Clearwater: Hudson River Rising
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1524 Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazano enters New York Harbor.
1609 Henry Hudson, an English explorer hired by the Dutch East India Company, explores the river as far north as Albany.
life rifesaver 1624 Dutch colonists arrive in New York Harbor. Roll over here for more info.


1627 The Dutch in New York open trade with the settlers in Plymouth Colony.
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1640 Ferry service between Manhattan and Brooklyn is established. Back to
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1700s Throughout the 1700s, trade between New York and the West Indies soars. compass
1777 The Revolutionary War's Battle of Saratoga is fought along the Hudson River.
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1783 The Hudson River whaling fleet is established.
1783 The New York ship Empress of China sails to and opens trade with China.
1796 The Jay Treaty is signed; British and American maritime trade can recommence. Roll over here for more info.


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1800s Hudson River School of artists produces works inspired by artist Thomas Cole.
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1807 Robert Fulton travels by steamboat from New York to Albany. Fulton establishes regular steamboat service on the Hudson.
1815 The end of the War of 1812 sees the rise of maritime trade and travel by steam engine.
1820 Washington Irving's famous ghost story, THE LEGEND OF SLEEPY HOLLOW, is published. The story takes place in Tarrytown, NY, in the Hudson River Valley. Roll over here for more info.


1825 The Erie Canal is completed and opened to traffic.
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life saver 1840 New York maritime trade thrives as New York ships represent 20% of all registered tonnage in the United States.
1851 The entire Hudson River Railroad line is open for business.
1863 The Hudson River Day Line, a famous steamboat company, is launched.
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1909 The Hudson Tricentennial celebrates the 300th anniversary of Henry Hudson's sail up the River.
1923 First section of the Appalachian Trail opens, extending from Bear Mountain to the Delaware Water Gap. Roll over here for more info.


compass 1924 Bear Moutain Bridge opens. It is built on the spot where the Americans had used an iron chain to stop the British fleet.
1948 The Hudson River Day Line files for bankruptcy.
1964 Cornell Steamboat Company, the largest business of its kind in the entire United States, files for bankruptcy.
1969 The Clearwater sloop launches from Maine and sails the Hudson River, raising awareness about the River's preservation.
1973 The Fort Edward Dam is removed from the upper river; PCBs are exposed and travel to the lower river. Roll over here for more info.


1976 Congress passes the Toxic Substances Control Act which states that PCBs can only be used in enclosed areas.
1976 A flood causes the movement of toxic sediments in the River.
1976 Under the Clean Water Act, the EPA bans the discharge of PCBs into navigable waters.
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1980 The Hudson River Maritime Museum is founded.
1984 The EPA finds GE responsible for the toxic levels of PCBs in the River.
1990 The EPA and GE agree that GE will pay ten million dollars to help repair the damages caused by PCBs in the River. anchor
1993 G.E. establishes a seven million dollar fund to compensate fishermen who lost income due to water contamination.
1996 Congress designates the Hudson River Valley a National Heritage Area.
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2006 Thirteen staff and educators from New York and New Jersey sail on the Clearwater sloop. Back to
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