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Online Worshops

Digital File Management in the Classroom
Glossary


 A-E
 F-J
 K-O
 P-T
 U-Z



A-E

Archive:
an archive is a collection of finalized, permanent files.

Back up:
to create copies of files at regular intervals to ensure that the data is not damaged, lost, or accidentally deleted.

Burn:
to copy data permanently onto a CD or DVD.

Byte:
the amount of computer memory necessary to store a single character of data.

CD/DVD burner:
a device that will copy data onto a CD or DVD.

Collaborative projects:
projects that students work on with other students in the same classroom or with students in other locations across the country or the world.

Desktop:
a view on a computer that displays applications and files as icons (pictures) that can be accessed with a click (or double-click) of the mouse.

Digital Audio Tape (DAT):
a magnetic tape that can store from two to 24 gigabytes of data.

Drag-and-drop:
using the mouse to select a file or folder and drag a copy of the file or folder to a new location, such as a server or floppy disk.

Email:
electronic messages that can be sent from one computer to another over the Internet. In addition to sending messages, teachers and students can attach and send files.

External/Internal:
external hardware must be plugged into a computer to be used. Internal devices are installed inside the computer.


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F-J

File:
a piece of data or a document created on a computer.

Folder:
a location where digital files are organized and stored.

Gigabyte (GB):
a measurement of file size that lets you gauge how large a file is or how much storage is available on computer media and hardware, such as a hard drive or DVD. One gigabyte is equal to 1,024 megabytes.

Generic login:
a User ID and password that are used by more than one student to access the server.

Generic software application:
an application that can be used in any number of different subjects and disciplines. For instance, a word processor application allows students to write papers for any subject, from history to biology.

Hard drive:
a location where files, folders, and software applications are stored in a computer.

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K-O

Kilobyte:
A kilobyte (KB or Kbyte*) is approximately a thousand bytes (it's actually 1,024 bytes). The number of Kilobytes tells you how big a file is or how much memory a hard drive has.

Login:
the User ID and password used to access a server.

Megabyte (MB):
a measurement of file size that lets you gauge how large a file is or how much storage is available on computer media and hardware, such as a hard drive or a CD. One megabyte is equal to 1,024 kilobytes.

Operating system (OS):
a program that controls the basic operation of a computer, controls devices (such as the CD player and floppy drive), organizes the filing system, and manages how programs work.

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P-T

Server:
a hard drive on a different computer that is used to store files and folders. The server is accessible by any computer in the classroom or lab.

Software application:
a program that allows you to use a computer for a specific task, such as word processing, creating a Web page or burning a CD.

Software version:
as new advances in design and technology develop, companies will upgrade their software and re-issue it. Each time a piece of software is re-issued, it is considered a new version of the software.

Spreadsheet program:
a software application that allows you to enter information into a highly organized series of rows and columns. Spreadsheets are useful for organizing and sorting information.

Subject-specific software application:
an application that functions only within a certain discipline. "Interactive Physics," which demonstrates the movement of different objects, is an example of subject-specific software.


U-Z

User ID:
a unique word or phrase used, in conjunction with a password, to access a server.

Virus:
a program intended to damage or cripple the software on a computer or server. Viruses are most often transmitted via email.

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