Adapting New York City for Monster Storms
Outside a 24-hour deli a block away from the 169th Street F train station in Jamaica, Queens, a brushed metal subway grate that wouldn’t look out of place at the Museum of Modern Art juts from the ground.
It’s about 10 feet long and slopes upward in undulating waves from six inches on one side to a few feet tall on the other.
As Hurricane Sandy drenches the city, the grate is one tool in the Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s arsenal for reducing flooding in the subway system, which was shut down Sunday night ahead of the storm.
The agency has spent $117 million to deal with floodwaters, including infrastructure changes less visible to the public, such as flood barriers around train yards and new pumps.
With a warmer, wetter future caused by global warming all but certain, city developers in the public and private sectors have been making investments in infrastructure that can lessen the impact of extreme weather.
But some policymakers and analysts say there’s simply not enough financial incentive to prepare New York for whatever climate change may bring.
The grate, for instance, was built with money from the MTA’s capital budget, which is typically used to buy things like buses and track signals. “You are stealing money from the core mandate of public transportation, and raising grates,” said Projjal Dutta, the director of sustainability for the MTA.
The private sector is also struggling to meet the challenge, with developers skeptical about higher costs that can come about from sustainable buildings.
Stephen DelPercio, who works at Green Buildings NYC, a real estate company with a focus on eco-friendly leasing, said that developers of private real estate usually build with the idea that they will sell the building in 10 years, at most.
He said that short time scale doesn’t give anyone incentive to build with things like flood protection in mind
“Until it’s smacking us in the face, behaviors aren’t going to change,” he said.
Cecil Scheib, the advocacy director for the Urban Green Council, a green buildings advocacy group, agreed that without government pressure, there’s no reason for buildings to be designed differently. He said that whereas “green” can be used as a marketing tool, “prepared for disaster” cannot.
“Right now, for a developer, you are basically selling a downer,” he said. “No one wants a downer.”
Fiona Cousins, an architect with global engineering and design behemoth Arup, said clients often ask how much it will cost to adapt designs for climate change and whether it is worth it. She said the answer is often, “no.”
Arup helped develop the $1.4 billion Fulton Street Transit Center in downtown Manhattan, which is being built to withstand flooding. The company also was part of a development team for London’s flood barrier, which is meant to protect the city from storm surges.
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