Thirteen Ed Online
Lesson Plans
This Just in! Nile Network News Update
Overview Procedures for Teachers Organizers for Students

Procedures for teachers is divided into three sections:
Prep -- Preparing for the lesson
Steps -- Conducting the lesson
Extensions -- Extending the lesson


Media Components:

World Wide Web Sources:

  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art
    in New York is a Web site featuring a large amount of information on Ancient Egypt, for teachers, students, or anyone who wants to know more about Egypt. Enter "Egypt" in the search area on the home page.

  • Gander Academy's Ancient and Modern Egypt on the Web
    Developed by a teacher, this site offers age-appropriate pages on the pharaohs, tombs, mummies, pyramids, sculptures, hieroglyphics, gods, clothing, daily life, and practically everything else relating to ancient Egypt.

  • Canadian Museum of Civilization
    Online exhibition from the Canadian Museum of Civilization includes a teacher's guide and QTVR movies of Egyptian objects.

  • Egyptology Resources: The first Egyptology site on the web
    This page is set up with the kind assistance of the Newton Institute in the University of Cambridge to provide a World Wide Web resource for Egyptological information.

  • Public Broadcasting Service's NOVA Online Adventure
    PBA's Award winning website: "Explore the Pyramids, temples, and other monumental architecture of ancient Egypt through riveting 360 photos shot during this NOVA/PBS Online Adventure. With real-time dispatches and digital photos filed from the Nile in March 1999 and from a quarry in Massachusetts in August and September 1999, the adventure chronicles both NOVA's search for archaic clues to obelisk-raising, and its attempt to erect one of these pillars of stone itself. Learn what happened, meet the team, and try to lever your own obelisk."

  • Rigby's World of Egypt
    This personal web site contains about 120 pages, which reflect the author's interest in Egypt. Take a tour of the country, relish ancient poetry, find out about Egyptian antiquities, see Egypt from above, and much more.

  • Oriental Institute
    The Oriental Institute Museum is a showcase of the history, art and archaeology of the ancient Near East. An integral part of the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute, which has supported research and archaeological excavation in the Near East since 1919, the Museum exhibits major collections of antiquities from Egypt, Mesopotamia, Iran, Syria, Palestine, and Anatolia.

  • The Travel Channel at
    Egypt: Discover the treasures, old and new, at this jointly operated Web site.

  • The Egypt Page
    On-line resources related to Egypt, hosted by the African Studies Department at the University of Pennsylvania.
Traditional Sources:
    Grades K-5:
  • Fleming, Stuart. THE EGYPTIANS. New Discovery Bks., 1992.
  • Harris, Geraldine. ANCIENT EGYPT. Facts on File, 1990.
  • Hart, George. ANCIENT EGYPT Harcourt, 1989.
  • Haslam, Andrew and Parson, Alexandra. ANCIENT EGYPT. Thomas Learning, 1995.

    Grade 6-12:
  • Bunson, Margaret. THE ENCYCLOPEDIA OF ANCIENT EGYPT. Facts on File, 1991.
  • James, Thomas G. A SHORT HISTORY OF ANCIENT EGYPT. Cassell, 1995.
  • Strouhal, Eugene. LIFE OF THE ANCIENT EGYPTIANS. Univ. Of Okla. Pr., 1992.
Any online/traditional encyclopedia or general search engine/website would be a good place to start research and to get an overview of each student's subject.

  • Materials for making posters or diagrams and replicas
  • Table with mock news studio set with sheet or tablecloth
  • Video camera for taping (optional)
  • Hat or box with paper strips to pick assigned research topics
  • Student props for news broadcasters

    Computer Resources:
    While many configurations will work, we recommend:

  • Modem: 28.8 Kbps or faster.

  • Browser: Netscape Navigator 3.0 or above or Internet Explorer 3.0 or above.

  • Macintosh computer: System 7.0 or above and at least 16 MBs of RAM.

  • IBM-compatible computer: 386 or higher processor with at least 16 MBs of RAM, running Windows 3.1. Or, a 486/66 or Pentium with at least 16 MBs of RAM, running Windows 95 or 98

    Specific Software Needed:
  • MS Power Point or other software


    Introductory Activity:

  • Ask students to think of ideas that come to mind when they think of the word, "contribution" quietly to themselves for 20-30 seconds. Then ask students to share their word associations. Elicit answers and publish in a concept web on the chalkboard or transparency. (Teachers might allow students to publish their own answers on the board).

  • Explain that all people of the world from every culture have contributed to world history in some way. Ask students if they can name specific cultures or groups from their previous history classes that are well known for their contributions, and for what it is that they are known. Remind students that these accomplishments can be from a variety of areas: medicine, science, art, architecture, engineering, government, etc. Encourage students to classify which area their contribution would fall into.

  • If a student names the ancient Egyptians, use this as a segue to jump to the learning activity portion of the lesson or point in out for the class. Explain that the contributions of history often outlast the lives of the people on earth, and that we study history to remind ourselves who and where parts of our culture came from.

    Learning Activities:

  • Explain that students are going to be acting as new reporters who will produce a special report on the contributions of the ancient Egyptians to be broadcast live on Nile Network News.

  • Ask students to form pairs, or assign partners.

  • Explain the assignment to the students. They will research a contribution of the ancient Egyptians using the Internet, books, library resources, or CD-ROM encyclopedia. They will write a news article based on the contributions of Egyptians, and then present this as a 1-2 minute special news report , which will be presented to the class with a visual aid. The news article will be their script to be used for the presentation. It will be turned in, as well as the visual aid. Students will be encouraged to be as creative as possible with newsroom/reporter props and extra points will be awarded for this. Both students need to contribute to all parts of the article and news report.

  • Ask student pairs to examine a real newspaper for items such as layout, masthead, headlines, bylines, titles, leads, pictures, captions, etc. Pass out the individual student organizers, and introduce the 5 Ws and H as essential questions to answer when conducting their research and writing news articles. Assist students in identifying these in an article of their choice, and instruct them to record their information on their Nile Network News Sheet.

  • Then, students will use software available in the school for creating and publishing their article. Students may use MS Word, Power Point, Claris Works, or others depending on what is available. For tips on using Power Point, see our tutorial link to: . Students should create and write their newspaper article to be as authentic as possible.

  • Double check to make sure all students understand the assignment.

  • Let student pairs pick their topic randomly.** The following contributions will be written on the scraps of paper and topics may be assigned to more than one team depending on class size: (teachers may add to this list)

  • irrigation, roads, great pyramid of Giza
  • papyrus, calendar, astronomy
  • mathematics, government, bureaucracy/government
  • hieroglyphics, medicine, works of art

    **Teachers may wish to select one single topic for the entire class and have students teams delve into the topic in greater depth and from different angles. For example, the theme of pyramids could be broken down into its mathematical aspects, scientific aspects, linguistic elements, and historical significance of their construction.

  • Allow for student research time and time to work on their newspaper articles.

  • Set up the classroom to look like a newsroom as much as possible with available supplies. Then students will act as reporters and take turns making their special reports for Nile Network News about the contributions of the ancient Egyptians. The teacher can also be creative about playing the role of the editor or producer, giving time cues, and facilitating the production/and or videotaping.

    Culminating Activity:

  • Ask students from each team to pretend that they are teachers creating a quiz based on the Nile Network News broadcast that the class has just seen. They must create 2 questions per team about the contribution of the ancient Egyptians that they researched. For example, if they researched "papyrus" they could create 2 questions that the rest of the class must know the answer to based on their viewing of the special report on papyrus.

  • The teacher will edit and format the questions into a quiz about the contributions of the ancient Egyptians.

  • All students will take the quiz.


  • Students can study the each of the following in a more in-depth manner in their respective classes: Mathematics (cubits, fractions, geometry), art (papyrus and pyramids), government (bureaucracy), civics, earth sciences (irrigation), astronomy (astrolabe and calendar). They may choose from a variety of products to demonstrate their understanding of these connections such as: posters, tape recordings, skits, cartoons, collages, photographs, diagrams, models, songs, poems, or raps, web page designs, or multimedia presentations.

  • Students can visit a local museum featuring Egypt, independently or with a friend or family member. Students would participate in one of the museum's education programs or interactive activities, or contact the museum by e-mail to tell the management which exhibit/display they enjoyed the most and why. (This may also be used as a Community Connection).

  • Students can visit a virtual museum online, making further notes on the contributions of ancient Egyptians to world history. Some excellent online museums are:
  • Students can participate in various WebQuests to learn more about Egypt, some examples include: (Students may also wish to use these sites as starting points for their research)

  • Students will go to to find articles of modern day Egyptian citizens who have made contributions in the field of science, and of modern day discoveries in Egypt. This will help students understand that history is constantly unfolding even in the year 2001, and does not stop in history books.

    Teachers can find the exact articles at:
    Community Connections:

  • Students may contact a local university professor or museum curator of archeology or Egyptology by e-mail and ask them a related question of their choosing.

  • The videotape of the Nile Network News (if taped) could be shown to other classes, and perhaps be published as an MPEG file on the school web page.

  • Students could compile their visual aids into a bulletin board or display case within the school. Then students would plan an official opening/ribbon cutting of the display where they would invite local officials, family members, community groups, and other students. A select group of students would introduce the contents of the display and narrate the history involved, and invite contributions from the audience.

  • Overview | Procedures for Teachers | Organizers for Students