Math for the Frontier

In the first episode of FRONTIER HOUSE, three families prepare for their
journey into 1883 Montana. To prepare for the trip, they need to stockpile
supplies that they will need for the journey. Planning a cross-country
move, even in modern times, is no minor feat. In this lesson, students
use math skills to get engaged with the frontier. Looking at an actual
supply list from an 1880's homesteader, they'll examine what supplies
were needed to travel to Montana, and how much it cost. Along the way,
they'll learn about multiplication, frontier life, and inflation.

**Grade Level:**

Grades 3-5

**Time Allotment:**

5 to 7 periods (depending on the amount of time that students need to
search for their information on the Internet)

**Subject Matter: **

English, History, Math

**Learning Objectives**

**Students will be able to:**
- Research information on the Internet.
- Practice multiplication and addition skills.
- Work with adding and multiplying decimals.
- Work cooperatively and collaboratively on a project.
- Find modern day items that would be comparable to those from the past.
- Relate historical information to their lives.
- Write creatively about their experiences.
- Learn the basics about inflation.

**Standards**

National Standards:

**Mathematics Standard 3: Use basic and advanced procedures while performing
the processes of computation.**

http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/Benchmark.asp?SubjectID=1&StandardID=3

Students solve real-world problems involving number operations (e.g.,
computations with dollars and cents).

**Mathematics Standard 1: Uses a variety of strategies in the problem-solving
process **

http://www.mcrel.org/compendium/Benchmark.asp?SubjectID=1&StandardID=1

Students use a variety of strategies to understand problem situations
(e.g., discussing with peers, stating problems in own words, modeling
problem with diagrams or physical objects, identifying a pattern). Students
also learn to figure out the difference between pertinent and irrelevant
information when solving problems.

**New York Standards:**

**Mathematics Standard 3: Number and Numeration**

http://www.emsc.nysed.gov/ciai/mst/pub/mststa3.pdf

Students use number sense and numeration to develop an understanding of
the multiple uses of numbers in the real world, the use of numbers to
communicate mathematically, and the use of numbers in the development
of mathematical ideas.

This lesson was prepared by Anna Chan Rekate.