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Lesson Plans
Smart Consumers, Smart Choices

Overview Procedures for Teachers Organizers for Students

In this lesson, students learn what it means to be a smart consumer by engaging in a level-headed analysis of budget, opportunity costs and self-regulation. Students compare prices within a service field, and weigh the choices of spending money on that item, saving that money, or spending the money on something else. This exercise is a good opportunity to present basic economic concepts.

Grade Level:
Grades 9-12

Time Allotment:
Three 45-minute class periods

Subject Matter:
Budgeting; opportunity costs; cost-benefit analysis; self-regulation; savings; supply and demand; cost comparisons

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to:

  • Perform an effective economic analysis
  • Define and analyze opportunity costs
  • Perform a cost-benefit analysis
  • Understand the importance of self-regulation
  • Perform a financial analysis using compound interest


McREL Economics Level 4, Standard 3, Benchmark 3

Understands that changes in supply or demand cause relative prices to change; in turn, buyers and sellers adjust their purchase and sales decisions.

McREL Self Regulation Level 4, Standard 1, Benchmark 2 &SubjectName=23&GradeOption=12&Keyword=&KeywordOption= AND&Vocabulary=&VocabularyOption=AND&Topic= &TopicOption=AND&Submit1=Submit+Search
Creates an action plan to achieve long-term goals that includes strategic, practical steps and that accounts for the resources needed to achieve these goals.

This lesson was prepared by: Melissa Donohue