYS BECAUSE WE ARE VULNERABLE RIGHT NOW.

THE DUNES HAVE BEEN EREDDE AWAY LET -- ERODED AWAY LET'S GET?

SAND, EMERGENCY REPAIRS AN THEN THE EMERGENCY RESPONSE AN THE EMERGENCY PREPARATIO SYSTEMS, LET'S MAKE SURE THA WE DO WHAT WE DID BEFORE, WHIC WAS A SUCCESSFUL ENDEAVOR AND HONE OUR SYSTEM SO THAT IN THE PREPARATION AND THE RESPONSE PHASES THAT WE ARE SUCCESSFU IN REDUCING DAMAGE AND LOSS OF LIFE

ALL RIGHT THANK YOU SO MUCH, JOHN.

THANK YOU, RAFAEL

TO SAY THAT NEW YORK CITY ELECTIONS ARE GETTIN INTERESTING MAY BE A SERIOUS UNDERSTATEMENT IT'S FOU MONTHS UNTIL ELECTIO DAY AND WE HAVE FORMER CONGRESSMAN ANTHONY WEINER AND FORMER GOVERNOR ELIOT SPITZE RUNNING FOR COMPTROLLER.

TWO DISGRACED POLITICIAN RUNNING FOR OFFICE NYC VOTES 2013 WITH AN IN-DEPT INTERVIEW WITH DEMOCRATI CANDIDATE, BIL DEBLASIO THIS IS HOW HE KICKED OFF HI CAMPAIGN IN JANUARY.

I HAVE SERVED MY NEIGHBOR AND THIS CITY BASED ON A FEW SIMPLE PRINCIPLES, GOVERNMEN MUST FOCUS ON THE NEEDS OF FAMILIES MUST BE THE PROTECTOR OF NEIGHBORHOODS AND MUST GUARD THE PEOPLE FROM TH ENORMOUS PERKS OF MONEY INTERESTS [ APPLAUSE ] NOW, MY FRIENDS, IT CAN BE DONE, BUT NOT BY ELECTED LEADE AS LONE.

IT REQUIRES AVERAGE NE YORKER WHO SIMPLY ROE FUSE REFUSE TO ALLOW THEIR COMMUNITY VOICES TO BE STIFLED.

IT'S THEIR SPIRIT THAT I INTEN TO SWEEP INTO CITY HALL.

A SPIRIT THAT SHOUTS THAT ALL BOROUGHS WERE CREATED EQUAL.

[ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE AND THAT ALL OF OUR RESIDENT MATTER [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE

AND THAT'S WHY TODAY HERE O MY BLOCK IN BROOKLYN, I PROUDL DECLARE MY CANDIDACY FOR MAYOR OF NEW YORK CITY [ CHEERS AND APPLAUSE

AND WITH US NOW IS BILL DEBLASIO MR. DEBLASIO, WELCOME.

THANK YOU, RAFAEL

NOW, MR. , DEBLASIO YOU ARE NOW THE CITY ADVOCATE, BUT YOU WANT TO BE THE MAYOR

BECAUSE WE NEED SERIOUS CHANGES.

I SAY WHEREVER I GO, WE AR LIVING THE TALE OF TWO CITIES.

WE ARE THE GREATEST INCOME DISPARITY.

WE HAV EDUCATIO DISPARITIES, HOSPITALS CLOSING ALL OVER, AS YOU KNOW WE CAN'T HAVE A CITY WHERE THE RICH GET RICHER AND THE POOR GET POORER AND THE DISPARITIES SHARPEN AN EXPECT IT TO SUCCEED.

THE HISTORY OF NEW YORK CITY NEW YORK CITY'S SUCCESS HA BEEN ABOUT BEING OPEN TO ALL AVAILABLE TO EVERYONE, AND THAT'S BECOMING LESS AND LES TRUE WE HAVE TO CHANGE TH POLICIES OF THE BLOOMBERG YEARS O EXCLUSIVELY, THE ELITISM WIL GROW

EDUCATION IS ONE OF YOUR KE ISSUES, IF NOT YOUR KEY ISSUE.

YES

AND IT HAS BEEN CAN YOU GIVE US AN EXAMPLE O ONE EDUCATION REFORM THAT YO ARE PROPOSING?

I'M A PUBLIC SCHOOL PARENT.

I HAVE BEEN FOR THE LAST 1 YEARS AND IF ELECTED, I WOUL BE THE FIRST MAYOR OF NEW YORK CITY TO SERVE WHILE HAVING A CHILD IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS.

THE CENTRAL REFORM, I WANT T DEDICATE OURSELVES TO EARL CHILDHOOD EDUCATION, TWO AREAS WHERE WE ARE REALLY LACKING.

I PROPOSE BACK IN OCTOBER A TA ON THE WEALTHIEST NEW YORKERS THAT WOULD GUARANTEE FULL DA PRE-K FOR EVERY CHILD IN THI CITY AND A AFTER-SCHOOL SEA FOR EVERY MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENT THAT WOULD NEED IT IT WOULD LIFT UP KIDS ALL OVER THE CITY

INCOME TAX ON THE WEALTHIER NEW YORKERS, SOME OF YOU CRITICS ARE CONCERNED THAT THAT'S THE KIND OF THING THA MAKES NEW YORKERS SAY, THAT' IT I'M OUT OF HERE.

I WILL COMMUTE HERE BUT I WON'T LIVE HERE.

I DON'T THINK PEOPLE WILL LEAVE BECAUSE OF A SMALL TAX SURCHARGE.

SECOND EVEN WEALTHY PEOPLE UNDERSTAND IF WE DON'T FIX OUR SCHOOL SYSTEM, THE FUTURE O THE CITY WILL BE IN QUESTION THIS IS NOT A PUNITIVE TAX SOME PEOPLE ARE DOING VERY VERY WELL.

WALL STREET IS DOING BETTE THAN EVER.

LITERALLY.

A LOT OF PEOPLE AR DOING FINE WE NEED THEIR HELP A LOT OF KIDS WHO ARE BEIN LEFT BEHIND NEED A CHANCE TO GET A GOOD EDUCATION.

YOU WERE ARRESTED IN TH MIDDLE OF YOUR CAMPAIGN.

WHY?

BECAUSE WE ARE NOW FACING A DIFFERENT KIND OF HEALTHCARE CRISIS, A DIFFERENT KIND O EPIDEMIC IT'S AN EPIDEMIC OF HOSPITAL CLOSURES MOST DRAMATICALLY, WE LOS ST. VINCENT'S ON THE WEST SIDE OF MANHATTAN THREE YEARS AGO BUT WE LOST A NUMBER OF OTHERS IN RECENT YEARS.

NOW IN BROOKLYN, LITERALLY THI SUMMER WE COULD LOSE LON ISLAND COLLEGE HOSPITAL AN INTERFAITH MEANING DOWNTOW BROOKLYN AND BROWNSTON BROWNSTON BROOKLYN WOULD HAVE MUCH LES SERVICE.

HEALTHCARE WOULD BE AVAILABL TO FEWER PEOPLE.

THOUSANDS OF JOBS WILL BE LOST RIGHT NOW THE MAYOR IS NOT LIFTING A FINGER TO STOP IT AN I THOUGHT IT WAS IMPORTANT T CALL ON THE MAYOR, THE GOVERNOR, ALL LEVELS O GOVERNMENT TO INTERVENE BEFORE WE LOST MORE HEALTHCAR CAPACITY IN THIS TOWN.

YOU KNOW, IN 1990, DURIN THE DINKINS ADMINISTRATION, IN WHICH YOU SERVED, THE MURDER RATE IN NEW YORK CITY PEAKED AT 2,245.

THE MAYOR ARGUES THAT THAT DRAMATIC DROP IS DUE I PART BECAUSE OF STOP AND FRISK, WHICH YOU WANT TO END.

WHY DO YOU WANT TO END IT?

WELL, STOP AND FRISK, WHE DONE CONSTITUTIONALLY CAN BE VERY VALID POLICING TACTIC YOU FOLLOW THE SUSPECT DESCRIPTION AND YOU GO AFTER PEOPLE WHO FIT THA DESCRIPTION.

THAT'S PART OF POLICING.

THAT'S NOT WHAT WE HAVE NOW.

WE HAVE A FORM OF STOP AND FRISK WHERE ALMOST 90% OF THOS STOPPED ARE INNOCENT IN EVER WAY, SHAPE OR FORM IT'S NOT BASED ON SUSPEC DESCRIPTION.

IT IS A BROAD BRUSH APPROACH THAT HAS ALIENATED COMMUNITIES FROM POLICE.

AND IT'S VIE LATED THE CIVIL LIBERTIES OF A - VIOLATED THE CIVIL LI LIBERTIES OF EVERYDAY NEW YORKERS.

THE YOUNG BLACK AND LATINO MEN ARE TREATED LIKE SUSPECTS EVEN WHEN THEY ARE ABIDING BY 9 THE LAW AND THAT CANNOT CONTINUE WE NEED A FUNDAMENTA REDUCTION.

WE NEED INSPECTOR GENERAL EVEN A NEW POLICE COMMISSIONER, THE THINGS THAT WOULD FUNDAMENTALL ALLOW US TO RESET.

NOW, THIS CITY HAS NO ELECTED A DEMOCRATIC MAYOR I 20 YEARS WHY WILL IT BE DIFFERENT THI TIME

I THINK THOSE ELECTIONS WER REALLY BECAUSE OF VERY PARTICULAR THINGS GOING ON I THOSE MOMENTS IN HISTORY AND BECAUSE SOME OF THE STRENGTH OF 9 REPUBLICAN -- THE REPUBLICANS, OBVIOUSLY BOOMBERG'S WEALTH, FOR EXAMPLE AND SOME OF THE WEAKNESSES O THE DEMOCRATS.

I DON'T THINK IT WAS EVER CHANGE IN FUNDAMENTAL VALUES I THIS TOWN.

I THINK THIS IS GOING TO BE COURSE CORRECTION ELECTION I THINK THIS WILL BE A DEMOCRATIC YEAR, UNQUESTIONABLY, ESPECIALLY WHA PEOPLE HAVE BEEN THROUGH ECONOMICALLY LAST FEW YEARS.

AS I MENTIONED EARLIER, ANTHONY WEINER IS RUNNING FO MAYOR AND ELIOT SPITZER WANT TO RUN FOR COMPTROLLER SHOULD NEW YORK CITY BE TH CITY OF SECOND CHANCES OR DO PUBLIC OFFICIALS ONLY GE ONE SHOT AT GETTING THE BASICS RIGHT?

I DON'T LIKE THAT CONSTRUCT HONESTLY AND RESPECTFULL BECAUSE WE ALL BELIEVE I SECOND CHANCES AN A SENS OF HOPE FOR PEOPLE.

THESE ARE TWO PEOPLE THAT BROK TH PUBLIC TRUST IN VERY DIFFERENT WAYS BUT THEY BROK THE PUBLIC TRUST I THINK THE QUESTION ALWAYS IS HAVE YOU ATONED FOR THAT IN MEANINGFUL WAY HAVE YOU ACTUALLY RESOLVED THE ISSUES OR ARE YOU JUST GOING T GO AND DO AGAIN?

AND ALSO WHAT DO YOU STAND FOR AND, YOU KNOW, ONE OF TH THINGS THAT I DISAGREE WIT ANTHONY ON, ANTHONY HAS BEEN VERY, VERY CLOSE TO THE REAL ESTATE INDUSTRY.

ANTHONY, DID SOME THINGS IN TH CITY COUNCIL THAT WERE FAVORABLE TO THAT INDUSTRY THAT'S MORE PERTINENT TO M THAN SOME OF THE OTHER QUESTIONS COMING UP ABOUT HIM, BUT I HAVE TO ASK THE QUESTION ALWAYS, IF SOMEONE WAS WILLIN TO OPENLY DISSEMBLE OR VIOLAT THE LAW PREVIOUSLY, THE PUBLIC HAS EVERY RIGHT TO SAY YOU BROKE OUR TRUST AND WE WIL HOLD THAT AGAINST YOU.

I THINK HUMANLY WE BELIEVE I SECOND CHANCES BUT IN PUBLIC LIFE, WE ARE HELD TO A HIGHE STANDARD

MR. ,DEBLASIO, THANK YOU SO MUCH

THANK YOU, RAFAEL A GREAT PLEASURE

EVER SINCE SUPER STORM SAND HIT LAST OCTOBER, THERE HAVE BEEN REPORTS, DISCUSSIONS, LEGISLATION, AND BATTLES OVE HOW TO PLAN FOR FUTURE STORMS.

BUT CITY PLANNING GOES ON AL THE TIME, NOT JUST IN A CRISIS IN HIS NEW BOOK 'THE PLANNIN GAME' LESSONS FROM GREAT CITIES, FORMER NEW YORK CITY PLANNING COMMISSIONER AND YAL UNIVERSITY PROFESSOR, ALEXANDER GARVIN ANALYZES WHAT WORKS AND DOESN'T WORK AROUND THE WORL AND SAYS THERE ARE LESSONS T BE LEARNED FROM NEW YORK'S LEGENDARY BUILDERS AND URBAN PLANNERS

WHAT GREAT PUBLIC WORKS PROJECTS ARE SUCCESSFUL HERE AND WHICH ONES FAIL?

THE MOST SUCCESSFUL I CENTRAL PARK, RUNNING AWAY EVERYBODY WANTS TO GO TO CENTRAL PARK THE ONES THAT ARE UNSUCCESSFUL ARE THE PROJECTS THAT AR STOPPED BY THE PUBLIC.

MM-HMM.

FOR EXAMPLE, THERE WERE SIX PROPOSED PLANS FOR LOWER MANHATTAN AND THE PUBLIC SAI NO AND THEY WERE NOT BUILT.

YOU KNOW, WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT PLANNING IN NEW YORK CITY, YOU GOT TO TALK ABOU ROBERT MOSES, THE TITAN OF PLANNING IN THE CITY'S HISTORY BUT, YOU KNOW, AS TIME PASSES, THE MASSIVE NUMBER AND SCOPE O HIS WORKS SEEM TO BE INCREASINGLY CRITICIZED.

WELL, I THINK YOU HAVE TO SEPARATE DIFFERENT PIECES OF IT HE BUILT 658 PLAYGROUNDS IN AL FIVE BOROUGH OF NEW YORK THAT'S A PRETTY GOOD RESULT.

FOR THE PEOPLE WHO LIVE ON LON ISLAND, THERE ARE 15 STATE PARKS, INCLUDING JONES BEACH WHICH IS A WONDER AND LITERALL TENS OF THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE GO THERE AT THE MOMENT BECAUS IT'S SUMMERTIME.

SO I WOULD SAY HIS PARKS AND PARKWAYS ARE A GREAT ACHIEVEMENT.

UP WHAT HE'S CRITICIZED ABOU IS THE URBAN RENEWAL PROGRAM AND THE HIGHWAYS HE HAD ONLY ONE URBAN RENEWA PROJECT THAT CHANGED THE CIT OF NEW YORK AND THAT'S LINCOLN CENTER

NOW, HOW WOULD YOU COMPAR THE TIME OF ROBERT MOSES T TODAY, WHERE MAYOR BLOOMBERG IS HIMSELF KIND OF TRANSFORMING THE CITY

WELL, IT'S A CONTINUATION O WHAT'S BEEN GOING ON IN NE YORK FOR MORE THAN A CENTURY AND A HALF WE HAVE BEEN RECLAIMING OU WATERFRONT FOR PUBLIC USE WHEN MOSES BECAME THE PARK COMMISSIONER, THERE WAS ON MILE OF PUBLIC BEACH WHEN HE LEFT, THERE WERE 18 MILES OF PUBLIC BEACH TODAY, WE HAVE IN ADDITION THE HUDTON RIVER PARK, THE BROOKLY BRIDGE PARK, BOTH OF WHICH WER ADVANCED B BLOOMBERG, THE BROOKLYN BRIDGE PARK STARTED UNDER THE BLOOMBER ADMINISTRATION WE ARE RECLAIMING A BIKEWAY AL THE WAY AROUND MANHATTAN AND THIS RECLAMATION OF TH WATERFRONT IS SOMETHING THAT HAS BEEN GOING ON REALLY SINCE THE DUTCH ARRIVED AND STARTING FILLING IN MANHATTAN ISLAND.

MM-HMM.

NOW, ALEX, DID SUPER STORM SANDY CHANGE YOUR THINKING ABOUT HOW TO PLAN THE GROWTH O THE NEW YORK METROPOLITA REGION

NOT PARTICULARLY.

I THINK THAT IT DID MAKE M STOP AND UNDERSTAND THAT W HAVE TO INVEST HUGE AMOUNTS OF MONEY TO PROTECT OUR SUBWA SYSTEM AND TO PROTECT TH ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM.

WE CANNOT HAVE PEOPLE WITHOU ELECTRIC POWER, AND WE HAVE TO PROTECT PEOPLE FROM 9 THE FLOODS.

THAT'S VERY IMPORTANT.

BUT THE REST OF THE PLANNING I STILL THE SAME I'M STILL IN FAVOR OF HAVING A PARK ALL ALONG THE SHORE O EVERY BOROUGH.

SO IT SOUNDS LIKE YOU WOULD BE ONE OF THOSE PEOPLE WHO SUPPORT THE MAYOR'S INSISTENCE THAT YOU HAVE TO PROTECT THE WATERFRONT

ABSOLUTELY.

NOT RETREAT

ABSOLUTELY. AND MUCH O WHAT BOOMBERG BLOOMBERG HAS DONE IS BOOM

WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT SEAPORT CITY, GOING INTO THE SEA, INSTEAD OF RETREATING FRO THE SEA?

THAT'S BEEN IN THE WORKS SI THE WAGNER ADMINISTRATION.

THERE WAS A PLAN FOR LOWER MANHATTAN THAT WAS RELEASE DURING THE TRANSITIO BETWEE WAGNER AND LINDSAY AND I CALLED FOR SOMETHING THA ULTIMATELY BECAME BATTERY PARK CITY ON ONE SIDE AND ON TH OTHER SIDE, IT WAS GOING TO BE WHAT YOU CALLED SEAPORT CITY WE HAVE HAD PLANS FO THAT SECTION FO DECADES.

I'M ALL IN FAVOR OF IT

ANY OTHER CRITICAL STEP THAT PLANNERS NEED TO TAKE I ORDER TO ENSURE TH SUSTAINABILITY OF OUR GROWTH I THIS AREA?

YES YOU NEED FINANCIAL SUPPORT IF YOU DON'T HAVE ANY MONEY, YOU CAN'T GET ANYTHING DONE.

AND TOO OFTEN, WE HAVE PLANS THAT ARE PROPOSED AND NOBODY SAYS HOW WE ARE GOING TO PAY FOR IT

ALL RIGHT, ALEX, THANK YOU SO MUCH.

YOU'RE VERY WELCOME

ONCE UPON A SUMMER IN THE LATE 1980s, LINCOLN CENTER DECIDED TO CELEBRATE ITS 30th 30th ANNIVERSARY WITH AN OUTDOOR BIG BAND SWING DANCE PARTY.

25 YEARS LATER, MIDSUMMER NIGH SWING IS A MUCH ANTICIPATE EVENT LOVED BY YOUNG AND ONL AND WITH AN ONLY IN NEW YORK CAST O CHARACTERS WE GO DANCING!

I LOVE THIS PLACE I LOOK FORWARD TO THIS PLACE I THINK ABOUT IT ALL YEAR LONG DANCING TO LIVE MUSIC IN THE OPEN, STARS.

THE ONLY PROBLEM IS IT'S THE WRONG TIME OF YEAR IT'S TOO HOT

IN SPITE OF THE HEAT, SID CHIKLU DOESN'T MISS A SHOW HE'S OFTEN THE FIRST OUT ON THE DANCE FLOOR.

IT BEGINS WITH A DANCE CLASS AND ENDS WITH A LIVE SHOW.

THE STYLES VARY AND TH AUDIENCE INCLUDES PEOPLE FRO ALL WALKS OF LIFE

I HAVE A LOT OF PROBLEM WITH MY WORK AND MY LIFE BUT YOU SEE, I STARTED DANCING AND EVERYTHING NOW IS, LIKE, HEAVEN

YOU KNOW, YOU JUST LET OU YOUR FEELING YOU FEEL GOOD AND, YOU KNOW, YOU ARE CONGREGATING WIT EVERYBODY ELSE

I HAVEN'T TAKEN A LESSO SINCE I WAS 6 YEARS OLD BU IT'S PART OF A WEEK-LONG CELEBRATION.

WE DANCE THE NIGHT AWAY AT M DAUGHTER'S WEDDING AND HERE WE GO AGAIN

I'M SO HONORED TORE HONORED T BE ON THIS STAGE TONIGHT.

WHEN WE STARTED THIS THING I 1989, I JUST WANT TO REMIN THOSE OF YOU WHO DON'T KNO THAT THIS WAS NOT SUPPOSED T BEAN ONGOING ANNUAL FESTIVAL EVERY YEAR THIS WAS A ONE-SHOT CELEBRATIO OF LINCOLN CENTER' ANNIVERSARY.

20 NIGHTS FOR 20 YEARS AND YOU GUYS FELL IN LOVE WITH IT AN DEMANDED IT CONTINUES.

HEY, WE ARE GOING TO GO BAC TO THE 1920s RIGHT NOW AND PLAY THE GREAT DUKE ELLINGTO SONG CALLED 'THE BLACK AND TAN FANTASY.

ONE, TWO, THREE.

WHEN A BUNCH OF DANCERS GET UP THERE AND START GETTING A GROOVE HAPPENING WELL, THE ROOM STARTS TO GET A LITTLE BIT ELECTRIFIED AND THAT GOES TO THE MUSICIANS AND TH MUSICIANS GET A LITTLE ELECTRIFIED AND THEY SEND IT OUT TO THE DANCERS AND S HERE'S THIS YING YANG EFFECT GOING ON SOME NIGHTS SLOWER TEMPOS WORK BETTER AND SOME NIGHTS FASTE TEMPOS WORK BETTER IT'S KIND OF A LITTL BIT OF A TRIAL AND ERROR.

NO MATTER HOW MANY JOBS I HAVE DONE, THOUSANDS, THEY ARE AL DIFFERENT.

IT'S LIKE SNOWFLAKES, YOU KNOW AND THAT'S THE CHALLENGE AND THAT'S THE EXCITEMENT WHEN I ALL COMES TOGETHER ♪

I THINK IN NEW YORK CITY, I YOU SIT ON THE SUBWAY, NO ON IS LOOKING A EACH OTHER IN TH EYE, NO ONE IS TOUCHING EACH OTHER.

THEY ARE DEFINING THEI PERSONAL SPACE IT'S ONE OF THE SURVIVAL TACTICS AND WHAT HAPPENS O DANCE FLOOR, BY DEFINITION THOSE BARRIERS ARE GOING T BREAK DOWN PEOPLE ARE DANCING WIT STRANGERS.

MANY PEOPLE WHO COME -- SOME PEOPLE COME ON A DATE.

IT'S A BEAUTIFUL DATE NIGHT.

SOME PEOPLE COME WITH FRIENDS.

A LOT OF PEOPLE WHO ARE HERE WHO ARE REALLY INVOLVED IN THE SOCIAL DANCE SCENE, ONE OF THEIR GOALS IS TO DANCE WITH A MANY DIFFERENT PARTNERS AS THE CAN OVER THE COURSE OF THE NIGHT.

YOU ARE DANCING SOMEONE WHO MA BE EXTREMELY DIFFERENT FRO YOU, THAT IN ANY OTHER PART OF YOUR LIFE, YOU MIGHT NOT HAV ANY WAY THAT YOU WOULD ACTUALL BE INTERACTING AND FOR THAT THREE MINUTES THA YOU ARE DANCING TO GO, YOU ARE HAVING A REAL CONNECTION ♪

ON STAGE THIS YEAR, WYNTON MARCELLUIS, THE SPANISH HARLEM ORCHESTRA AND OTHERS AND O COURSE, SID CHIKULI.

I'VE GOT NO MORE.

NO MORE.

THIS IS GABE JOHNSON, REPORTING FOR 'THE NEW YOR TIMES.

EVEN IF YOU DON'T FEEL TH URGE TO GET UP AND DANCE AFTER THAT, WE KNOW YOU ARE SMILING.

AND THAT'S IT FOR THIS EDITION OF 'METRO FOCUS' JOIN US AGAIN NEXT WEEK FOR NEWS CONVERSATIONS AND IN-DEPTH REPORTING FROM NEW YORK AND NE JERSEY PUBLIC TELEVISION WE'LL HAVE A SPECIAL REPORT ON THE BUILDING OF THE CORNEL TECH CAMPUS ON ROOSEVELT ISLAN AND MORE OF OUR CONTINUING NYC VOTES 2013 ELECTION COVERAGE I'M RAFAEL PI ROMAN.

THANKS FOR WATCHING.

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