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Nature (Season 32) – Love in the Animal Kingdom
Air date: 11/06/2013

THIRTEEN’s Nature Gets Physical with

Love in the Animal Kingdom

Airing Wednesday, November 6, 2013 on PBS

Witness animal courtships leading to brief liaisons or lifetime bonds

 

Finding and securing the perfect mate in the animal world brings out the best of the male population. Many go to great competitive and creative lengths to win over their future partner, but the females usually have the final say. After all, the fundamental bonds they will share as a couple will have a direct impact on whether their offspring will survive and thrive. Yet the question persists, can we call these bonds love?

 Nature takes a provocative look at the love life of animals when Love in the Animal Kingdom airs Wednesday, November 6, 2013 at 8 p.m. (ET) on PBS (check local listings). After the broadcast, each episode will be available for online streaming at pbs.org/nature.   

The search for a mate takes many forms in the animal world. In the Arctic, normally solitary polar bear males sometimes spend weeks using their excellent sense of smell to track the scent of a female who will soon be ready to mate. Introductions take the form of sniffing each other closely, as the particulars of a bear’s age and health can be learned from its scent. In the next step their courtship, the two will begin to play, which allows the female to test his fitness by seeing if he can follow her up and down steep slopes. Since she’ll be raising the cubs alone, it’s crucial for the female to choose a mate in top condition who will give her strong and healthy offspring for her to rear. Once she decides he’s the one, she reels him in.

When it comes to mountain gorillas in Central Africa, it is a dominant male, the silverback, who offers the opposite sex not just good genes, but also protection for his extended families of females and youngsters. Besides his role as father, he also serves as babysitter, playmate and role model. It’s no wonder that when a young female gorilla sets her sights on the silverback, she uses all her feminine wiles to try and get his attention. She has to move quickly as she’s only got a day or two when she’s fertile. First, she tries the flirtatious act of smiling and gazing straight into his eyes. When that doesn’t work, she tries to make him jealous by carrying on with two immature males, which ultimately does the trick. The silverback charges in and the female gets her man.

For flamingos, the search for Mr. or Mrs. Right is all about choosing a dependable partner to help raise a family in extraordinarily tough conditions. Flamingos nest in the middle of muddy soda lakes where temperatures can soar above 120 degrees, so while one parent searches for food and fresh water, the other must be relied upon to protect the nest from the scorching sun. To find that reliable partner, thousands of flamingos gather on Tanzania’s Lake Bogoria to dance. It is perhaps the largest gathering of courting couples in the animal world.  They’re looking for compatibility in age and size, and appearance – eye color and bright feathers are important. Coordinated dance movements single out the best dance partner, the best match.  The couples will stay together until the end of their days.

On the Galapagos Islands, dancing is also the courtship method of choice for blue-footed boobies. Like flamingos, they seem to fall for birds most like themselves.  They show off their big-blue feet as they dance because it’s an indicator of good health; the blue color is hard to make, especially if the birds are in poor condition. Once they find a partner and nesting starts, however, they continue their courtship displays while also conducting an open “marriage.”  Boobies have a wandering eye, and about half have extra-marital affairs, though that doesn’t affect their commitment to each other or their family. The instinct to remain together is stronger than any infidelity as long as the male ensures they’re only raising his biological offspring. There are limits, even for the blue-footed boobies.

The mating game is as varied and intriguing as the animal kingdom itself and though we can never be sure what animals feel, it often looks like love and even the most scientific of observers can find it difficult to know what else to call it.

Nature is a production of THIRTEEN Productions LLC in association with WNET for PBS.  For Nature, Fred Kaufman is executive producer. Love in the Animal Kingdom is a co-production of THIRTEEN Productions LLC and BBC in association with WNET.

Nature pioneered a television genre that is now widely emulated in the broadcast industry.  Throughout its history, Nature has brought the natural world to millions of viewers.  The series has been consistently among the most-watched primetime series on public television. 

Nature has won almost 700 honors from the television industry, the international wildlife film communities, and environmental organizations including 12 Emmys, and three Peabodys.  The series received two of wildlife film industry’s highest honors: the Christopher Parsons Outstanding Achievement Award given by the Wildscreen Festival and the Grand Teton Award given by the Jackson Hole Wildlife Film Festival.  Recently, the International Wildlife Film Festival honored Nature Executive Producer Fred Kaufman with its Lifetime Achievement Award for Media.

PBS.org/nature is the award-winning web companion to Nature featuring streaming episodes, filmmaker interviews, teacher’s guides, and more.

Support for this Nature program was made possible in part by the Arnhold Family in memory of Clarisse Arnhold, the Lillian Goldman Charitable Trust, the Filomen M. D’Agostino Foundation, the Sun Hill Foundation, by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and by the nation’s public television stations.

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About WNET
In 2013, WNET is celebrating the 50th Anniversary of THIRTEEN, New York’s flagship public media provider. As the parent company of THIRTEEN and WLIW21 and operator of NJTV, WNET brings quality arts, education and public affairs programming to over 5 million viewers each week. WNET produces and presents such acclaimed PBS series as Nature, Great Performances, American Masters, PBS NewsHour Weekend, Charlie Rose and a range of documentaries, children’s programs, and local news and cultural offerings available on air and online. Pioneers in educational programming, WNET has created such groundbreaking series as Get the Math, Oh Noah! and Cyberchase and provides tools for educators that bring compelling content to life in the classroom and at home. WNET highlights the tri-state’s unique culture and diverse communities through NYC-ARTS, Reel 13, NJ Today and MetroFocus, the multi-platform news magazine focusing on the New York region. WNET is also a leader in connecting with viewers on emerging platforms, including the THIRTEEN Explore iPad App where users can stream PBS content for free.

Photos
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Lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor) bill-fencing as part of courtship, Lake Nakuru, Kenya. ©Anup Shah/Naturepl.com

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Polar bear (Ursus maritimus) pair in rough ice on the frozen Eastern Chuckchi Sea, Arctic Alaska. ©Steven J. Kazlowski/Naturepl.com

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European Wolf (Canus lupus) in snow. ©Geslin Laurent/Naturepl.com

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Male banded demoiselle damselfly (Calopteryx splendens) gripping female with tail claspers as she prepares to mate in wheel position. Wiltshire, UK, May. ©Nick Upton/Naturepl.com

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Lesser flamingos (Phoenicopterus minor) courtship dance, Lake Bogoria, Kenya. ©Barrie Britton/Naturepl.com

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Topi males sparring (Damaliscus lunatus jimela). Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya. March 2011. ©Anup Shah/Naturepl.com

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Kagu courtship “strut.” ©James Mair/BBC

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Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla beringei). Rwanda, Africa. ©Andy Rouse/Naturepl.com

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Two ring-tailed lemurs in an embrace. ©Rosie Thomas/BBC

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Blue-footed booby (Sula nebouxii) performing courtship dance as another watches. Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos, June. ©Tui De Roy/Naturepl.com