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American Masters (2013 Season) – Sister Rosetta Tharpe: The Godmother of Rock & Roll
Air date: 02/22/2013

THIRTEEN’s American Masters Launches Season 27 with Sister Rosetta Tharpe: The Godmother of Rock & Roll Premiering Friday, February 22 on PBS

New documentary celebrates unsung gospel guitar hero in honor of

Black History Month

Preview videos & connect with other cultural icons at pbs.org/americanmasters

American Masters opens its 27th season with the story of African-American gospel singer and guitar virtuoso Sister Rosetta Tharpe (March 20, 1915 – October 9, 1973). One of the most influential musicians of the 20th century, Tharpe may not be a household name today, but the flamboyant superstar, with her spectacular playing on the newly electrified guitar, played a pivotal role in the creation of rock ’n’ roll. Emmy®-winning filmmaker Mick Csáky uncovers her life, music and lasting influence in American Masters Sister Rosetta Tharpe: The Godmother of Rock & Roll, premiering nationally Friday, February 22 at 9 pm (ET) on PBS (check local listings) in honor of Black History Month.

 

Southern-born, Chicago-raised and New York-made, Sister Rosetta rose from poverty to become one of the world’s most popular gospel singers and the first to cross over successfully into mainstream popular music. She introduced the spiritual passion of gospel into the secular world of rock ’n’ roll, inspiring some of its greatest stars, including Chuck Berry, Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, and Little Richard. A natural-born performer and a rebel, “She could play the guitar like nobody else … nobody!” says Lottie Henry, a member of Tharpe’s back-up vocal group The Rosettes. “Elvis loved Rosetta Tharpe,” attests Gordon Stoker of The Jordanaires, who performed with both Sister Rosetta and Elvis. “Not only did he dig her guitar playing but he dug her singing too.”

 

The child of poor cotton pickers, Sister Rosetta was born in Cotton Plant, Ark. At the age of six, she was taken by her evangelist mother Katie Bell to Chicago to join the Church of God in Christ, where she developed her distinctive performing style. In 1938, at the age of 23, she briefly left the church for show business, causing huge controversy when she performed songs laden with sexual innuendo in New York City venues such as the famed Cotton Club and Café Society, where she immediately became a favorite of both Cab Calloway and Duke Ellington. However, Sister Rosetta soon returned to her gospel roots and performed in packed churches and theatres throughout America and Europe, becoming one of America’s most distinctive recording stars on radio and television during the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s.

 

American Masters Sister Rosetta Tharpe: The Godmother of Rock & Roll features archival performances and new interviews with Joe Boyd, tour manager of the 1964 American Folk, Blues and Gospel Caravan; Howard Carroll of gospel group The Dixie Hummingbirds, which toured frequently with Tharpe; Anthony Heilbut, gospel record producer and writer; life-long friend Roxie Moore; Ira Tucker, Jr., son of The Dixie Hummingbirds’ Ira Tucker, Sr.; Tharpe biographer Gayle Wald; and others.

 

“I like to call Sister Rosetta Tharpe ‘The Godmother of Rock & Roll’ because of the huge influence she has had on so many popular musicians during the past 70 years — from Elvis, Johnny Cash and Etta James to Jimi Hendrix, Pete Townshend, Tom Jones, and Eric Clapton, through to the present,” said Csáky, whose past films for American Masters include Bob Marley: Rebel Music (2001), which he executive produced, and Plácido Domingo: A Musical Life (1995), which he produced and directed.

 

“It is my great pleasure to present this British-made film about such a uniquely American woman. Sister Rosetta is unfortunately not known to many of us now, but we have all benefited from her gifts in the music she so deeply influenced,” said Susan Lacy, creator and executive producer of American Masters.

 

Since its 1986 premiere, American Masters has earned 24 Emmy Awards — including eight for Outstanding Non-Fiction Series since 1999 and five for Outstanding Non-Fiction Special — 12 Peabodys, an Oscar, three Grammys, and two Producers Guild Awards. Now in its 27th season on PBS, the series is a production of THIRTEEN. WNET is the parent company of THIRTEEN and WLIW21, New York’s public television stations, and operator of NJTV. For 50 years, THIRTEEN has been making the most of the rich resources and passionate people of New York and the world, reaching millions of people with on-air and online programming that celebrates arts and culture, offers insightful commentary on the news of the day, explores the worlds of science and nature, and invites students of all ages to have fun while learning.

 

To take American Masters beyond the television broadcast and further explore the themes, stories and personalities of masters past and present, the companion website (http://pbs.org/americanmasters) offers streaming video of select films, interviews, essays, photographs, outtakes, and other resources.

 

American Masters Sister Rosetta Tharpe: The Godmother of Rock & Roll is a production of Antelope South. A presentation of American Masters for THIRTEEN. Mick Csáky is writer, producer, and director. Tom Herington is editor. Gayle Wald is editorial consultant and Michael Miles is cameraman. Pauline Black is narrator. Susan Lacy is American Masters series creator and executive producer.

 

American Masters is made possible by the support of the National Endowment for the Arts and by the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Additional funding is provided by Rosalind P. Walter, Anne Ray Charitable Trust, Cheryl and Philip Milstein Family, The Blanche & Irving Laurie Foundation, Rolf and Elizabeth Rosenthal, Jack Rudin, The André and Elizabeth Kertész Foundation, Michael & Helen Schaffer Foundation, and public television viewers.

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About WNET

In 2013, WNET is celebrating the 50th Anniversary of THIRTEEN, New York’s flagship public media provider. As the parent company of THIRTEEN and WLIW21 and operator of NJTV, WNET brings quality arts, education and public affairs programming to over 5 million viewers each week. WNET produces and presents such acclaimed PBS series as Nature, Great Performances, American Masters, Need to Know, Charlie Rose and a range of documentaries, children’s programs, and local news and cultural offerings available on air and online. Pioneers in educational programming, WNET has created such groundbreaking series as Get the Math, Oh Noah! and Cyberchase and provides tools for educators that bring compelling content to life in the classroom and at home. WNET highlights the tri-state’s unique culture and diverse communities through NYC-ARTS, Reel 13, NJ Today and MetroFocus, the multi-platform news magazine focusing on the New York region

Photos
For editorial use in North America only in conjunction with the direct publicity or promotion of AMERICAN MASTERS. No other rights are granted. All rights reserved. Downloading this image constitutes agreement to these terms.
5 - SRT performing in Cafe Society in 1940. Photo by Charles Peterson

Sister Rosetta Tharpe performing in New York’s Café Society in 1940. Photo Credit: Photo taken by Charles Peterson. Courtesy Don Peterson.

1 - SRT in late 1930s. Photo from Roxie Moore

Sister Rosetta Tharpe as a teenager in the early 1930s. Photo Credit: Photo source: Roxie Moore

12 - r third husband Russell Morrison in the early 1950s. Photo from Roxie Moore

Sister Rosetta Tharpe with her third husband, and manager, Russell Morrison in the early 1950s. Photo Credit: Photo source: Roxie Moore

4 - SRT with Duke Ellington _ Cab Calloway in 1939. Photo by Charles Peterson

Sister Rosetta Tharpe with Duke Ellington (at piano) and Cab Calloway, with trombonist J.C. Higginbotham ad trumpeter Hot Lips Page looking over the Duke’s shoulder, taken in 1939. Photo Credit: Photo taken by Charles Peterson. Courtesy Don Peterson.

6 - SRT with Lucky Millinder  and Moe Gayle in 1941. Photo by Charles Peterson

Sister Rosetta Tharpe recording at Decca Records with bandleader Lucky Millinder (left) and manager Moe Gale (right) in 1941. Photo Credit: Photo taken by Charles Peterson. Courtesy Don Peterson.

2 - Publicity photo of SRT taken in 1938 by James J. Kriegsmann

Full length publicity photo of Sister Rosetta Tharpe at the age of 23. Photo Credit: Photo taken in 1938 by James J. Kriegsman. Photo courtesy of the Schomburg Centre for Research in Black Culture.

11 - Decca_s recording of SRT_s third wedding to Russell Morrison on 3 July 1951

Cover of the Decca Records recording of SRT’s third wedding, to Russell Morrison, on 3 July 1951 in Washington’s Griffith Stadium. Photo Credit: Source: Gayle F Wald

8 - SRT performing in the early 1940s. Photo by Charles Peterson

Sister Rosetta Tharpe performing in the early 1940s. Photo Credit: Photo taken by Charles Peterson. Courtesy Don Peterson. Via Peter Symes

14 - SRT on the cover of English Jazz Journal in 1957

Sister Rosetta Tharpe on the cover of the British music magazine Jazz Journal in November 1957. Photo Credit: Source: Gayle Wald

9 - Decca advert for SRT recodings in the late 1940s

A Decca Records advertisement from the late 1940s. Photo Credit: Source: Gayle F. Wald

10 - in 1947 by Karl_s Photo of St. Louis from collection of Mrs Annie Morrison

Sister Rosetta Tharpe (in fur coat) and Marie Knight (on the right with a fur stole) with fans after a concert in St Louis on 3 June 1947. Photo Credit: Photo by Karl’s Photo of St Louis from the collection of Mrs Annie Morrison.

15 - SRT on the cover of French magazine Jazz Hot in 1958

Sister Rosetta Tharpe on the cover of the French music magazine Jazz Hot in February 1958. Photo Credit: Source: Gayle Wald

3 - Publicity photo taken in 1938 by James J. Kriegsmann2

Portrait publicity photo of Sister Rosetta Tharpe in 1938 at the age of 23. Photo Credit: Photo taken by James J. Kriegsman. Photo courtesy of the Schomburg Centre for Research in Black Culture.

7 -1, with Katie Bell holding her daughter_s guitar. Photo by Charles Peterson

Sister Rosetta Tharpe recording at Decca Records with her mother Katie Bell holding her guitar in 1941. Photo Credit: Photo taken by Charles Peterson. Courtesy Don Peterson.

16 - Headstone at SRT_s grave in Northwood Cemetery. Photo by Mick Csaky  in 2010

The headstone at the grave of Sister Rosetta Tharpe in Northwood Cemetery, Philadelphia. Photo Credit: Mick Csáky, 2010.