Students will be able to:
- Identify the conditions that define a desert.
- Explain several cultural adaptations the Tuareg have made to their
- Trace the development of the salt trade in Africa.
- Describe the effects of modern technology upon the salt trade and
Social Studies Standards
Students will be able to:
Understand that historical knowledge and the concept of time are socially
influenced constructions that lead historians to be selective in the
questions they seek to answer and the evidence they use;
Apply key concepts such as time, chronology, causality, change, conflict,
and complexity to explain, analyze, and show connections among patterns
of historical change and continuity;
To identify and describe significant historical periods and patterns
of change within and across cultures, such as the development of ancient
cultures and civilizations, the rise of nation states, and social, economic,
and political revolutions;
Investigate, interpret, and analyze multiple historical and contemporary
viewpoints within and across cultures related to important events, recurring
dilemmas, and persistent issues, while employing empathy, skepticism,
and critical judgment.
Content Standard A
As a result of activities in grades 5-8, all students should develop:
Abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry
Content Standard C
Understandings about scientific inquiry
As a result of their activities in grades 5-8, all students should
develop understanding of
Structure and function in living systems
Reproduction and heredity
Regulation and behavior
Populations and ecosystems
Diversity and adaptations of organisms
Nature: Africa, Episode 2: "Desert Odyssey"
Rock Salt Mining
This comprehensive site describes common salt mining techniques and
the locations of salt mines in the United Kingdom. It is broken down
into pages dealing with location, methods, rock salt mining, and vacuum.
Rock Salt Mining in the USA
This is an NSTA Sic-Links site. It covers the manufacture of salt in
the United States and the world. A pdf map of the major salt deposits
and dry salt production sites in North America is included, as well
as articles on salt formations, the use and importance of salt, and
the ghostly salt city beneath Detroit.
What You Always Wanted to Know About Salt
This Salt Institute site provides links to pages with valuable information
on salt as it relates to literature, poetry, fairy tales, and What
you always wanted to know about salt.
Life and Trade in the Sahara
This site allows you to learn more about the salt trade shown in the
video. It provides you with pictures of the various groups of people
who live in the Sahara, various landscapes of the region, links to more
information on the Saharan petroglyphs (rock art), original source material
from a traveler in the period between 1304 and 1368, an 18th century
account of the locale, culture, and government of the society formed
around Timbuktu, and several original source documents and maps.
Gold and Salt
This site provides information on the ancient salt and gold trade routes.
Salt in Ancient Africa
This site shows an article explaining the importance of the salt trade
in the development of the Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires.
How Western Cities Developed Around the Salt Trade
This site provides an article on the development of the port of Liverpool
and its relationship to the salt trade.
Technology and the Salt Trade 2000
A news article dealing with the changes experienced in the modern Saharan
salt trade, as well as how technology is affecting the local culture
The Timbuktu Salt Trade
A short article detailing salt mining and trade across the Sahara to
Niger and the Tuaregs
An informational site on the Tuareg of Niger, the area shown in the
Caravans Across the Desert
Use the side bar index to find the caravans across the desert pages
of this site. You can find why the Sahara is a desert, the geography
of the region, and the history of the arts, people, and society.
The Tuareg: Nomads of the Desert
Detailed pages on the life and culture of the Tuaregs.
Information on the Tuareg lifestyle and society.
Who are the Tuareg?
Who are the Tuareg and what are their problems?
Tuareg Factoids and Pictures
Great page with lots of visuals on the Tuaregs.
Geopolitical Map of Africa
This site requires Adobe Acrobat reader to download line maps of Africa.
State Mineral and Statistical Index
This page will take you to information about the mineral industry in