Thirteen Ed Online
Lesson Plans
I Have a Metaphor
Overview Procedures for Teachers Organizers for Students

During the month of January, many teachers turn to the teachings of Martin Luther King Jr. and the morals that he preached to all people, regardless of race, creed, beliefs and age. This lesson not only examines the message of Dr. King, but also the words themselves. This is a lesson in identifying the literary devices that he used in his "I Have A Dream" Speech. It will introduce the following literary devices: analogy, symbolism, use of chronology, personification, metaphor, figurative language and the effective use of repetition.

Grade Level: 5-9

Time Allotment: Four 50-60 minute classes

Subject Matter: History, English, Technology, Current Events

Learning Objectives:

Students will be able to:
  • Analyze and understand Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech and discuss why it continues to have an impact in today's society
  • Learn to identify and use literary devices
  • Work together in groups and create a presentation

National Standards for United States History
(from the National Center for History in the Schools)

Chronological Thinking:
  • distinguishing between past and present
  • Increase their understanding of the cultural history of other groups.
Historical Comprehension
  • reconstructing the literal meaning of a historical passage
  • identifying the central question(s) the historical narrative addresses
  • finding evidence of historical perspectives
  • drawing upon visual, literary and musical sources
Historical Analysis and Interpretation
  • identifying issues and problems of the past

Standards for English Language Arts (sponsored by NCTE and IRA)
  • Students read a wide range of print and non-print texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves and of the cultures of the United States
  • Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.
  • Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (eg. spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique and discuss print and non-print texts.
  • Students use a variety of technological and information resources to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge.
  • Students use spoken, written and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (ie., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information.)
This lesson was developed by Anna Chan Rekate.