Mole Day is a "national" celebration of chemistry and education
that is an ideal time to engage families with the science educational
process. It is observed from 6:02 am to 6:02 pm on October 23rd (6:02,
10/23). Why? The mole is a unit of measurement based on work done almost
200 years ago by Amadeo Avogadro as he studied gas behavior. His work
led to the association of a number 6.02 x 1023 with the
mole. Similar to the dozen, a mole is a unit of matter that allows particles
to be "counted." The major difference between the mole and the
dozen is that the mole is much bigger!
Through the activities presented in this lesson, students will become
familiar with the mole concept and develop memory pathways for recalling
key ideas associated with this magnanimous quantity. Additionally, students
and families will be provided online resources for checking their understanding
of the content.
Students will be able to:
- Recognize methods used to define the mole
- Convert various quantities to the mole
- Provide a context for understanding the usefulness of scientific
notation and the mole
York State Learning Standards for Math, Science and Technology, Commencement
MST Standard 3, Key Idea 2
Students will understand mathematics and become mathematically confident
by communicating and reasoning mathematically, by applying mathematics
in real-world settings, and by solving problems through the integrated
study of number systems, geometry, algebra, data analysis, probability,
MST Standard 4, Key Idea 3
Students will understand and apply scientific concepts, principles, and
theories pertaining to the physical setting and living environment and
recognize the historical development of ideas in science. Students explain
the properties of materials in terms of the arrangement and properties
of the atoms that compose them.
The Mole Concept #4: Avogadro's Hypothesis
The Mole Concept #6: The Mole
This Web site provides an online scientific notation converter.
Online Chapter 11 Mole Science Quiz
This is an interactive textbook companion quiz site and comprehensive
mole concept evaluation that includes empirical formula calculations,
percent composition, mole-atom-molecule conversion and molecular mass.
It also provides tutorial hints.
Chemistry (General Chemistry) Online
This Web site is more advanced for online quiz development. It provides
random questions for quizzes, and also provides tutorial links when
questions are answered incorrectly.
Moles and GFW
This Web site allows learners to perform various calculations that involve
manipulations of mass data, formula mass (GFW), and moles. Problems
are randomly generated to provide learners several approaches to this
type of problem. Significant figure rules also are used to reinforce
appropriate calculation methods.
This scientific notation review site provides a text tutorial as well
as interactive components to facilitate understanding of the conversion
of numbers from standard form to scientific notation. Learners receive
immediate feedback concerning their input.
Addison Wesley Scientific notation quiz
This Web site provides a 22-question quiz to test students' ability
to put numbers in scientific notation, decimal form from scientific
notation, and uses/applicability of scientific notation to real life
Visionlearning: Mole Quiz
Vision Learning is a wonderful teacher resource for developing quick
checks for understanding in class. A non-random set of seven questions
reviews Avogadro's Number definition and application and molecular mass.
Mifflin World of Chemistry (Chemical Composition) Flash Cards
This textbook companion site generates 7 flashcards to review mole-related
concepts. The cards can be printed and cut out or played online. If
played online, students can shuffle the pack and/or "check off"
terms already learned to prevent redundancy; students may view all cards
or just those cards that they have not learned. Terms are shown on one
side, and definitions are displayed on the reverse side, which is activated
by a "flip" command. "Rapid review" allows students
to view terms and definitions simultaneously. This site requires the
Shockwave plug-in, available online at http://www.macromedia.com.
Three levels of "Whack-a-Mole" played similarly to the arcade
game are available on this site. Players get five misses before the
game is over. This page is maintained by Teach Learn and Communicate
(TLC) Center for elementary students. Links to geography, math, and
English pages abound. Additionally, learners can visit several nations
from the Alfy.com homepage on a virtual arcade tour to Korea, Taiwan,
China, Portugal, or Israel.
- TV and VCR
- Computer with Internet access
- Timer or stopwatch
- Round-Robin Rule sheet
- Periodic table
- Mole Hill worksheet
- Pencil and paper
- 1 sheet construction paper
Per team of 2 groups/families:
- Sci Island handout
- Scientific Notation worksheet
- Masking tape
- 1 sheet newsprint
- 2 markers
- Round-Robin scorecard
- World of Chemistry Chemical Composition Flash Cards