American Masters – American Ballet Theatre: A History
Premieres nationwide Friday, May 15, 2015 at 9 p.m. on PBS (check local listings)
Film Interviewees and Featured Dances
(in alphabetical order)
Alicia Alonso, dancer, ABT (1940-1960)
Clive Barnes, dance critic, The New York Times (1965-1977); now deceased
Mikhail Baryshnikov, principal dancer (1974-1978) & artistic director (1980-1989), ABT (archival)
Lucia Chase, founding member & co-director (1945-1980), ABT; now deceased (archival)
Misty Copeland, dancer, ABT (2001-present); third African-American female soloist and first in two decades at ABT
Herman Cornejo, dancer, ABT (1999-present)
Agnes de Mille, choreographer, charter member, ABT; now deceased (archival)
Frederic Franklin, stager & guest artist, ABT (1997-2012); dancer; co-founder, Slavenska-Franklin Ballet; founding director, National Ballet of Washington, D.C.; now deceased
Marcelo Gomes, dancer, ABT (1997-present)
Jennifer Homans, author, Apollo’s Angels: A History of Ballet; founder and director, The Center for Ballet and the Arts at New York University
Susan Jaffe, dancer (1980-2002) & ballet master (2010-2012), ABT; co-founder, Princeton Dance & Theatre Studio; dean of dance, University of North Carolina School of the Arts
Julie Kent, dancer, ABT (1985-present); retiring in 2015
Anna Kisselgoff, dance critic, The New York Times (1968-2005)
Ruth Ann Koesun, dancer, ABT (1946-1969)
Irina Kolpakova, ballet mistress, ABT (1990-present)
Clinton Luckett, dancer (1992-2002) & ballet master (2006-present), ABT
Natalia Makarova, dancer, ABT & The Royal Ballet (archival)
Kevin McKenzie, artistic director (1992-present) & dancer (1979-1991), ABT
Gillian Murphy, dancer, ABT (1996-present)
Alexei Ratmansky, artist in residence, ABT (2009-present); artistic director, Bolshoi Ballet
Donald Saddler, founding member & dancer, ABT (1940-1947); choreographer; theatre director; now deceased
Lupe Serrano, dancer, ABT (1953-1971)
Hee Seo, dancer, ABT (2005-present)
Antony Tudor, choreographer; associate director (1974-1980) & choreographer emeritus (1980-1987), ABT; now deceased (archival)
Featured Dances Filmed for the Documentary
(in alphabetical order)
Choreographer – Antony Tudor
Performers – Julie Kent, Michele Wiles, Paloma Herrera and Isaac Stappas
Significance – Brought to Ballet Theatre in its inaugural season, Antony Tudor’s Dark Elegies broke new ground with its stark portrayal of a community in mourning. Often called the artistic conscious of ABT, Tudor is a cornerstone of the company and has been represented in every one of its seasons.
Everything Doesn’t Happen at Once
Choreographer – Benjamin Millepied
Performer – Daniil Simkin
Significance – Created for American Ballet Theatre in 2009, this new work set to music by David Lang premiered at Avery Fischer Hall at Lincoln Center and signaled a look to the future of ballet and ABT’s desire to forge the way.
Choreographer – Jerome Robbins
Performers – Ethan Stiefel, Jose Manuel Carreno, Herman Cornejo, Stella Abrera, and Gillian Murphy
Significance – The first ballet by iconic American choreographer Jerome Robbins, Fancy Free became a sensation in 1944 and has remained a calling card for American Ballet Theatre, showcasing the virtuoso talent and spirit of the company.
Choreographer – Alexei Ratmansky
Performers – Misty Copeland and Herman Cornejo
Significance – Inspired by a love of the score by Stravinsky, ABT artist in residence Alexei Ratmansky created his version of Firebird for the company in 2012. With tour de force performances from its three leading Firebirds – Isabella Boylston, Misty Copeland and Natalia Osipova – they brought Ratmansky’s modern vision of this classic work to life.
Pillar of Fire
Choreographer – Antony Tudor
Performers – Gillian Murphy and Marcelo Gomes
Significance – In 1942, the first work Antony Tudor created in the United States established him as a premiere choreographer for ABT and expanded the vocabulary of ballet to include uniquely psychological themes expressed through the body.
Choreographer – Agnes de Mille
Performers – Xiomara Reyes, Sascha Radetsky, Kelley Boyd, and Jared Matthews
Significance – Originally created for The Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo, this quintessentially American work came to Ballet Theatre in 1950 where they took it on tour in Europe and have been featuring it ever since. As a choreographer, Agnes de Mille was pivotal in the formation and development of ABT, creating a specifically American vernacular that helped establish the United States as a new and important force in the international ballet community.
Romeo and Juliet
Choreographer – Kenneth MacMillan
Performers – Hee Seo and Cory Stearns
Significance – Sir Kenneth MacMillan’s masterful interpretation of Shakespeare’s enduring romantic tragedy has become one of ABT’s signature productions. Against a sumptuous setting in Renaissance Italy, MacMillan weaves a dance tapestry rich in character nuance and sensuality. With Sergei Prokofiev’s instantly recognizable score, this ballet underscores the lyric beauty and passion of this beloved work.
Le Spectre de la Rose
Choreographer – Michel Fokine
Performer – Herman Cornejo
Significance – Originally danced by Nijinsky, Herman Cornejo was nominated for the prestigious Benois de la Danse for his portrayal of The Rose in 2005. Created in 1911, Michel Fokine’s choreography was noteworthy at the time for its unusual combination of virtuosity and femininity for the male dancer.
Choreographer – Kevin McKenzie
Performers – Isabella Boylston, Gillian Murphy and Hee Seo
Significance – Arguably the most instantly recognizable ballet, Swan Lake is central to ABT’s repertory and marks their continued commitment to stage full-length classical works in tandem with new work and eclectic triple bills.
Theme and Variations
Choreographer – George Balanchine
Performers – Isabella Boylston and Cory Stearns
Significance – Made for Ballet Theatre by George Balanchine in 1947 for Alicia Alonso and Igor Youskevitch, it pushed the physical boundaries of what was being asked of dancers of the time. A nod to 19th century classicism, it also harkens back to the etiquette of royal courts that serve as the structure for all ballet technique.