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Nature (Season 32) – Meet the Coywolf
Air date: 01/22/2014

THIRTEEN’s Nature Introduces A

 New Addition To The Neighborhood

When Meet the Coywolf Airs

Wednesday, January 22, 2014 on PBS

 

Living in our midst and thriving, these intelligent wild animals have figured out how to move through our communities often undetected

There is a new hybrid species that has been spreading across North America at a startling pace and slipping unnoticed into cities such as Toronto, Montreal, Boston and even New York. It is called a coywolf, a mixture of western coyote and eastern wolf, whose first known birth occurred less than a century ago. Because these animals originated in the east, they are also known as eastern coyotes.

Scientists say it is one of the most adaptable mammals on the planet, but what surprises them most is how this wild carnivore manages to live right alongside us while remaining just out of view. Many of us now share our yards, parks and streets with these elusive new predators even though we may hardly ever get a glimpse of one.

Nature explores the origins of this hybrid animal and how it has adapted and evolved when Meet the Coywolf airs Wednesday, January 22 at 8 p.m. (ET) on PBS (check local listings). After the broadcast, the episode will be available for online streaming at pbs.org/nature.                                                                           

To get an idea of a coywolf’s size, Roland Kays, Curator of Mammals at the New York State Museum in Albany, explains “it’s much larger than the western coyote, but still quite a bit smaller than the wolf .… One of my students likes to say it’s a coyote-like skull with wolf-like teeth.” Biologist John Pisapio at the Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources adds “They have long legs, they have thick fur, they look very wolf-like.”

To understand the origins of the coywolf, scientists say you have to go back to the impact of the settlers in the eastern part of North America who cut down the forests which had been home to the eastern wolf and deer.  As the settlers experienced problems with their livestock, the wolf population was decimated which opened the region to the smaller western coyote. Over time, these coyotes made their way north to Ontario’s Algonquin Park, one of the last safe havens for the eastern wolf.

 Elsewhere, wolves kill coyotes, but with their dwindling numbers, the eastern wolf became the genetic bridge between the two species with the birth of the coywolf around 1919. This surprising research by field biologist John Benson also revealed that coyotes and eastern wolves not only continue to mate, but he discovered that some coyotes, wolves and coywolves continue to live in packs and raise their young together in and around Algonquin Park.

So how are the coywolves making their way from the Northern Ontario wilderness to our cities? John Pisapio says his GPS tracking data shows they use railway tracks. “When those tracks intersect a park or a ravine or a gold course,” Pisapio says, “that then provides a new opportunity for territory and residing in the urban landscape as opposed to just moving through. Most wildlife doesn’t do well in the presence of people, in the presence of development, but here we have one that is not only persisting, but thriving.” Raccoons, squirrels, rabbits, rats, mice, waterfowl  and even handouts from humans provide ample food for these intelligent predators.

Like the coywolf, its ancestor, the original coyote, has moved into cities like Chicago. Biologist Stan Gehrt and his team from Ohio State have been tracking radio-collared coyotes from its downtown core to the suburbs for over 12 years. They’ve learned that coyotes go to great lengths to keep their dens secret, to protect their young; that they have evolved to be larger than their ancestors; and some are living up to four times longer than coyotes in rural areas.

And what about New York City? Wildlife biologists Mark Weckel and Chris Nagy say the Bronx is the only borough with breeding coywolfs, but stress that it’s only a handful of family groups that prefer secluded, wooded park areas. There have been sightings in Queens and Manhattan and two have been captured in Central Park in 1999 and 2006 respectively, but Weckel and Nagy say only time will tell where else in the city the coywolf will call home.

Nature is a production of THIRTEEN in association with WNET for PBS.  For Nature, Fred Kaufman is executive producer. Meet the Coywolf is a Production of Coy Wolf Inc. in association with THIRTEEN Productions LLC for WNET.

Nature pioneered a television genre that is now widely emulated in the broadcast industry.  Throughout its history, Nature has brought the natural world to millions of viewers.  The series has been consistently among the most-watched primetime series on public television. 

Nature has won almost 700 honors from the television industry, the international wildlife film communities, and environmental organizations including 11 Emmys, and three Peabodys.  The series received two of wildlife film industry’s highest honors: the Christopher Parsons Outstanding Achievement Award given by the Wildscreen Festival and the Grand Teton Award given by the Jackson Hole Wildlife Film Festival. Recently, the International Wildlife Film Festival honored Nature Executive Producer Fred Kaufman with its Lifetime Achievement Award for Media.

PBS.org/nature is the award-winning web companion to Nature featuring streaming episodes, filmmaker interviews, teacher’s guides, and more.

Support for this Nature program was made possible in part by the Arnhold Family in memory of Clarisse Arnhold, the Lillian Goldman Charitable Trust, the Filomen M. D’Agostino Foundation, by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and by the nation’s public television stations.

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Photos
For editorial use in North America only in conjunction with the direct publicity or promotion of NATURE. No other rights are granted. All rights reserved. Downloading this image constitutes agreement to these terms.
4.CHERRY BEACH COYWOLF2

MS Coywolf of the Cherry Beach male coywolf. Photo credit: ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

1.BEACH COYWOLF WS

WS Coywolf shot taken in the Toronto neighborhood called “The Beach.” Photo credit: ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

2.BEST BEACH COYWOLF

MCU Coywolf shot taken in the Toronto neighborhood called “The Beach.” Photo credit: ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

16.Cherry Beach coywolves w city skyline

Cherry Beach male coywolf and his mate with Toronto skyline behind, shot taken in pitch dark on infrared camera. ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

14.Toronto Cemetery stand off

Coywolf/dog stand off in Toronto cemetery. ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

13.RolandKaysw_skulls#5839

Dr. Roland Kays displays canid skulls (R-L: wolf, coywolf (eastern coyote), western coyote). ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

11.John Benson w_pup#E958

Biologist John Benson takes a blood sample from a young (5-7 wk) coywolf pup. ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

10. COYWOLFPUP MOVING

MCU 6 week old coywolf on the move. ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

6.Chicago coyote pups group

Group shot of coyote pups, part of Stan Gehrt’s research. Photo credit: ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

3.BEST COYWOLF SHOT

MCU Coywolf. Photo credit: ©2013 Coy Wolf Inc.

Dr. Stan Gehrt In in Lab With Coyote1

Dr. Stan Gehrt, associate professor of environment and natural resources, The Ohio State University, with coyote in a lab ©Ohio State University

image00_GothamCoyoteProject2_2012South Bronx

Photo of a coywolf (click to open full image with animal on right) taken in February 2012 by a camera trap attached to a tree in New York City's South Bronx by the Gotham Coyote Project. ©Gotham Coyote Project

image00-7_GothamCoyoteProject2001Yonkers

Photo of coywolfs taken in June 2011 by a camera trap attached to a tree in Yonkers, NY by the Gotham Coyote Project. ©Gotham Coyote Project