Monday marks the 350th Anniversary of the founding of Staten Island.
Unfortunately for many of the borough’s most “excited” celebrators — the proprietors and customers of Nel-Boys Bagels in Great Kills — the festivities will have to be performed from jail or in withdrawal.
On Sunday, an NYPD sting named “Operation Bitter Pill” found 2,500 oxycodone pills, 368 Percocets, 300 grams of cocaine and two assault weapons for sale among more traditional deli merchandise, like lox.
Nearly one-third of Staten Islanders are zonked on oxycodone, if the reported statistics are to be believed. (A true parsing of the data, below, shows that this is likely not the case.)
Prescriptions for the drug, the active ingredient in opiate medications Oxycontin and Percocet, rose 98 percent between 2007 and 2010, the Wall Street Journal reported. Per capita, these prescriptions account for 28 percent of Staten Island’s population.
Many say it’s high time that something be done about the borough’s public health problem, which has been compared to the start of New York City’s crack epidemic in the 1980s. Earlier this month, Staten Island District Attorney candidate Michael Ryan told a group of education leaders that he believes schools can help beat the oxycodone epidemic.
But both residents and officials are split over where the source of the problem truly lies and how best to combat it.
High on whose supply? In the late 1990s, pharmaceutical companies began marketing oxycodone for patients suffering from a host of different physical ailments, as opposed to just the terminally ill. Since then, the ease of getting a prescription has steadily transformed the drug into a legal — yet more expensive — alternative to heroin.
While the statistics show that the number of prescriptions filled in 2010 on Staten Island account for roughly one-third of the population, that doesn’t necessarily mean one-third of the population is prescribed oxycodone. People can get multiple prescriptions and residents of other boroughs may fill their oxycodone prescriptions on Staten Island, where pharmacies have the cheapest prices of all the boroughs on average. But that doesn’t mean the rampant sale and abuse of the drug is not happening on Staten Island itself. Recall the infamous bust last March of a Staten Island ice cream truck that sold millions of dollars worth of painkillers.
For lawmakers, law enforcement officials and addiction prevention specialists, the difficulty in determining the ratio of people being over-prescribed the drug and/or abusing their own medication to the number of people selling their medication on the black market is central to the problem.
How do you fight a war against a legal drug that many people in chronic pain depend on in order to live normal lives? That’s the big question, and there are several answers being proposed.
- At the doctor’s office. Currently, New York state doctors and pharmacists have no way to see a patient’s prescription history, thus allowing addicts to shop around for doctors and collect multiple prescriptions — many of which get sold to both small time dealers and organized crime circuits, according to various reports in the Staten Island Advance. In June, New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman introduced legislation calling for “I-STOP” — a system which would provide health care practitioners with a centralized, electronic system to track the prescription records of certain controlled substances, like oxycodone. Some fear that the bill, which is currently in committee, violates patient confidentiality laws.
- In the classroom. Staten Island has the highest rates of prescription drug overdose deaths in the city, at 7.4 per 100,000 people, and a recent city report showed that 11.2 percent of Staten Island students between seventh and 12th grade had admitted to abusing prescription opiates — higher than any other borough. Staten Island District Attorney candidate Michael Ryan believes that part of the problem stems from recent funding cuts to drug education programs like D.A.R.E., and a lack of scholastic education on the perils of prescription abuse in general.Ryan met with Community Education Council 31 this month to stress the import role schools can play in combating prescription drug abuse.
- On the street. Special Narcotics Prosecutor Brennan expects to have a new special prescription drug fighting unit ready as early as August. Brennan said that the NYPD has witnessed a sharp rise in gangs selling oxycodone along with guns and heroin, suggesting that the painkiller is now deeply embedded in the cycle of violence that has surrounded the illicit drug trade for the past century.
- On the web. While bags of cocaine or heroin have at points been delivered through digital pathways like Craigslist and Ebay, as reported by the Village Voice, for the most part the illegal drug trade continues to operate through conventional channels. The same can’t be said of prescription drugs, according to a recent Journal of Health Affairs report, which showed online pharmacies based in foreign countries continue to sell prescription drugs to non-prescribed users in the United States, reported the Daily News. In 2009, the federal government introduced a law barring the online purchase of prescription drugs without a prescription, but the impact of the law is not known.