Classical Music Stations

June 28th, 2010

There are only about 35 all-classical music radio stations left in the United States. Such major cities as Detroit and Philadelphia no longer have classical stations.

In addition to the approximately 35 fulltime stations, there are other stations that offer classical music during certain periods of the day.

Here are the fulltime classical stations, all of which also stream their music on the Internet:

Classical Music Stations Streaming


KBAQ 89.5 Tucson


KUSC 91.5 Los Angeles

KMZT 105.1 HD2 Los Angeles

KXPR 88.9 Sacramento

KDFC 102.1 San Francisco

KDB 93.7 Santa Barbara


KVOD 88.1 Denver


WTMI 1290 Hartford

WMNR 88.1 Monroe and WGRS 91.5 Guilford


WETA-FM 90.9 Washington


WKCP 89.7 Miami


WFMT 98.7 Chicago


WUOL 90.5 Louisville


WBQI 99.3 Kennebunk


WGMS 89.1 Hagerstown


WFCC 107.5 Chatham

WCRB 99.5 Lowell/Boston


Classical Music America (Internet only)


WWFM 89.1 Trenton


WNED-FM 94.5 Buffalo

WQXR 96.3 New York

WRHV 88.7 Poughkeepsie

WXXI-FM 91.5 Rochester

WMHT-FM 89.1 Schenectady

WOXR 90.9 Schuyler Falls


WDAV 89.9 Davidson

WCPE 89.7 Wake Forest


WCLV 104.9 Cleveland

WOSU-FM 89.7 Columbus

WDPR 88.1 Dayton


KCSC 90.1 Edmond


KBPS 89.9 Portland


WQED-FM 89.3 Pittsburgh


WCRI 95.9 Block Island


WRR 101.1 Dallas


WNCH 88.1 Norwich and WVTQ 95.1 Sunderland (Vermont Public Radio)


KING 98.1 Seattle


This is an examination of the increasing concentration of control of the most important AM radio stations in the United States. Now the largest conglomerate owns 16 of the prime 58 high power AM stations in the United States, whereas in pre-consolidation days before the 1990s, the most owned was four stations.

Below is a complete list of clear channel AM stations in the U.S., Canada, Mexico and the Bahamas. There are 87 total, including 58 in the U.S., under international agreement, a treaty that took effect inn March 1941.

A clear channel station – not to be confused with the group station owner Clear Channel Communications – means that the station is almost always 50,000 watts and during hours of darkness has interference-free coverage for about 750 miles around its city of license. Other stations on the same frequency sign off at sunset or go directional to protect the huge service areas of the clear channel stations. The clear channel stations also have wide daytime coverage, sometimes extending 100 miles or more in many directions.

While FM stations sometimes have greater audience in some markets, clear channel stations are usually the top information and talk stations in their markets. They usually carry tremendous influence in their markets, and often are the top billing stations, even though the age of FM dominance spans more than a quarter century now.

Clear channel stations, once designated as Class I-A and I-B stations, are now designated as Class A AM stations. (There are other 50,000 watt stations but they are not clear channel stations, and are not protected from interference and have no recognized wide area coverage at night. Examples include WRKO 680 Boston, WEEI 850 Boston, WINS 1010 and WEPN 1050 New York, CKLW Windsor, Ontario, KTRH 740 Houston, and KCBS 740 San Francisco, among many others.)

In pre-consolidation days before the 1990s the highest number of clear channel AM stations owned was four: CBS owned WBBM 780, Chicago, WCBS 880 New York, KNX 1070 Los Angeles and KMOX 1120 Saint Louis. NBC owned three: WNBC 660 New York, WMAQ 670 Chicago and KNBR 680 San Francisco. ABC owned three: WABC 770 New York, KGO 810 San Francisco and WLS 890 Chicago.

Now the biggest owner is Clear Channel Communications, which took its name from WOAI 1200 San Antonio, which it acquired in 1975. Clear Channel Communications now has 16 of the 58 clear channel stations. (Clear Channel also had rights to programming and sales and marketing for another, in Tijuana, Mexico, XETRA 690, but in 2006 the FCC notified Clear Channel XETRA would be counted against its total of AM and FM stations in San Diego, so Clear Channel surrendered XETRA.) In all, Clear Channel owns 1,200 of the most powerful and influential AM and FM stations in the nation.

CBS is next with 13 stations.

Also included on this list below are the names of the station owners of stations before consolidation. Many of them were locally owned, and local owners tend to be more sensitive to the local community and its needs, rather than a corporate owner which is looking at the bottom line. A vivid example of this was in West Virginia three years ago. In March 2004 the Daily Mail of Charleston WV reported Clear Channel planned to remove WWVA 1170 from Wheeling, and move it to the Akron/Cleveland market to greatly increase its value, depriving West Virginia of its only 50,000 watt clear channel AM station. The plan was quietly dropped.

When WTIC 1080 Hartford was locally owned by Travelers Insurance, Travelers said it wanted the station to act like a mirror reflecting the community in the region, and WTIC’s service was legend.

Though with deregulation, one company can own up to eight stations in a market, Clear Channel and other companies are seeking an even higher limit. In May 2005 Clear Channel was reported in Inside Media as saying it wished to increase the total number of stations it would own in a single market from up to 8, to 12. A Clear Channel executive said that if satellite radio companies have 50 music channels, Clear Channel deserves to have more local broadcast stations in each market. The FCC is now considering whether to relax the rules on how many radio and TV stations a company can own, and whether to allow further consolidation.

There has also been a relaxation of the ownership rules for TV, and in New York, Fox now owns two of the six VHF television stations, WNYW channel 5 and WWOR channel 9, as well as the daily New York Post and it is now seeking a stake in the giant Long Island daily Newsday.

With consolidation, there has also been a replacement of local programs on AM radio, with nationally syndicated political talk shows, such as Rush Limbaugh, a show owned by Clear Channel Communications. (Clear Channel also owns the Glenn Beck and Dr. Laura Schlesinger shows.)

Here are the tallies for clear channel stations owned by the big conglomerates and station groups:

Clear Channel Communications: 17

CBS: 13

Citadel: 9

Bonneville (Mormon Church): 3

ABC: 2

Buckley: 2

Entercom 2

Bahakel: 1

Bloomberg: 1

Cox: 1

Cumulus: 1

Fisher: 1

Gaylord: 1

Hearst: 1

Hubbard: 1

Jefferson Pilot: 1

Journal: 1

Tribune: 1

Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (government-owned public broadcasting system) owns 6 in Canada.

Here are the 87 clear channel stations in the U.S., Canada, Mexico and the Bahamas: For web sites, just click on each set of call letters. (Shapes of night patterns for stations that are directional are shown. Patterns for non-directional stations – which would be a simple circle – are not shown.)

540 CBK

CBK Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada CBC

540 XEWA San Luis Potosi, Mexico

640 KFI

KFI Los Angeles, CLEAR CHANNEL, Talk

640 CBN

CBN Saint Johns, Newfoundland, CBC

650 WSM

WSM Nashville, GAYLORD, Country Music

660 WFAN

WFAN New York, CBS, Sports

670 WSCR

WSCR Chicago, CBS, Sports

680 KNBR

KNBR San Francisco, CUMULUS, Sports


XETRA Tijuana

690 CINF

Directional Antenna – Shape Of XETRA Night Pattern)

CINF Verdun/Montreal, News (French)

Directional Antenna – Shape Of CINF Night Pattern)

700 WLW

WLW Cincinnati, CLEAR CHANNEL, News/Talk

710 WOR

WOR New York, BUCKLEY, Talk

Directional Antenna – Shape Of WOR Night Pattern)

710 KIRO

KIRO Seattle, BONNEVILLE, News/Talk

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KIRO Night Pattern)


WGN Chicago, TRIBUNE, Talk

730 XEX

XEX Mexico City, Sports (Spanish)

740 CFZM

CFZM Toronto, MOSES ZNAIMER, Standards Music

750 WSB

WSB Atlanta, COX, Talk

760 WJR

WJR Detroit, CITADEL, Talk

770 WABC

WABC New York, CITADEL, Talk

780 WBBM

WBBM Chicago, CBS, News


XEROK Juarez, Mexico

810 WGY

WGY Schenectady, CLEAR CHANNEL, Talk

810 KGO

KGO San Francisco, CITADEL, Talk

Directional Antenna – Shape Of KGO Night And Day Pattern

820 WBAP

WBAP Fort Worth/Dallas, CITADEL, Talk

830 WCCO

WCCO Minneapolis, CBS, News/Talk

840 WHAS

WHAS Louisville, CLEAR CHANNEL, News/Talk

850 KOA

KOA Denver, CLEAR CHANNEL, News/Talk

850 XETQ

XETQ Orizaba, Mexico (Spanish)

<a href=< Directional Antenna At Night – Shape of XETQ Night Pattern

860 CJBC

CJBC Toronto, CBC (French)

870 WWL

WWL New Orleans, ENTERCOM, News/Talk

Directional Antenna – Shape Of WWL Night and Day Pattern

880 WCBS

WCBS New York, CBS, News

890 WLS

WLS Chicago, CITADEL, Talk

900 XEW

XEW Mexico City (Spanish)

940 CINW

CINW Montreal, Rock oldies

940 XEQ

Directional Antenna – Shape Of CINW Night Pattern

XEQ Mexico City (Spanish)

990 CBW

CBW Winnipeg, CBC

1000 WMVP

WMVP Chicago, ABC, Sports

Directional Antenna – Shape Of WMVP Night Pattern)

1000 komo

KOMO Seattle, FISHER, News

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KOMO Night Pattern

1000 XEOY

XEOY Mexico City (Spanish)

1010 CBR

CBR Calgary, Alberta, CBC

Directional Antenna Night And Day

1020 KDKA

KDKA Pittsburgh, CBS, News/Talk

1030 WBZ

WBZ Boston, CBS, News/Talk

Directional Antenna – Shape Of WBZ Night And Day Pattern

1040 WHO


1050 XEG

XEG Monterey, Mexico (Spanish)

1060 KYW

KYW Philadelphia, CBS, News

Directional Antenna – Shape Of KYW
Night And Day Pattern)

1060 XEEP

XEEP Mexico City, Radio Education (Spanish)

1070 KNX

KNX Los Angeles, CBS, News

1070 CBA

CBA Moncton, New Brunswick, CBC

1080 WTIC

WTIC Hartford, CBS, Talk

Directional Antenna Starting at Sunset in Dallas, Texas – Shape Of WTIC Night Pattern)

1080 KRLD

KRLD Dallas, CBS, News/Talk

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KRLD Night Pattern

1090 WBAL

WBAL Baltimore, HEARST, News/Talk

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of WBAL Night Pattern

1090 KAAY

KAAY Little Rock, CITADEL, Religion

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KAAY Night Pattern)

1090 XEPRS

XEPRS Tijuana, Sports

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of XEPRS Night Pattern

1100 WTAM


1110 WBT

WBT Charlotte, JEFFERSON PILOT, News/Talk

Directional Pattern At Night – Shape Of WBT Night Pattern

1110 KFAB


Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KFAB Night Pattern

1120 KMOX

KMOX Saint Louis, CBS, News/Talk

1130 WBBR

WBBR New York, BLOOMBERG, Business News

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of WBBR Night Pattern

1130 KWKH

KWKH Shreveport, Louisiana, CLEAR CHANNEL, Country and Western music

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KWKH Night Pattern

1130 CKWX

CKWX Vancouver, British Columbia, News

Directional Antenna – Shape Of CKWX Pattern At Night

1140 WRVA

WRVA Richmond, Virginia, CLEAR CHANNEL, News/Talk

Directional – Shape of Night And Day WRVA Pattern

1140 XEMR

XEMR Monterey, Mexico (Spanish)

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape of XEMR Night Pattern

1160 KSL

KSL Salt Lake City BONNEVILLE, News/Talk

1170 WWVA

WWVA Wheeling, West Virginia, CLEAR CHANNEL, Talk; Religion Evenings

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of WWVA Night Pattern)

1170 KFAQ

KFAQ Tulsa, Oklahoma, JOURNAL, Talk

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KFAQ Night Pattern

1180 WHAM

WHAM Rochester, New York, CLEAR CHANNEL

1190 KEX

KEX Portland, Oregon, CLEAR CHANNEL, News/Talk

Directional At Night – Shape Of KEX Night Pattern

1190 XEWK

XEWK Guadalajara, Mexico (Spanish)

1200 WOAI

WOAI San Antonio, CLEAR CHANNEL, News/Talk

1210 WPHT

WPHT Philadelphia, CBS, Talk

1220 XEB

XEB Mexico City, Nostalgia music (Spanish)

1500 WFED

WFED Washington, BONNEVILLE, Federal news

Directional Antenna – Shape Of WFED Night Pattern

1500 KSTP

KSTP Saint Paul, HUBBARD, Talk

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape of KSTP Night Pattern

1510 WLAC

WLAC Nashville, CLEAR CHANNEL, News/Talk

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of WLAC Night Pattern

1510 KGA

KGA Spokane, Washington, CITADEL, Sports

Directional Antenna – Shape Of KGA Night Pattern

1520 WWKB

WWKB Buffalo, ENTERCOM, Progressive talk

Directional Antenna – Shape Of WWKB Night And Day Pattern

1520 KOKC

KOKC Oklahoma City, RENDA, Talk

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KOKC Night Pattern

1530 WCKY

WCKY Cincinnati, CLEAR CHANNEL, Sports

Directional Antenna Starting At Sunset In Sacramento When WCKY Switches To Night Directional Pattern – Shape Of WCKY Night Pattern

1530 KFBK

KFBK Sacramento, CLEAR CHANNEL, News/Talk

Directional Antenna – Shape of KFBK Night Pattern

1540 KXEL

KXEL Waterloo, Iowa BAHAKEL, News/Talk

Directional Antenna At Night – Shape Of KXEL Night Pattern

1540 ZNS-1

ZNS-1 Nassau, the Bahamas, News/Talk

Directional Antenna – Shape Of ZNS-1 Night And Day Pattern

1550 CBE

CBE Windsor, Ontario, CBC

Directional Antenna – Shape Of CBE Night And Day Pattern

1550 XERUV

XERUV Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico, Educational (Spanish)

1560 WQEW

WQEW New York, ABC, Radio Disney (children’s format)

Directional Antenna – Does Not Change To Night Directional Pattern Until Sunset At Bakersfield – Shape Of WQEW Night Pattern

1560 KNZR

KNZR Bakersfield, BUCKLEY, News/Talk

Directional At Night – Shape Of KNZR Night Pattern

1570 XERF

XERF Ciudad Acuna, Coahuila, Mexico (Spanish)

1580 CKDO

CKDO Oshawa, Ontario, Rock oldies

Directional Antenna – Shape Of CKDO Night Pattern