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Lesson Plans
I Have a Metaphor
Overview Procedures for Teachers Organizers for Students


Procedures for teachers is divided into two sections:
Prep -- Preparing for the lesson
Steps -- Conducting the lesson


Prep

Media Components:
Bookmark the following sites:

The Martin Luther King, Papers Project
http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/
The King Papers Project is a major research effort to assemble and disseminate historical information concerning Martin Luther King, Jr. and the social movements in which he participated. Initiated by the Atlanta-based King Center for Nonviolent Social Change, the King Papers Project is one of only a few large-scale research ventures focusing on an African American. The site includes papers, speeches, sermons and autobiography.

Martin Luther King, Jr. Related Documents
http://www.stanford.edu/group/King/home.htm
This page has a listing of frequently requested King-related documents. They include, "I Have a Dream Speech," the "Letter from Birmingham Jail," "Dr. King's Acceptance Speech at Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony," "Beyond Vietnam," and "I've Been to the Mountaintop."

Education Planet's Martin Luther King Jr. Listings
http://www.educationplanet.com/articles/mlk.html
This is a comprehensive listing of King-related sites, biographies, a chronology of his life, articles about Dr. King, famous quotations, speeches, letters, writings, images, video clips and audio files. There are more listings here than any of the others listed above.

Materials:
  • Posterboard
  • Markers
  • Paints

    Optional Software:
  • Power Point
  • HyperStudio or HyperCard
  • Pagemill

    Computer Resources:
    While many configurations will work, we recommend:

  • Modem: 28.8 Kbps or faster.

  • Browser: Netscape Navigator 4.0 or above or Internet Explorer 4.0 or above.

  • Macintosh computer: System 7.0 or above and at least 16 MBs of RAM.

  • IBM-compatible computer: 386 or higher processor with at least 16 MBs of RAM, running Windows 3.1. Or, a 486/66 or Pentium with at least 16 MBs of RAM, running Windows 95 or 98

    Prep for Teachers:

    Prior to the start of the lesson, teachers should:
    1. Obtain a video of MLK Jr.'s "I Have A Dream" speech.
    2. Make enough copies of both charts to hand out to the class.
    3. Make sure that you have enough computers with Internet access so that all groups select the speech they would like to use.
    Steps

    Introductory Activity -- Setting the Stage:

    Class number one:
    1. Ask if anyone knows what the game "Dictionary" is.

    2. Directions: The teacher will present a term and everyone has to guess the definition. The closest definition wins the points.

    3. Play "Dictionary" with the terms. Students can work in groups of two or three.
      • Analogy
      • symbolism
      • use of chronology
      • personification
      • metaphor
      • figurative language
      • effective use of repetition

    4. See which ones the class can get. As you go on, explain each one and give examples. Students should be taking notes.
    Learning Activities:

    1. Give each student a copy of the text of the "I Have a Dream" speech.

    2. Show a tape of Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech. Students should read along as they watch the video.

    3. Hand out the "Finding Literary Devices in Dr. King's 'I Have A Dream' Speech."

    4. The students will work together in groups again to locate all of the literary devices in the speech.

    5. What they don't finish in class, they will have to finish for homework.
    1. Go over the chart and examples that the students came up with.

    2. For the remainder of the class, the students will search for a different speech on the Internet and continue to fill out the "Finding Literary Devices in Dr. King's 'I Have a Dream' Speech" worksheet. Students should work in groups of 2 or 3 people.

    3. Two classes from now, each group will present the moral or the message of the speech. Additionally, they will talk about Dr. King's words and his use of literary devices. Their projects should be as creative as possible. For example, students can produce Power Point presentations, write their own speeches, develop the music and lyrics for their own songs, or produce videos to present their ideas. They can also act as the teacher of a lesson and conduct a class themselves.

  • Students will continue working in groups and finish their projects.


    Culminating Activity:

    Each group will present their finished project in the final class of this unit. Group projects should have the following components of the speech: a brief summary, the moral or the message, and the use of literary devices.

    Teacher should wrap up the discussion about using literary devices and why they are important in writing.

    Cross-Curricular Extensions:
    Cross-curricular activities and interdisciplinary projects that may be generated from the lesson:

    • Write a song about Dr. King.
    • Choose some of King's figurative phrases and represent them in painting.
    • Organize a community service project to pass on the message of Dr. King.
    Community Connections:

    • Interview people who were at the speech and ask them what was so compelling about the speech.
    • Older students can arrange times to talk to younger students about the speech and what it all means. After analyzing two of Dr. King's speeches closely and hearing everyone else's presentations, they should be pretty knowledgeable about his message.
    • Have the class plan an all-school assembly.



    Overview | Procedures for Teachers | Organizers for Students