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Angela Villegas
OverviewProcedure for teachersStudent Resources and Materials
Grade Level
4-6
Time Alloment
 Two 45-minute class periods

Overview

The word "paper" is derived from the Greek and Latin words for papyrus. Before the invention of paper, various cultures used many different materials as media to record written information. Stone, metal, wood, papyrus, clay, parchment, vellum, cloth, tree leaves, bark, and rice-pith "paper" have all been used. Today, our paper comes from trees. Trees are the tallest and oldest living things on earth. All living things depend on trees, and yet people are destroying them at an alarming rate. How can we protect our great source of oxygen, our diverse source of food and shelter products?


Learning Activities

Students will be able to:
  • Describe how plants and animals, including humans, depend upon each other
  • Explain how the living and nonliving environments change over time and respond to disturbances
  • Identify ways in which humans have changed their environment and the effects of those changes
  • Describe and recreate the process of recycling paper in factories by making handmade paper using recycled paper

Standards

National Science Standards for grades 5-8
http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/nses/html/6d.html

Content Standard C
All students will develop an understanding of populations and ecosystems.

Content Standard E
All students will develop an understanding about science and technology.

Content Standard F
All students will develop an understanding of population, resources, and environments in personal and social perspective.


National Science Standards for elementary level
http://www.getty.edu/artsednet/resources/Scope/Standards/national.html

Standard 1
Students will develop an understanding of and apply media, techniques, and processes.

Standard 2
Students will develop an understanding using knowledge of structure and functions.


New York State Science Standards for elementary level
http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/ciai/mst/sciencestand/liven47.html

Standard 6
Plants and animals depend on each other and their physical environment.

Standard 7

Human decisions and activities have had a profound impact on the physical and living environment.


New York State Art Standards for elementary level
http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/ciai/arts/artstand/visual1.html

Standard 1
Students will actively engage in the processes that constitute creation and performance in the arts.

Standard 2

Students will be knowledgeable about and make use of the materials and resources available for participation in the arts.


Media Components

Video:

What's Up in the Environment?

Materials We Need

Web sites:

American Forestry and Paper Association
http://www.afandpa.org/kids_educators/index.html
This is the home page for the national trade association of the forest, paper, and wood products industry.

American Forestry and Paper Association
http://www.afandpa.org/kids_educators/forestfacts.cfm#anchor29605
This site contains facts about the forest.

American Forestry and Paper Association
http://www.afandpa.org/kids_educators/2renewable.cfm
This site contains information on renewable resources.

American Forestry and Paper Association
http://www.afandpa.org/kids_educators/wood_you.cfm
This site contains more facts about wood.

The Robert C. Williams American Museum of Papermaking
http://www.ipst.edu/amp/collection/museum_forerunners.htm
This Web site is a good resource on the history of paper and paper technology.


Materials


Per group of 4-5 students:

  • 1 bucket with water
  • Strainer
  • Screen with frame
  • Paper towels or rags
  • Old newspaper, envelopes, paper (tests, homework, scraps)
  • Blender (if available)
  • Rolling pin
  • History of Paper Fact Sheet
  • Steps to Making Handmade Paper Worksheet
Per class:
  • Sheet of clear plastic overlay (to fit over television screen)
  • Water-based markers