A new report reveals that New York City’s design programs and schools dominate the field, but suggests that the Bloomberg administration and the schools could do more to nurture students’ potential as job creators in the city.
Released on Sunday by the Center for an Urban Future — a think tank focused on New York City — “Designing New York’s Future” cites that New York City graduates twice as many students in design and architecture as any other city in the country. While extolling the schools’ strengths, the report also advocates for more business coursework in curricula, and suggests that beyond fashion design initiatives, the City should do more to engage product, graphic and interactive designers in collaborations, particularly in relation to the emerging technology sector.
The report is based on ten of the city’s most prominent design and architecture schools, among them Columbia GSAPP, the Fashion Institute of Technology (FIT), Parsons, Pratt and the School of Visual Arts (SVA). Findings include:
- Between 2001 and 2010, full-time student enrollment increased 34 percent compared to 28 percent at design schools nationally; non-design schools in New York City saw a 27 percent increase in enrollment.
- In 2010, 4,278 architecture and design students graduated in New York City; the second highest concentration of graduates in these fields were the 1,769 that graduated in Los Angeles.
- One-third of the 386 members of the Council of Fashion Designers of America attended FIT, Parsons or Pratt.
- 56 percent of designers that Center for an Urban Future surveyed said they have plans to start their own businesses.
Design: the unsung partner of technology?
Growth in the tech industry has created new opportunities for both product and web designers. Internet start-up companies like Kickstarter and Foursquare, both founded in New York City in 2008 and 2009, respectively, need designers to collaborate with programmers.
Joel Towers, the dean of Parsons and an architect, told MetroFocus there should be more of a relationship between tech and design and points to design as the core of the world’s most valuable company. “Look at Apple,” he said, “only a portion of what Apple has done has been based on engineering, the rest of their success is based on innovative design and user experience.”
David Rhodes, president of the School of Visual Arts, said that design education has “shifted more and more to doing design for the web and providing apps. That movement has already crept into the curriculum.”
Could there be a bubble?
In the past couple years, some economists and tech professionals have debated whether the tech job market is a bubble waiting to burst.
Since growth in the design industry is so closely linked to the tech industry’s, particularly in New York City where manufacturing is scarce, it is a cause for concern. Last April, Ohio State economics professor Richard Veder told Forbes that the higher education market itself is currently experiencing a bubble, since costs are higher than ever while capital investments and returns on tuition have fallen off.
While David Rhodes acknowledged that there have been bubbles in the design industry and the design education industries, “The growth is much too slow right now [to fear an impending bubble burst]. I should say, this growth looks just right. The recovery in design enrollments has been gradual and steady and would seem to indicate that the underlying demand for designers is beginning to pick up.”
In a wider context, Joel Towers said that the idea of designers being people who create consumer products, prone to market crashes, is nearsighted.
“If you connect consumerism to design, then I think you could see a potential bubble,” said Towers. “I see a limited number of people needed to make things in the world. What we need now are people capable of addressing complex problems — and designers are good at that — beyond the traditional design sectors where they work. Take energy or healthcare. The service design component is as important in resolving and advancing in those areas as the medical, technical or policy initiatives.”
Getting down to business
A 2009 survey of the Strategic National Arts Alumni Project found that 19 percent of Parsons, Pratt and SVA graduates went on to start their own businesses, compared to 14 percent of art school grads nationwide. However, when the Center for an Urban Future surveyed 322 New York City design school grads who are now professionals, only 12 percent said the schools are doing enough to give students entrepreneurial and business skills.
The report recommends that schools enhance their business training curriculum, develop business incubators for graduate students to start building companies, connect the designers to the city’s growing industries like business consulting and healthcare and generally try to make their different programs as interdisciplinary as possible.
Both David Rhodes and Joel Towers agreed.
“We’re already doing it within our graduate design programs. There’s a course on business for designers that’s being beefed up. We put in another course on doing a pitch. And what we have to do more of is to bring that into the undergraduate design program,” said Rhodes.
Parsons offers a B.B.A in business of design administration and management, which was created a decade ago and now has 600 students, “many who go on to partner with our B.F.A. students,” said Towers. “Increasingly, B.F.A. students are taking those courses in the business program. So one side looks at the business of design and the other looks at the design of business.”
The report also recommended the city do more to support the design sector. It suggested the city pursue more programs like the collaborative “mini masters” in entrepreneurship for fashion designers that was created by the New York City Economic Development Corporation and FIT.
Getting a piece of the pie
The City is investing in higher education to create job growth — particularly within technology. Cornell University and Israel Technion Institute of Technology‘s sprawling new engineering and applied sciences campus on Roosevelt Island will aim to connect the city’s tech and engineering companies, research institutions and venture capitalists to a new generation of entrepreneurs.
Not surprisingly, the report also recommends design schools get more involved with upcoming “tech campus.”
“I think all of us [at Parsons] felt design was left out of the campus, it’s a very engineering-centric approach to applied sciences. My feeling is human factors and design issues are as important as the engineering factors,” said Towers. “I said to Seth Pinsky [president of the New York Economic Development Corporation, who helped spearhead the tech campus], you gotta get the design schools to the table.”